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Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry
Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry or known as PJD, is an English-language scientific periodicals published by the Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran thrice a year on every March, July and November. The submission process of manuscript is open throughout the year. All submitted manuscripts will go through the double-blind peer review and editorial review before being granted with acceptance for publication. Designed as a medium of information and scientific knowledge, Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry publishes numerous research articles, in the area of Oral Biology, Dental Material Science and Technology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pedodontics, Dental Public Health and Community Dentistry, Conservative Dentistry, Periodontics, Prosthodontics, Orthodontics, Oral Medicine, Dental Radiology, as well as with their development through interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach. Initially published as Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry (PJD) magazine ISSN 1979-0201(print) on 2007 in form of printed issues. In 2017, the magazine had its online published version under the same with ISSN 2549-6212 (online) in accordance with the policy of LIPI. Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry has been using Open Journal System requiring all writers to register in advance before they are allowed to upload the manuscript they write online. Afterwards, the editors, peer reviewers, and writers can monitor the manuscript processing. Several other changes are informed in the Journal History.
Articles
236
Articles
Effect of black tea on the transverse strength of heat-polymerized acrylic resin

Rahmi, Eni, Agus, Zulkarnain, Putri, Riezka Hanafiah

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: Heat-polymerized acrylic resin is the most basic denture material used. One of the mechanical properties of an acrylic resin is its transverse strength. The transverse strength test provides an overview of the material’s durability in accepting the load at mastication. Consumption of tea, especially black tea in the world placed the second most consumed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of black tea on the transverse strength of heat-polymerized acrylic resin. Methods: This research was an experimental laboratory with 24 samples of heat-polymerized acrylic resin plate with the size of 65x10x2.5 mm. The sample was divided into 6 groups, each consisted of 4 samples. The first, second, and the third groups were immersed in aquadest for consecutively 1, 4, and 20 days. The fourth, fifth, and sixth groups were immersed in the black tea for consecutively 1, 4, and 20 days. The transverse strength was tested using the three-point bending method with the Universal Testing Machine. The results of the transverse strength measurement were then analyzed statistically by the One-way ANOVA test and Holm’s sequential Bonferroni posthoc test as an advanced test. Results: The results of the statistical test showed that p<0.05 (p=0.000) which means that the six groups have a significant difference in the average value of the transverse strength. Conclusion: The conclusion of this research was the black tea immersion duration was affecting the transverse strength differences of the heat-polymerized acrylic resin.

Oral hygiene status of the orphan children in Ar-Rohman Foster Home Bandung after dental health education

Hapsari, Nurayni Tri, Suwargiani, Anne Agustina, Zubaedah, Cucu

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: Oral hygiene status is a condition of a person’s oral cavity. Oral hygiene status can be assessed using Oral Hygiene Index Simplified (OHI-S) by Greene & Vermillion. The education given regarding dental health is one of the health promotion with the purpose to increase the ability of children in terms of maintaining and improving their oral hygiene. The purpose of this study was to determine the oral hygiene status of the orphan children in Ar-Rohman Foster Home Bandung before and after being given dental health education (DHE). Methods: This research was pre-experimental research with one group of pretest-posttest design with total sampling technique. Subjects of this research were orphans aged 13-15 years old. The respondents got the clinical examination of OHI-S at before and after the respondent was given dental health education. The data obtained then tested using the normality test, if the data were normally distributed analysis, then analyzed with a paired t-test, and if the data were not normally distributed, will be analyzed with a Wilcoxon test. Results: The results showed a significant decrease of plaque index after dental health education was given to the orphans. The examination of the calculus index (CI-S) did not show any change before and after dental health education. OHI-S of children, however, showed a significant decrease. Conclusion: There was an increase in the oral hygiene status of the orphan children in Ar-Rohman Foster Home Bandung after being given dental health education.

