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INDONESIA
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19783728     EISSN : 24429740     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) (e-ISSN:2442-9740; p-ISSN:1978-3728) is published by the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Its diciplinary focus is dental science and dental hygiene. The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) is published in English on a quarterly basis with each 50-60 page edition containing between nine and eleven scientific articles on research, study literature and case studies. Contributors to the Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) included: dental researchers, dental practitioners, lecturers, and students drawn from Indonesia and a wide range of other countries.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)" : 11 Documents clear
Dental health economics and diagnosis related groups/casemix in Indonesian dentistry Rivany, Ronnie
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p210-215

Abstract

Background: Dental Health Economics is a branch of transdiciplinary science that refers to the Economic and Public Health science. On the other hand, in other developed countries, Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG’s) /Casemix has been used as a basic in creating the same perception between providers, patients and insurance companies in many aspects such as health planning, healthcare financing and quality assurance. Purpose: The objective of this review is to propose a new paradigm of economics to be applied in Indonesian Dentistry. Reviews: The Dental Health Economics should be considered as an important aspect in Indonesian Dentistry, which is used to determine the dental treatment fee based on unit cost, cost containment, and cost recovery rate analysis. Referring to Australian Refined Diagnosis Related Group, health care industry in Indonesia has starting to try a more structured way in grouping disease pattern in order to come up with more precise health care services to their patients. The on going development of Indonesian DRG’s is meant to confirm the disease pattern and partition. Conclusion: The development of Indonesian DRG’s concept, especially the Dental & Oral Disorders, needs a new paradigm, so the practitioners and academics could group and calculate the unit cost from each dental treatment according to the Indonesian DRG version (INA-DRG’s).
Detection of aggressive periodontitis by calprotectin expression Sari, Desi Sandra; Suryono, Suryono
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p185-188

Abstract

Background: Calprotectin is a calcium-binding protein expressed by neutrophil, monocytes, gingival keratinocytes, and oral epithelial cells. The concentrations of calprotectin increase in plasma, urine and synovial fluid of patients with inflammatory diseases. This protein is known as a marker for periodontal diseases and is detected in gingival crevicular fluids. Purpose: This study was aimed to investigate the detection of inflammation on the aggressive periodontitis by calprotectin expression. Method: The gingival crevicular fluids were taken from five aggressive periodontitis patients and five healthy subjects by using sterile paper points. Calprotectin expression was analyzed by ELISA technique. Result: The results showed the significant difference in calprotectin expression between subject with aggressive periodontitis and healthy subjects p = 0.002 (p < 0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that the calprotectin expression on the aggressive periodontitis patients may be useful for evaluation the progression of inflammation in periodontitis.
Immunopathological aspects of oral erythema multiforme Apriasari, Maharani Laillyza; Rahayu, Retno Pudji
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p159-163

Abstract

Background: Erythema multiforme is an acute disease on the skin and mucous membrane. This lesion can erupt in mucous membranes of the oral cavity. Improper and late treatment may cause Stevens Johnson syndrome which may cause patient mortality, therefore proper and accurate diagnosis are needed. Purpose: The immunopathological aspect of oral erythema multiforme through literature study can help us to find the definite diagnosis and to know the differential diagnosis. review: In immunopathology, minor type of erythema multiforme is vasculitis caused by the immune complex hypersensitivity reaction among antigen antibodies. The mayor type of erythema multiforme may appeared from autoimmune reaction and from untreated minor type of erythema multiforme. Conclusion: Immunopathological approach of erythema multiforme is important beside the clinical manifestation, histology, and the differential diagnosis to find the definitive diagnosis.
The ability of IgY to recognize surface proteins of Streptococcus mutans Gani, Basri A.; Chismirina, Santi; Hayati, Zinatul; B, Endang Winiati; Bachtiar, Boy M.; Wibawan, I. Wayan T.
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p189-193

