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INDONESIA
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19783728     EISSN : 24429740     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) (e-ISSN:2442-9740; p-ISSN:1978-3728) is published by the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Its diciplinary focus is dental science and dental hygiene. The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) is published in English on a quarterly basis with each 50-60 page edition containing between nine and eleven scientific articles on research, study literature and case studies. Contributors to the Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) included: dental researchers, dental practitioners, lecturers, and students drawn from Indonesia and a wide range of other countries.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)" : 9 Documents clear
Correlation between working positions and lactic acid levels with musculoskeletal complaints among dentists Putriwijaya, Fiory Dioptis; Berniyanti, Titiek; Diyatri, Indeswati
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i4.p201-205

Abstract

Background: Musculoskeletal complaints have been common for dentists since their body is unknowingly often in inappropriate positions when caring for patients. For example, they bend towards patients, suddenly move, and then rotate from one side to another. The repetitive movements are done in long term. High activities and sufficient recovery time can cause a buildup of lactic acid in their blood leading to obstruction of the energy intake from the aerobic system in their muscle cells, resulting in fatigue. As a result, such conditions trigger decreased muscle performances. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the correlation between working positions and lactic acid levels with the risk of musculoskeletal disorders among dentists at Public Health Centers in Surabaya. Method: This research was an analytical observational research using cross sectional approach. Sampling technique used in this research was cluster random sampling with nineteen samples. To evaluate the working positions of those samples, a rapid entire body assessment (REBA) method was used. Meanwhile, to observe the musculoskeletal disorders of those samples, a Nordic body map was used. Data obtained then were analyzed using Pearson correlation test with a significance level (p<0.05). Result: Results of data analysis using the Pearson correlation test showed that the significance value obtained was 0.036. It indicates that there was a correlation between the working positions and the lactic acid levels with the musculoskeletal disorders in those dentists. The results of the Pearson correlation test also revealed that there was a correlation between the working positions and the lactic acid levels among those dentists with a significance value of 0.025. Conclusion: It may be concluded that the wrong body positions during working can increase lactic acid level in the body of dentists. The increased level of lactic acid then can affect their muscles, leading to the high risk of musculoskeletal disorders.
Contemporary guided bone regeneration therapy for unaesthetic anterior peri-implantitis case Sulijaya, Benso; Kuswandani, Sandra Olivia; Soeroso, Yuniarti
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i4.p181-184

Abstract

Background: Dental implant is one of an alternative solutions reconstruction therapy for missing teeth. Complication of dental implant could occurs and leading to implant failure. In order to restore the complication, surgical treatment with guided bone regeneration (GBR) is indicated. The potential use of bone substitutes is widely known to be able to regenerate the bone surrounding the implant and maintain bone volume. Purpose: The study aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of implant-bone fully coverage by using sandwich technique of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) and demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBA) bone substitutes combined with collagen resorbable membrane. Case: A 24-year-old male came with diagnosis of peri-implantitis on implant #11. Clinical finding indicated that implant thread was exposed on the labial aspect. Case management: After initial therapy including oral hygiene improvement performed, an operator did a contemporary GBR to correct the defect. Bone graft materials used were 40% β-tri calcium phosphate (β-TCP)-60% hydroxyapatite (HA) on the outer layer and DFDBA on the inner layer of the defect. Resorbable collagen membrane was used to cover the graft. Conclusion: GBR with sandwich technique could serve as one of the treatment choices for correcting an exposed anterior implant that would enhance the successful aesthetic outcome.
Color stability of heat polymerized polymethyl methacrylate resin denture base after addition of high molecular nano chitosan Adiana, Ika Devi; Abidin, Trimurni; Syafiar, Lasminda
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i4.p185-188

Abstract

Background: The addition of other ingredients to maintain color stability of heat polymerized polymethylmethacrylate is being developed. One of them is by adding high molecular nano chitosan. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the color stability of heat polymerized polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin after an addition of high molecular nano chitosan. Method: 30 sample pieces of acrylic plate (40x10x2 mm) were divied into 6 groups: control group and groups with the addition of chitosan nano gel percentages of 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0 and 1.50%. 2 ml chitosan nano gel was added into the mixture of acrylic resin with 23 g : 10 ml (P : L). After the mixture was inserted into a mold and then pressed and cured at 74oC for 120 minutes and then 100o C for 60 minutes. Acrylic plates were then released from the mold and finished. Color stability of acrylic resin were measured using UV-Vis Spectrophotometer and analyzed with a one way Anova. Result: The results showed significant differences in color stability after the addition of high molecular nano chitosan. The best color stability found in 1.0% the addition of chitosan nano gel group, the value was 0.07589 cm-1. Conclusion: The chitosan nano gel can be used to maintain color stability of heat polymerized polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin.
Effectiveness of Line communication application as a social media on changes in tooth brushing behavior of junior high school students in Banjarmasin Widodo, Widodo; Setijanto, Darmawan; Sosiawan, Agung
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i4.p223-228

