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International Journal on Livable Space
Published by Universitas Trisakti
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Articles
41
Articles
ENVIRONMENTAL ADAPTATION: THE ARCHITECTURE OF RUMAH KAPITAN AND MUSI RIVERSIDE

Alfred, Alfred

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Palembang’s Chinese community began inhabiting Kampung Kapitan 7 Ulu following the issuance of a mandate by Sultan Abdurrahman, granting the Chinese the privilege to inhabit the dry lands by the Musi River. Following the migration to the dry lands, the Chinese community implemented different forms of adaptation to the natural and socio-cultural environment to survive on the Musi Riverside, including in the form of residential architectures. This research is a case study, aiming to explore, examine and discuss the process of environmental adaptation and the different aspects that affect the residential architectures on the Musi Riverside. Analysis is done on the architecture of Rumah Kapitan, studying from the morphological and typological point of view, consisting of its positioning and orientation against the Musi River, spatial order, architectural form, and tectonics system, all of which are the manifestation of adaptation to the natural and socio-cultural environment of the Musi Riverside.  Keywords: adaptation; Musi riverside environment; Rumah Kapitan.

A REVIEW OF MATERIAL COVER FEATURES FOR MITIGATING URBAN HEAT ISLAND

Pratiwi, Sri Novianthi

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Resilient Built Environment
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Urban Heat Island (UHI) is related to the increase of urban compared to rural temperature as the result of global phenomenon. The increase of temperature is predicted to be intensified along with the extend of urban activity in the near future. Therefore, the discussion on UHI becomes significance. This paper discusses the result of literature studies on thermal characteristics of materials that potentially used to reduce Urban Heat Island, especially in utilizing pavement and roof cover. The result of the study concludes that the reduction of UHI is determined by: 1) the high-level albedo (the ratio between the reflected heat and the absorbed heat) of material that is influenced by the color and texture of its surface; 2) The high level thermal emittance of material; 3) The lower capacity of material to store the heat. 4) The capability thermal conductivity of material surface. Recommended pavements to reduce UHI are cool pavement, reflective pavement, porous pavers, permeable pavers, pervious pavement, water retaining pavement. Roof cover materials that reduce Urban Heat Island are Cool Roof and Green Roof. The design and toughness of materials should be considered to reduce UHI. Keywords: Urban Heat Island, material feature, thermal performance.

UNDERSTANDING GURUSINA SA’O IN FLORES, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, INDONESIA: HEAT CONDUCTIVITY OF BUILDING ENVELOPE MATERIAL AND THERMAL COMFORT

Lahji, Khotijah, Lakawa, Agustin Rebecca, Susetyarto, Bambang, Walaretina, Rita

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Resilient Built Environment
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Sa'o (traditional house) in Gurusina, Flores is a house that was designed based on the local wisdom of Ngadha tribe that is directly or indirectly constructed by considering thermal factors i.e., temperature and humidity, wind speed, and heat gain. The purpose of this paper is to examine the rela- tionship between heat conductivity features of building envelope material towards the aspects of thermal comfort. Data gathered and analyzed through field measurements supported by structural physical figures. The research results show that first, when the study was conducted, the temperature in Gurusina exceeded the lower and upper limit of the average temperature that was considered comfort hot for Indonesians. This affects the high heat transmission through wall material so that the inside temperature is considered uncomfortable. Second, the use of half wall (exceeding 20% of the floor area) and the existence of open space around the building that has the potential to flow the wind with a speed of more than 2m/sc, can reduce the indoor heat temperature due to solar heat transmission from wall and roof materials.Key words: thermal comfort; building envelope; traditional house

ECONOMIC INTERACTIVE SPACE: AN ADAPTATION OF COMMUNITY RESILIENCE MECHANISM IN AN ENCLAVE SETTLEMENT

Ischak1, Mohammad, Setioko, Bambang, Gandarum, Dedes Nur

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Resilient Built Environment
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

The rapid urban growth at the periphery area developed by residential developers impacted on the socio-spatial segregation between new and pre-existing indigenous settlements. One phenomenon is that many indigenous settlements are enclaved in the new settlement area. Changes in landscape and environment around indigeneus settlement are occured as a result of a pressure. It is the main factor for suddened changes in the pattern of livelihood of enclaved settlement inhabitants. This article is intended to explain the findings on how the inhabitants of enclaved settlement respond and survive to these changes and pressures in the spatial context. The study employed descriptive analysis method by observing the characteristics of settlements by focusing on the quality of inhabitants’ life related to the spatial changes and segregations phenomena. The results of the study highlight that the spatial changes and the survival community are a form of adaptation procces to get economic benefit by making changes to their lands or buildings because of the residential development in its sorrounding. These phenomena resulted in the emergence of economic interactive space in the specific spatial arrangement. Keywords: enclaved settlements, economic interactive space, adaptation

VISITORS’ PERCEPTION: THE LANDMARKS OF BANTEN LAMA

Sangiru, Sangiru, Winandari, Maria Immaculata Ririk, Kridarso, Etty Retnowati

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Resilient Built Environment
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Banten Lama District, the centre of Banten Sultanate, has several preserved historical buildings and sites. One of the historical buildings is Masjid Agung that is considered as Banten Lama Landmark refering to its nickname ‘santri city’. This visual research aimed to identify Banten of 40 visitors of Banten Cultural Festival that randomly chosen. Quantitative analysis using the Osgood scale was used to obtain the landmark priority. The result shows that according to visitor’s perception, Masjid Agung, Avalokitesvara Temple, and Surosowan Palace are the most suitable to be Banten Lama landmarks. The main reason for choosing these buildings and site as Banten Lama Landmarks is its intangible factor of pilgrimage place. Landmark through the visitors’ perception by using 14 historical buildings and site as the objects studied. Multilevel selection was applied to select buildings and sites that could be perceived as Banten Landmark. Respondents consist Keywords: Visitors’ Perception, Landmarks, Banten Lama

