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Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19783728     EISSN : 24429740     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) (e-ISSN:2442-9740; p-ISSN:1978-3728) is published by the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Its diciplinary focus is dental science and dental hygiene. The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) is published in English on a quarterly basis with each 50-60 page edition containing between nine and eleven scientific articles on research, study literature and case studies. Contributors to the Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) included: dental researchers, dental practitioners, lecturers, and students drawn from Indonesia and a wide range of other countries.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)" : 11 Documents clear
Esthetic rehabilitation of crowded and protruded anterior dentition lunardhi, Cecilia G. J.; Prasetyo, Eric Priyo
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p46-59

Abstract

Background: Recent trends put estheticrehabilitationas a demandingtreatmentin order to correct malpositionedanteriordentition. This is enhanced by the patient’s background, especially careers that require prime appearance for the public. Purpose: To describe that even though there are many treatment alternatives and procedures, esthetic rehabilitation on crowded and protruded anterior dentition using endodontic treatment, cast posts and all ceramic crowns, can improve patient’s appearance. Case: This article presents a case report on esthetic rehabilitation of crowded and protruded anterior dentition. Treatment was done due to patient’s refusal in receiving orthodontic treatment. The patient requested esthetic rehabilitation as an expectation for faster and instant esthetic result. Case management: Endodontic treatment was done to the involved dentition prior to the final restoration. Cast posts and all ceramic crowns were used as final restoration to correct the crowded and protruded anterior teeth. Conclusion: Esthetic rehabilitation can be done successfully on crowded and protruded anterior dentition. Instant result could be achieved by this treatment. This is supported by the fact that dentists should be aware of not only choosing the right treatment and materials but also patient’s expectations and conditions.
The effect of toothpaste containing Kayu Sugi extract on plaque formation W, Widowati; Awang, RAR; Ismail, NH; Othman, SH
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p21-24

Abstract

Background: Although many researches had revealed the beneficial effect of Kayu Sugi as a chewing stick, study on the effectiveness of its extract in toothpaste is still inadequate. Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of toothpaste, with and without Kayu Sugi extract on preventing plaque formation. Methods: The study consists of two sessions which was separated by three days washout period. The subjects were given two types of toothpaste, with and without Kayu Sugi extract to be used in the first and second session separately. The subjects were polished and plaque score were measured after one hour for the first quadrant, two hours later for the second quadrant and after four hours for the third/fourth quadrant. Subjects were not allowed to eat, drink or rinse during this four hours period. The procedures were repeated for the second session after three days washout period. The plaque score were recorded as absent (code 0) and present (code 1), and only labial and palatal/lingual surfaces of each tooth were used for plaque scoring. result: The study showed that there was no significant difference of the amount of plaque formed after polishing using two different toothpastes, with and without Kayu Sugi extract. Conclusion: We concluded that toothpaste with or without Kayu Sugi extract give similar level in preventing plaque formation.
Patient safety oriented to improve patient retention in oral health services Astoeti, Tri Erri
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p50-53

Abstract

Background: Oral health service systems should be designed to promote patient health, protection, and must be in compliance with Indonesian laws that help protect patients from misuse of personal information. Patient safety is a new healthcare discipline that emphasizes the reporting, analysis, and prevention of medical or dental error that often lead to adverse healthcare events. Purpose: To describe correlation that patient safety would improve patent retention in oral health. Patient safety is an essential component of quality oral health care and dentist is encouraged to consider thoughtfully the environment in which they deliver dental care, while at the same time services and to implement practices that decrease a patient’s risk of injury or harm during the delivery of care. Reviews: Designing oral health care systems that focus on preventing errors is critical to assure patient safety. Some possible sources of error in oral health services are miscommunication, failure to review the patient’s medical history, and lack of standardized records, abbreviations, and processes. Conclusion: Patient safety would support patient satisfaction; therefore oral health services can increase patient retention.
Simple replantation protocol to avoid ankylosis in teeth intended for orthodontic treatment Nugraeni, Yuli; Kamadjaja, David Buntoro; Utomo, Haryono
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p25-30

