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INDONESIA
Science and Technology Indonesia
Published by ARTS Publishing
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An international Peer-review journal in the field of science and technology published by The Indonesian Science and Technology Society. Science and Technology Indonesia is a member of Crossref with DOI prefix number: 10.26554/sti. Science and Technology Indonesia publishes quarterly (January, April, July, October). Science and Technology Indonesia is an international scholarly journal on the field of science and technology aimed to publish a high-quality scientific paper including original research papers, reviews, short communication, and technical notes. This journal welcomes the submission of articles that covers a typical subject of natural science and technology such as: > Chemistry > Biology > Physics > Marine Science > Pharmacy > Chemical Engineering > Environmental Science and Engineering > Computational Engineering > Biotechnology Journal Commencement: October 2016
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Articles 83 Documents
Adsorption of congo red using kaolinite-cellulose adsorbent Ginting, Santa Oktavia; Mohadi, Risfidian
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 2 (2017): April
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.2.29-36

Abstract

Kaolinite was impregnated with cellulose extracted from rubber wood fibers has been done. The product of impregnated kaolinite-cellulose was characterized using FT-IR spectrophotometer. Furthermore, the impregnation results are used as an adsorbent of Congo red. Adsorption of Congo red was also studied the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters. The results of characterization using FT-IR spectrophotometer shows the process of impregnation was successfully conducted. It was indicated that the presence wavenumber at 910.4 - 918.12 cm-1 and 1033.85 cm-1 become 1026.13 cm-1 and the existence of vibration at wavenumber 2931.8 cm-1. The pH of adsorption was adjusted to 4 before the adsorption process. The adsorption process of cellulose impregnated kaolinite shows the rate of adsorption (k) of 0.002 min-1, the adsorption reviews largest capacity (b) at 50 °C was 500 mol/g. The greatest adsorption energy (E) at 40 °C is 11:09 kJ/mol. The enthalpy value (ΔH) and entropy (ΔS) decreased with increasing Congo red dye concentration. Keywords: kaolinite, cellulose, impregnation, Congo red
Preparation of polyoxometalate compound (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)/SiO2 by sol-gel method and its characterization Tambunan, Osin Restinawaty; Mohadi, Risfidian
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 1 (2017): January
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.1.1-8

Abstract

Preparation of polyoxometalate compound of (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)nH2O supported with silica derived from the hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate by sol-gel method has been conducted. The compound was synthesized and characterized using FT-IR spectrophotometer, crystallinity using XRD analysis and the determination of acidity via quantitatively and qualitatively. Qualitative analysis was performed using ammonia and pyridine adsorption and quantitative analysis using potentiometric titration. FT-IR spectrum of (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)nH2O appeared in wavenumber 786.96 cm-1 (W-OC-W), 918.12 cm-1 (W-Oe-W), 964.41 cm-1 (W=O), 1087.85 cm-1 (P-O), 3572.17 cm-1 (O-H),  1404.18 cm-1 (N-H) reinforced with wavenumber 1612.49 cm-1 with show vibration  NH dari NH+, and to  (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)nH2O/SiO2 appears in wavenumbers 794.67 cm-1 (W-Oc-W), 918.12 cm-1 (W-Oe-W), 1049.28 cm-1 (W=O), 1087.85  cm-1 (P-O), 3564.15 cm-1 (O-H), 470.63 cm-1 (Si-O). Diffraction pattern of (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)nH2O and (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)nH2O/SiO2 compound show high crystanillity. The acidic properties showed (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)nH2O/SiO2 more acidic than (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)nH2O. Analysis of the effect of temperature on the stability of the compounds polyoxometalate (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)nH2O/SiO2 show that the temperature of 600ºC the shift in  wavenumbers of the compounds caused by vibration  W=O, W-OC-W,  W-Oe-W has been lost. This shows that at a temperatures of 600ºC on heating can cause changes in the structure of polyoxometalate (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62)nH2O/SiO2. Keywords : (NH4)6(β-P2W18O62).nH2O, Polyoxometalate, SiO2
Calcium oxide from Pomacea canaliculata and Babylonia spirata snails Septiani, Triayu; Hidayati, Nurlisa; Mohadi, Risfidian
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 3 (2017): July
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.3.68-70

