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INDONESIA
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19783728     EISSN : 24429740     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) (e-ISSN:2442-9740; p-ISSN:1978-3728) is published by the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Its diciplinary focus is dental science and dental hygiene. The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) is published in English on a quarterly basis with each 50-60 page edition containing between nine and eleven scientific articles on research, study literature and case studies. Contributors to the Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) included: dental researchers, dental practitioners, lecturers, and students drawn from Indonesia and a wide range of other countries.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)" : 11 Documents clear
Application of chitosan scaffolds on vascular endothelial growth factor and fibroblast growth factor 2 expressions in tissue engineering principles Pratiwi, Ariyati Retno; Yuliati, Anita; Soepribadi, Istiati; Ariani, Maretaningtias Dwi
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p213-216

Abstract

Background: Tissue engineering has given satisfactory results as biological tissue substitutes to restore, replace, or regenerate tissues that have a defect. Chitosan is an organic biomaterial often used in the biomedical field. Chitosan has biocompatible, antifungal, and antibacterial properties. Chitosan is osteoconductive, suitable for bone regeneration applications. Bone defect healing begins with inflammatory phase as a response to the presence of vascular injury, so new vascularization is required. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) are indicators of the beginning of bone regeneration process, playing an important role in angiogenesis. Purpose: This research was aimed to determine the effects of chitosan scaffold application on the expressions of VEGF and FGF2 in tissue engineering principles. Method: Chitosan was dissolved in CH3COOH and NaOH to form a gel. Chitosan gel was then printed in mould to freeze dry for 24 hours. Those rats with defected bones were divided into two groups. Group 1 was the control group which defected bones were not administrated with chitosan scaffolds. Group 2 was the treatment group which defected bones were administrated with chitosan scaffolds. Those rats were sacrificed on day 14. Tissue preparations were made, and then immunohistochemical staining was conducted. Finally, a statistical analysis was conducted using Kruskal Wallis test. Result: There was no significant difference in the expressions of VEGF and FGF2 between the control group and the treatment group (p>0.05). Conclusion: Chitosan scaffolds do not affect the expressions of VEGF and FGF2 during bone regeneration process on day 14 in tissue engineering principles
Antioxidant activity test on ambonese banana stem sap (Musa parasidiaca var. sapientum) Budi, Hendrik Setia; Kriswandini, Indah Lisatiana; Iswara, Aditya Dana
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p188-192

Abstract

Background: Polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) release oxygen free radicals or reactive oxygen species (ROS) during inflammation. As a result, ROS level is higher than antioxidant level in our body during oxidative stress leading to prolong inflammation or continuous tissue damage. Indonesia, on the other hand, is a country with various herbal medicines. For instance, ambonese banana (Musa parasidiaca var. sapientum) is often used as herbal medicine. Ambonese banana, moreover, has flavonoid, polyphenol, tannin, and saponin as antioxidants to reduce free radicals by transferring their hydrogen atom. Medicine used to reduce the impact of free radicals is known as antioxidant. Antioxidant is proved to accelerate wound healing. Purpose: This research aims to analyze the effects of the antioxidant activity of Ambonese banana stem sap extract. Method: Antioxidant activities in this research were examined with 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picryl-hidrazyl (DPPH) method by reacting with stable radical compounds. Spectrophotometry with a wavelength of 517 nm was used to measure absorption results shown in purple. The absorption results then were calculated by IC50 reduction activity. Result: There were significant differences of Ambonese banana stem sap antioxidant activity (p<0.05) at the concentrations of 15%, 30%, and 60 %. All concentrations have greater absorbance scores than IC50 (>50%). Conclusion: Ambonese banana stem sap extract has antioxidant activities.
Challenges in the management of oral ulceration in elderly patients
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p165-169

