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INDONESIA
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19783728     EISSN : 24429740     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) (e-ISSN:2442-9740; p-ISSN:1978-3728) is published by the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Its diciplinary focus is dental science and dental hygiene. The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) is published in English on a quarterly basis with each 50-60 page edition containing between nine and eleven scientific articles on research, study literature and case studies. Contributors to the Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) included: dental researchers, dental practitioners, lecturers, and students drawn from Indonesia and a wide range of other countries.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)" : 11 Documents clear
Root canal overfilling as an influencing factor for the success of endodontic treatment Sabir, Ardo
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p194-197

Abstract

The goal of endodontic treatment is to keep the teeth as long as possible in the mouth. The obturation process in the root canal is one of the most important processes in endodontic treatment. The purpose of this article is to explain that overfilling is an influencing factor to the success of endodontic treatment. It has been widely known that overfilling should be avoided during an obturation process. Overfilling of the root canal is indicated only in cases which will be followed by apicoectomy, when the foreign material is removed. Accidental overfilling may occur with soft material (for example, certain pastes and cements) or with solid material (such as gutta-percha or silver cones). Such overfilling may cause an unnecessary mechanical and chemical irritation, which hinders the repair of periapical tissue, and thus, diminishes the probability of a successful endodontic treatment prognosis. Many things could cause overfilling, which makes overfilling unpleasant feeling for the patient such as severe pain, periapical lesion, gingival discoloration, periodontal ligament breakage, or even paresthesia. There are several ways to overcome this root canal overfilling, from the conventional endodontic treatment up to endodontic surgery. The main conclusion from this article is to avoid overfilling and the importance of clinicians’ compliance to the right procedures.
The Graptophyllum pictum extract effect on acrylic resin complete denture plaque growth Wahyuningtyas, Endang
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p201-204

Abstract

Graptophyllum pictum, in Indonesian is named ‘daun ungu’, is one of the traditional plants usually used as haemorrhoids medicament in Indonesia; it is composed from alkaloid, pectin, saponin, tannin, flavonoid and alcohol. Graptophyllum pictum is able to prevent the growth of Streptococcus mutans. The purpose of this investigation is to study the effect of Graptophyllum pictum extract toward the growth of plaque on acrylic resin complete denture. For this plaque growth research, 40 samples of acrylic resin complete denture were used, which divided into four groups. Those samples were first treated by cleansing each denture from saliva with running water. The existence of plaque on the complete denture was known by means of disclosing agent. The plaque was then scored by using modified Quigley Hein index, in this case until the plaque was scored zero. The second treatment was soaking the Group I to IV denture samples in Graptophyllum pictum extract with various concentration 5%, 10%, 20% and 40%, each for 15 minutes. Following this, the dentures were worn by the patients again for four hours, and then removed and washed with water. Then the disclosing agent were rubbed on the dentures and subsequently washed with water. The obtained data were analyzed by One-way variant analysis and t-test. The study result showed there were significant differences among the growth of plaque on acrylic resin complete denture which was soaked in different concentration of Graptophyllum pictum extract (p < 0.05). Regarding this result it can be concluded that Graptophyllum pictum extract could inhibit the plaque growth on acrylic resin complete denture. And it seems also that the highest plaque growth inhibition on acrylic resin complete denture is caused by the 40% concentration extract of Graptophyllum pictum.
Deciduous teeth eruption in full and mosaic type of Down’s Syndrome patient Sjarif, Willyanti
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p183-184

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examined the correlation of deciduous teeth eruption with the karyotipe of) Down’s Syndrome patient. Full and Mosaic karyotype in Down’s Syndrome (DS) patients have different prognostics. A total of 33 DS patients constituted of 23 full and 10 mosaics were enrolled in this cross sectional study. The Chi-square statistical test was utilized to analyze the data. The result revealed that a full trisomy DS patients had their deciduous teeth erupted in 13-18 months old while a mosaic DS patients in 8-12 months old. The conclusion affirmed that the deciduous teeth eruption in mosaic DS patients is earlier than full DS patients (p = 0.002).
Problem in the surgical correction of long-face with vertical open bite D, Coen Pramono
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p159-168

