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INDONESIA
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19783728     EISSN : 24429740     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) (e-ISSN:2442-9740; p-ISSN:1978-3728) is published by the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Its diciplinary focus is dental science and dental hygiene. The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) is published in English on a quarterly basis with each 50-60 page edition containing between nine and eleven scientific articles on research, study literature and case studies. Contributors to the Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) included: dental researchers, dental practitioners, lecturers, and students drawn from Indonesia and a wide range of other countries.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)" : 10 Documents clear
Effectivity of blunt end with side hole irrigation needle to eliminate root canal bacteria Setyowati, Laksmiari; Gunawan, Sudarjani; Sudirman, Achmad
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p168-171

Abstract

The blunt end with side hole irrigation needles have some advantages. They can be placed close to irrigation area, produce turbulent motion of irrigation material, and not push debris to apical. There is no data about the effectiveness of blunt end with side hole irrigation needle to eliminate root canal bacteria in vivo, therefore the research about effectivity of this needle compare to conventional irrigation needle was permormed. In this study 12 samples were used and divided into two groups. The conventional irrigation needle in the first group was used as control and the blunt end with side hole needle was used in the second group. The bacteriological sampling and colony counting was conducted. The paired t-test analysis before and after irrigation showed significant difference on the first and second group. The result indicated that blunt end with side hole needle more effective in eliminating root canal bacteria than conventional needle. Supporting to this study a software of fluent had been done in vitro. The result showed blunt end with side hole needle produced turbulent motion of irrigating liquid and the conventional needle produced laminar motion.
Prevalence of hypodontia in Chinese orthodontic patients Rahardjo, Pambudi
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p147-150

Abstract

Hypodontia is a phenomenon of congenitally missing teeth in human. A thousand and twelve panoramic radiographs of Chinese orthodontic patients were examined for agenesis of permanent teeth including third molars. The patients with missing teeth were divided into four group: the patients with missing less than 4 molars, missing all third molars, hypodontia and oligodontia. The result revealed, 210 patients affected one or more teeth agenesis with a total of 455 teeth missing. The prevalence of tooth agenesis was maxillary third molar 259 (56.9%), mandibular third molar 143 (31.4%), mandibular second premolar 15 (3.3%), mandibular lateral incisors 13 (2.8%), maxillary lateral incisors 8 (1.7%), maxillary second premolars 7 (1.5%), other teeth 10 (2.2%) respectively. Of the mesial mandibular first permanent molar, mandibular second premolars were the most frequent missing teeth. Although hypodontia did not represent a public health problem, from orthodontic point of view it might cause esthetic and masticatory function disorders as well as more complex mechanotherapy of a patient.
Roles of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor amniotic membrane in oral wound healing Munadziroh, Elly
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p172-176

Abstract

Secretory Leukocyte Protease Inhibitor (SLPI) is serine protease inhibitor. Secretory Leukocyte Protease Inhibitor is a protein found in secretions such as whole saliva, seminal fluid, cervical mucus, synovial fluid, breast milk, tears, and cerebral spinal fluid, as in secretions from the nose and bronchi, amniotic fluid and amniotic membrane etc. These findings demonstrate that SLPI function as a potent anti protease, anti inflammatory, bactericidal, antifungal, tissue repair, extra cellular synthesis. Impaired healing states are characterized by excessive proteolysis and often bacterial infection, leading to the hypothesis that SLPI may have a role in the process. The objectives of this article are to investigate the role of SLPI in oral inflammation and how it contributes to tissue repair in oral mucosa. The oral wound healing responses are impaired in the SLPI sufficient mice and matrix synthesis and collagen deposition are delayed. This study indicated that SLPI is a povital factor necessary for optimal wound healing.
The fractographic analysis of three dentin bonding agents on tooth surface Soetojo, Adioro
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p151-155

