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E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University
Published by Universitas Udayana
E-Journal of Animal Science, Udayana University welcome students, researchers and/or lecturer to submit their scientific manuscripts particularly in animal sciences or related fields which have not been published in any other journals. Manuscripts should be written in English with a maximum of 10 pages, typed in 1.5 space and font size 11 points. A Paper which has been presented in a certain seminar should be given a footnote. A 2.5 cm margin on both sides of the page is desirable.
Articles
17
Articles
BLOOD AND MEAT CHOLESTEROL LEVELS OF MALE BALI DUCK WHICH GIVEN COMMERCIAL RATION SUPPLEMENTED WITH PAPAYA LEAF ( Carica papaya L ) MEAL

Siti, Ni wayan, Sudana, I.B., Budaarsa, Komang, Gaga Partama, I.B.

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

An experiment was carried out to study the  levels of blood and meat cholesterol of male bali duck fed commercial diets supplemented papaya leaf (Carica papaya L) meal, in the Bali Provincial Laboratory. The design was completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The fourth treatment were100 % commercial ration without papaya leaf meal (A) ; 98% commercial ration supplemented 2% papaya leaf meal ( B ) ;  96% commercial ration  supplemented 4 % papaya leaf meal (C) and 94 % commercial ration supplemented 6 % papaya leaf meal (D). The variables measured were total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and HDL blood and meat of male bali duck. The results showed that papaya leaf meal supplemented in the commercial ration from 2-6 % can significantly reduced total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL, and increased HDL blood and meat of male bali duck. From the results of this study it be concluded that papaya leaf meal supplemented in commercial ration 2-6 % can reduced total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL, and increased HDL blood and meat of male bali duck.

EFFECTIVENESS OF SIMANTRI APPLICATION AND ITS ENFLUENCE ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF FARMER’S INCOME IN BALI

Maha Putra Sanjaya, Agus, Suparta, I Nyoman, Lanang Oka, I. Gst., Gaga Partama, I.B.

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

A survey was carried out to analyze  the effectiveness level of Simantri application and the effectiveness of Simantri application on increasing farmer’s income. Structured questionaires were used to obtain information from 138 respondents consisting of chairmans, secretaries, and treasurers of forty-six groups of Simantri from 2009-2010. The groups of Simantri selected by purposive sampling method. Data obtained were analyzed by descriptive method and statistic analysis. Results indicated that : less than a quarter of respondents (23.92%) effective in Simantri application, while 105 respondents (76.08%) was less effective. Effectiveness of Simantri application improved farmer’s income in Bali.

THE INCREASE OF OMEGA-3 BY FEEDING BALI CATTLE WITH SUPPLEMENTATION LEMURU FISH OIL IN MOLAMIX CONCENTRATE

Sriyani, N.L.P., Putra, S., Saka, IK., Gaga Partama, I.B.

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

This study was carried out to increase the content of Omega-3 (EPA and DHA) on beef by feeding bali cattle with supplemented lemuru fish oil in Molamix concentration. A Randomized Complete Block Design was applied consists of 3 treatment diets and 4 weight groups as replication. There were tweleve Bali cattle used at range weigh of 248-277 kg. The cattle randomly allocated into 3 treatments fed with elephant grass + concentrate without fish oil supplementation as control (RKMBI10); elephant grass + concentrate with lemuru fish oil supplementation 5% (RKMBI5); and lemuru fish oil supplementation 10% (RKMBI10). The study showed that lemuru fish oil supplementation decreased dry matter consumption (BK) in accordance with the increase of concentration energy content. Fish oil supplementation produces ALA in beef fat RKMBI0 at 0.18%, RKMBI5 at 0.20% and RKMBI10 at­ 0.14 % which was not significantly different. While the EPA content in beef fat RKMBI5 at 0.07% higher than the beef meat RKMBI0 at 0.05%, and RKMBI10 at 0.04 %. RKMBI5 beef content of DHA. In contrary, 0.06 % was not found on RKMBI0 and RKMBI10 beef. The amount of omega-3 content in each 100 g of RKMBI5 at 1.16 mg and RKMBI10 at 1.75 mg significantly (P<0.05) higher than RKMBI0 at 0.60 mg. It can be concluded that fish oil supplementation in molamix lemuru concentrate decreased ration palatability which lead to decrease dry matter consumption. However, fish oil supplementation significantly increased the amount content of omega-3/100g on bali cattle.

HERITABILITY ESTIMATE AND GENETIC RESPONSE TO SELECTION FOR YEARLING WEIGHT IN BALI CATTLE

Warmadewi, D.A., Oka, L., Suyadnya, P., Sudana, I.B.

