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International Journal on Livable Space
Published by Universitas Trisakti
Articles
34
Articles
SEMIOTICS ANALYSIS OF BETAWI VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE AT SETU BABAKAN, JAKARTA

Lakawa, Agustin Rebecca

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

In traditional societies, it is not too difficult to integrate the style and symbols of a house because they have a common language of the same yet mutually understandable style. However, this can not be applied nowadays with the development of pluralistic cultures encountered by Betawi people. Semiotic enables community to reflect on various related issues in the form of architecture and spatial arrangement. This research was conducted to obtain information that will be used to complement semiotics analytical methods. Field data collection methods are done both visually through recording of buildings and orally through interviewing some of the residents. This research uses semiotics analysis model derived from Ferdinand de Saussure which was adapted by Charles Peirce and used by Charles Jencks. Semiotics discussion on the style of Betawi house at Setu Babakan area consists of four major parts: building orientation, zoning, building typology, and building ornament. The result of this study confirms that there are several changes on the four major parts to support the shift of the village into a cultural village. These changes represent the sign of adaptability of the community to support the preservation and maintenance of Betawi house in this cultural village.Keywords: style and symbol, vernacular architecture, Betawi traditional house

VIEWS ON THE MANIFESTATION OF LOCAL WISDOM (CASE: KAMPUNG NAGA, WEST JAVA)

Saladin, Agus, Purnomo, Agus Budi, Tundono, Sri

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

The physical object of architecture is a manifestation of thoughtful concept of the architect. Philosophically, in vernacular architecture, the concept of thoughts is being revealed in the form of local wisdom. Kampung Naga, as one of the vernacular villages in West Java, maintains its traditional culture although the inhabitants have undergone modern thought. The modern era has developed immensely which could affect the decline in preserving the local wisdom. To anticipate the decline, it is necessary to make an effort to formulate the local wisdom which is still existed. This paper aims to explain the results of research in Kampung Naga which focusing on physical elements and accommodating the results of previous research concerning on local wisdom. Data and information as written materials were obtained through field survey, literature review, and previous research studies. The results of the study show that local wisdom in Kampung Naga has an effect on the aspects of life in terms of social interaction, land law, physical building ideas and its spatial order. The paper will be ended with the diagrammatic conceptual model of the aspects of the manifestation of local wisdom in Kampung Naga. Keywords: manifestation, local wisdom, Kampung Naga

A STUDY OF URBAN PLACEMAKING EVOLUTION CHANGES AT PASAR SANTA JAKARTA

Oppusunggu, Ruth E., Tjoeputri, Melissa, Katoppo, Martin L.

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Traditional markets -where bargaining is method of trading- are still one of urban fabrics that offer sense of places, and Jakarta has 153 traditional markets managed by Jakarta regional owned enterprise. Numerous of these traditional markets had been renovated into layers of concrete buildings, but many are almost paralyzed in competing with shopping malls and the new way of trading, online shopping. Pasar Santa is still one of a kind. In 2014, Santa became the hippest gathering place and prestige marketplace for the emerging creative communities and young people -a new generation of vendors and buyers- while it still maintained its everyday needs such as fresh food, groceries and housewares. Santa -with its 1151 kiosks – succeeded to compete shopping malls and became one of the must-seen place in Jakarta. But in 2015, it died down causing farther businesses left. This paper captures the placemaking research of Santas evolution stages - especially in the end of 2016 to the end of 2017 when DAG conducted participatory action research- and analyzes the reasons behind the changing characteristics and public perception. The study shows that communitys collaboration and design can fabricate Santa into vibrant urban destination again. Key words: traditional market, placemaking, creative community, design as generator, community participation/ collaboration

PHYSICAL AND FUNCTIONAL RESIDENTIAL CHANGES AT TEBET UTARA DALAM STREET CORRIDOR, SOUTH JAKARTA

Heriyanto, Budi

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

The 1997-2000 economic crises have provoked the rise of a number of speculators alongside the corridor of Jalan Tebet Utara. The function of residential buildings on the left and right sides of the road was developed not only as a residential place but also as a commercial area with the target market of young people. These conditions had an effect on the phenomenon of architectural transformation on the absence of permission for a commercial building that was not in line with the General Spatial Plan of the Government of DKI Jakarta. As a result, the building faces that were originally identical appearedto be diverse, in which one side of the preferred look of the buildingcouldattract visitors. This article discusses the research emphasizing on the problem of building typology and architectural transformation by administering field observation, mapping of building typology and categorizing the transformation of architectural phenomenon. The findings of the study indicate that changes to the commercial- occupancy function are influenced by the increased accessibility which impacted changes on facade and building elements, on the use of building and road lines, andon the sky line environments. Keywords: Residential Changes, Street Corridor, Tebet

MYTH AND SOCIAL IMAGINATION: TRADITIONAL VILLAGE PRESERVATION CONCEPT (CASE STUDY: KAMPUNG ADAT KUTA, CIAMIS, WEST JAVA)

Sardiyarso, Enny S., Puspitasari, Popi

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Generally, the reality of empirical experience is used as a reference in the settlement spatial arrangement. In this study, however, the form of myth and imagination affects spatial arrangement and environmental conservation. Spatial arrangement of settlements in Kampung Kuta, Ciamis, West Java is based on historical imaginative mythical thoughts of the past about the Idea of Keraton Wurung. The thought has positively impacted on the sustainability of environmental preservation in the present. The study was conducted based on qualitative-explorative approach by interviewing some key informants of local population. In terms of verification, the findings are being compared among the concept of spatial layout of current Kampung Adat Kuta and the general settlement theory as well as the concept of kampung in Priangan of the myth- imaginative-based spatial concept. The findings of the study suggest that conservation measures are based on the respect of the sacred imaginative of the palace and the ancepan that are considered as the important components of the palace and need to be maintained its sustainability. The control of human behavior in conservation efforts refers to: prohibitions and obligations to maintain harmony by considering the arrangements of ancient, balance, and management of natural resources that ensure the sustainability of life. Keywords: imaginary-myth, Kampung Adat Kuta, environmental preservation.