Description of dental caries on mixed dentition stage of elementary school students in Cibeber Community Health Center

Supriatna, Andi, Fadillah, Rina Putri Noer, Nawawi, Azkya Patria

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: Dental and oral health can affect the quality of life as it relates to the general health condition. Dental and oral health problem that mostly found is dental caries. Dental caries mostly occurs in children in the mixed dentition stage. The mixed dentition stage occurs in elementary school-aged children, mark with malocclusions and tooth decays, that allows food retention as main cause of dental caries. The purpose of this study was to see the description of dental caries on mixed dentition stage of elementary school students in Cibeber Community Health Center. Methods: This research was a descriptive research with cross-sectional approach. The population in this study was elementary school students in Cibeber Community Health Center. The sampling method used was purposive sampling method. The caries profile was measured by deft index for deciduous teeth and DMFT index for permanent teeth were presented in tabular and diagrams. Results: The results of the study towards 272 elementary school students showed that the average value of deft index was 3.99 and DMFT index value was 1.26. This result can be caused since the location of the population was located in urban areas, with easy access to dental and oral health services and good tendencies towards the awareness of dental and oral health care. Conclusion: Dental caries of elementary school students in Cibeber Community Health Center based on (World Health Organization) guidelines by deft index was category as moderate and by DMFT index was classified low category.

Determination of pulp necrosis based on periapical digital radiography histogram and pulp histopathology

Khoironi, Emi, Firman, Ria Noerianingsih, A, Azhari, Oscandar, Fahmi

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: Radiographic examination is needed to determine the diagnosis of pulp necrosis in addition to a clinical examination. Visual observation was limited in seeing the colour change degree and hence an effort taken by assessing the histogram value. The purpose of this study was to obtain the pulp chamber histogram pattern which reveals its grey scale value, trend, intensity average, histogram variation, and histograms maximum regional of interest (ROI) through digital periapical radiograph. Methods: This study was a descriptive study of the total of nine pulp chamber periapical radiograph data samples. The samples were divided into three groups, the 1st group was the data taken prior to the tooth extraction, the 2nd group was the data collected after the teeth extraction, and the 3rd group was the data of priorly pulpless teeth. Results: There was a tendency of histogram graphic shifting to the left side, likely towards the radiolucent area on ROI of the pulp at the apical region, whilst histopathologically, a massive infiltration of a round PMN cells was found in the area. This finding supported the determination of pulp necrosis diagnose. Conclusion: The tooth with a pulp necrosis showed a tendency that led to radiolucency on periapical radiograph histogram, and histopathologic examination showed massive infiltration of a round PMN cells, thus supported the pulp necrosis diagnose.

Comparison of the removal of calcium hydroxide medicaments on the root canal treatment irrigated with manual and sonic agitation technique

Muryani, Anna, Hayati, Ayu Trisna, Adang, Rahmi Alma Farah

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: Irrigation of the root canal is an important part of the endodontic treatment. Root irrigation technique can be done with the manual and sonic system by using 2.5% NaOCI solution. Calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2 ] is used as a medicament for root canal sterilization. Root canal treatment will fail due to the imperfect removal of Ca(OH)2 residue. The objective of this research was to analyze the comparison of the removal of Ca(OH)2 medicaments on the root canal treatment irrigated with manual and sonic agitation technique using 2.5% NaOCI. Methods: The methods used in this study was experimental laboratory. The sample used was 30 maxillary incisors. The teeth were then divided into two groups randomly, then the root canal preparation was done by the crown down technique with irrigation using 2.5% NaOCI. The radicular part of the teeth was then split longitudinally, given a standardized groove in the one-third of the apical part, then applied with water-solved calcium hydroxide. The teeth were unified afterwards by using flowable composites, then soaked in the artificial saliva. The sample of the 1st group was irrigated by manual agitation technique, and the 2nd group by sonic agitation technique. The data results were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: The results of Ca(OH)2 removal were different between manual agitation technique compared to the sonic agitation technique. Conclusion: The irrigation using 2.5% NaOCl with the sonic agitation technique were proven to be more effective in removing Ca(OH)2 from root canals than the manual agitation technique.

