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Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19783728     EISSN : 24429740     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) (e-ISSN:2442-9740; p-ISSN:1978-3728) is published by the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Its diciplinary focus is dental science and dental hygiene. The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) is published in English on a quarterly basis with each 50-60 page edition containing between nine and eleven scientific articles on research, study literature and case studies. Contributors to the Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) included: dental researchers, dental practitioners, lecturers, and students drawn from Indonesia and a wide range of other countries.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)" : 10 Documents clear
A Comparison of class I malocclusion treatment outcomes with and without extractions using an ABO grading system for dental casts and radiographs Rukiah, Bunga Ayub; Oeripto, Amalia; Harahap, Nurhayati
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p144-148

Abstract

Background: Class I malocclusion can be treated with or without resort to extraction. However, despite the indications, a controversy is still ongoing as to whether one option is preferable to another. One of the most frequent controversies centers on whether treatment involving extractions will produce superior results than treatment not culminating in extraction. Purpose: This study aimed to compare the results of treating class I malocclusion with extractions and those without extraction using an ABO grading system. Methods: Comparing ABO scores in patients’ dental casts and radiographs with class I malocclusion with and without extraction. Observational research incorporating case control methods was conducted involving 40 patients with class I malocclusion. Samples were divided into two groups, one treated with extraction (group E) and the other without extraction as the control group (K). The results of the treatment were measured and assessed using eight variables of the ABO Grading System. Results: The total score for the group treated with extractions was 23.65±7.82, while that for group K was 26.50±7.02. There was no significant difference in the total score between the two groups. Nevertheless, class I malocclusion treated with extraction had a lower score than without extraction. Conclusions: There was no difference in the total score of the ABO grading system for class I malocclusion patients treated with and without extractions.
Comparison of esthetic smile perceptions among male and female Indonesian dental students relating to the buccal corridors of a smile Nurfitrah, Astriana; Christnawati, C.; Alhasyimi, Ananto Ali
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p127-130

Abstract

Background: A smile constitutes a form of measurement as to whether or not an orthodontic treatment has proved successful. A smile is said to be ideal if a balance exists between the shape of the face and teeth. One benchmark used to assess the quality of an ideal smile is that of buccal corridors. These are formed of the black space between the lateral edge of maxillary posterior teeth and the corner of the lip which appears during the action of smiling. Evaluating the contrasting perceptions of male and female smiles based on buccal corridor aspects is considered important to identifying the specific qualities an ideal smile. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the difference between the perceptions of an ideal smile held by Indonesian dental students of both genders based on buccal corridors. Methods: A total of 36 dental students, equally divided between male and female students and ranging in age from 18-21 years old, were enrolled in this study. The smiles of all subjects were photographed from the front for later assessment by the subjects themselves. Assessment was undertaken twice, with a two-week interval between the first and second, by comparing subjects’ photographs with reference pictures of buccal corridors. Data gathered were analyzed by using kappa-statistic and U-Mann Whitney. Results: The results indicated that all the subjects showed a good level of coincidence in their analysis (κ=0.76). Statistical analysis showed that the score of 0.123 (p>0.05) was shown in U-Mann Whitney. Conclusion: Indonesian male and female dental students have the same perception of an aesthetic smile with regard to its buccal corridor.
Potency of Garcinia mangostana L peel extract combined with demineralized freeze-dried bovine bone xenograft on IL-1β expression, osteoblasts, and osteoclasts in alveolar bone Azhar, Imam Safari; Kresnoadi, Utari; Rahayu, Retno Pudji
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p166-170

Abstract

Background: Alveolar bone plays an important role in supporting dentures. One socket preservation procedure is the application of bone graft to the tooth socket immediately after extraction. The administration of Garcinia mangostana L peel extract combined with demineralized freeze-dried bovine bone xenograft (DFDBBX) is assumed to decrease the number of osteoclast cells and IL-1β expressions, while also increasing that of osteoblast cells. Purpose: This study aimed to establish the potency of Garcinia mangostana L peel extract combined with DFDBBX on interleukin 1β expressions, osteoclast cells, and osteoblast cells during the preservation of tooth extraction sockets. Methods: This research constituted experimental laboratory-based research using 56 Cavia cobayas as specimens with randomized factorial design (true experimental design). These subjects were divided into eight groups, given PEG, DFDBBX, mangosteen peel extract or a combination of mangosteen peel extract and DFDBBX, and subsequently anesthesized before their left mandibular incisors were extracted. Thereafter, the post-extraction sockets were treated with PEG, DFDBBX, mangosteen peel extract or a combination of mangosteen peel extract and DFDBBX. The sockets were examined by means of HE and immunohistochemical staining on days 7 and 30 after extraction. The data obtained was analyzed with a one-way ANOVA test. Results: The results of the one-way ANOVA test showed that the average number of osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and IL-1β expressions varied significantly between the groups. Conclusion: The combination of mangosteen peel extract and DFDBBX can potentially increase osteoblasts, while also decreasing osteoclasts and IL-1β expressions in the alveolar bones of Cavia cobaya.
Dental care for children with autism spectrum disorder Widyagarini, Amrita; Suharsini, Margaretha
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p160-165