Abstract

Background: Dento-alveolar trauma resulted from accidents involving the oral regions mostly affect the upper central incisors. Overjet that is beyond 5 mm and incompetent lip also contribute to increase the risk. Several literatures had already discussed different methods of replantation of avulsed teeth. However, it was not meant for further orthodontic treatment. Purpose: The objective of this review is to propose a simple replantation protocol of avulsed teeth which also prevent from ankylosis. Reviews: Protruded teeth usually need orthodontic treatment; therefore, an appropriate management should be done to avoid the development of ankylosis. Ankylosis of the periodontal ligament (PDL) becomes a problem in orthodontic tooth movement in repositioned or replanted teeth. In addition, ankylosed teeth also more susceptible to root resorption. Actually, it was caused by the endodontic treatment. In particular, severely protruded or unoccluded teeth are hypofunctional, therefore have narrow PDL, thus it may facilitate to ankylosis development. Ideal management protocol such as the use of root canal sealer i.e. mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA); the using of Emdogain, and resilient wiring or semi-rigid fixation with brackets has become a solution in avulsed teeth arranged for orthodontic treatment. Nevertheless, the presence of oral surgeon, endodontist and orthodontist in the same time, and also ideal preparations after an accident was difficult to achieve. Conclusion: Considering that reducing the ongoing PDL inflammation with intracanal medicaments and maintaining the functional force during mastication is possible; it is concluded that this simple replantation protocol is likely.
The transformation of ordinal scale for parametric statistic analysis on dental health questionnaire Hapsoro, Adi
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p1-5

Abstract

Background: Questioner Measurement is very customize, it means that researchers make very individual based on the aim of the research. Frequently, the results of questioner measurements are numeric rank and index or both of them. Numeric rank and index are categorical data. Beside of validity and reliability problems, they have analytical problems as well. So, they need transformation to scale type (ratio, interval) data in order to minimize their problems. Purpose: This article reviews the effectiveness of two type data transformation in dental health research measurement. reviews: There are two type data transformations, i.e. interval equivalency and sum of rating transformation method. Conclusion: Interval equivalency transformation method is more effective for the data come from index, and sum of rating transformation method is more effective for the data come from numeric rank.
Treatment of temporomandibular disorder using occlusal splint Dahlan, Agus
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p31-36

Abstract

Background: Patient suffering from occlusal abnormality is usually detected months or even years when the acute patient visits a dentist, and generally the patient does not receive direct treatment upon his complaints since minimum information is available on this type of treatment. In general, the dentist provides medication only or conducts incorrect selective grinding where in fact, the patient does not feel better from the previous conditions. Purpose: The objective of this study is to discuss the treatment on the dysfunctional temporomandibular joint followed by orofacial pain caused by occlusal disorder using occlusal splint. Case: In this case, a forty three years old male having trouble with the joint on the left jaw followed by orofacial pain caused by occlusal disorder. Case Management: Initial treatment with occlusal splint makes the patient comfortable and recovers from his complaints since the patient could restructure the chewing muscles. This treatment will be more successful if the dentist has the knowledge to use and choose occlusal splint method properly. Occlusal Splint could be used as a supporting therapy and consideration as one of the therapies to avoid the unwanted side effects. The use of occlusal splint is meant as an alternative of the main therapy in overcoming the problem of occlusal splint. Conclusion: Finally, therapy with occlusal splint is very effective as an alternative treatment to handle the dysfunction of temporomandibular joint caused by occlusion.
Chronic gingivitis and aphthous stomatitis relationship hypothesis: A neuroimmunobiological approach Prahasanti, Chiquita; Margaretha, Nita; Utomo, Haryono
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p6-11

Abstract

Background: Traumatic injuries to the oral mucosa in fixed orthodontic patients are common, especially in the first week of bracket placement, and occasionally lead to the development of aphthous stomatitis or ulcers. Nevertheless, these lesions are selflimiting. Purpose: The objective of this study is to reveal the connection between chronic gingivitis and aphthous stomatitis which is still unclear. Case: A patient with a persistent lesion for more than six months. Case Management: RAS was treated with scaling procedure, the gingival inflammation was healed. However, in this case report, despite the appropriate management procedures had been done, the lesion still worsen and became more painful. Moreover, the symptoms did not heal for more than two weeks. Actually, they had been undergone orthodontic treatment more than six months and rarely suffered from aphthous stomatitis. Coincidentally, at that time they also suffered from chronic gingivitis. It was interesting that after scaling procedures, the ulcer subsides in two days. Conclusion: Recently, the neuroimmunobiological researches which involved neurotransmitters and cytokines on cell-nerve signaling, and heat shock proteins in gingivitis and stomatitis are in progress. Nevertheless, they were done separately, thus do not explain the interrelationship. This proposed new concept which based on an integrated neuroimmunobiological approach could explain the benefit of periodontal treatment, especially scaling procedures, for avoiding prolonged painful episodes and unnecessary medications in aphthous stomatitis. However, for widely acceptance of the chronic gingivitis and aphthous stomatitis relationship, further clinical and laboratory study should be done. Regarding to the relatively fast healing after scaling procedures in this case report; it was concluded that the connection between chronic gingivitis and aphthous stomatitis is possible.
Inhibitory effect of n-hexane: ethyl acetate fraction from Artemisia vulgaris L. on cell culture of oral epithelial carcinoma Arundina, Ira
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p37-40