Abstract

Background: There were only 10.7% of junior school students in Banjarmasin brushing their teeth before bedtime. Using Line (as one of the social media) can be assumed as an effective strategy to spread information. Purpose: This study aimed to reveal changes in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in students of class VII in all state junior high schools in Banjarmasin after receiving information disseminated through Line. Method: Pre and post test technique with control group design was used in this research. Result: One week before the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 1.90, while in the poster group was 1.93. During the treatment, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the Line group was 4.78 in the first 7 days, 5.07 in the second week, and 5.67 in the third week. On the other hand, the mean frequency of tooth brushing behavior before bedtime in the poster group was 4.66 in the first 7 days, 4.61 in the second week, and 5.18 in the third week. Conclusion: Messages/ information disseminated through both of Line and poster can give a significant change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime. Nevertheless, Line can trigger better effectiveness than poster in stimulating a change in tooth brushing behavior before bedtime.
Effects of sarang semut (Myrmecodia Pendens Merr. & Perry) extracts on Enterococcus faecalis sensitivity Soraya, Cut; Dharsono, Hendra Dian Adhyta; Aripin, Dudi; Satari, Mieke H; Kurnia, Dikdik; Hilmanto, Danny
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i4.p175-180

Abstract

Background: Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) is a gram positive oral pathogen that reported at the main agent infection of endodontic treatment. Its activities are influenced by the virulence factors facilitating the interaction process between agents with host cells. Like aggregation substance, cytolysin, extracellular superoxide, gelatinase, hyaluronidase, sex pheromones, and surface adhesions molecules. Plant extracts are reported as the material antibacterial as well as E. faecalis in pathogenesis of endodontic infections. Purpose: Purpose of this study was to analyse of sarang semut extracts (Myrmecodia Pendens Merr. & Perry) towards sensitivity of E. faecalis. Method: This research used the methanol extract of sarang semut, E. faecalis ATCC 29212, and fosfomycin also chlorhexidine as the positive controls. Whereas, Bradford protein method was measured the concentration of the surface protein of E. faecalis and active component of the sarang semut extract. Result: Generally, the sarang semut extract possessed low sensitivity toward E. faecalis (≤ 13 mm), but on the concentrations of 100 µg/ml and 75 µg/ml better than inhibition of other concentrations, round 10.6-11.6 (mm). Specifically, on 100 µg/ml has indicator the minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) on E. faecalis. Whereas minimal inhibition concentration (MIC) on the concentration of 3,125 µg/ml. Conclusion: Based on MBC and MIC assay, the extract of sarang semut has potential effects to adherence growth of E. faecalis, mainly on the highest concentration 100 µg/ml also MIC on 3,125 µg/ ml.
Management of herpes labialis triggered by emotional stress Prehananto, Herlambang; Harijanti, Kus
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i4.p229-233

Abstract

Background: Herpes labialis is a form of secondary or recurrence of primary herpes simplex infection. Herpes simplex virus is latent. It can reactivate due to reactivation of the virus induced by emotional stress, high fever, ultraviolet exposed, oral mucosal or nerve tissue trauma, immunosuppression condition, and hormonal disorders. Purpose: The study aimed to report the management of patients with herpes labialis on the lower lip triggered by emotional stress. Case: A 58 year-old woman complained of pain in her lower lip. The patient had suffered from the pain since one month ago. The patient had been treated with a lip ointment, triamcinolone acetonid 0.1% (Kenalog®), for 2 weeks, but became thick, dry, and worse. She said that she got many calamities related to her family, leading to the increased busyness and psychologically distressed conditions. Extra oral examination of the lower lip showed erythematous erosion sized 4x4 mm, yellowish red crusting sized 3x4 mm, and translucent multiple vesicles sized 1x1 mm with well circumscribed as well as irregular edges. On palpation submandibular lymph nodes, dextra and sinistra were palpable, rubbery, mobile and painless. Based on intra-oral examination, however, there were no abnormalities. Case management: The diagnosis was determined based on anamnesis, clinical examinations, and supporting examination of Ig M and anti HSV-1 Ig G. The patient then was prescribed systemic and topical Acyclovir. Conclusion: Some laboratory tests are necessary to confirm the diagnosis and determine the accurate therapy of herpes labialis in addition to the history and clinical features.
The effect of peer support education on dental caries prevention behavior in school age children at age 10-11 years old Romadlon, Debby Syahru; Bramantoro, Taufan; Luthfi, Muhammad
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i4.p217-222

