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Journal of Governance and Public Policy
The journal aims to publish research articles within the field of Public Policy and Governance, and to analys a range of contemporary political and governing processes.
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98
Articles
ICT integration in the educational system of Philippines

Tomaro, Queenie Pearl Villalon ( Mindanao State University- Iligan Institute of Technology )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 3 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Purpose - The paper aims highlight the state of ICT integration to the educational system of the Philippines, including the challenges, efforts, and possible solutions.   Design/Methodology/Approach - The study is a review of two scholarly works focusing on the case of ICT integration in the educational system of Philippines. The paper reviewed were the paper of Kubota, Yamamoto, and Morioka (2018) entitled, Promoting ICT education in developing countries: Case Study in the Philippine and the  research work of Bonifacio (2013) entitled, Developing Information Communication Technology (ICT) Curriculum Standards for K-12 Schools in the Philippines. Findings - The critical analysis of the reviewed papers revealed several policy actions to fully integrate ICT in education in the case of Philippines such as added trainings for teachers, provision of computer infrastructures, integration of ICT in the curriculum in a strategized manner, and lastly a strong leadership. Originality - The paper provided a lens both on the problematic situation on the actual school set-ups and also the possible key steps to be undertaken for improvement. It is a review of the selected academic papers which delves into the ICT-Integration in the Educational System of Philippines. The formal efforts of the government were also highlighted including the prime importance of ICT in education. The paper does not only embolden a problem of the inadequacy of the school facilities but it highlights how this problem affects the competitiveness of Filipinos in the job market and the backwardness of the standing of the country in technological advancement.

Conceptual Misunderstandings in the Structuration of Anti-crisis Economic Policy: Lessons from the Greek Case

Vlados, Charis ( Department of Economics, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece School of Business, University of Nicosia, Cyprus ) , Deniozos, Nikos ( - Department of Turkish Studies and Modern Asian Studies, National and Kapodistrian University of Greece - Department of Economics, Democritus University of Thrace ) , Chatzinikolaou, Demosthenes ( Democritus University of Thrace ) , Demertzis, Michail ( - Department of Political Science and History, Panteion University - Department of Balkan Studies (Economy and Politics), University of Macedonia )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 3 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to clarify the prevailing vague and sometimes misguided understanding regarding the articulation of economic policy, especially in the context of socioeconomic systems in structural crisis.The distortions of the economic policy are keep reproducing and spreading usually because of three disorientating conceptual sources: a) the view of economic policy supposedly as a de-ideologized construction, or as a de-technicalized voluntarism, b) the view of economic policy supposedly as a de-strategized synthesis, c) the view of economic policy as a supposedly automatic, ungradated and timeless procedure.For a socioeconomic system to exit from its crisis and by applying these concepts to the Greek case, we see as a prerequisite the interruption of this vicious circle of misconceptions, towards the trajectory of a virtuous circle of valid understanding the meaning of economic policy.

Effectiveness Network Governance In Making of Special Regional Regulations In Papua Province

Bonso, Hamjah ( UMY ) , Suranto, Suranto ( UMY )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 3 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Abstract-Since the implementation of Special Autonomy law, the system of governance of Papua province experiencing changes in terms namely institutional establishment of the Papuan Peoples Assembly (MRP). The presence of MRP institutions greatly affect the implementation of the Provincial Government of Papua, especially in the manufacture of specific local regulations. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the network between local governance institutions in the manufacture of specific local regulations (Perdasus) in Papua province. This study uses "triangulation" that combines qualitative and quantitative methods. The use of this method to produce a general overview of the phenomenon to be studied. In this study suggest that the making of specific local regulations (Perdasus) involving the three institutions namely the provincial government, the DPRP and MRP have done quite effectively. It is characterized by involvement, commitment, roles, and the implementation of mechanisms of each institution towards making Perdasus based authority. The study recommends that the need for institutional capacity development, especially against the MRP as a representative institution of the Papuan people.

Islam and Politics in the Middle East

Darmawan, Arief Bakhtiar ( Universitas Jenderal Soedirman )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 3 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This paper aims to analyze religion??s roles related to the political activities in the contemporary Middle East. Constructivism is a framework that offers the way to understand the phenomenon. Constructivism provides a place for the influence of non-material factors such as the value, identity, and purpose of actor behavior in politics. In this article, the author examines through two levels of analysis, ie state level and regional level. At the state level, Islamic political ideology grows in a modern state and often confronts democracy. The debate over the application of Islamic law, the involvement in elections, and the adaptation of Islamic justice principles and the principle of equality are the discourses that characterize political activity in the Middle East. At the regional level, Islam exerts impact in foreign policy in the region. The regional tensions between Sunni and Shiite groups, the resistance in the context of jihad, and the emergence of ISIS are part of the conflict that contributes to regional instability. These political behaviors shows that Islam is not a religion with a single interpretation.Keywords: Islam, Middle East, constructivism, modern states, foreign policy