Abstract

Background: Oral ulceration can be experienced by anyone, including those who are elderly. Various trigger factors can occur in elderly patient, but the main thing to consider is the degenerative factors that affect the occurrence of some medical problems. Handling oral ulceration in elderly patients should be done carefully and holistically otherwise the improvement is only temporary and can reappear or even be worse. Purpose: In this paper we will discuss two different case reports of elderly female patients and both having some oral ulceration. Cases: First case of recurrent oral ulceration experienced by 58 years old patient, and second case is concerning a 77 years old patient with chronic oral ulceration and also having some medical problems. Aphthous like ulcers (ALU) is a diagnosis for recurrent oral ulceration associated with systemic condition, and usually started after adolescent age. Elderly or geriatric condition itself is a special condition that contribute to the degree of a disease. Cases management: Both patients given non pharmacology and pharmacology therapies. The non pharmacology therapy includes communication, information, and education, also oral hygiene instruction. Steroid as anti-inflammatory drugs had an important role in healing process, beside other medication. Conclusion: Oral ulceration in elderly patients with or without a medical problems becomes a challenging thing to handle due to the complexity of their condition. As a dentist we have more careful to arrange the treatment plans for elderly patients when combine with some therapy related systemic disease.
Toll-like receptor–4 gene polymorphisms in Javanese aggressive and chronic periodontitis patients Prahasanti, Chiquita
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p193-196

Abstract

Background: Tool-like receptor-4 (TLR4) gene polymorphisms affect the ability of the host in response to pathogenic bacteria, and can also be associated with the severity of periodontitis. TLR4 gene polymorphisms (Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile) are ones of gene mutations that occur in patients with aggressive periodontitis. Purpose: To investigate the involvement of TLR4 gene polymorphism as a risk factor of aggressive and chronic periodontitis of Javanese population in Surabaya. Method: This research can be considered as an analytic observational study, with a case-control study design in patients with aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis. DNA samples were derived from peripheral blood. TLR4 gene polymorphisms (Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile) were then observed by PCR-RFLP. Result: There was no TLR4 gene polymorphism (Asp299Gly) in the whole samples. And, based on the results of simple logistic regression analysis on TLR4 gene polymorphisms (Thr399Ile), mutants heterozygote and homozygote obtained had OR value about 0.25. Conclusion: In Surabaya, there was no heterozygote and homozygote mutant in TLR4 gene polymorphisms, (Asp299Gly) and (Thr399Ile), that can be considered as risk factors of chronic periodontitis.
Purple sweet potato (Ipomea Batatas P.) as dentin hypersensitivity desensitization gel Iskandar, Chariza Hanum Mayvita; Mulya, Hardita Bicevani; Kusumawati, Windy Pretyani; Kusuma, Andina Rizkia Putri
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p170-172

Abstract

Background: Dentin hypersensitivity is a short sharp sense of pain in the teeth when exposed to excitatory stimulus. A total of 74% of world population experiencing dentin hypersensitivity. Home treatment topical desensitization is rarely found in Indonesia. The use of dentrifice is less practical because it must be done with regular brushing. Indonesia has abundant natural resources, one of which is purple sweet potato. Purple sweet potato (Ipomea Batatas P.) has highest potasium ions compared to other foodstuffs. Potassium ions can be a solution of dentin hypersensitivity by temporary blocking the suffix pulp nerve impulses. Purpose: The research objective was to determine the effectiveness of the 10% purple sweet potato extract gel of the dental pain threshold score. Method: An experimental study carried out by dental pain threshold score measurements using vitality tester into the teeth with gum recession. Samples included 32 respondents with a single blind and pre-post test control group design. They were divided into treatment group and negative control group. Paired T-test and Wilcoxon were used as data analysis. Result: The results showed dental pain threshold score increasing either in treatment group and negative control, although not as significant as in the treatment group. Conclusion: 10% purple sweet potato extract gel containing potassium ions is able to reduce the pain of dentin hypersensitivity.
The development of early childhood caries impact on quality of life-Indonesia instrument as assessment instrument of dental caries impact on quality of life of children aged 3-5 years based on Indonesian community characteristics Bramantoro, Taufan; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Ismail, Djauhar; Tedjosasongko, Udijanto
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p197-203