Abstract

Background: Providing dental treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) represents a challenge for dentists. In the dental care of such children, the treatment plans implemented are usually determined by several factors, including: the type of autism spectrum disorder, the degree of patient cooperation, dentist/patient communication, the required treatment, self-care skills and parental/dentist support. Purpose: The purpose of this case report was to report the dental care delivered in the cases of two pediatric patients with ASD. Case 1: A 10.7 year-old boy with a nonverbal form of ASD who was experiencing recurrent pain in his lower left posterior tooth and also presented a blackened tooth. Case 2: A 9.6 year-old boy with a nonverbal form of ASD suffering from numerous painful cavities. Case management 1: On the day of the first visit, the boy was the subject of several behavioral observations. During the day of the second visit, he underwent a brief intraoral examination at a dental unit in order to arrive at a temporary diagnosis before appropriate was decided upon treatment in consultation with his parents. The implemented treatment plans comprised dental extraction and preventive restoration under general anesthesia. Case management 2: On the first visit, the boy underwent behavioral observations followed by early intraoral examination involving physical restraint approach. During the second visit, several treatment plans such as: general anesthesia, tooth extraction, restoration, and pulp-capping treatment were formulated. Conclusion: It can be concluded that general anesthesia was considered an appropriate dental treatment plan since the two patients in question were extremely co-operative during the necessary procedures. In other words, pediatric dental care treatment plans in cases of ASD should be determined by clearly-defined criteria, specifically the benefits and risks of the treatment plans for the safety of both patient and dental care team.
Automation of gender determination in human canines using artificial intelligence Fidya, F.; Priyambadha, Bayu
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p116-120

Abstract

Background: Gender determination is an important aspect of the identification process. The tooth represents a part of the human body that indicates the nature of sexual dimorphism. Artificial intelligence enables computers to perform to the same standard the same tasks as those carried out by humans. Several methods of classification exist within an artificial intelligence approach to identifying sexual dimorphism in canines. Purpose: This study aimed to quantify the respective accuracy of the Naive Bayes, decision tree, and multi-layer perceptron (MLP) methods in identifying sexual dimorphism in canines. Methods: A sample of results derived from 100 measurements of the diameter of mesiodistal, buccolingual, and diagonal upper and lower canine jaw models of both genders were entered into an application computer program that implements the algorithm (MLP). The analytical process was conducted by the program to obtain a classification model with testing being subsequently carried out in order to obtain 50 new measurement results, 25 each for males and females. A comparative analysis was conducted on the program-generated information. Results: The accuracy rate of the Naive Bayes method was 82%, while that of the decision tree and MLP amounted to 84%. The MLP method had an absolute error value lower than that of its decision tree counterpart. Conclusion: The use of artificial intelligence methods produced a highly accurate identification process relating to the gender determination of canine teeth. The most appropriate method was the MLP with an accuracy rate of 84%.
Correlation between reactive oxygen species and oral conditions in elderly individuals with hypertension: a preliminary study Hidayat, Wahyu; Wahyuni, Indah Suasani
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p111-115

