cover
Contact Name
Dwi Kesuma Sari
Contact Email
dwiksari@vet.unhas.ac.id
Phone
+6285299279988
Journal Mail Official
jrvi@unhas.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan KM.10 Tamalanrea, Makassar 90245
Location
Kota makassar,
Sulawesi selatan
INDONESIA
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research)
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 26140187     EISSN : 26152835     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Agriculture,
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of the Indonesian Veterinary Research) is an open access, double blind peer-reviewed, print and online journal that publishes in the form of original research, review, case study, short communication in any areas of sciences of veterinary, animal sciences, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, biology, animal laboratory and biodiversity of animals. Manuscript should be produced from latest research or study.
Articles 21 Documents
Identification of Anthrax in Endemic Areas in South Sulawesi Province Juwita, Sartika; Purwanta, Purwanta; Muflihanah, Muflihanah; Djatmikowati, Titis Furi
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (396.838 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4423

Abstract

Anthrax is a strategic and important disease because it is a zoonotic disease which caused death and difficult to eradicate because it produces spores. The aim of the study was to identify anthrax in endemic areas in South Sulawesi Province. Soil samples obtained from Gowa and Pinrang regency were examined by bacterial culture test and then positive results from bacterial culture followed by multiplex PCR. Based on the results of the isolation of 52 soil samples show 35 samples from Pinrang regency show all negative anthrax, while from 17 soil samples from Gowa regency show 2 positive samples of anthrax. Positive samples of anthrax were from Timbuseng village, Patallasang district, Gowa regency. The results continued with PCR technique using Bacillus anthracis colonies derived from positive soil samples. It showed the virulent strain of Bacillus anthracis. A virulent strain is indicated by a DNA fragment of a pXO1 plasmid encoding a toxin lethal factor (Lef) of 385 bp and a DNA fragment of a pXO2 plasmid encoding a capsule of anthrax (Cap) of 264 bp and also common bacterial markers of the Bacillus genome chromosome (Ba183) of 152 bp.
The Diversity and Activity of Flies (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) as Forensic Indicators at Outdoor and Indoor Rat Carccasses in Dramaga, Bogor Ismail, Irwan; Ridwan, Yusuf; Soviana, Susi
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (853.041 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4416

Abstract

This study aims to identify the diversity of flies that were caught and interacted with carcasses at the day and night. Each of the three rat carcasses (Rattus norvegicus) was placed outdoor and indoor within the campus of IPB Dramaga. The carcasses were put into a screen cage. Observation of flies was begun at 06:00 am and so on every four hours until the skeletal stage of the carcasses reached. The flies that come to the carcasses and into the screen cage were collected and identified. The decomposition of the indoor carcasses is slower than at outdoor, with the longer fresh stage. Meanwhile, post-decay stage and skeletal stage were achieved at the same time at each location. Nine spesies captured flies which are forensic indicator were Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius), Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), Chrysomya saffranea, Chrysomya spp, Lucilia spp, Sarcophaga spp, Calliphora spp and Musca domestica. C. bezziana Villeneuve and C. megacephala (Fabricius) were the dominant flies at outdoor carcasses. Meanwhile, the indoor carcasses was dominated by Lucilia spp.
Correlation Analysis of Enverontmental Cd Exposure in Liver and Meat of Broiler Chicken Anshar, Amelia Ramadhani; Darusman, Huda Salahudin; Maheshwari, Hera
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.282 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4354

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) belongs to heavy metal with high anthropogenic pollutant and non-essential to physiological funtion. Regular intake of consuming Cd leads to physiological disorders in poultry animal as well as humans as one who consume it. The aim of this study was to analyze the profile of Cd content in environmental samples (poultry feed and water) and it correlated with the degree of contamination in broiler tissues. In this study, 30 samples of feeds and water samples along with 60 samples of liver and muscle have been examined. The results showed that the feed was indicated to Cd between 0.009-0.202 mg / kg and in the water between 0.0068-0.0096 mg / l. Cd in the livers and muscles was then positively contaminated by Cd between 0.438-0.565 mg / kg and the levels was significantly different (p <0.05) among organs. A strong positive correlation was found between Cd and water levels in liver (r = 0.896). In contrast, a weaker positive correlation (r = 0.596) was found in the water and muscle. In conclusion, Cd contamination in feed and water correlated positively with the increasing amount of the cadmium level in organs.
Glucose levels and Stress Index of Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) Coffee Eaters and not Coffee Eaters Ulfa, Nur Isnaini; Novelina, Savitri; Satyaningtijas, Aryani Sismin
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (87.736 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4395