Abstract

Background: Improvement of quality of life is one of objectives in establishment of healthcare system according to World Health Organization policy. Studies of dental health-related factors that influence quality of life of children aged 3-5 years have not been developed yet, particularly in Indonesia. Previous study which adopted international instruments has some limitations of inappropriate characteristics of question items with local community characteristics. Quality of life assessment could describe sociodemographic status and community cultural background, as well as varies of special characteristics in a community group, related to oral and dental health features with sensitivity to the difference of age group. Purpose: This study was aimed to develop early childhood caries impact on quality of life-Indonesia (ECCIQOL-INA) as assessment instrument of dental caries impact on quality of life of children aged 3-5 years based on Indonesian community characteristics. Method: Initially, this study was conducted qualitatively using Focus Group Discussion method, validity and reliability test, subsequently the study was continued using quantitative method as a cross-sectional analytical study to analyze the utilization of instrument in 309 children aged 3-5 years enrolled in kindergarten and early childhood education programs (ECEP) with their mothers at working area of Community Health Centre Wates in Mojokerto. Result: There were four question items as assessment instrument of dental health problems that impact on quality of life on children aged 3-5 years, i.e, “Has your child ever been irritable/restless?” (“Apakah anak Ibu pernah merasa rewel/gelisah?”), “Has your child ever refused to eat and drink or felt discomfort while eating and drinking?” (“Apakah anak Ibu pernah tidak mau atau tidak enak makan dan minum?”), “Has your child ever been absent from school?” (“Apakah anak Anda pernah tidak masuk sekolah?”) “Has your child ever been difficult or unable to sleep?” (“Apakah anak Ibu pernah tidak bisa tidur atau sulit tidur?”). Conclusion: ECCIQOL-INA instrument had been successfully developed and could be utilized as assessment instrument of dental caries impact on quality of life on children aged 3-5 years based on Indonesian community characteristics.
Allergic contact cheilitis due to lipstick Ravitasari, Yatty; Radithia, Desiana; Hadi, Priyo
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p173-176

Abstract

Background: Cheilitis is a common problem of unknown etiology. A possible cause of cheilitis is contact allergy. Drugs, lipsticks, sunblock and toothpaste are the most common implicated allergens. Allergic contact cheilitis is a chronic superficial inflammatory disorder of the vermilion borders characterized by desquamation due to delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction. Purpose: We report a management of Allergic contact cheilitis due to lipsticks. Case: A 21-year-old woman had a history of atopic allergy to eggs, milk, and chicken presented with sore, dry, fissured, scaled and sometimes bleeding lip, over a 3-month period after application of a lipstick. Her symptoms persisted despite treatments with hydrocortisone cream. The patient provided a detailed history and underwent physical examination and patch tests to cosmetic components and patch test to her own lipstick. The patient had strongly-positive result to the tested lipstick. A diagnosis of allergic contact cheilitis was made based on the history and clinical findings. Case management: Patient was advised to avoid wearing lipstick. To relieve symptoms, treatment was initiated with combined topical corticosteroid, antibiotic, and moisturizer. Conclusion: Contact allergy patients should be tested for both cosmetic component series and their own lipsticks to exclude exfolliative cheilitis, infection, or light actinic cheilitis as causal agents.
Hydroxyapatite combined with hyaluronic acid metronidazole gel increased the quantity of osteoblasts in the alveolar bone wistar rat Setiawatie, Ernie Maduratna
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p204-208

Abstract

Background: Bone graft material have been used extensively in bone healing and periodontal treatment. Alloplast such as hydroxyapatite are frequently used to repair and reconstruct bone defects. By merely applying hydroxyapatite for the treatment of bone is not fully effective yet to produce new bone regeneration. Locally applied high molecular hyaluronic acid (HA) has been shown to stimulate differentiation and migration of mesenchymal cells. Recent studies on regenerative surgical procedures indicate that reduction of bacterial burden at the wound site may improve the clinical outcome of regenerative therapy. Metronidazole has the greatest bacteriostatic effect. A clinical application of HA metronidazole gels during the surgical therapy may reduce the bacterial contamination of surgical wound site. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of combination hydroxyapatite and HA metronidazole gel 1% on osteoblast cell number after wound healing process in the wistar rats incisor tooth extraction socket. Method: Twenty seven wistar rats were divided randomly into 3 groups. The first group consisted of wistar rats given hydroxyapatite were subjected to the mandibular incisor extraction socket. The second group were given hydroxyapatite combined with HA metronidazole gel 1%. The control group were filled with blood. Wistar rats were euthanized on day 14 and then preparation for histological examination was stained using hematoxylin-eosin and then the numbers of the osteoblasts were calculated. Result: The differences in each group were tested by one way Anova test (α=0.05). The numbers of osteoblasts in each group had a significant difference (p<0.05): the highest numbers of osteoblasts were found in the group that was given hydroxyapatite combined with HA metronidazole, followed by the lower numbers of osteoblasts in the hydroxyapa ite group and the lowest numbers of osteoblasts were found in the control group. Conclusion: Adjunctive application of HA metronidazole to hydroxyapatite after tooth extraction increase the number of osteoblast in the treatment of bone defects on a wistar rat model.
Dental student’s satisfaction towards orthodontic laboratory work from RSGM Dental Laboratory Goenharto, Sianiwati; Setyowati, Dini; Rusdiana, Elly
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p177-182

