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Jurnal Veteriner
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Veteriner memuat naskah ilmiah dalam bidang kedokteran hewan. Naskah dapat berupa: hasil penelitian, artikel ulas balik (review), dan laporan kasus. Naskah harus asli (belum pernah dipublikasikan) dan ditulis menggunakan bahasa Indonesia atau bahasa Inggris. Naskah ilmiah yang telah diseminarkan dalam pertemuan ilmiah nasional dan internasional, hendaknya disertai dengan catatan kaki
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Articles 647 Documents
Cover, Redaksi, Daftar Isi Veteriner, Jurnal
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Cover, Redaksi, Daftar Isi
Resistensi Antibiotik Terhadap Bakteri Escherichia coli yang Diisolasi dari Peternakan Ayam Pedaging di Kabupaten Subang, Jawa Barat (ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE TO ESCHERICHIA. COLI ISOLATED FROM BROILER FARMS IN SUBANG DISTRICT, WEST JAVA PROVINCE) Niasono, Aji Barbora; Latif, Hadri; Purnawarman, Trioso
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.187

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance in avian bacterial pathogens is a common problem in the Indonesia poultry industry. The present study aimed to provide information on the present status of antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli (E. coli) from a broiler farm environment. The research method uses a cross sectional study with a stratified random sampling pattern. E. coli was collected from litter using boot swab method at the broiler house farms in Subang District. E. coli isolates (n = 74) were obtained from 74 samples of boot swabs. The sample was isolated and identified morphologically and biochemically using the IMVIC test to obtain E. coli isolates. The test was followed by a sensitivity test for nine antibiotics, namely tetracycline, sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, ampicillin, nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, gentamicin and chloramphenicol by using the agar dilution method. The interpretation of the results of this sensitivity test refers to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute CLSI VET01S (2015) and CLSI M100 (2018). Measurement of the level of knowledge is done using a structured questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability. E. coli was isolated from 74 samples of boot swab. 93.2% of E. coli samples were found to be MDR with the highest prevalence in four types of antibiotics at 40.5%. The most common resistances observed were against tetracycline 97.3%, sulfamethoxazole 87.8%, trimethoprim 74.3%, ampicillin 68.9%, nalidixic acid 64.8%, ciprofloxacin 45.9%, enrofloxacin 40.5%, gentamicin 28.4% and chloramphenicol 10.8%. The findings of this study revealed the high level of antibiotic resistance in broiler environment is worrisome and have negative implications for human and animal health.
Jamu Pelangsing Galian Singset Bermanfaat Sebagai Antiobesitas dan Antilipidemia pada Tikus (JAMU GALIAN SINGSET USEFUL AS AN ANTIOBESITY AND ANTILIPIDAEMIA IN RATS) Marta, Ice Lusia; Darusman, Huda Shalahudin; Ekastuti, Damiana Rita
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.255

Abstract

Obesity and dyslipidemia are health problems that can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. This study aims to analyze the potency of antiobesitas and antidislipidemia of jamu galian singset (JGS). The research method used complete randomized design with 8 treatment groups and 4 replications as follows: P1 (Standard Feed + Aquadest), P2 (Standard Feed + 200 mg Orlistat / kg BW), P3 (Standard Feed + 176,4mg JGS / 200g BW) P4 (Standard Feed + 352,8mg JGS / 200 g BW), P5 (High Fat Feed + Aquadest), P6 (High Fat Feed + 200 mg Orlistat / kg BW), P7 (High Fat Feed + 176,4 mg JGS / 200 g BW) and P8 (High Fat Feed + 352,8 mg JGS / 200 g BW). The parameters observed were feed intake, body weight gain, body weight gain ratio, fat intake, fat absorption, fat digestibility, feces fat, abdominal fat, muscle fat, body weight, body fat percentage and lipid profile, include Cholesterol total (TC), triglycerides (TG), HDL and LDL. The results showed that JGS significantly (P <0,05) decreased the body weight gain of the rat, the ratio of body weight gain per feed intake and the weight of abdominal fat. Giving JGS increases the absorption of fat, but not found high fat in the feces. Jamu galian singset has no effect (P> 0.05) on rat lipid profile. Baced on the results of this study it can be concluded that JGS can be used as antiobesity and more effectively decrease body weight gain on high fat diet than standard feeding diet. Jamu galian singset are suspected to have a different working mechanism with orlistat as antiobesitas.
The Effectiveness of Red Yeast Rice Antioxidant on Performance of Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Induced Oxidative Stress through Dexamethasone Administration Ardiani, Nuri; Santoso, Koekoeh; Maheshwari, Hera
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.219

