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INDONESIA
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19783728     EISSN : 24429740     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) (e-ISSN:2442-9740; p-ISSN:1978-3728) is published by the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Its diciplinary focus is dental science and dental hygiene. The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) is published in English on a quarterly basis with each 50-60 page edition containing between nine and eleven scientific articles on research, study literature and case studies. Contributors to the Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) included: dental researchers, dental practitioners, lecturers, and students drawn from Indonesia and a wide range of other countries.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)" : 10 Documents clear
Dental root periapical resorption caused by orthodontic treatment Pudyani, Pinandi Sri
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p39-42

Abstract

Dental root resorption especially in maxillary incisive region almost always happens simultaneously with orthodontic treatment, and it gained researchers attention, in particular after the use of periapical radiography. However, the fundamental etiology of dental root resorption is still dubious. Multifactoral causes are mentioned, among others are hormonal, nutritition, trauma, dental root form and dental root structure anomalies, genetic, while from treatment side are duration, types, strength scale and dental movement types. Based on these findings, orthodontic treatment was proven to cause dental root resorption in maxillary incisive teeth.
Poor oral hygiene as trigger of diabetes mellitus progressiveness Setyawan, Sunarko
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p19-23

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a systemic disease with several major complications affecting both the quality and length of life. The disease is characterized by increasing susceptibility to infection that important risk factor for oral infection progressiveness; periodontitis, infection or lesions. Infection progressiveness and inflammation can increase blood cytokines. The cytokines modulate cells up and down regulation moreover apoptosis or necrosis cells. The increasing of the blood cytokines that implicate in the process of pancreatic β-cell destruction is not fully understood. Poor oral hygiene stimulate proinflammatory cytokines (such as: IL-1, IL6, TNF-alpha, etc.) and make chronic infection worse. IL-1β and/or TNF-α plus IFN-γ induce β-cell apoptosis via the activation of β-cell gene networks under transcription controlling factors, such as NF-κβ (nuclear factor-κβ) and STAT-1 (signal transducers and activators of transcription-1). Others mechanism of the decreased β-cell function may activate cytokines stimulated macrophages. The presence of activated macrophages within pancreatic islets in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus suggests an involvement of ß-cell death. This paper describes that poor oral hygiene are high predisposition on the diabetic progressiveness.
Inhibition effect of calcium hydroxide point and chlorhexidine point on root canal bacteria of necrosis teeth Je, Andry Leonard; Sudirman, Achmad; Samadi, Karlina
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p24-27

Abstract

Calcium Hydroxide point and Chlorhexidine point are new drugs for eliminating bacteria in the root canal. The points slowly and controly realease Calcium Hydroxide and Chlorhexidine into root canal. The purpose of the study was to determined the effectivity of Calcium hydroxide point (Calcium hydroxide plus point) and Chlorhexidine point in eleminating the root canal bacteria of nescrosis teeth. In this study 14 subjects were divided into 2 groups. The first group was treated with Calcium hydroxide point and the second was treated with Chlorhexidine poin. The bacteriological sampling were measured with spectrofotometry. The Paired T Test analysis (before and after) showed significant difference between the first and second group. The Independent T Test which analysed the effectivity of both groups had not showed significant difference. Although there was no significant difference in statistical test, the result of second group eliminate more bacteria than the first group. The present finding indicated that the use of Chlorhexidine point was better than Calcium hydroxide point in seven days period. The conclusion is Chlorhexidine point and Calcium hydroxide point as root canal medicament effectively eliminate root canal bacteria of necrosis teeth.
Lip and allar base dimensions among adolescence in healthy and post unilateral cleft lips correction in deutro-malaid population D, Coen Pramono
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p1-7