Abstract

Background: Customer satisfaction plays an important role in the success and continuity of a business. Dental Laboratory of RSGM Faculty of Dental Medicine Universitas Airlangga provides services for Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga students enrolled in a dental profession program. One of services offered is making of removable orthodontic appliances. Until now there has been no research on customer satisfaction after the appliances made in the laboratory. Purpose: This study was conducted to determine whether Universitas Airlangga dental students as customers were satisfied with the work of the RSGM Dental laboratory, particularly in orthodontics. Method: An analytic observational study was carried out on 48 Faculty of Dental Medicine Universitas Airlangga students who were enrolled in a dental profession program and made removable orthodontic appliances in RSGM Dental Laboratory. The students were asked to fill out a questionnaire about satisfaction regarding the timeliness, the suitability of results, the services provided, the quality of both active and passive components, the ease of insertion and activation. Data were analyzed descriptively. The relationship between satisfaction towards the quality of clasp, spring, bow and satisfaction towards the quality of acrylic plate to the ease of insertion were analyzed with Fischer exact test. The relationship between satisfaction towards the quality of clasp, spring, bow and satisfaction towards the quality of acrylic plate to the ease of activation were analyzed by chi square. Result: Respondents who were satisfied with the timeliness of work were 54.17%, the suitability of the results of the query were 79.17%, the services provided were 95.83%, the results of clasp, bow and spring were 72.92%, the results of acrylic plate were 77.08%, the ease of insertion were 54.17%, and the ease of activation were 89.58%. The results of the statistical analysis showed a significant correlation between the ease of insertion and the quality of clasp, spring and bow (p = 0.01) as well as acrylic plate made (p = 0.045 <0.05), however, there was no significant correlation between the ease of activation with quality of clasp, spring and bow (p = 0.08) and the acrylic plate made (p = 0.337 (p> 0.05)). Conclusion: It was concluded that the majority of respondents are satisfied with the results of removable orthodontic appliances produced, but punctuality still needs to be improved.
The amount of macrophages and activated plasma cells on wound healing process affected by spirulina Iskandar, Regina Purnama Dewi; Indrawati, Retno; Arundina, Ira; Rahayu, Retno Pudji
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 48, No 4 (2015): (December 2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v48.i4.p209-212

Abstract

Background: Spirulina which grows abundantly in tropical seas have been investigated to enhance immune system. The administration of spirulina in tooth extraction sockets was expected to optimise the function of immunocompetent cells. Therefore, wound healing process would be improved. Purpose: The aim of this study was to prove that administration of spirulina could influence immune system in tooth extraction sockets. Method: There were 28 Cavia cobayas used in this study and were put in group of four. Mandibular left incisive were extracted from each of them. The basis made from mixture of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 400 and PEG 4000 was administrated into each socket in control group (TG0). In addition, spirulina 12% was administrated into group TG1, spirulina 24% was administrated into group TG2, and spirulina 48% was administrated into group TG3. All of the Cavia cobaya were decapitated and the jaws were removed in day 5 after tooth extraction. The jaws were decalcified in EDTA solution, formed into paraffin block, processed for hematoxylin and eosin (H & E) and immunohistochemistry staining afterwards. Datas were analysed statistically using Anova method. Result: There was an augmentation in the number of macrophages and activated plasma cells after spirulina application. The administration of higher concentrations of Spirulina leads to greater amount of macrophages and activated plasma cells in each groups. Conclusion: In conclusion, spirulina is able to increase the amount of macrophages and activated plasma cells which play important role in healing process.

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