Abstract

Common palm civet is a mamalia which often used to produce luwak coffee. Therefore? health status of common palm civet is very important to be considered because force feeding of coffee can turn to stress condition. Glucose level, leukocyte profile and ratio N/L were often used as stress indicator. This study was aimed to determine glucose levels from blood of common palm civet, determine leukocyte profile and its deffirentiation also to calculate neutrophyl/limpocyte ratio from six common palm civet there were three group of observation, there were common palm civet coffe eaters and not coffe eaters. Blood samples were taken intracardially for further analyzed using manual blood method. Glucose levels of coffee eaters common palm civet was higher than common palm civet that was not coffee eaters. Stress index of coffee eaters common palm civet (0,516) was higher than not coffee eaters (0,463), but it was still in the normal range. Common palm civet that eat coffee continuosly can lead to oxidative stress condition.?
Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol) Level in the Dorsal Skin of Sunda Porcupine (Hystrix javanica) Prawira, Andhika Yudha; Farida, Wartika Rosa; Darusman, Huda Salahudin; Novelina, Savitri; Agungpriyono, Srihadi
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (663.166 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4836

Abstract

Alpha tocopherol, as the most active component of Vitamine E, is identified as antioxidant present in some parts of the skin and the concentration is vary in several regions of the body due to the skin characteristic of the region. Sunda porcupine (Hystrix javanica) is one of the rodents in Indonesia with quill as its spesific skin characteristic. The porcupine quill are distributed in various shapes and sizes in body parts, while dorsal regions and the tail is the body part that has the most developed quill form. This study aimed to measure alpha tocopherol content in the dorsal region skin of male and female Sunda porcupine. The study used skin samples of thoracodorsal and lumbosacral regions of 6 adult Sunda porcupine (3 males and 3 females) and 2 frozen specimens (1 male and 1 female). Samples were prepared and processed for analysis through high performance liquid chromatography. The results showed that the level of tocopherol in the dorsal thoracic region of males and females was much higher than that of the lumbosacral region. The results of this study indicate the characteristics of the skin region affect the levels of alpha tocopherol in the region.
Potency of Cockroaches (Periplaneta americana and Blattella germanica) as Vector of Salmonellosis on Ships in Baubau Port Supryatno, Adi; Murtini, Sri; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 2 NO. 2, JULY 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.512 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v2i2.4515

Abstract

ABSTRACT?Cockroaches are insects that act as mechanical vectors of pathogenic agents to humans such as Salmonella sp. The aim of this study was to identify the presence of Salmonella sp. in cockroach bodies on cargo and passenger ships. This research was conducted at Baubau Port from October to December 2017. A total of 24 ships were examined consisting of 12 passenger ships and 12 cargo ships. Cockroaches were collected from rooms inside each ship namely galley, bridge, deck and bathroom. A total of 3 196 cockroaches caught consisting of Periplaneta americana (69.50%), Blattella germanica (29.60%), Periplaneta brunnea (0.66%), Pseudophorapsis sp. (0.03%), Pycnoscelus surinamensis (0.03%), Periplaneta australasiae (0.03%), and Neuphoeta cinerea (0.03%). The presence of Salmonella sp. were examined for cockroach species with a large number of population, namely Periplaneta americana and Blattella germanica. A total of 95.3% of the 42 cockroaches examined in the laboratory contained Salmonella sp.. Based on this research it can be concluded that the cockroaches collected from the ships leaning at Baubau Port can serve as a vector of salmonellosis for both ship crew and passengers.?Keywords: Cockroaches, Ships, Salmonella sp, Salmonellosis
Bats Oxidative Stress Defense Hanadhita, Desrayni; Satyaningtijas, Aryani Sismin; Agungpriyono, Srihadi
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 3 No. 1, JANUARY 2019
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v3i1.6035

Abstract

Antioxidants and free radicals have long been known to be the main factors in the occurrence of degenerative diseases. Various studies related to antioxidants and free radicals which have implications for oxidative stress have increased in the last decade. Knowledge of stress oxidative physiology in various animals help in understanding the pathophysiology of diseases associated with oxidative stress. Bats are claimed to be the best known animals in term of survival compared to other mammals. Bats are reported to produce low reactive oxygen species (ROS) but high endogenous antioxidants that can prevent oxidative stress. Bats high defense against oxidative stress has implications for their extreme longevity, the role as a reservoir of viruses, and the potential as experimental animals.
The Analysis of Renal Anatomy and Histological Changes of Green Iguana (Iguana Iguana) After Feeding With Red Spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) Nurjunitar, Annita Vury; Purba, Fika Yuliza; Wahyuni, Wahyuni; Ismartoyo, Ismartoyo; Sari, Dwi Kesuma
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 3 No. 1, JANUARY 2019
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v3i1.5816