Abstract

The preparation of CaO from golden snail (Pomacea canaliculata) and lion snail (Babylonia spirata) through decomposition at various temperature i.e 700o, 800o, 900o and 1000oC during 3 hours has been carried out. Calcium oxide from decomposition was characterized using X-Ray diffractometer.  Furthermore, the characterization was continued using FT-IR spectrophotometer and determination of surface area using BET analysis. The results showed that the optimum temperature for preparation of CaO from  golden snail and lion snail at  900oC with 2q values are: 32.2° , 37.4o , 54o , 64.2o , 67.3° and 32.4°, 37.5°, 67.5 °,  respectively. FT-IR spectra showed characteristic vibrations for the Ca-O in the sample golden snail and lion snail combustion products at a temperature of 900oC. Ca-O absorption of golden snail samples in the wavenumber around 362.62 cm-1 and lion snail seen in wavenumber around 384.76 cm-1 indicating the presence of Ca-O vibration of the metal oxide of preparation. Golden snail and the lion snail combustion at 900oC temperature of each sample which has a surface area of 20.495 m2/g, while the lion snail 17.308 m2/g.  The pore diameter of golden snail 3.753 nm and 11.319 nm of lion snail. All CaO can be categorized as mesoporous material. Keywords: golden snail, lion snail, decomposition, CaO
Preparation and characterization of calcium oxide from crab shells (Portunus pelagicus) and its application in biodiesel synthesis of waste cooking oil, palm and coconut oil Minaria, Minaria; Mohadi, Risfidian
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 1 No 1 (2016): October
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2016.1.1.1-7

Abstract

Preparation of calcium oxide from Portunus pelagicus through thermal decomposition for 3 hours at various temperature 700°C, 800°C,900°C,1000°C, and 1100°C. The calcium oxidefrom decomposition was carried out and characterized by X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD), FT-IR spectrophotometer and SEM-EDX analyses. The result of XRD show decomposition Portunus pelagicus at 1000°C have diffraction pattern agree with the CaO diffraction standard with 2θ value  32.4º, 37.5º, 64.3º, and 67,5º. The FT-IR spectrum show vibration of CaO at wavenumber 354.9 cm-1. SEM-EDX data indicated the surface morphology  calcium oxide of Portunus pelagicus more homogen than Portunus pelagicus before decomposition. The decomposition of CaO at 1000°C was applied in the syntesis of biodiesel from waste cooking oil, palm oil, and coconut oil. The biodiesel products  have density  0.8621, 0.8725, and 0.8688 g/cm3. Viscosity are 5.27, 3.71, and 2.45 mm2/s(cst). Acid values respectively are 0.3069, 0.2423 and 0.2100 mg/KOH and Iodine numbers 39.48, 36.12 and 9.24 g I2/100g. All characteristic of biodiesel from waste cooking oil, palm oil, and coconut oil are agree with SNI standard.  The best biodiesel product derived from coconut oil is agree to the parameter value of biodiesel standard.  Keywords: biodiesel. Portunus pelagicus. calcium oxide. catalyst.
Impregnation of bentonite with cellulose as adsorbent of congo red Theresa, Monica; Ginting, Santa Oktavia
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 2 (2017): April
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.2.37-44