Abstract

The dentin bonding agent is hydrophilic resin that can strongly bind to dentin surface, both in chemical and physical-mechanical ways. The dentin surface is good for the resin bonding when the surface is in moist condition. Three types of dentin bonding agents: Voco, Prime & Bond NT and Excite were used in this research and their application methods are called as total-etched technique. The objective of this research is to examine the difference of tensile bond strength of the three bonding agents on the moist dentin surface. Bovine incisivus teeth were cut and sharpened using diamond bur then smoothened with sandpaper. Dentin surfaces were etched with 37% phosphoric acid, washed with 20 cc aquadest, and dried with blot-dry technique. The preparation teeth were inserted into desiccator with minimum humidity 60% and maximum 90% for one hour. After removed from the desiccator, the Voco agent was applied on the teeth in first group, and then followed by the Prime & Bond NT and Excite agents, respectively. The resulting sample was stored within the room temperature. After 24 hours, the tensile bond strength was tested using Autograph instrument. The results indicated that the tensile bond strength of Voco and Prime & Bond NT agents were higher than Excite both at humidity 60% and 90% (p ≤ 0.05). In conclusion, the dentin bonding agents with acetone solvents have a higher tensile bond strength compared with those with alcohol solvents.
The potential application of stem cell in dentistry Suardita, Ketut
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p177-180

Abstract

Stem cells are generally defined as cells that have the capacity to self-renewal and differentiate to specialize cell. There are two kinds of stem cell, embryonic stem cell and adult stem cells. Stem cell therapy has been used to treat diseases including Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, spinal cord injury, stroke, burns, heart diseases, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Stem cells were found in dental pulp, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone marrow. Because of their potential in medical therapy, stem cells were used to regenerate lost or damage teeth and periodontal structures. This article discusses the potential application of stem cells for dental field.
The transverse strength of acrylic resin after Coleus amboinicus, Lour extract solution immersion Rianti, Devi
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p156-160

Abstract

A laboratoric experimental study was conducted on the transverse strength of acrylic resin after Coleus amboinicus, Lour extract solution immersion. The aim of this study is to know the difference of acrylic resin transverse strengths caused by immersion time variations in a concentrate solution. The study was carried out on unpolished acrylic resin plates with 65 × 10 × 2,5 mm dimension; solution with 15% Coleus amboinicus, Lour extract, and 30, 60, 90 days immersion times to measure the transverse strength and sterilized aquadest was used as control. Acrylic resin plates transverse strength was measured using Autograph AG-10 TE. The data was analyzed using One-Way Anova and LSD with 5% degree of significance. The result showed that longer immersion time will decrease the transverse strength of the acrylic resin plates. After 90 days immersion time, the transverse strength decrease is still above the recommended standard transverse strength.
The effect of mastication muscular tone on facial size in patients with Down syndrome Suharsini, Margaretha; SVD, Josef Glinka; Djokosalamoen, Soekotjo
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p161-164

Abstract

Muscular hypotonia is one of the clinical signs in patients with Down syndrome. As a characteristic of patients with Down syndrome, hypotonia is clearly evident in face expression and oral dysfunction. Dentocraniofacial growth abnormalities in patients with Down syndrome may be influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Stomatognathic system musculature as an environmental factor (factor outside the bone) can affect dentocraniofacial growth by orofacial muscles activities when chewing, swallowing, breathing, and speaking. Oral dysfunctions commonly seen in patients with Down syndrome are open mouth, protruding tongue posture, difficulties when chewing, swallowing, and speaking, drooling, and mouth breathing. The purpose of this study was to observe how the mastication muscular tone affecting the facial size of Down syndrome patient. Twenty five of 14–18 years old children with Down syndrome were diagnosed by clinical characteristic and cytogenetic examination. Mastication muscular tone was described by masseter and temporalis muscle synergy and oral function, whereas the facial size consisted of facial size of lateral, anteroposterior and vertical growth. The result of regression test revealed that the degree of mastication muscular tone has a significant effect on facial size of the anteroposterior growth and facial size of vertical growth, but did not significantly influence the facial size of lateral growth.
Clinical application of the activity index to parameter for evaluation of electromyographic activity of the masticatory muscles Tanaka, Takashi
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p139-142