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

This study was carried out at Bali Cattle Breeding Centre (BPTU Sapi Bali) in Pulukan, Jembrana, Bali from March to November 2012. The aims of study were to estimate the heritability and genetic response to selection for yearling weight in Bali cattle. Records on 350 yearling weights of Bali cattle born from 2007 to 2011 at the Bali Cattle Breeding Centre were used in this study. The results showed that the average coefficient of variation for yearling weight of Bali cattle was 18.28%, the estimated heritability (h2) was 0.42 ± 0.19, and the selection intensity was 0.92.  This value ??indicated that selection for this trait might improve the genetic quality of Bali cattle particularly in their liveweight at one year old.  Estimation of genetic response (Rg) obtained in this study was 9.02 kg.  The average generation interval in this population was 4.48 years.  Therefore, response per year (Ry) for yearling weight in this breed of cattle was 2.01 kg.  Based on this response per year, prediction for response in the year 2010 and 2011 were 6.03 kg and 12.06 kg respectively.  It was concluded that the heritability estimate of yearling weight in Bali cattle was categorized high and selection for this trait responded effectivelly

AN EFFECTIVE EXTENSION SYSTEM TO IMPROVE THE BEHAVIOR OF BALI CATTLE BREEDER IN BALI

Tatik Inggriati, Ni Wayan, Suparta, I Nyoman, Suarna, I Wayan, Antara, I Made

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

A survey was carried out to determine the behavior of bali cattle breeders in Bali, as well as finding an effective extension system in implementing technic and management production. The research design was a survey, using a questionnaire as a data collection tool. Research was conducted in all eight regencies and one city in Bali. In total 198 breeders were surveyed by purposive sampling method, 99 of which were members of groups and 99 were not members of groups. Data was analyze using  descriptive, t-test, and Structural Equation Model (SEM). Results of the research showed that: 1) The level behavior, bali cattle breeders in implementing technical and production management classified in the middle category; 2) The extension system in Bali for bali cattle breeders to improve the behavior was not effective; and 3) Effective extension system to improve bali cattle breeders behavior is extension conducted by a professional extension workers, with an innovative extension materials, reliable extension institution, and adequate extension financing, through a group approach. Based on the research results, it is suggested that: 1) the Government should to improve the professionalism of extension workers, innovative extension materials, forming reliable extension institution, and provide adequate extension financing; 2) Breeders is to become an active member of groups breeder.

STRATEGY OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND AGRIBUSINESS SYSTEM OF BALI CATTLE BREEDING TO IMPROVE FARMERS INCOME

Putri, B.R.T, Suparta, I Nyoman, Sudana, IB, Oka, I G.L.

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

A Survey was carried out using  questionaires as  data collection tools in the  Village Breeding Centres (VBC) at 5 regencies in Bali. These VBCs were superviced by Bali Cattle Breeding Centre (BPTU). Locations of this study were selected using purposive random sampling and respondents were selected by stratified random sampling. The respondents consisted of 90 farmers and 10 experts who were chosen from BPTU, Department of Livestock and Animal Health, and Udayana University. Quantitative and qualitative data were drived from primary and secondary data. The data were collected by interview using structured questionairs, indepth interviews, observation, study of literature and documents. The data were analyzed using internal and external analysis, Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats (SWOT) analysis, Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) analysis, and Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM) analysis. The aims of this study were to find out the strategy of business manajemen and agribusiness system of Bali catlle breeding in order to improve farmers income. The results showed that eight strategies were found in bali cattle breeding consisted of improvement of calf quality by continous selection and breeding system, certification of  selected calves, to built animal feed industry, improving Bali cattle breeding business efficiency, developing one village one product program, built a farmers cooperation, intensifying the extension program, and increasing farmer’s entrepreneurship. The strategy of increasing the entrepreneurship spirit of the farmers was the first priority to create bali cattle breeding enterprise more efficient and  improve farmers income. These strategies should be followed by claster system in business of Bali cattle breeding which is supported by the Cluster Agribusiness Management Communication Forum (CAMCF) as  facilitator in relationship between farmers and other industries and institutions in the cluster with other industries and institutions in the cluster.

STUDY ON GROWTH RATE OF MALE RABBITS (Lepus negricollis) FED DIFFERENT LEVELS OF FERMENTED COFFEE PULP

Budiari, Ni Luh Gede, Mastika, I Made, Nuriyasa, I Made

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

A study on growth rate of male rabbit fed different levels of fermented coffee pulp was carried out at Gulingan village, Mengwi, Badung regency, Bali province from August to October 2013. A Randomized Block Design (RBD) with five treatments and eight replicates in each treatment was used in this experiment.  The treatment were diet  without coffee  pulp (R0),  diet with 10%  unfermented coffee pulp (R1), diet with 20% unfermented coffee pulp (R2), diet with 10% fermented coffee pulp (R3), and diet with 20% fermented coffee pulp (R4). Each treatment consisted of 8 male five week old local rabbits as replication. Variables observed were final body weight, weight gain, feed intake, water consumption, feed efficiency, dry matter, energy and protein digestibility. The results showed that rabbits  given ration with 10% fermented coffee pulp (R3) revealed has higher dry matter energy and protein digestibility. Further, that had highest final body weight, weight gain and highest feed efficiency. From the result of the experiment can the  concluded that the use of 10% fermented coffee pulp in the diet produced the highest performance (P<0,05)  compared to other treatments. The use of fermented coffee  pulp 10% could be recommended to farmers for substituting rice brand in rabbits diets.

