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The Effectiveness of Straight Line Walk Application Used on Straight-Walking Skills for Blind Students

Rahayu, Dina Istiqomah, Sunardi, Sunardi

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

Some studies explore the needs and problems in navigating on the blind person, the ability to walk in a straight line and avoid the tendency to veer. Difficulties that often occur from the tendency to turn is that when traveling straight on the road or open area where environmental information is not good enough to be considered a clue for the visually impaired to help them in maintaining a straight line route. The development of aids for the visually impaired in this era is growing rapidly, both tools to help navigate using global internet-based positioning system and tools to train straight walking using a compass-based system like straight line walks. The purpose of this research is to see the effectiveness of the straight line walk application for visually impaired students walking skills. This research is based on the absence of special attention from the school with the veering phenomenon that occurs in blind students, and its effect which endangers students (such as tripping, crashing into trees, and even walking towards the middle of the highway). This research used the experimental approach with SSR A-B design method. The results showed a decrease in turning distance on the three subjects after being given intervention by using the straight line walk application. Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that the training program using the straight line walk application can improve the skills of walking straight on blind students.

The Effectiveness of Brain Gym and Brain Training Intervention on Working Memory Performance of Student with Learning Disability

Abduh, Bungawali, Tahar, Mohd Mokhtar

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

Learning disability is commonly associated with a weak working memory function of a student that impacts his or her performance in school. This study aims to identify the effective approaches that could enhance the working memory function of students with learning disability. This quasi-experimental study involved three group of five students that were allocated into control group, Brain Gym, and Brain Training intervention group. The Brain Gym intervention group performed Brain Gym ® Superspace exercise on a daily basis for four weeks during the first school session. Meanwhile, Brain Training intervention was carried out by another intervention groups on a daily basis for four weeks. They were allocated with 5-minutes Brain Training game for each person in a group during free time at school. Data for the working memory function that were collected during pre- and post-test using three instruments: (1) Digit Span  Memory Test; (2) Spatial Memory Test; and (3) Picture Identification Test.  Two non-parametric test was used to interpret the data: (1) Spearman Rank Order Correlation to determine the relationship of the three groups on the pre- and post-test and Wilcoxon Pair Signed Rank Test to measure the difference between pre- and post-test scores for the control group, two intervention groups, and three working memory component. The findings of the study show a significant increment of the working memory function for both intervention groups. The finding also shows a significant increment for Digit Span Memory and Spatial Memory skills among participants in the intervention group. This study provides alternative to parents, teachers and school administration to provide appropriate learning stimulus that could fulfill the needs of students in school and at home.

Family Counseling Program for Parents Who Have Autistic Children

Nurhastuti, Nurhastuti, Fatmawati, Fatmawati

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

The unpreparedness of parents in taking care of the interests of children with autism will make children continue backward and not ready for the future. In such conditions, it is necessary to support for parents in caring for children with autism. This study was conducted aiming to provide support to parents of children with autism so that the problems arising from the existence of an autistic child can be minimized or even eliminated together. In addition, this research can also be used as a reference for parents who have children with autism in an effort to maintenance and cure children with autism. This research is a qualitative descriptive study. Qualitative research is considered more appropriate to determine the family counseling program for parents who have children with autism in the Autism Institute YPPA Padang. The approach used in this study is deemed appropriate for understanding and motivating parents of children with autism with all complexity as subjective beings.

Improving Ability of Detecting Object Distance Through U-Qorselin Tools on Person with Visually Impaired

Marlina, Marlina, Qoniah, Siti

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

This article discusses the improvement of the ability of the person of visually impaired in detecting object distance through the use of U-Qoserlin tools. This research used R & D method and continued with experiment. The subject of development experts consists of electrical engineering experts, orientation and mobility experts, and educational experts. The subject of the experiment consisted of five (5) the person of the visually impaired. The results of the study show that (1) U-Qoserlin tools are practical, feasible, useful and provide technological insights for the person of visually impaired; (2) the results of the data with the Mann Whitney test obtained the results of the smallest Uhit value is 9, and Utab at a significant level of 95% and α = 0.05 for n = 6 that is 5. Thus, U-Qoserlin tool effective in improving the ability to detect solid object spacing for the person of visually impaired. The implications of this study are that there should be a test of the effectiveness of U-Qoserlin on the number of the person of visually impaired more

The Effectiveness of Augmentative and Alternative Communication Application Implementation in Improving Student with Autism Verbal Communication

Nazri, Nurul Aina, Alias, Aliza

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

Augmentative and Alternative Communication is widely used in the educational context as a learning aid for improving verbal communication among students.  The aims of this research are to study the effectiveness of Augmentative and Alternative Communication implementation in improving students with autism verbal communication. This research was conducted at one of the primary school in Machang, Kelantan. 2 students with autism participate in this study as a respondent and divided into treatment group and controlled group. Pre and post-tests were conducted to collect and analyze data. Finding in this research shows there was a significant difference between the pre and post-test score in the treatment group when Augmentative and Alternative Communication application was implemented in the intervention.