Abstract

Background: Dental caries is an infectious disease and it is preceded by a progressive demineralization in hard tissue surface of the crown. Dental caries is one of the most common diseases that experienced by school-age children. Health education on the prevention of dental caries and peer support education method can improve the behavior of caries prevention. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of peer support education on dental caries prevention behavior in children of school age. Method: This study is a quasi-experimental design with pretest and posttest control group design. The sampling technique is simple random sampling. The study was conducted in SDN Bandulan 3 Sukun Malang with 35 respondents (experimental group) and in SDN Bandulan 2 Sukun Malang with 35 respondents (control group). The experimental group was treated using peer support education while the control group was given health education with the lecture method. The data of student’s dental caries prevention behavior (knowledge and attitudes) is obtained through a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-tests with significant p value <0.05. Result: The results showed the average score of knowledge in the experimental group at 20.48 and knowledge among respondents in the control group amounted to 18.02, and the average total score of the attitude of the respondents in the experimental group at 20.08 and in control group of 17.77. Results of independent t test analysis test that there is a significant difference in the average scores of knowledge and attitudes of respondents in the experimental group and the control group (p value 0.000, <0.05). Conclusion: Health education with peer support education method is effective in improving dental caries prevention behavior in children at school age.
Perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome Ulfah, Siti Fitria; Setijanto, Darmawan; Bramantoro, Taufan
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i4.p206-212

Abstract

Background: The number of children with down syndrome in Surabaya has reached 924 children. Prevalence of gingivitis and dental caries (91% and 93.8%, respectively) occurs in children with down syndrome aged 6 to 20 years. Oral and dental health problems are found in children with down syndrome because they have physical and motoric limitation in maintaining oral and dental hygiene, thus require parental care from mother. Perceived parenting style includes responsiveness and demandingness. Perceived parenting is crucial for mother whose children have Down syndrome in order to guide their health behavior, particularly to maintain oral and dental health. Purpose: The study aimed to analyze correlation between perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome. Method: This cross sectional analytical study involved 40 mothers of children aged 7-13 years with Down syndrome enrolled in Special Education Elementary Schools Surabaya and Association of Parents of Children with Down syndrome Surabaya. Data of perceived parenting style (responsiveness and demandingness) and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health were obtained by questionnaire. Composition of each item in questionnaire of perceived parenting style and mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome was passed through validity and reliability test. Data analysis was carried out using multiple linear regression correlation test. Result: This present study showed that perceived parenting style is significantly correlated with mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome (R = 0.630, p = 0.000), with perceived parental responsiveness as a strong predictor. Mean score and standard deviation of perceived parental responsiveness and demandingness were 33.00±2.99 and 15.55±1.99, respectively. Conclusion: Perceived maternal parenting style in children with Down syndrome is closely related to mother’s behavior in maintaining dental health of children with Down syndrome.
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans sensitivity towards chlorophyll of Moringa leaf after activated by diode laser Wibawa, I Gde Bagus Yatna; Astuti, Suryani Diah; Setiawati, Ernie Maduratna
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 49, No 4 (2016): (December 2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v49.i4.p195-200

Abstract

Background: Regular brushing teeth with scaling and root planning (SRP) cannot effectively decrease the periopatogen bacterial colonies. Even with the addition of antibiotics to support SRP, such as tetracycline given with low doses and for a long time may cause bacteria to become resistant and the effectiveness to eliminate colonies of bacteria being reduced. Photodynamic is a treatment modality that does not cause resistance and potentially to eliminate the growth of bacterial colonies. Moringa oleifera is a plant that can be easily found in Indonesia, by extracting chlorophyll of Moringa oleifera leaves, it can be used as a photosensitizer agent to increase the absorption of light on photodynamic method. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the potential photodynamic inactivation therapy to inactivate (eliminate) periopatogen bacterium. Method: This study used Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans). Laser diode 660nm as a light source with 8mm optical fiber to guide the beam, also used 20% extract chlorophyll of Moringa oleifera leaf as photosensitizer. Four diode lasers energy density exposures (2,5J.cm-2, 5J.cm-2, 7,5J.cm-2, and 10J.cm-2) are used from both at the in vitro photodynamic inactivation test. Result: The highest percentage of deaths occurred in the group treated with addition of photosensitizer and exposed by 660 nm diode laser with 10J.cm-2 energy density, which is 83.01%, compared to the results obtained in the group without addition of the photosensitizer. Conclusion: Chlorophyll of Moringa oleifera leaf after activated by diode laser effectively eliminates A. actinomycetemcomitans.

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