Anti-inflammatory properties of mangosteen peel extract on the mice gingival inflammation healing process

Putri, Khairani, Darsono, Lusiana, Mandalas, Henry

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: Mangosteen (Garcinia Mangostana L.) peel extract has widely used in the pharmaceutical field due to its anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and immunity boost properties. It had been proofed to be able to prevent and reduce the amount of plaque and cure gingivitis. This study was aimed to compare mangosteen peel extract at the concentration of 12.5 and 25% on the mouse gingival inflam­mation healing process. Methods: This study was a true experimental laboratory study. The subjects consisted of 28 mice divided into four groups, which were negative control (Aquadest) group; positive control (0.2% of Chlorhexidine) group; 12.5% Group of mangosteen peel extract group; and 25% respec­tively. Examination of the inflammatory healing process was observed every 2 hours during 6 hours, and the inflammatory measurements of mouse gingival performed by using calipers. Data obtained was an­alyzed with the one-way ANOVA test (α=0.05) and the Tukey’s range test. Results: The results from the one-way ANOVA test and the Tukey’s range test found that there was a significant difference on the in­flammation size between the group with 12.5% of mangosteen peel extract and the group with aquadest and 0.2% of chlorhexidine. Meanwhile, the mice group with 12.5% of mangosteen peel extract and group with 25% of mangosteen peel extract did not show a significant difference in inflammatory size decrease. Conclusion: The mangosteen peel extract at the concentration of 12.5% was showing the highest anti-in­flammatory potentials since the first measurement on the second hour after treatment.

Serum interleukin-17 (IL-17) in chronic periodontitis patients

Arief, Erry Mochamad, Mubin, Marina binti, Zainuddin, Siti Lailatul Akmar, Abdullah, Nurul Asma, Ahmad, Basaruddin

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: Explorations into the periodontal medicine relationship have discovered interleukin-17 (IL-17) cytokine as one of the pro-inflammatory mediators that play a crucial role in the initiation and progression of the chronic periodontal disease. This case and control study aimed to compare the serum IL-17 concentration between chronic periodontitis and healthy subjects and to assess the relationship between the IL-17 serum and the clinical periodontal parameters in chronic periodontitis patients. Methods: This study was a case-control study. The subjects were selected using purposive sampling method. The periodontal screening assessment in the Family Treatment Center and Postgraduate Dental Clinic, Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital. A total of 55 samples who fit with the inclusion and exclusion study criteria of full-mouth clinical periodontal records together with blood serums were obtained from 28 chronic periodontitis patients and from 27 healthy subjects. The concentration of IL-17 cytokine in serum was measured using ELISA test. Results: Subjects with periodontal disease presented significantly worse clinical parameters (p<0.001) compared to control. The level of serum IL-17 concentration was significantly higher (p=0.026) in chronic periodontitis subjects 3.6 (1.03) pg/mL compared to the control 3.1 (0.70) pg/mL. Conclusions: There was no correlation between the level of IL-17 concentration in the serum and clinical periodontal parameters.

The relationship between dental caries and carbohydrates intake among preschool-aged children in rural and urban areas

Fadilah, Rina Putri Noer, Nawawi, Azkya Patria, Supriatna, Andi, Sarwendah, Sri, Widyasari, Ratih