Abstract

Background: The increased number of elderly people in Indonesia can be a positive phenomenon if their health is well-preserved. The elderly are influenced by physiological changes, environmental factors, and personal habits making them susceptible to chronic diseases. The oral cavity is also subject to change, one of the causes being reduced salivary flow that is manifested in dental caries and other oral health concerns. This disease is stimulated by oxidative stress in the body due to an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the antioxidant defense system. Purpose: This preliminary study aimed to investigate ROS-related hypertension and the state of oral health of elderly patients. Methods: The study constitutes a combination of cross-sectional observation and consecutive sampling. Twelve subjects, selected on the basis of inclusive and exclusive criteria, consisted of two males and ten females. Physical examinations and blood sampling were performed on all subjects. R version 3.4.1 for Windows operating system was used to perform statistical tests. Results: The 12 patients shared a history of hypertension, the lowest ROS level was 0.87 IU/ml, while the highest was one of 7.20 IU/ml. The correlation between ROS and oral conditions showed only ROS and tooth loss as having a significant positive correlation. An independent t test showed there to be a mean difference between ROS with Miyazaki index 1 and 2 but it was statistically insignificant. Conclusion: There was no correlation between the ROS level in the bloodstream and general oral health, except in the relationship between the ROS level in the bloodstream and tooth loss which had a positive correlation.
Deoxypyridinoline and mineral levels in gingival crevicular fluid as disorder indicators of menopausal women with periodontal disease Dharmayanti, Agustin Wulan Suci; Kusumawardani, Banun
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p131-137

Abstract

Background: Menopause is a phase of a woman’s life marked by menstruation cycle cessation and an increased risk of periodontal disease. It can be caused by estrogen deficiency which alters the microenvironment in the sulcular gingival area and influences the composition and flow of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). GCF has been widely studied as a non-invasive diagnostic and predictive tool for periodontal diseases. However, insufficient reports exist that explore its role as a predictive or diagnostic tool for bone loss detection in menopausal women. Purpose: This study aimed was to investigate deoxypyridinoline (DPD) and mineral levels that could be utilized as disorder indicators in menopausal women with periodontal disease. Methods: This study represents a form of analytical observation. Eighty-four patients of the Dental Hospital, University of Jember who fulfilled certain criteria were recruited. The subjects were divided into two main groups based on the presence of periodontal disease, (gingivitis=26; periodontitis=58) which were subsequently divided into three sub-groups based on their menopausal phase (pre-menopausal=26; perimenopausal=40; post-menopausal=18). GCF was collected using paper points from the buccal site of a posterior maxillary tooth with each subject having their GCF taken on only one occasion. DPD analysis was conducted by means of an ELISA test. The analysis of calcium, magnesium and sodium incorporated the use of an Atomic Absorption Spectroscope (AAS), while that of phosphor was by means of a spectrophotometer. Statistical analyses were performed using a comparison and correlation test (p<0.05). Results: There were significant differences in DPD and the mineral level of GCF in menopausal women with periodontal diseases (p<0.05). DPD and mineral levels showed significant correlation to those of menopausal women with periodontal diseases and a pH of GCF. Conclusion: DPD and mineral level in GCF could be used as disorder indicators in menopausal women with periodontal diseases.
FGF-2 expression and the amount of fibroblast in the incised wounds of Rattus norvegicus rats induced with Mauli banana (Musa acuminata) stem extract Aspriyanto, Didit; Nirwana, Intan; Budi, Hendrik Setia
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p121-126

Abstract

Background: Traditional wound treatment using herbal medicine is thought to maintain the health of families and society in general economically, effectively, and efficiently without inducing side effects. One genus of plant that can be used as a traditional medicine is the Mauli banana, indigenous to South Borneo. Mauli banana stem contains bioactive compounds, most of which are tannins along with ascorbic acid, saponin, β-carotene, flavonoids, lycopene, alkaloids, and flavonoids. Tanin has antibacterial and antioxidant effects at low concentrations, as wells as antifungal ones at high concentrations. Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the effects of Mauli banana stem extract at concentrations of 25%, 37.5%, and 50% on the quality of incised wound healing in male Rattus norvegicus rats by assessing FGF-2 expression and fibroblast concentration on days 3 and 7. Methods: This research represented an experimental laboratory-based investigation involving 32 rats of the Rattus norvegicus strain aged 2-2.5 months old. Sampling was performed using a simple random sampling technique since the research population was considered homogeneous and divided into 8 treatment groups (C3, M3-25, M3-37.5, M3-50, C7, M7-25, M7-37.5, M7-50). The rats in each group were anesthetized before their back was incised with length and width of 15x15mm with a depth of 2mm. Gel hydroxy propyl cellulose medium (HPMC) was applied to the incised wound of each rat in the control group, while stem Mauli banana extract was applied to that of each rat in the treatment groups three times a day at an interval of 6-8 hours. On day 3, four rats from each group were sacrificed, while, in the remaining groups, the same procedure was performed until day 7, at which point they (8 groups) were sacrificed for HE examination in order to assess the amount of fibroblast and for IHC examination to examine FGF-2 expression. Data regarding FGF-2 expression and the amount of fibroblast were analysed by means of One-way Anova and HSD. Results: The results showed that the Mauli banana stem extract could significantly improve the expression of FGF-2 and the amount of fibroblast cells compared to C3 and C7 groups. The highest increase in FGF-2 expression and fibroblast amount were found in all groups on days 3 and 7 treated with the Mauli banana stem extract at a concentration of 50%. Conclusion: There was an increase of FGF-2 expression and the amount of fibroblast cells in the incision wound healing process that induced with Mauli banana stem extract.
Gingival enlargement as oral manifestation in acute myeloid leukemia patient Kuswandani, Sandra Olivia; Soeroso, Yuniarti; Masulili, Sri Lelyati C.
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p154-159