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to observe the differences between some anthropometric values of the lip and allar base area in normal and those who had undergone incomplete unilateral cleft lip surgical correction using Millard’s I technique. The investigation was done on male und female adolescence of 12–15 years of age. Thirteen anthropometric dimension variables were observed, as X1 = width of the allar base, X2 = the distance between two corners of the mouth, X3 = the distance between the center of the lip and the right mouth corner, X4 = the distance between the center of the lip and the left mouth corner, X5 = the distance between the center of the allar base and the center of the of upper lip, X6 = the distance between upper part of two philtrum pillars, X7 = the distance between two philtrum pillars base, X8 = the height of right philtrum pillar, X9 = the height of left philtrum pillar, X10 = the distance between the right allar base to the right mouth corner, X11 = the distance between the left allar base to the left mouth corner, X12 = the width of the right nostril, and X13 = the width of the left nostril. The t-test analysis showed the average of the anthropometric lip and allar base dimensions among male adolescence groups in variables of X1, X2, X4, X5, X6, X7, X10, X11, X12, and X13 shown with significant differences from those of some variables which had undergone incomplete unilateral cleft lip surgical correction (p < 0.05), and no significant differences shown in the variables of X3, X6, X8, and X9 (p > 0.05). The result of the test among the female group presented a significant difference in variables of X4, X5, X6, X9, X11, X12 and X13 (p < 0.05), differed what given in variables of X1, X2, X3, X7 and X8 showed with no significant difference (p > 0.05). It concluded that there are differences in dimensions of the lips and allar bases among normal and post-surgical groups both in adolescence males and females.
Effects of irrigation solutions and Calcium hydroxide dressing on root canal treatments of periapical lesions Nirmala, Vita
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p28-31

Abstract

The preparation of root canal in endodontic treatment plays an important role in treating non vital teeth with periapical lesion. Some factors influence the success of root canal treatment in short and long terms are the irrigation of root canal using antiseptic solution and the use of root canal medicament. The aim of this literature study is to determined the effect of irrigation solution and Calcium hydroxide dressing in root canal treatment of periapical lesions. The use of root canal medicament during the endodontic treatment could sterilized and decreased the number of pathogenic microorganism of root canal. An effective root canal irrigation solution must be able to dissolve organic and anorganic debris, lubricate endodontic instruments, disinfect microorganisms, non toxic and economical. The best irrigation solution has maximum antimicrobial effect with minimum toxicity. Division of calcium hydroxide into Calcium and hydroxyl ions is responsible for alkalinization of cavity, subsequently it makes the condition of cavity to be inappropriate for bacterial endotoxin in vitro as well as in vivo, and considered as the only clinically effective medicament in inactivating bacterial endotoxin. Calcium hydroxide is the only medication which has the ability to clinically inactive bacterial endotoxin in vitro in vivo and accepted as the best of root canal medication.
Study on the cytotoxicity and chromosome aberration following implantation of sea coral in rabbits TP, Kannan; Tai Keat, Freeda Woon Faiza Woon; Witjaksono, Widowati; Samsudin, Abdul Rani
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p8-11

Abstract

Coral has been used as a bone substitute in many experimental studies. It has been proven to be biocompatible, biodegradable and easy to handle: and it has not been found to cause any inflammatory responses. The present study was undertaken to determine the cytotoxicity in terms of mitotic index as well as the clastogenic effect (chromosome aberration) of sea coral implantation in rabbits. The animals comprised of five male adult healthy New Zealand White (Oryctolagus cuniculus) rabbits. The biomaterial, sea coral granules used in this study was obtained from Porites species and processed by the tissue bank of Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Malaysia. The blood samples were collected twice from the rabbits, once before the implantation of the sea coral granules (which acted as the control) and the other, one week after the implantation (which acted as the treatment) and lymphocyte cultures were set up. The cultures were then harvested and the chromosomes were prepared for analysis. The diploid number of chromosomes in the rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) was found to be 44. Mean mitotic indices of 3.84 ± 0.54 per cent and 3.76 ± 0.23 per cent were obtained before and after implantation of sea coral granules respectively. There were no structural or numerical chromosomal aberrations observed in both the cases. The mitotic index values and chromosomal analyses in this preliminary study carried out indicate that the biomaterial, sea coral granules is non-cytotoxic and non-clastogenic under the present test conditions.
The effect of caffeine on osteoblast proliferation after tooth extraction in Wistar rats Yuwono, Budi
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p32-34