Abstract

Red yeast rice is a fermented product of rice and mold Monascus purpureus. Red yeast rice contains secondary metabolites such as lovastatin, phenol and flavonoids that have potential as antioxidants. This study was aimed to examine the effectiveness of red yeast rice antioxidants on performance of japanese quail administered with dexamethasone through the parameters of feed digestibility, feed consumption, growth in body weight, stress index, malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). This study used a factorial completely randomized design. Group (K0) was a control, group (D) were quails given only dexamethasone at a dose of 1.25 mg/g BW for 7 days after one-week adaptation. Group D+VC were quails given dexamethasone at a dose of 1.25 mg/g BW then added with vitamin C at a dose of 20 mg. Group D+K1, D+K2, and D+K3 were quails given dexamethasone then orally given red yeast rice of 18 mg, 24 mg, and 30 mg for 14 days. The parameter of feed consumption, feed digestibility and body weight did not significantly show different result between treatments (P>0.05). The heterophyl/lympocyte ratio was elevated when dexametasone administered and tended to decrease when administered with red yeast rice. Result also showed that red yeast rice has the potential as an antioxidant in quail administered with dexamethasone as seen from the tendency of decreased level of MDA and increased level of SOD enzyme.
Pertumbuhan Anak Itik Magelang dari Induk yang Diberi Suplementasi Kurkumin dan Dipajan Cahaya Merah (THE GROWTH OF DUCKLINGS FROM DUCKS THAT GIVEN CURCUMIN SUPPLEMENTATION AND RED LIGHT EXPOSURE) Albab, Luthfiana Ulil; Isdadiyanto, Sri; Djaelani, Muhammad Anwar; Kasiyati, Kasiyati
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.286

Abstract

This research aimed to study the effect of curcumin supplementation and red light exposure to the growth of magelang ducklings. The research design used complete randomized design that divided into four groups and each group consists of five ducklings, they were ducklings from ducks which was not given curcumin and exposed to white light (control), ducklings from ducks which was not given curcumin and exposed to red light (P1), ducklings from ducks was given curcumin 18 mg/head/day and white light (P2) and ducklings from ducks was given curcumin 18 mg/head/ day and red light (P3). The curcumin that given to the duck were mixed with feed as a supplement. The variables of this research were the body weight and morphometry that consisted of the chest perimeter, abdominal perimeter, and fur necklace (the white fur that surounded the neck) width . The collected data were analized with Kruskal Wallis non parametric test and would be further tested with Mann Whitney-U test and linear regression. The result of this research showed that curcumin supplementation and red light exposure to ducks affected the body weight, chest perimeter, abdominal perimeter, and fur necklace width of magelang ducklings. We concluded that 18 mg curcumin supplementation and red light exposure increased ducklings quality, we hope 18 mg curcumin supplementation and red light exposure can be applied to increase ducklings quality, futhermore the ducklings have better productivity.
Effect of Specific Formulated Feed to Alter the Glucose, Triglycerides and Total Cholesterol Level in Rat (EFEK FORMULASI PAKAN TIKUS TERHADAP PERUBAHAN KADAR GLUKOSA, TRIGLISERIDA DAN KOLESTEROL TOTAL) Rahmi, Jihan Mudrika; Lesmana, Ronny; Goenawan, Hana; Setiawan, Setiawan; Tarawan, Vita Murniati; Wismandanu, Okta; Supratman, Unang
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.179