Abstract

Background: Streptococcus mutans are gram positive bacteria classified into viridians group, and have a role in pathogenesis of dental caries. It’s adhesion to the tooth surface is mediated by cell surface proteins, which interact with specific receptor located in tooth pellicle. Glucan binding protein, Glukosyltransferase, and antigen I/II are basic proteins of S. mutans, which have a role in initiating the interaction. A previous study showed that chicken’s IgY can interfere the interaction. Purpose: The objective of this study was to assess the ability of IgY in recognizing the surface molecule of Streptococcus mutans expressed by various serotypes (c, d, e, f) and a strain derived from IPB, Bogor. Method: Western blot was used as a method to determine such capability. Result: The result showed that IgY has a potency to recognize antigen I/II, but not the other proteins on the cell surface of all bacteria tested. Conclusion: The ability of IgY to bind the surface protein, antigen I/II, indicates that this avian antibody could be used as a candidate for anti-adhesion in preventing dental caries.
Cemento-ossifying fibroma of the jaw Kamadjaja, David B.
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p164-171

Abstract

Background: Cemento-ossifying fibroma is a benign neoplasm characterized by replacement of normal bone by fibrous tissue and varying amounts of newly formed bone or cementum-like material, or both. The cemento-ossifying fibroma has caused considerable controversy because of confusion regarding terminology and the criteria for its diagnosis. In addition, the cemento-ossifying fibroma often shows variations in clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic features, hence require different treatment options. Purpose: This paper attempts to elaborate the classification and terminology of cemento-ossifying fibroma of the jaw, the clinical characteristic, radiographic, and histopathologic features, the different tumor behaviors, and the surgical treatment modalities required. Case: Two patients diagnosed with cementifying fibroma and two patients with ossifying fibroma were reported, presenting their clinical presentation, diagnostic imaging, and histopathology reports, as well as their surgical treatments. Classifications of fibro-osseous lesion of the jaws and characteristics as well as variations in several aspects of cemento-ossifying fibroma of the jaws are discussed. Conclusion: The diagnosis of cemento-ossifying fibroma of the jaw can be established quite consistently based on clinical, radiographic, and microscopic features. However, these tumors may exhibit variations in their neoplastic behaviors. It is therefore important to take into account the individual tumor behavior when one is planning a proper surgical treatment. The behavior of the tumor governs the required surgical treatment which may range from simple curettage of the tumor to radical resection of the jaw.
The management of over closured anterior teeth due to attrition Djulaeha, Eha; Sukaedi, Sukaedi
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p194-198

Abstract

Background: Tooth is the hardest tissue in human body, that can be injured because of attrition process. For old people, denture attrition process is caused by psysiological process relating with the mastication function which also supported by some bad habits such an bruxism, premature contact, and consuming habit of abrasive food. Attrition or abrasion can also be happened with patien’t dentition who does not have teeth subtutition for long time due the lost of their maxillary as well as mandibulary. The pasient will loose their vertical dimension of occlusion, injure, and the lower jaw becomes over closed which is called over closure. Purpose: This article reported the management of over closured anterior teeth due to attrition. Case: a seventy six year old woman patient came to Prosthodontic Clinic in Faculty of Dentistry, Airlangga University, to rehabilitate her upper and lower severe attrited anterior teeth and her posterior teeth. The patient has experienced of wearing acrylic removable mandibular partial denture ten years ago. Unfortunaly, the denture was uncomfortable, and she did not wear it anymore since five years ago. Case management: The severe attrition of anterior teeth with the lost of occlusal vertical dimension can be treated by improving the occlusal vertical dimension gradually. The treatment is then followed by the increasing of the height of the anterior teeth by lengthening the crown teeth of upper jaw with 12 units of span bridge and the acrylic removable partial denture of lower jaw. Conclusion: The severe attrition of anterior teeth with the lost of occlusal vertical dimension can be treated by improving the occlusal vertical dimension gradually, using long span bridge and acrylic removable partial denture.
Fibrous epulis associated with impacted lower right third molar Sumarta, Ni Putu Mira; Kamadjaja, David B
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p172-174