THE CHARACTERISTIC OF CORRIDOR STREET SPACE CASE STUDY: THE CORRIDOR OF JALAN VETERAN PENGGAL KLENTENG – JALAN SIMPANG ULIN

Hadinata, Irwan Yudha

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

The street space is a part of urban public spaces. The various functions of street space in generally are as a mode of transporting space, as shared space for citizens and also as an architectural expression of spaces that contain the collective memory of its citizens. This research is focusing on the uniqueness of the street networks and canals in the city of Banjarmasin. Further, exploration of the combination of streets and canals is done to get the spatial characteristics.The purpose of this research is to determine how and why the street spaces changed and what components have influenced the characteristics of the space in the city of Banjarmasin. This research uses an empirism paradigm with the case study method focusing on the corridor of Jalan Veteran. The analytical method used is to discover street spaces in both two (2) and three (3) dimensional perspectives. Simplification and categorization patterns conducted to reveal the main characteristics of the street spaces.The findings of the study show that the formal and informal characters of each street space influence the growth rate of the buildings, the changing face of the region, and the shift of the old buildings into the new ones. Double canals are known as formal characteristic and single canals are known as informal ones. The chanal elements in the street spaces have a big influence to change the streetspaces characteristic.Keywords: characteristic, street space, space transformation, canal 

THE TYPOLOGY OF TRADITIONAL HOUSE: BALE TANI IN SADE VILLAGE, LOMBOK, WEST NUSA TENGGARA

Mannan, Khalid Abdul

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

The lack of knowledge of the present generation in understanding the cultural heritage of the ancestors as well as the socio-cultural changes is due to the advancement of tourism. This becomes a phenomenon that could result in the loss of local architectural knowledge, and the loss of cultural values as it is especially the case in the traditional house of Sade village. In an effort to explore the condition, this study on typology of traditional house, especially traditional house of Bale Tani in Sade village, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara was conducted. In addition to socio- cultural factors, there are other factors that also affect the variety types of its forms such as climate, technology, land selection, availability of materials and construction method. The research used qualitative method with naturalistic approach supported by literature and comparative study. The result of the research indicates that there has been a transformation process in the form of traditional house of Bale Tani but it is not dominant (it does not affect the visual form as a whole), it has slow progress (it happens within the long time span) and it happens on some parts/elements of Bale Tani only. Factors that influence the change are endogenous (understanding the cultural values by the Sade society) and exogenous factors that is the influence of social culture (tourism).Keywords: Typology, traditional house, Bale Tani 

SUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT: CULTURAL BASED METHOD IN BUILDING GURUSINA SAO IN FLORES-NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

Lahji, Khotijah, Lakawa, Agustin Rebecca

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Traditional house (Sao) in Gurusina Flores is a building designed based on local wisdom by considering the concept of cultural sustainability, the balance of ecosystem (human and nature), and the concept of green building. One of the aspects that becomes the basic concept of environmentally friendly architecture and affects sustainability of a building is the concept of building a traditional house. This study aims to find the concept of sustainability applied by the Gurusina community as they build their traditional houses through cultural aspects that are believed to be inherited through the concept of inner space hierarchy, the space form, and the construction system. The research method is conducted through field observation, measurement, and interview. The results of this study reveal that traditional community of Gurusina has implemented the concept of sustainability in the form of cultural sustainability which has been applied in the phases of building Sao from planning, development and design, as well as construction. Nevertheless, sustainability aspects of the balance in ecosystem, the health and comfort and the waste reduction should also be taken into account in order to achieve the concept of total sustainability. Keywords: Sustainability, Vernacular, Traditional house, Gurusina Sao 

ROOM ARRANGEMENT CONCEPT: THE SACRED-PROFANE OF HEIRLOOM HOUSES IN HUTAGODANG VILLAGE, MANDAILING

Nuraini, Cut

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Traditional societies have always retained unique experiences and understanding about their houses. The experiences and understanding tend to be subjective, yet there is a real manifestation. This study aims to explain the concept of sacred-profane on room arrangement of heirloom houses at Mandailing society. This rationalistic study has been conducted in a descriptive-explorative way of using sacred-profane theory. The result shows that the room arrangement on heirloom houses of Mandailing society retain one space that is persistently existed, although the house is continued to grow, i.e., “Pantar Tonga” (middle room as living room). The room has become a universal pillar or axis mundi as well as sacred object. The sacred value of pantar tonga has reinforced the existence of the heirloom house until now without any significant change. Keywords: Heirloom House, Sacred- Profane, Axis-Mundi, Pantar Tonga 

PROBLEMATIC ASPECTS OF THE USE OF URBAN UNDERGROUND SPACE IN INDONESIA

Wiranegara, H. W.

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Recently, the government is taking advantage of underground space for city’s infrastructure development needs. In fact, it is identified that the constraints are still remained in fulfilling the government mission. The aim of this paper is to reveal the problematic aspects in terms of the use of underground space by conducting qualitative data in term of interviewing experts and official staff of five local governments’ i.e.: Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, Makassar, and Medan. It is concluded that the problematic aspects are: the resources, land ownership, legal aspect; underground spatial planning, as well as technical and technological aspects. Keywords: underground space, utilization, problematic aspects