Local Politics Post-Reform Era: The Roles of Muhammadiyah in the 2004-2014 DPD??s Election in Yogyakarta Special Regions, Indonesia

Amriyanto, Husni ( Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta ) , Efendi, David ( Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 3 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

After post-Reform Indonesia, Indonesia has been employing a dramatic decentralization practice in Indonesia nationwide. Since 1999, Indonesia has been electing for representative council (DPR RI) and regional representation so called DPD RI in very direct way. This paper aims to analyse the local politics especially at the case of DPD??s election in Yogyakarta special region of Indonesia in the competition process among the different group interests which are Islamic group (Muhammadiyah, NU, PKS), Kraton /aristocrat interest, and nationalist group interest (PDI-P). Those groups are the big four that have been playing important role in the competition in DPD election sequentially in 2004, 2009, and 2014. In Yogyakarta special region, four members of DPD since the first election has been represented by three Islamic group both modern and traditional ones and by Yogyakarta palace. this paper more focus on the 2014 election which were followed by more competitor from Pakualaman palace, and also from nationalist group that have same mass with the Palace. this competition was really interesting to explain, how people decide their representative members and how different group compete each other in this election. Also, what strategy and by manner they collect voters in this individual based-individual candidate election.  From the field research, it can be concluded at least there are three point (1) each candidate was strongly endorsed by established organization and community to support for the election since 2004. So, four incumbents easy to win the competition; (2) the success team have many thing in common for example the focus on the core of supporter (basis masa) by using strategy ??by name by address list?; and lastly (3) they were employing any symbolic that really easy to understand for the common people such as Islamic value, organization value, ideology, etc.  by adopting many social activity and ritual in promoting candidates for example club goods, voluntary organization, and other forms of informal communities.

THE MAPPING POLITICAL OF IDENTITY IN LOCAL ELECTION OF NORTH MALUKU 2013

Kambo, Gustiana ( Universitas Hasanuddin )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

The interpretation of identity politics as a source and political means in the implementation of the election is well recognized by the candidates for regional head. In the Local Election North Maluku  2013 identity politics occurs at the practical level that is used as a tool-manipulation tool to raise political power to achieve an interest. This study looks at how the mapping of identity politics ethnic and religious backgrounds that occurred in North Maluku election in 2013. This research uses qualitative research methods with the type of descriptive analysis research. This research data is obtained from interviews and articles related to research conducted. The results of this study indicate that in the election there is a mapping of identity politics based on ethnic and religious identity. Ethnic identity and religious identity become a tool for raising political power to each candidate of regional head, so that the candidate of the head of region only excels in ethnic or religious base areas.Keywords: Identity, political identity, ethnic idenitity, religion identity. 

Children in Conflict with the Law in the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and Pag-asa (Hope) Youth Center in Iligan City

Palomares, Perla Piedad ( Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This paper examined the experiences of children in conflict with the law (CICL) in the light of the lower-class-based theories of delinquency and labeling theory. Information on the current circumstances of the youth offender in the local context should prove useful as basis of concrete recommendations for policy decisions and courses of action for those concerned with children??s welfare. The same information are vital for agencies and stakeholders in the five pillars of the justice system such as the law enforcement, the prosecution, the court, the penal system and the community.The study focused on the Tipanoy Jail under the BJMP and the Pag-asa (Hope) Youth Centre, the detention and rehabilitation centre of Iligan City. The study covered a total of two semesters.The Lower-Class-Based Theory of Delinquency and the Labelling Theory provided the framework of this study.   These theories explicate why youth offenders seem dominant in the lower-class sector of the population and how devastating the effects of labelling on them as individuals.Data were gathered from a sample of 15 CICL and 15 non-CICL.  Key informants from the DSWD, PNP, BJMP, RTC as well as parents of CICL were also involved. Personal interview, questionnaire, FGDs and case studies were utilized in data collection In turn, these were analyzed qualitatively whenever necessary and applicable, frequencies and percentages were used and data were displayed in tables and graph. Recommendations were offered based on findings.The findings are as follows: theorized factors such as overcrowding, poor housing, house ownership and type of home (broken home) were found to have influenced the commission of crimes, while migration status, employment status of father and mother were found to have nothing to do with commission of crimes.