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: The prevalence of dental caries among children has increased in the past decades. Dental caries has a multifactorial aetiology, including host (saliva and teeth), microbiology (plaque), substrate (diet), and time. The role of fermentable carbohydrates intake as a risk factor in the initiation and progression of dental caries. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between dental caries and carbohydrates intake among preschool-aged children in rural and urban areas of the city of Cimahi, Indonesia. Methods: The method used was an analytical cross-sectional study with pathfinder survey based on the WHO basic methods of oral health surveys. The data were collected through intraoral examination, and nutritional status measurement was done by using food frequency questionnaire. Statistical analysis used was the chi-square test. Results: From the study towards 100 preschool children resulted the prevalence of dental caries in rural and urban area respectively was 96 and 92%. The average value of deft index in urban area was 8.46 (95% CI:7.00-9.91) and was 7.98 (95% CI:6.50-9.45) in rural area. The average value of sucrose intake frequency in urban area was 237.14 (95% CI:204.95-269.32), whilst in rural area was 177.54 (95% CI:155.66-199.41). Conclusion: There was a relationship between dental caries and carbohydrates intake among preschool-aged children in the rural and urban area of the city of Cimahi, Indonesia.

The effect of alcohol-containing mouthwash and alcohol-free mouthwash towards the power chains force decay

Santana, Willem, Thahar, Bergman, Mardiati, Endah, Salim, Jono

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: Power chains is the common device used in fixed orthodontic treatment. Force decay in power chains is a problem that can affect the teeth movement due to a continuous force cannot be maintained. Force decay in power chain can be affected by the use of alcohol-containing mouthwash or alcohol-free mouthwash. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of alcoholic-containing mouthwash, alcohol-free mouthwash, and artificial saliva towards the power chains force decay. Methods: This research was an experimental analytic laboratory in-vitro with the comparative approach. The sample in this study were 40 power chain, short A (SA); 40 power chain, short B (SB); 40 power chain, long A (LA); and 40 power chain, long B (LB), which divided into 5 groups that were consecutively exposed to the artificial saliva as control group; Minosep® with 0.1% of chlorhexidine gluconate; Listerine® with 0% of alcohol; Hexadol® with 9% of alcohol; and Listerine® with 26.9% of alcohol. The measurement of force decay was performed with digital force gauge on day 0, 1, 14, and 28. The statistical analysis was done by using the Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. Result: There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between the force decay of power chain that exposed to the alcohol-containing mouthwash, alcohol-free mouthwash, and the artificial saliva. Conclusion: The force decay level of power chain that exposed to an alcohol-containing mouthwash was higher compared to the force decay level of power chain that exposed to an alcohol-free mouthwash and an artificial saliva.

Accuracy of CBCT as modality to identify the presence of secondary mesiobuccal root canal in the maxillary first molar

Halil, Haikal, Mahidin, Mazlifa, Farahiyah, Nik Nur, Adam, Khairul Bariah Chi

Padjadjaran Journal of Dentistry Vol 29, No 3 (2017): November
Publisher : Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: Successful endodontic treatment requires the clinician to be able to locate, disinfect, and obturate all canals presence in the root canal system to remove the infection and prevent re-infection. However, some canals, such as secondary mesiobuccal (MB) root canal often missed upon examination and the treatment. The success of locating these canals is determined by the methods used, a periapical radiograph and Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). The purpose of this study was to examine the sensitivity and accuracy of the periapical radiograph (PA) and CBCT on determining the presence of the secondary MB root canal. Methods: As much as 40 intact crown and intact radicular of the maxillary first molars, without root caries, root restoration, and endodontic treated, were taken as the samples. The presence of a secondary MB root canal was evaluated by a PA radiograph, CBCT, and clinical sectioning. Samples were undergone each test and sectioned after being completed the radiographic evaluation steps. Results: CBCT radiograph was successfully identifying 62.5% secondary MB root canal presence, whilst the PA radiograph has detected only 20% of the samples. The sensitivity of CBCT and PA radiograph was compared with the gold standard method, resulting 86.2 and 27.6% respectively. The statistical analysis showed that there was no significant difference between CBCT test and the gold standard (p=0.00). Conclusion: CBCT was proven to be a reliable method to detect the presence of secondary MB root canals due to its accuracy as high as the clinical sectioning compared to the PA radiograph.