Abstract

Caffeine is the most well-known substance which consumed by most people daily. Behind its popularity as favorable drinks and food, this substance also known can inhibit the post extraction wound healing by decreasing the proliferation of osteoblast cells through the increase of intracellular cyclic Adenosine Mono Phosphate (cAMP). The objective of this study was done to observe the effect of caffeine intake toward the number of osteoblast cells during the wound healing of post dental extraction in Wistar’s rats. This study was an experimental laboratory research and the post test-only control group design was used for the statistical evaluation. The samples used were 24 healthy 3 months old male Wistar’s rats, with approximately 200 grams of body weight and devided into 4 groups. Three groups were taken and represented as a treated group (P) and the rest of one group was used as a control group (KO). Caffeine diet with a dosage of 3.78 mg/100 ml grams of body weight/cc was given for 7 days in group P1, P2 for 14 days, and 21 days in group P3 and the diet was given orally using an oral sonde. Teeth extractions of the right first molar in the lower jaw were done in all groups according to the interval time had been scheduled. Seven days of post-extraction time was waiting in all groups before the sample being decapitated for further histological examination in the post extracted sites. A Hematoxillin and Eosin staining was used and the number of osteoblast cells were counted under light microscopy with 400 times magnification. One-way ANOVA and Least Significant Difference (LSD) test were used for the statistical evaluation. The result of the study shown a significant decrease of the number of osteoblast cells in caffeine consumed group of 7, 14, and 21 days observed (p < 0.05). This study conclude that the duration time of caffeine consumed had been interfered significantly with the osteoblast cell proliferation during the wound healing after teeth extractions in Wistar’s rats.
Antimicrobial effects of Coleus amboinicus, Lour folium infusum towards Candida albicans and Streptococcus mutans Rianti, Devi; Yogyarti, Sri
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p12-15

Abstract

A laboratory experimental study conducted on antimicrobial effects of Coleus amboinicus, Lour folium Infusum towards Candida albicans and Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). Effective concentration of Coleus amboinicus, Lour to decrease the quantities Candida albicans and S. mutans colonies is expected to be found out in this study. This study was using Coleus Amboinicus, Lour folium infusum with 12.5%, 15%, 17.5%, 20%, and 22.5% concentrations. Sterilized aquadest used as a control. Candida albicans and S. mutans quantities was enumerated by counting the amount of Candida albicans and S. mutans growth in the Sabouraud ,s dextrose agar and Tryptone and yeast Agar media, using Colony Forming Unit per milliliter (CFU/ ml) unit. Data analysis was using a One-Way ANOVA and LSD with 5% degree of significance. The result showed 22.5% concentration of CAL folium infusum was the most effective in decreasing the quantity Candida albicans and S. mutans colonies.
Hybrid layer difference between sixth and seventh generation bonding agent Suryabrata, Grace Syavira
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p35-38

Abstract

Since etching is completed at the same stage as priming and bonding, when applying the sixth and seventh generation bonding, the exposed smear layers are constantly surrounded by primer and bonding and cannot collapse. The smear layer and the depth of penetration of resin bonding in dentinal tubules are completely integrated into hybrid layer. The purpose of this laboratory research was to study the penetration depth of two self etching adhesive. Fourteen samples of human extracted teeth were divided into two groups. Each groups consisted of seven samples, each of them was treated with sixth generation bonding agent and the other was treated with seventh generation bonding agent. The results disclosed that the penetration into dentinal tubules of seventh generation bonding agent was deeper than sixth generation bonding agent. Conclusion: bond strength will improve due to the increasing of penetration depth of resin bonding in dentinal tubules.
Manufacturing hollow obturator with resilient denture liner on post hemimaxillectomy Kamadjaja, Michael Josef Kridanto
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 39, No 1 (2006): (March 2006)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p16-18

Abstract

A resilient denture liner is placed in the part of the hollow obturator base that contacts to post hemimaxillectomy mucosa. Replacing the resilient denture liner can makes the hollow obturator has an intimate contact with the mucosa, so it can prevents the mouth liquid enter to the cavum nasi and sinus, also eliminates painful because of using the hollow obturator. Resilient denture liner is a soft and resilient material that applied to the fitting surface of a denture in order to allow a more distribution of load. A case was reported about using the hollow obturator with resilient denture liner on post hemimaxillectomy to overcome these problems.

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