Abstract

Background: Epulis or epulides are lesions associated with gingival tissues. Fibrous epulis is a type of hyperplastic fibrous tissue mass located at the gingival which is slow growing, painless, having same color as the oral mucosa and firm on palpation. Anterior regions of the oral cavity are the frequently affected sites as these areas are more prone to be affected by calculus deposition and poor plaque control due to frequent teeth malposition. Removal of any irritating factors and excision of the lesion are the usual treatments. Purpose: This case report presents a rare case of fibrous epulis which occurred in the posterior region of the oral cavity and associated with impacted lower third molar. Case: A case of fibrous epulis at the lower right third molar area of three months duration is presented. The mass was slow growing, painless and on examination it was a pedunculated mass overlying the unerupted lower right third molar, having same color with the oral mucosa and firm on palpation. Clinically, the lesion was diagnosed as fibrous epulis associated with impacted lower right third molar. Case management: The treatment were surgical excision of the epulis and removal of the lower right third molar. The histopathology result showed tissue with squamous epithelial lining, achanthotic fibrous connective tissue, mononuclear inflammatory cells and few capillaries without signs of malignancy. This is consistent with the diagnosis of fibrous epulis. Conclusion: Fibrous epulis, although frequently occurred at the anterior region of the oral cavity, may rarely grow at the area of lower third molar. This phenomenon supports the theory that epulis can grow on any surface of oral mucous membrane as long as local irritants are present.
Glucosyltransferase B/C expression in Streptococcus mutans of rampant and caries-free children Nonong, Yetty Herdiati H.
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p199-203

Abstract

Background: Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) as specific bacteria causing dental caries have cariogenic characteristic related to glucosyltransferase (gtf) B/C that can change sucrose into insoluble glucan. Insoluble glucan functions as an attachment media and bacteria colonization, and also as a source of extracellular polysaccharide which is needed for the bacteria and may lead to caries formation. Purpose: The aim of this study was to find out the gtf B/C expression in isolated S. mutans from dental plaque of rampant and caries-free children. Methods: An observational study was done on 96 isolated bacteria grown in sucrose and bacitracin containing media, which include S. mutans INA 99, S. Mutans EU3, S.mutans EU7, S.EU10a, and S.mutans 10b. PCR technique was used as amplification technique for gtf B/C. Result: This study showed that gtf B/C gene was found in S. mutans, S. constellatus, S. bovis, S. anginosus, L. fermentum, L. salivarius, and Kleibsiella oxytoca. The presence of gtf B/C gene was found in 9 of 10 samples identified in the sample of rampant caries children. Conclusion: The gtf B/C enzyme was found not only in S. mutans, but also in other bacteria.
Correction parameters in conventional dental radiography for dental implant Yunus, Barunawaty
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p175-178

Abstract

Background: Radiographic imaging as a supportive diagnostic tool is the essential component in treatment planning for dental implant. It help dentist to access target area of implant due to recommendation of many inventions in making radiographic imaging previously. Along with the progress of science and technology, the increasing demand of easier and simpler treatment method, a modern radiographic diagnostic for dental implant is needed. In fact, Makassar, especially in Faculty of Dentistry Hasanuddin University, has only a conventional dental radiography. Researcher wants to optimize the equipment that is used to obtain parameters of the jaw that has been corrected to get accurate dental implant. Purpose: This study aimed to see the difference of radiographic imaging of dental implant size which is going to be placed in patient before and after correction. Method: The type of research is analytical observational with cross sectional design. Sampling method is non random sampling. The amount of samples is 30 people, male and female, aged 20–50 years old. The correction value is evaluated from the parameter result of width, height, and thick of the jaw that were corrected with a metal ball by using conventional dental radiography to see the accuracy. Data is analyzed using SPSS 14 for Windows program with T-test analysis. Result: The result that is obtained by T-Test analysis results with significant value which p<0.05 in the width and height of panoramic radiography technique, the width and height of periapical radiography technique, and the thick of occlusal radiography technique before and after correction. Conclusion: It can be concluded that there is a significant difference before and after the results of panoramic, periapical, and occlusal radiography is corrected.
Treatment results evaluation using the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need Hamid, Thalca
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 4 (2009): (December 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i4.p204-209

Abstract

Background: The use of orthodontic indices were increasingly popular in the last few years. Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) usually was used to assess the needs and demand of orthodontic treatment, eventhough, indices can be used for more than one purpose. Purpose: To determine whether the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) could be able to evaluate the treatment results as well. Method: Data was obtained by evaluating each of 202 study models from 17 Orthodontic Postgraduate students. The ‘before’ and ‘after’ treatment models were assessed, using the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need. Result: Using the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test, the assessment of Dental Health Component (DHC) and Aesthetic Component (AC), before and after orthodontic treatment showed significantly differences from each others (p : 0,000 < α : 0.05). The Null hypothesis were rejected. The grade of DHC and AC were decreasing to a better score. Conclusion: The Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) could be used to assess the orthodontic treatment outcomes, to evaluate before and after orthodontic treatment of the patients. The results of the treatment showed good improvements of dentofacial appearance of the patients which means the successful achievement of the clinical works programs.

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