Abstract

Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a bone marrow cancer, a malignant disease that triggering the cells develops into different types of blood cells. It is widely recognized that the main manifestation of AML could be gingival hyperplasia and bleeding. Occasionally, an initial diagnosis of leukemia is made after a dental examination. In relation to systemic diseases, gingival enlargement could constitute the intensification of an existing inflammation initiated by dental plaque, or a manifestation of the systemic disease independent of the inflammatory condition of the gingiva. Gingival enlargement negatively affects the quality of life, especially nutritional intake. Purpose: This study aimed to report on gingival enlargement in AML patients, dental management of this condition and considerations when treating patients. Case: A 46 year-old woman diagnosed with AML who chiefly complained of gingival enlargement in all parts of the mouth which restricted her nutritional intake. Case management: The subject attended the clinic twice where nonsurgical treatment for the gingival enlargement, supragingival scaling and dental health education to maintain her oral hygiene was carried out. Unfortunately, she did not return for follow-up appointments due to having already passed away. Information about AML and its relation to gingival enlargement contained in the literature is also reviewed. Conclusion: In conclusion, gingival enlargement represents one oral manifestation of AML. This condition is related to and affects the nutritional intake of the patient.
Grafting effectiveness of Anadara granosa shell combined with sardinella longiseps gel on the number of osteoblast-osteoclast cells Hermanto, Eddy; Sari, Rima Parwati; Imaniar, Asri Cahyadita Dwi; Anggoro, Kevin
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 50, No 3 (2017): (September 2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v50.i3.p138-143

Abstract

Background: Bone grafts derived from Anadara granosa shells contain calcium carbonate that possesses bone-healing properties. The combination of Sardinella Longiceps fish oil, containing EPA and DHA, and Anadara granosa shells was assumed to regulate the number of osteoblasts-osteoclasts during the bone-healing process. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of Anadara granosa shell grafts, combined with Sardinella Longiceps fish oil, in the bone-healing process by observing the ratio of osteoblasts-osteoclasts in Rattus novergicus rats. Methods: The Wistar rat subjects (n = 25) were divided into five groups, namely: one untreated group (control), one group treated with bone grafts derived from Anadara granosa shells (P1), and the other three groups treated with a combination of Anadara granosa shells and Sardinella longiceps fish oil at concentrations of 10%, 20%, and 30% (P2, P3, and P4). Then, a wound equivalent in size to half the diameter of a round bur (±1.5mm) was intentionally inflicted on the right femur of all the subjects. The rats were subsequently sacrificed on day 14, their femur in the transversal side being cut before HE staining was completed. Thereafter, the ratio of osteoblasts to osteoclasts was measured by means of a light microscopy. The data was subsequently analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Results: The average number of osteoblasts in all research groups increased, viz: 9.420±0.8044 for control group (K), 12.080±0.79811 for group P1, 20.020±0.7190 for group P2, 25.940±0.7197 for group P3, and 36.280±0.9985 for group P4. Similarly, the number of osteoclasts in all groups subject to analysis also increased, namely: 1.73±0.098 for group K, 2.19±0.305 for group P1, 1.60±0.088 for group P2, 1.60±0.724 for group P3, and 1.80±1.302 for group P4. Moreover, the results of the One-way Anova test confirmed that there were no significant differences in osteoclasts between all research groups (p>0.05). The results of the one-way ANOVA and LSD tests confirmed there to be significant differences (p <0.05) between group K and other treatment groups (P1, P2, P3, and P4). Conclusion: The grafts derived from the combination of Anadara granosa shells and Sardinella longiceps gel can induce the production of osteoblasts, but not in the numbers necessary during the healing processin the femurs in Rattus novergicus rats.

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