Abstract

The process of bentonite impregnation with cellulose has been studied. Cellulose extracted from rubber wood and clay from natural bentonite was activated. The impregnation process is performed using thiourea as impregnant agent. The impregnation results were characterized by using FT-IR spectrophotometer then the material was used as congo red dye adsorbent. Factors affecting the adsorption process were studied by kinetic parameters and thermodynamic parameters. The FTIR results indicate the impregnation process was succesfully conducted the characterization by FTIR indicated resources of typical absorption of the hydroxyl (OH) and vibrational (-CH) vibration function groups as specific groups of cellulose Appearing at wave numbers 3464.15 cm-1 and 2368.59 cm-1 from impregnated material. Vibration Si-O-Si and Al-O-Si as bentonite-specific strands groups Appear at 1465.9 cm-1 and 609.51 cm-1 wavenumbers in the impregnated spectra. The adsorption thermodynamic study showed that the adsorption and adsorption capacity of the cellulose-impregnated bentonite adsorbent reached the optimum point at 50 ° C at 43.47 mol / g and energy of 11.62 kJ mol. The optimum enthalpy (ΔH) of cellulose bentonite was 143.13 kJ/mol and the minimum entropy (ΔS) at concentration of 40 mg/L was 0.207 kJ/mol. Keywords: Bentonite, cellulose, impregnation; adsorption; Congo red
Bentonite intercalated organometallic complex as adsorbent of procion red Vitanesa, Lora; Purba, Radja Nardo; Lesbani, Aldes; Said, Muhammad
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 1 (2017): January
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.1.9-16

Abstract

Insertion of bentonite with organometallic compounds [Cr3O(OOCH)6(H2O)3 (NO3)]as adsorbent of procion red with comparison weight ratio of bentonite: organometallic compounds [Cr3O(OOCH)6(H2O)3 (NO3)] i.e.: (2.5:1), (1:1), (1:2) and (1:3) has been done. The results of insertion bentonite were characterized using FT-IR spectrophotometer, XRD, and XRF. Furthermore, the product of optimum insertion was used as an adsorbent of procion red. The spectrogram from FT-IR shows the process of insertion was not optimum for every weight ratio. Characterization using XRD showed the optimum insertion process ratio (1:2) and (1:3) was indicated the presence of diffraction appearing at 2θ region by a shift in the diffraction angles 5.00 and 39o  from the original activated bentonite of 20.8o. Characterization using XRF analysis in the ratio (1:3) shows percentage of metal oxide Cr2O3 increase to 82.28%, so at the ratio of 1:3, the process insertion of organometallic compounds into the bentonite has stated success base on its highest percentage. The adsorption process of insertion bentonite organometallic compounds [Cr3O(OOCH)6(H2O)3 (NO3)] ratio (1: 3) shows the magnitude of the rate of adsorption (k) at 0.004 min-1, the adsorption capacity (b), the largest at a temperature of 70oC at 72.99 mol/g, the largest adsorption energy (ΔG) at a temperature of 60oC i.e. 17.05 kJ / mol, the largest enthalpy (ΔH) is 105720.8 kJ/mol, entropy (ΔS) 315 kJ/mol and pH 11 has the biggest value of procion red adsorped, i.e. 33.38 mg/L. Keywords: Bentonite, Organometallic compound [Cr3O(OOCH)6(H2O)3(NO3)].Adsorption, Procion Red
Pillarization of layer double hydroxides (Mg/Al) with keggin type K4[α-SiW12O40]•nH2O and its application as adsorbent of procion red dye Sari, Intan Permata; Said, Muhammad; Lesbani, Aldes
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 3 (2017): July
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.3.71-75

Abstract

Pillarization of layered double hydroxides with polyoxometalate K4[α-SiW12O40]•nH2O at various times i.e. 3, 6, 9, 12, 24, 36 and 48 hours has been done. The pillared product was characterized by FT-IR spectrophotometer and XRD. The optimum pillared layered double hydroxides of polyoxometalate K4[α-SiW12O40]•nH2O was used as an adsorbent of procion red dye. The results of characterization using FT-IR spectrophotometer is not yet show the optimum pillarization process. The characterisation using XRD the successfully of pillared layered double hydroxides of polyoxometalate K4[α-SiW12O40]•nH2O showing the existence of diffraction angle 8.5o with intensity 355. Furthermore, the pillared layered double hydroxides of polyoxometalate K4[α-SiW12O40]•nH2O with time variation of 12 hours was applied as an adsorbent of procion red dye. The results show the adsorption rate was 0.523 min-1, the highest of absorption capacity at 70oC was 10.8 mol/g, the highest energy of absorption 70 oC was 125 kJ/mol. The enthalpy (∆H) and entropy (∆S), decrease as the increasing concentration of procion red dye. Keywords: layered double hydroxides, polyoxometalate, pillaration, procion red, adsorption
Thermal stability of polyoxometalate compound of Keggin K8[2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O supported with SiO2 Sari M A, Yunita; Situngkir, Maria Danesti
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 1 No 1 (2016): October
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2016.1.1.8-15