THE IMPORTANCE OF MAP OF INSEMINATOR LOCATIONS AND BALI COW POPULATION IN IMPROVING ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION SERVICES IN BADUNG REGENCY

Bargawa, I G. R, Oka, I G.L., Suyadnya, I P.

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

Artificial insemination services on Bali cattle in Badung Regency have not been optimum up to 2012 since the number and distribution of the inseminators have not been evaluated in relation to the cows population in the villages of this regency. The aims of this study were to create a map of Bali cow population and locations of inseminators in order to improve the artificial insemination services in this regency. Data of Bali cattle population base on the result of census in 2011 were used in this study and interview on the inseminators was carried out to find out the existing problems in the field. Mapping of the location of the inseminators and cow population in the villages of Badung Regency was done using Geographic Positioning System (GPS). The results of the survey showed that inseminators were not well distributed according to the number of cows available in each village or district of Badung regency, and this regency still needs a total of 22 inseminators to optimize the application of artificial inseminators. This was shown by the map of inseminators and cows population in the villages of Badung Regency. Other factors such as skill of the inseminators were needed to be improved, addition of inseminator facilities particularly motorcycles were needed to be added since 57.69% of the inseminators have not got motorcycles for their duties in the field. It was concluded that the map of the inseminator locations and population of cows in Badung regency as well as addition of motorcycles and improvement of the inseminator skills to optimize the implication artificial insemination program were needed in this regency.

EFFECT OF PROBIOTIC SUPPLEMENTATION ON LOW PROTEIN DIET ON BROILER PERFORMANCE

Suartika, I GB, Sumadi, IK, Bidura, IGNG

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the effect of probiotics supplemented in low protein diets on performances of broiler aged 2-6 weeks. The design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with three treatments and six replications. Each replication consisted of three broiler chickens aged two weeks with homogeneous body weight. The treatments were a standard ration containing 20% crude protein as a control diets (A), the ration with 18% crude protein content (B), and a diet with 18% crude protein content with a probiotic 0.20% Saccharomyces spp supplemented (C). Feed containing 2900kcal/kg metabolic energy and water were provided ad libitum. The results showed that the decrease of crude protein content rations of 2% units lower than the recommended standard rations (treatment B) were significantly reduced (P<0.05) on final body weight, body weight gains, and feed efficiency compared both with the control and treatmens C groups. In contrast, there were increased significantly different (P<0.05) on the amount of abdominal-fat. Supplementation of probiotic 0.20% Saccharomyces spp in the ration C were increased on body weight gains and feed efficiencies significantly different (P<0.05) compared with treatment B.  In contrast, there were decreased significantly (P<0.05) different on abdominal-fat and blood serum cholesterol contents of chicken.  It was concluded that supplementation of probiotic 0.20% Saccharomyces spp culture in ration with protein content 18 % resulting the same of broiler performance aged 2-6 weeks compared to the control. Supplementation of probiotic 0.20% Saccharomyces spp cultures in the ration can decrease abdominal fat and blood serum cholesterol contents of broiler aged 2-6 weeks.

THE ROLE OF UREA LIME MIXTURE IN CONCENTRATE CONTAINING DIFFERENT LEVELS OF CASSAVA ON RUMEN FERMENTATION OF ETAWAH CROSSBRED GOAT

O. Cakra, I G. L. ( Program Study Doktor Ilmu Peternakan, Progam Pascasarjana, Univ.Udayana ) , Sudana, I. B., Mahardika, I G., G. Partama, I. B.

E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University Volume 2, No 1, 2013
Publisher : E-Journal Of Animal Science Udayana University

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Abstract

An experiment was carried out to study to the role of urea lime mixture in concentrate containing cassava on the rumen fermentation of the etawah crossbred goat through in-vivo experiment. A randomized block design (RBD) consisted of 4 different rations and 4 replicates was used in this experiment. Atotal of 16 etawah crossbred goats with initial body weight ranging from 12.4 - 19 kg were aranged in to 16 pens experiment. Four feed treatments (A, B, C and D) were offered to four groups of four goats. The first treatment (A) was 50% elephant grass 50% concentrate (without cassava urea lime) as control diet, the second treatment (B) was 50% elephant grass 50% concentrate (without cassava, with 4% urea and 2% lime), the third treatment (C) was 50% elephant grass 50% concentrate (with 25% cassava, 4% urea and 2% lime), and fourth treatment (D) was 50% elephant grass 50% concentrate (with 50% cassava, 4% urea and 2% lime). Ration was composed based on standard requirement of 15 kg body weight goat with 75 g daily weight gain. Results of This study showed that the concentration of NH3, VFA, propionic acid, and protozoa rumen population on treatment A, B, C, and D were significantly different (p<0,05). It can be concluded that Utilization of 4% urea and 2% lime without cassava in concentrate increased N-NH3 level of rumen fluid, but level of N-NH3 rumen fluid on goat fed with 4% urea and 2% lime in concentrate contain 25 and 50% cassava was not increase, compared to thoset fed controled (treatment A). Propionic acid level and rumen protozoa population could be increased through urea lime and cassava addition in concentrate.