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the intended direction of clenching and changes in the applied activity index of the masticatory muscles. The subjects consisted of twelve male volunteers (average age of 26.3 years). The surface electromyographic activities of the anterior and posterior parts of the temporal muscles, the deep posterior part of the masseter muscle and the superficial central part of the masseter muscle were recorded during the intended clenching in vertical, anterior and posterior directions. The changes of the applied activity index (the relative different value between the examined muscle activity and the superficial central part of the masseter muscle activity) were evaluated. The applied activity indexes of the anterior and posterior parts of the temporal muscles and the deep posterior part of the masseter muscle decreased significantly during the intended clenching in the posterior direction. Those of the anterior and posterior parts of the temporal muscles increased significantly during the intended clenching in the anterior direction. Each applied activity index changed corresponding to the differences of the running directions in the sagittal plane between the superficial masseter muscle and these three muscles. The applied activity indexes of the anterior and posterior parts of the temporal muscles and the deep posterior part of the masseter muscle significantly changed during clenching in anteroposterior direction. Therefore, it was suggested that the applied activity indexes of these three muscles could be used as a parameter to indicate the anteroposterior direction of force on the lower jaw.
Prevalence of oral habits in homeless children under care of Yayasan Bahtera Bandung Gildasya, Gildasya; Riyanti, Eriska; Hidayat, Syarief
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p165-167

Abstract

Oral habits, comprising of thumb and lip sucking, lip and nail biting, tongue thrusting and mouth breathing are commonly caused by disturbance in mental development. These persistent habits may lead to disturbance in physical growth, causing disorders such as malocclusion. Homeless children are prone to this condition. The purpose of this descriptive research was to present the prevalence of oral habits in homeless children under care of Yayasan Bahtera Bandung, by survey technique. The sample consisted of 92 children collected by purposive sampling. This research was conducted through interviews and clinical examnations of the oral cavity to elucidate signs of oral habits. The result showed 50% of homeless children performed oral habits, consisting of 26 boys (55,32%) and 20 girls (44.44%). The prevalence of thumb sucking habit was 21.74%, lip sucking or biting was 17.37%, tongue thrusting was 4,35%, nail biting and mouth breathing tied at 3,26%. The research concluded that a part of homeless children had oral habits, with boys as slight majority, and thumb sucking was the most performed.
The periodontal pain paradox: Difficulty on pain assesment in dental patients (The periodontal pain paradox hypothesis) Utomo, Haryono; Kriswandini, Indah Listiana; Ernawati, Diah Savitri
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 4 (2006): (December 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p143-146

Abstract

In daily dental practice, the majority of patients’ main complaints are related to pain. Most patients assume that all pains inside the oral cavity originated from the tooth. One particular case is thermal sensitivity; sometimes patients were being able to point the site of pain, although there is neither visible caries nor secondary caries in dental radiograph. In this case, gingival recession and dentin hypersensitivity are first to be treated to eliminate the pain. If these treatments failed, pain may misdiagnose as pulpal inflammation and lead to unnecessary root canal treatment. Study in pain during periodontal instrumentation of plaque-related periodontitis revealed that the majority of patients feel pain and discomfort during probing and scaling. It seems obvious because an inflammation, either acute or chronic is related to a lowered pain threshold. However, in contrast, in this case report, patient suffered from chronic gingivitis and thermal sensitivity experienced a relative pain-free sensation during probing and scaling. Lowered pain threshold which accompanied by a blunted pain perception upon periodontal instrumentation is proposed to be termed as the periodontal pain paradox. The objective of this study is to reveal the possibility of certain factors in periodontal inflammation which may involved in the periodontal pain paradox hypothesis. Patient with thermal hypersensitivity who was conducted probing and scaling, after the relative pain-free instrumentation, thermal hypersensitivity rapidly disappeared. Based on the successful periodontal treatment, it is concluded that chronic gingivitis may modulate periodontal pain perception which termed as periodontal pain paradox

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