Abstract

Understanding the molecular mechanism of type 2 diabetes mellitus using human sample is very difficult, therefore utilization of animal model can be the solution for studying diabetes mellitus. However, there is still limited option of the animal model that can describe the process of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study is to develop a formulated feed with increased glucose, triglycerides, and total cholesterol as characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was done using a descriptive method and experimental study design for 8 weeks. Total 9 male and 12 female Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: 1 control group and 2 treatment group (formula 1: high carbohydrate, formula 2: high fat). The increase of delta mean body weight was higher in the group given formula 1 for both male and female rats (f: 52g, m: 71.67g). The glucose level was increase from 4th- 8th week in both gender of rats and higher in the group given formula 1 of female rats (4W: 221.13 mg/dl; 8W: 249.83 mg/dl). The triglycerides level was increased from 4th to 8th week and higher in group given formula 2 either male (4W: 37.42 mg/dl; 8W: 58.92 mg/dl) but not in female rats (4W: 76.78 mg/dl; 8W: 71.22 mg/dl). The cholesterol total level also increased in male (4W: 93.05 mg/dl; 8W: 282.5 mg/dl) and female (4W: 101.58 mg/dl; 8W: 227.17 mg/dl) rats and higher in the group given formula 1.  In conclussio, either high carbohydrate or high fat pellet showed potential capability to increase the glucose, triglyceride and total cholesterol level especially in female rats.
Seroprevalensi Virus Egg Drop Syndrome pada Bebek Petelur di Kecamatan Negara, Kabupaten Jembrana, Provinsi Bali (SEROPREVALENCE OF EGG DROP SYNDROME VIRUS IN LAYER DUCKS IN NEGARA DISTRICT, JEMBRANA REGENCY, BALI PROVINCE) Kencana, Gusti Ayu Yuniati; Kardena, I Made; Puspitayani, Putu Mira
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.248

Abstract

A study was conducted to determine disease seroprevalence of egg drop syndrome (EDS) virus in layer ducks in Negara district, Jembrana, Bali. A total of 180 samples of laying duck serum with different management systems were used in this research. A number of 90 serum out of 180 samples were taken from ducks with an extensive management system (reared in the ricefield), and 90 other serum samples were taken from intensive ducks (caged) from community farms in six  villages randomly taken from Nagara districts. Serum sampel were collected from EDS un-vaccinated ducks. Serum samples were tested using an hemagglutination/inhibition test (HA/HI test). Data were analyzed using chi-quadrat analysis (X2). The results showed that duck layers maintained in n Negara district had EDS antibody titer of 23 to 29 HI units. The results showed that  68 (75.56% ) of layer ducks with an extensive management system have EDS antibody titer, whereas  only 18 (20%) of layer ducks with an intensive management system have EDS antibody titer. This indicates layer ducks in both management systems have antibody to EDS virus without EDS vaccination and that the layer ducks reared in ricefield has higher seroprevalence percentage than layer ducks reared in intensive cages.
Ekstrak Kulit Buah Manggis (Garcinia mangostana Linn) Mampu Meminimalkan Efek Imunosupresif Monosodium Glutamate (EFFECTIVENESS OF MANGOSTEEN PEEL EXTRACT (GARCINIA MANGOSTANA LINN) IN MINIMIZING THE IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE EFFECT OF MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE) Bramardipa, Anak Agung Bagus; Adi, Anak Agung Ayu Mirah; Putra, I Gusti Agung Arta
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.211