Palestinian NGOs: External Governance, Stakeholders, and Accountability

Awashreh, Raed ( Independent Researcher )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This article addresses nongovernment organizations (NGOs) accountability, relationship with stakeholders, and what kind of mechanisms - tools or processes have NGOs put in place to ensure all types of accountabilities. The assumption in this study is that Palestinian NGOs, individually and collectively, are more accountable to their donors and to the Palestinian Authority to a lesser extent as NGOs need these two which are the only stakeholders with a real power to exercise on the NGOs and enforce their accountability requirements. The research argues that stakeholders?? power is therefore determining NGO accountability. The findings highlighted the failure of NGOs in meeting the most pressing needs of the public and the poor in particular. The upward-accountability also signals of the sector??s inability to consolidate its legitimacy or define an agenda or develop down-ward accountability. On top of that, political parties?? involvement in the non-profit organizations is another factor that has compounded the sector??s lack of public accountability, negative competitiveness, fragmentation, self-serving leadership, and exploitation as a substitute of political arena.  In NGOs?? opinion, the relationships to various stakeholders range from satisfactory to good especially where the PA, foreign donors, and political factions are concerned. The PA??s hostility towards NGOs stems from suspicion of their political or donor affiliations and NGOs critique of PA policies and performance. However, NGOs accountability flows towards two powerful external stakeholders, the donors and the PA. Consequently, the NGOs are more concerned with upward accountability than with down-ward ones such as to the general public and the non-profit sector as a whole.  Finally, NGOs accountability dilemma is both a cause and a result of low level of public participation in NGOs affairs due to public??s lack of trust and the general feeling that NGOs are distant, self-absorbed, and wasting foreign funds on activities lacking sufficient relevance to actual needs.This conclusion based on huge investigation, a combination of qualitative and quantitative methodologies, survey, interview, focus groups in the West Bank, gathering huge data to build a theory from the field.

THE COMMUNITY PERCEPTION TO GOOD GOVERNANCE IMPLEMENTATION OF VILLAGE FUNDS IN BANTUL REGENCY

Wiyono, Gendro ( Universoitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa ) , Susilowati, Fanda ( Regional Revenue, Finance and Asset Management Service of Bantul Regency )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the perception of the community on the implementation of Village Fund Allocation that is used for the Implementation of Village Governance, Village Development, empowerment of rural communities, and Community Activities. with the influence of moderation good governance. The purpose of village fund allocation in principle to improve the welfare and equity of village development through improving public services in the village, promoting the village economy, overcoming the inter-village development gap and strengthening the village community as the subject of development. This is in accordance with the substance of Village Law No. 6/2014 to grant greater autonomy to the village in order to become self-reliant. currently there are still many parties who do not understand the use of village funds. There needs to be an appropriate and understandable media for village community can see and know the village government has done in the use of the village budget. This study uses secondary data collected from village administration, while primary data is collected from Bantul village community. Data analysis used Structural Equation Modeling based variance with the help SmartPLS software. The results showed that the simultaneous administration of village funding for all programs has a positive and significant impact on the perception of the village community perception, while the program partially for each funding does not significantly affect. Good governance as an independent variable significantly influences the perceptions of village communities, but the role of  Governance for the implementation of each partial funding program has no significant effect on community village perception.

AN EVALUATION OF CLASSLESS HEALTH SERVICES FOR POOR FAMILIES (GAKIN) IN WATES, KULON PROGO REGENCY

Sakir, Sakir, Atmojo, Muhammad Eko ( Prodi Ilmu Pemerintahan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta ) , Handoyo, Asmarawati ( Prodi Ilmu Pemerintahan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta )

Journal of Governance and Public Policy Vol 5, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Salah satu prinsip penting dari penyelenggaraan pelayanan publik adalah pelayanan bagi masyarakatnya, artinya pelayanan publik memuat prinsip-prinsip keadilan/equity dimana semua masyarakat berhak atas pelayanan publik yang sama tanpa adanya perlakukan diskriminatif. Pelayanan diberikan tanpa memandang status, pangkat, golongan dari semua masyarakat. Namun tidak dapat dipungkiri beberapa sektor pelayanan publik masih memberlakukan pembedaan pelayanan melalui penciptaan kelas, salah satunya adalah pelayanan di rumah sakit. Demi terwujudnya pelayanan prima dan memuat prinsip adil/equity RSUD Wates menerapkan inovasi baru yaitu pelayanan rawat inap tanpa kelas bagi keluarga miskin (Gakin). Adanya inovasi tanpa kelas bagi masyarakat miskin nantinya bisa menciptakan pelayanan yang memuat prinsip-prinsip keadilan/equity, sehingga masyarakat mendapatkan pelayanan public yang sama dan tidak ada kata diskriminatif terhadap pelayanan publik. Pelaksanaan rumah sakit tanpa kelas bagi masyarakat miskin relative berjalan dengan lancar, hal ini ditunjukkan dengan tidak adanya syarat yang menyulitkan pasien untuk mendaftarkan diri. Setiap masyarakat yang menggunakan kartu jaminan kesehatan berhak mendapatkan pelayanan yang sama dan tidak ada perbedaan. Hal inilah yang dilakukan di RSUD Wates dalam pelaksanaan pelayanan tanpa kelas bagi masyarakat miskin.