Life Skills Education for People with Disabilities at Blind Orphanage “Tuah Sakato” West Sumatra Indonesia

Jendriadi, Jendriadi, Sukandar, Warlan, Rossa, Rona

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

This research was done because there is still the wrong assumption in the society that it will be ashamed if one of the family members has suffered from a disability. Even, they do not ready to receive him. One of the disabilities cases is blind. It is indicated by not being able to see either totally or partially. The blind people are caused by the different background. Some suffer are congenital birth, this blindness occurred since they were born. Then, The others happened when they are still teenagers and even adults, which is caused by several factors such as illness, accident, style of reading, or blindness is an undetectable cause. This research tries to reveal the various life skills education provided by the administrators of Blind Orphanage Tuah Sakato in West Sumatera so that the cynical and apathetic impression on the blind disabled patients will be reduced or even lost by knowing the various life skills that they get during their education. Thus, there is no longer the assumption that people with blind disabilities are only used as a sacrifice for begging on the streets or just working as a masseur only. In addition, this research also tries to describe the impression of alumni after taking education at Blind Orphanage Tuah Sakato West Sumatra Indonesia. The method used in this research is qualitative descriptive with direct participation approach. The techniques used are observation, interview and participate in their daily activities. The results of this field research obtained a lot of information about life skills provided by the managers for their students. By providing many life skills, their students are ready to return to the community. There are many life skills that are providing there. They are; preparatory classes, massaging skills by recognizing the structure of the human body, the ability of foreign languages, the ability to cook, the ability to play music, memorize the Qoran and recitation of the Qoran with rhythm, the ability to make speeches and they also got the counseling guidance so that they can be optimistic to look for their future. From the interviews that the authors conducted to the alumni of Blind Orphanage Tuah Sakato who had completed his education there, the results obtained that 90 percent said they are very satisfied with life skills education that has been given by the managers of Blind Orphanage Tuah Sakato and they feel like getting a new family and they are also assisted to find work.

Improving the Interpersonal Intelligence of the Students with Intellectual Disability through the BCCT Approach

Maulidia, Yuana, Sopingi, Sopingi, Kustiawan, Usep

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

Children with intellectual disability have a slow social development. Such as the interpersonal aspects of intelligence. The learning approach that can be used is Beyond Centers And Circle Time (BCCT) approach. The purpose is to describe interpersonal intelligence before and after being given the treatment as well as analyze the effect of the approach Beyond Centers And Circle Time approach interpersonal intelligence intellectual disability. The method used was Quasi-Experiment with Time Series Design and analysis with Wilcoxon test hypothesis. Based on the data analysis, It can be concluded that the BCCT approach effect significantly for the interpersonal intelligence of the students with intellectual disability.

The Implementation of Inclusive Education in Indonesia for Children with Special Needs: Expectation and Reality

Efendi, Mohammad

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

Government efforts to legitimize the implementation of inclusive education for children with special needs in regular schools ranging from primary education to secondary education, the more opportunities to expand opportunities for children with special needs in order to obtain quality education services. However, good policy is not balanced with the readiness of the recommended schools to provide adequate learning facilities and resource support. As a result, there is an indication that the special needs of children’s education in inclusive schools have not received appropriate educational services based on their needs.

The Effectiveness of Course Review Horay Method on Social Sciences Learning Achievement of Visually Impaired Students

Hermawan, Hermawan, Putro, Kresna Hertantio, Sugini, Sugini

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the Course Review Horay (CRH) method of the social sciences learning achievement of 5th-grade students with visual impairment of SLB A YKAB Surakarta. This research is an experimental research of pre-experimental type research in the form of one group pretest-posttest design. The population in this study are 4 5th grade students of visual impairment in SLB A YKAB Surakarta. Data were analyzed by using non-parametric analysis Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test (Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test). The results showed that the average value before using CRH method was 10, while the mean value after using the CRH method was 40. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the Course Review Horay method is effective to improve the social sciences learning achievement 5th-grade students with visual impairment SLB A YKAB Surakarta.

The Influence the Picture Exchange Communication System Method toward The Communication Ability of Autistic Child

Putri, Citra Rizky Ratna, Hastuti, Wiwik Dwi, Adi, Eka Pramono

Journal of ICSAR Vol 2, No 2 (2018): July
Publisher : Department of Special Education

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Abstract

Children with autism have some very complex developmental disorders including communication, social interaction, emotions, and interest in certain behaviors. They need certain tools and methods for developing communication and language skills, especially in speaking skills. One of the methods is the Picture Exchange Communication System method. This research was conducted by using the Single Subject Research method with A-B-A design. Data collection was conducted in 20 sessions. The results of this study indicated that the effect of PECS method towards communication ability of children with autism. This was evidenced by an overlap percentage of 0%. The conclusion showed that PECS method has an effect towards the communication ability of autistic children