Abstract

Background: Sudamala herb (Artemisia vulgaris L.) is often used in society as an anti tumor for organs of digestive system including oral cavity. Nevertheless, there are still no further scientific researches on active materials which can be used as anti carcinogen in oral cavity. Most of anti carcinogens are actually obtained from the genus Artemisia. Moreover, in Indonesia, the species of the genus Artemisia that grows the most is Artemisia vulgaris L. The problem of this research, however, is that the effect of n-hexane fraction: ethyl acetate from Artemisia vulgaris L. towards the decreasing of oncogene in oral squamous cell carcinoma is still indefinite. Purpose: The objective of this research is to explain the effect of giving n-hexane : ethyl acetate (3:7) fraction containing terpenoid from Artemisia vulgaris L. towards the decreasing of oncogene in oral epithelial carcinoma cell line. Methods: The method of this research is laboratory experimental research by using squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity on cell culture. The inhibitory percentage test in vitro, furthermore, is taken during the analysis. The result then is analyzed by probit analysis with drawing relation curve between the inhibitory percentage and concentration. Result: The result of n-hexane : ethyl acetate (3:7) fraction containing terpenoid from Artemisia vulgaris L. has the smallest IC50, 3.902 μg/ml, less than 20 μg/ml suitable with NCI criteria; thus, it can potentially be used as anti carcinogen. Conclusion: There is the decreasing of oncogenes after being given n-hexane : ethyl acetate (3:7) fraction containing terpenoid from Artemisia vulgaris L. towards oral epithelial carcinoma cell line.
The role of microendodontics in treating mandibular second molar with five canals Peeters, Harry Huiz
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p12-14

Abstract

Background: Finding the incidence of anatomical variation in daily practice becomes more frequent due to the development of diagnostic tools such as microscopes and ultrasonic devices. Therefore, a thorough understanding of the normal anatomy of canals and its variations in root canal treatments would be helpful in achieving the desired result. The usual root configuration of a mandibular second molar is two separate roots, distal and mesial, of which the distal root usually has one canal and the mesial root two canals. The incidence of 4 distinct root canals in the distal root of C-shaped orifices is a rare phenomenon that is reported in literature. Purpose: To understand the role of microendodontics in trating mandibulary second molar with five canals. Case: This case shows how to locate and manage a rare anatomical variation of mandibular second molar with 4 distinct root canals in the distal aspect of a C-shaped orifice successfully. Case Management: The anatomical variation was overcome with the help of diagnostic tools such as microscopes and ultrasonic tips. Conclusion: The successful treatment of this case demonstrates the necessity for awareness of the presence of additional canals and abnormal morphology of the canals. Besides that the operator’s perseverance and patience as well as sophisticated diagnostic tools, such as the dental operating microscopes and ultrasonic tips, have an important role in treating unusual configurations of root canals.
Antioxidant effect of minocycline in gingival epithelium induced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans serotype B toxin Setiawati, Ernie Maduratna
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 42, No 1 (2009): (March 2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v42.i1.p41-45

Abstract

Background: Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) serotype B has been associated with aggressive periodontitis. Gingival epithelial cell is exquisitely sensitive to the toxin and may lead to the epithel protective barrier disruption. Experimental models show that minocycline is not related to it’s antimicrobial effect and protection against neuron cell apoptosis of a number experimental models of brain injury and Parkinson’s disease. Purpose: This study, examined antioxidant effect of minocycline to inhibit apoptosis of gingival epithelium induced crude toxin bacteria Aa serotype B in mice. Methods: Thirty adult mice strain Swiss Webster (balb C) were divided randomly into three groups: control group (group A), toxin group (group B) and toxin and minocycline group (group C). The mice were taken at 24 hours after application, and then the tissue sections of gingival epithelium were stained with tunnel assay and immunohistochemistry. Result: Treatment with these toxin induced apoptosis of gingival epithelium and was associated with DNA fragmentation and reduced gluthatione (GSH). Minocycline 100 nM significantly increased GSH and reduced apoptosis (p < 0.05). Minocycline provides antioxidant effect against citotoxicity of bacteria Aa serotipe B. Conclusion: Nanomolar concentration of minocycline potential as new therapeutic agent to prevent progressivity of aggressiveness of periodontitis.

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