Abstract

Background and Objective: Iguana breeders usually used red spinach as a feed for iguanas. However, several studies have indicated that red spinach contains oxalate and purine which are harmful if consumed at a certain level because they can interfere with kidney function. This study aimed to investigate the change of anatomy and histology of green iguana (Iguana iguana) kidney after feeding with red spinach. Materials and methods: Twelve iguanas were used in this study and were divided into four groups in accordance to the dose level of red spinach (100%, 75%, 50% and 25%, namely group I to IV, respectively). The red spinach was given for 30 days through the nasogastric intubation. The effect of red spinach administration was observed through the anatomy and histological changes. The results were statistically analyzed with One Way ANOVA with p<0.05 was considered significant, and Post Hoc Test. The histopathology change of the kidney was analyzed descriptively. Results: The administration of red spinach in iguanas caused some anatomy changes of the kidney; such as the enlargement of iguana?s kidney. The histological findings included the enlargement of the glomerulus, capsular space constriction, hydropic degeneration, tubular dilation, necrosis, and formation of connective tissue (fibrosis), uric acid crystal sediment (gout), oxalate crystal, and lymphocyte infiltration. Among four different dose levels of red spinach, 100% of red spinach caused the highest damage to the iguana?s kidney. The significant change grew as the increasing dose of red spinach that was given to the green iguanas? bodies. Conclusion:? Red spinach caused changes in anatomy structure as well as kidney histology of green iguanas. Severe damages occurred in the treatment group III, moderate damage occurredin the treatment group II, and light damage occurred in the treatment group I.?Keywords: Green iguana, Red spinach, Kidney, Anatomy Change, Histology Change
Improving the Quality of Oocytes of Old and Productive Ages White Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Using Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotrophin Suleman, Sultania A; Andriyanto, Andriyanto; Mustika, Aulia Andi; Manalu, Wasmen
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 3 No. 1, JANUARY 2019
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v3i1.5627

Abstract

Abstract This study was conducted to improve the quality of oocytes in old-female rats by using pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin (PMSG). Female rats at productive age were used as a control.? The experimental rats were injected with 4 doses of PMSG i.e., 0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10 IU PMSG. After 2 weeks of acclimation to the experimantal condition, the experimental rats were injected with PGF2? at a dose of 25?g/g BW two times with 2 days interval to synchronize estrous cycle. PMSG injections were conducted at the same time with the second PGF2? injection.? After PMSG injection, the experimental rats were divided into two groups rats, i.e., rats without mating for masurement of oocyte qualities and rats mated for measurement of offspring qualities.? Therefore, 16 experimental rats from each age group were sacrifized for maeasurement of oocyte qualities.? The other 16 experimental rats for each age group were mated for measurement of offspring qualities. Parameters measured were hematological profile, uterine and ovarian weights, the qualities of oocytes, the qualities of the offsspring born by using swimming test and rat maze test. The collected data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued with Duncan test with a 95% confidence level. The data were analyzed using SSPS. The results showed that the improvement in the quality of oocytes in old female rats using the PMSG hormone in this study showed an increase in the quality of oocytes in old and productive age rats. The highest number of oocyte quality was found in rats of productive age (3.25) and significantly different (P< 0.05) from the other oocyte qualities. The quality of offspring born to old age and productive age rats injected with PMSG were improved.? It was concluded that the improvement of oocyte quality by using PMSG also improves offspring qualities.
Nutrition Value, Feed Efficiency and Species of Seagrass as a Feed of Wild Dugong (Dugong dugon) in Lingayan island, Tolitoli, Central Sulawesi Nurdin, Muhammad Ardiansyah; Suprayogi, Agik; Satyaningtijas, Aryani Sismin; Darusman, Huda Salahuddin
Jurnal Riset Veteriner Indonesia (Journal of The Indonesian Veterinary Research) VOLUME 3 No. 1, JANUARY 2019
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/jrvi.v3i1.5149

Abstract

Dugong are endangered herbivorous marine mammals, which one of the causes of extinction is degradation of seagrass as main feed of the dugong to survive. Aim of this study was to measure the quality of seagrass of wild dugong in Lingayan island, Central Sulawesi. The results showed proximat analysis value of Halophyla minor, Halodule uninervis and Cymodocea rotundata as seagrass species respectively showed values crude protein of 6.86%, 7.69% and 8.79%, crude fiber of 10.77%, 18.36% and 24.26 %, crude fat of ?0.99%, 1.81 and 1.5%, calcium of 0.79%, 2.12% and 1.89%, phosphorus of ?0.34%, 0.34% and 0.26 and gross energy of 163.4 cal / kg, 300.5 cal / kg and 319.5 cal / kg. Cymodocea rotundata is the best feed for dugong because it contains high energy of 319.5 cal/kg and high protein 8.79%,? if compared with Halophyla minor of 1622 cal/kg) and Halodule uninervis of 3014 cal/kg) furthermore Cymodocea rotundata has a fairly high crude fat content of 1.44% which will increase fat levels under the skin (subcutaneous ) dugong as insulators of changing environmental conditions. High concentrations of fiber in Cymodocea rotundata 25.26% can help retain water as long as food passes in the intestine. The levels of nutrients in Cymodocea rotundata which found in Lingayan island deserve highest nutritious feed of dugong.

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