Abstract

Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is commonly used as a food additive or flavoring worldwide, unfortunately MSG is reported to have a toxic effect to the immune system, that can lead to an immunosuppressive conditions. One of immunosuppressive signs in chickens is atrophy of bursa Fabricius (BF). Mangosteen peel extract contains active substances and other components that can act as an immunomodulator. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunosuppressive effects of MSG and the effectiveness of mangosteen peel extract in minimizing the immunosuppressive effects of the MSG. This study used a completely randomized design with four treatments namely A, B, C and K consisted four chickens each. The chickens in treatment A, B, C and K were given feed containing MSG 20% W/W and mineral water for drinking, commercial feed and mineral water containing 2% W/V mangosteen peel extract, MSG 20% W/W and mineral water containing mangosteen peel extract 2% W/V and commercial feed and drinking water without mixture. (control), respectively. Based on the results of this study, it was found that the administration of feed containing 20% MSG could result in bF atrophy with a very low bF index (p <0.01) if compared with B, C, and K-treatment. Prominet histopathological (HP) features of bF of chickens under treatment A are follicular atrophy and interfollicular edema. Treatment with feed containing 20% MSG along with the administration of drinking water containing 2% mangosteen peel extract keeps on maintaining the bF under normal condition even microscopically was found macrophages proliferation inside the lymphoid follicle. Based on clinical symptoms, index of bF and histopathological features, it can be concluded that MSG has immunosuppressive effects on chicks and mangosteen peel extract in drinking water can minimize this effect.
Pola Pertumbuhan dan Titik Infleksi Sebagai Dasar Memilih Bibit Anjing Kintamani (GROWTH PATTERN AND POINT OF INFLECTION AS THE BASIS OF THE KINTAMANI DOG SELECTION) SUATHA, I KETUT; Suartini, I Gusti Ayu Agung; Sampurna, I Putu
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.279

Abstract

Kintamani dog growth pattern was observed by measuring the length, circumference and body weight. This study aims to obtain a pattern of growth and determine at what age the growth of kintamani dogs reaches the inflection point (begins to grow slowly) and reaches adult size (begins to stop growing). Data on growth patterns and inflection points of kintamani dogs are useful as a reference for determining the right time for the kintamani dog to be first mated, knowing the existence of abnormalities in growth and nutritional status. The research samples were 90 female kintamani dogs and 90 males aged 0 to 800 days. Measurement of body length and circumference uses a meter, while body weight is measured by digital scales. The growth curve used by the estimator is a sigmoid curve with two parameters: the size of body length, chest circumference and body weight at birth and as an adult. The conclusion of this study is that the pattern of growth in body weight, body length, chest circumference, height of the back limbs and height of the front legs of male and female kintamani dogs has a sigmoid growth pattern. The body size of a female dog has an inflection point or begins to grow slowly and reaches an adult size at a younger age than a male. Female dogs also reach the maximum size earlier than male dogs. The speed of reaching the inflection point on the growth of kintamani dogs were: Chest circumference, front limb height, body length, height of the back leg and body weight. While the speed of achieving adult size were : height of the back leg, body length, height of the front limb, chest circumference and weight.
Morfometri dan Ultrastruktur Cacing Fasciola gigantica pada Sapi Donggala dan Sapi Bali di Kabupaten Berau, Kalimantan Timur (MORPHOMETRY AND ULTRASTRUCTURAL OF FASCIOLA GIGANTICA WORM IN DONGGALA AND BALI CATTLE IN BERAU DISTRICT, EAST KALIMANTAN) Prasetya, Muhammad Rofi'; Lastuti, Nunuk Dyah Retno; Suwanti, Lucia Tri; Koesdarto, Setiawan; Kusnoto, Kusnoto; Yunus, Muchammad
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.171

Abstract

Fasciolosis is one of the endemic parasitic diseases in Indonesia. Fasciola gigantica is the main species found to infect livestock, especially beef cattle. The purpose of this study was to analyze the morphometry and identify the ultrastructure morphology of the F. gigantica worm isolated from beef cattle in Berau abattoir.  The F. gigantica worms were isolated from two cattle breeds, namely Donggala cattle and Bali cattle. Worm was stained by using carmine methode to analyze the morphometric of the worm and  scanning electron microscopy  to identify ultrastructure morphology. Morphometric of the worm was analysed with the one sample t-test and multidimensional scaling statistical methods. The results of the morphometric analysis showed that F. gigantica from both breeds had significant differences (P<0.05) between the parameters and based on multidimensional scaling analysis had similarities with F. intermedia from Iran. Based on scanning electron microscopy examination showed that F. gigantica from the Donggala cattle breed was infected with type 1 of F. gigantica while F. gigantica from the Bali cattle breed was infected with type 2 of F. gigantica based on ventral sucker, oral sucker, and spine. It can be concluded that F. gigantica found in beef cattle in Berau was type 1 F. gigantica (Donggala cattlebreed) and type 2 F. gigantica (Bali cattle breed) and similar with F. intermedia from Iran.

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