ENVIRONMENTAL ADAPTATION: THE ARCHITECTURE OF RUMAH KAPITAN AND MUSI RIVERSIDE

Alfred, Alfred

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar |

Abstract

Palembang’s Chinese community began inhabiting Kampung Kapitan 7 Ulu following the issuance of a mandate by Sultan Abdurrahman, granting the Chinese the privilege to inhabit the dry lands by the Musi River. Following the migration to the dry lands, the Chinese community implemented different forms of adaptation to the natural and socio-cultural environment to survive on the Musi Riverside, including in the form of residential architectures. This research is a case study, aiming to explore, examine and discuss the process of environmental adaptation and the different aspects that affect the residential architectures on the Musi Riverside. Analysis is done on the architecture of Rumah Kapitan, studying from the morphological and typological point of view, consisting of its positioning and orientation against the Musi River, spatial order, architectural form, and tectonics system, all of which are the manifestation of adaptation to the natural and socio-cultural environment of the Musi Riverside.Keywords: adaptation; Musi riverside environment; Rumah Kapitan.

THE URBAN PLANNING CONCEPT BASED ON SMART CITY APPROACH

Bakri, Muhammad, Kasim, Anita Ahmad

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Resilient Built Environment
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Smart City is considered as a strategy to reduce the problem due to the rapid urban growth and urbanization. From the review of previous reported studies, it is resolved that smart city has provided various different perspectives. In order to understand smart city from the context of urban planning, it is essential to recognize the considerable aspects which is important from both sides. This article comprises the result of literature review from the related studies resulting on the development of a diagrammatical model figuring the summary of those studies. Keywords: Smart city, Urban Planning, a diagrammatical model.

SEMIOTICS ANALYSIS OF BETAWI VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE AT SETU BABAKAN, JAKARTA

Lakawa, Agustin Rebecca

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

In traditional societies, it is not too difficult to integrate the style and symbols of a house because they have a common language of the same yet mutually understandable style. However, this can not be applied nowadays with the development of pluralistic cultures encountered by Betawi people. Semiotic enables community to reflect on various related issues in the form of architecture and spatial arrangement. This research was conducted to obtain information that will be used to complement semiotics analytical methods. Field data collection methods are done both visually through recording of buildings and orally through interviewing some of the residents. This research uses semiotics analysis model derived from Ferdinand de Saussure which was adapted by Charles Peirce and used by Charles Jencks. Semiotics discussion on the style of Betawi house at Setu Babakan area consists of four major parts: building orientation, zoning, building typology, and building ornament. The result of this study confirms that there are several changes on the four major parts to support the shift of the village into a cultural village. These changes represent the sign of adaptability of the community to support the preservation and maintenance of Betawi house in this cultural village.Keywords: style and symbol, vernacular architecture, Betawi traditional house

VIEWS ON THE MANIFESTATION OF LOCAL WISDOM (CASE: KAMPUNG NAGA, WEST JAVA)

Saladin, Agus, Purnomo, Agus Budi, Tundono, Sri

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

The physical object of architecture is a manifestation of thoughtful concept of the architect. Philosophically, in vernacular architecture, the concept of thoughts is being revealed in the form of local wisdom. Kampung Naga, as one of the vernacular villages in West Java, maintains its traditional culture although the inhabitants have undergone modern thought. The modern era has developed immensely which could affect the decline in preserving the local wisdom. To anticipate the decline, it is necessary to make an effort to formulate the local wisdom which is still existed. This paper aims to explain the results of research in Kampung Naga which focusing on physical elements and accommodating the results of previous research concerning on local wisdom. Data and information as written materials were obtained through field survey, literature review, and previous research studies. The results of the study show that local wisdom in Kampung Naga has an effect on the aspects of life in terms of social interaction, land law, physical building ideas and its spatial order. The paper will be ended with the diagrammatic conceptual model of the aspects of the manifestation of local wisdom in Kampung Naga. Keywords: manifestation, local wisdom, Kampung Naga

A STUDY OF URBAN PLACEMAKING EVOLUTION CHANGES AT PASAR SANTA JAKARTA

Oppusunggu, Ruth E., Tjoeputri, Melissa, Katoppo, Martin L.

International Journal on Livable Space Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Trijurnal, Research Institution, Trisakti University

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Abstract

Traditional markets -where bargaining is method of trading- are still one of urban fabrics that offer sense of places, and Jakarta has 153 traditional markets managed by Jakarta regional owned enterprise. Numerous of these traditional markets had been renovated into layers of concrete buildings, but many are almost paralyzed in competing with shopping malls and the new way of trading, online shopping. Pasar Santa is still one of a kind. In 2014, Santa became the hippest gathering place and prestige marketplace for the emerging creative communities and young people -a new generation of vendors and buyers- while it still maintained its everyday needs such as fresh food, groceries and housewares. Santa -with its 1151 kiosks – succeeded to compete shopping malls and became one of the must-seen place in Jakarta. But in 2015, it died down causing farther businesses left. This paper captures the placemaking research of Santas evolution stages - especially in the end of 2016 to the end of 2017 when DAG conducted participatory action research- and analyzes the reasons behind the changing characteristics and public perception. The study shows that communitys collaboration and design can fabricate Santa into vibrant urban destination again. Key words: traditional market, placemaking, creative community, design as generator, community participation/ collaboration