Abstract

Synthesis through sol-gel method and characterization of polyoxometalate compound of K8[b2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O supported with SiO2 have been done. The functional groups of polyoxometalate compound  was characterized by FT-IR spectrophotometer for the fungtional groups and the degree’s of crystalinity  using XRD. The acidity of K8[b2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O/SiO2 was determined qualitative analysis using ammonia and pyridine adsorption and the quantitative analysis using potentiometric titration method. The results of FT-IR spectrum of K8[b2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O appeared at  wavenumber 987.55 cm-1 (W=O), 864.11 cm-1 (W-Oe-W), 756.1 cm-1 (W-Oc-W), 3425.58 cm-1 (O-H), respectively and spectrum of  K8[b2-SiW11O39]SiO2 appeared at wavenumber  956.69 cm-1 (W=O), 864.11 cm-1 (W-Oe-W), 3448.72 cm-1 (O-H), respectively. The diffraction of XRD pattern of K8[b2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O and K8[b2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O/SiO2 compounds show high crystalinity. The acidic properties showed K8[b2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O/SiO2 more acidic compared to K8[b2-The SiW11O39]∙nH2O. The qualitative analysis showed pyridine compound adsorbed more of polyoxometalate compound of K8[b2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O/SiO2. Analysis of stability showed that the K8[b2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O/SiO2 at temperature 500°C has structural changes compare to 200-400oC which was indicated from vibration at wavenumber 800-1000 cm-1. Keywords : K8[b2-SiW11O39]∙nH2O, polyoxometalate, SiO2.
Pillarization of double layer hydroxides using H3[-PW12O40]nH2O: effect of pillarization time Imron, Muhammad; Said, Muhammad
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 2 (2017): April
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.2.45-49

Abstract

The pillarization of Mg/Al double layer hydroxides using polyoxometalate H3[α-PW12O40]·nH2O by comparing the pillarization time i.e. 3 hours, 6 hours, 9 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours, 36 hours and 48 hours has been done. The product of a pillarization was characterized using an FT-IR spectrophotometer and XRD analysis. The result characterization of FT-IR spectrophotometer does not show the optimum of pillarization each time condition. Characterization using XRD shows the optimum pillarization process at 36 hours by showing the existence of double layer hydroxides material at diffraction angle 11.69o deg, 18.30o deg and 34.71o deg. Diffraction in the 60o-63o deg indicates the existence of a pillarization double layer hydroxides.   Keywords: Layered double hydroxides, pillarization, polyoxometalate H3[α-PW12O40]·nH2O.
Adsorption of congo red using Mg/Al hydrotalcite Said, Muhammad; Palapa, Neza Rahayu
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 1 (2017): January
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.1.17-21

Abstract

Polyoxometalate H4[α-SiW12O40].nH2O intercalated layered double hydroxide (1:1) was used as adsorbent colored-dye. Polyoxometalate H4[αSiW12O40].nH2O intercalated layered double hydroxide ratio (1:1) was applied as the adsorbent of Congo  red-dye, and produce 51.38 (min-1) of the adsorption rate, for the largest of the adsorption capacity (b) 9.091 mol/g at 70°C, the largest adsorption energy 10.752 kJ/mol at 30°C. The value of the enthalpy (ΔH) and entropy (ΔS) decreased with increasing concentration of Congo  red-dye. Effect adsorption of pH was show the optimal pH at 8 with the amount Congo red absorbed were 47.529 ppm. Keywords: Hydrotalcite, layered double hydroxide, polyoxometalate, intercalated, Congo red, adsorption