Abstract

Long-face cases usually need both treatment of orthodontic and surgery. The problem appearing in the correction of long-face might be able to be related with some difficult factors such as the crowded teeth and excessive vertical height. A class III malocclusion and excessive open bite can be also followed in long face. This situation might worsen the facial aesthetic condition and increase the difficulty in orthodontic treatment. The orthodontic approach is oriented toward positioning the teeth pre-surgically to facilitate the surgical plan. The form of mandible which has grown in the downward direction in the area of mandible angle makes an extreme vertical open bite. The maxilla is usually presented with a maxillary hypolasia. Double-jaw surgery was done as the correction of the lower jaw alone would produce a flattened face appearance and difficulty in repositioning the mandible to achieve a good facial performance. Several cephalometric points were measured to observe the facial situation progress after surgery. Two cases of longface are reported, and the same surgical treatments were performed and showed different results.
The recurrent aphthous stomatitis healing duration differences in female students between the sufferer and non sufferer of chicken pox Soewondo, Isidora Karsini
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p185-188

Abstract

Chicken pox (CP) is a generalized primary infection that occurs the first time an individual contacts the virus. The etiology of CP is a VZV virus, and the replication of virus allowing recovery in two to three weeks. During the process, the VZV may progress along sensory nerves to the sensory ganglia, where it can reside in a latent, undetectable form; and can be reactivated at any time. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a recurrent ulcer in the mouth, painful, disturbing the mouths function and esthetic when occurs in the lips. One of the etiology of RAS is the reactivation of the latent virus in the mouth. The aim of this study was to know the contribution of the latent virus in the ganglia, intervered with the differences of the healing duration of RAS in female students, between the CP sufferer and non CP sufferer. By cross-sectionally, clinical examination, after filling the questioner that included informed consent, 307 students of The St. Yusup Senior High School, Karangpilang Surabaya, were examined. In the 3rd class, there were only 6 female students that suffered RAS had CP history, while 11, student did not. Levenes test for equality of variances was done, and p: 0.698, while 2-tail sign: 0.512. According to this statistical analysis, there was no significant difference between the two groups examined. It was suggested that the female students of RAS sufferer should maintain their balanced food intake, so the ulcer of RAS would heal quickly.
Elimination of oral focal infection: a new solution in chronic fatigue syndrome management? Utomo, Haryono
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p169-172

Abstract

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is an illness whose primary symptoms are debilitating fatigue and cognitive dysfunction. Substantial symptom overlaping with fibromyalgia, depression, allergic diseases, and many other illnesses, and the absence of a universally applicable diagnostic test, makes the diagnosis of CFS complex and challenging. The pathophysiology of CFS is also complex, and not clearly understood. Formerly, CFS was believed to be a variant form of depression, but due to an increasing body of evidence, CFS is now considered primarily as a biochemical derangement of the functioning of the neuroimmune and neuroendocrine systems. Recently, most treatments still primarily emphasize analgesics, anti inflammatory and psychiatric treatment which correlates to psychosomatic disorders. One of the symptoms that is poorly understood is allergy, but according to the neurogenic switching hypothesis the correlation can be explained nowadays. The role of oral focal infection as one of the possible etiology has still rarely been discussed. The goal of this article is to explain the possible pathophysiology of CFS which could be elicited by oral focal infection, especially endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide) from gram negative bacteria. This case report discusses the history of illness, previous treatments, diagnosis, case management and treatment result. Periodontal treatment of a patient with symptom mimicking CFSs undergoing periodontal treatment has a remarkable result. The conclusion is that the elimination of oral focal infection could be a new solution in CFS management.
Comparison of recognition about denture adhesive between Japanese and Indonesian dentists: A pilot study Sadamori, Shinsuke; Hamada, Taizo; Hong, Guang; Nakai, Nakai; Kawamura, Makoto; Razak, Arifzan
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p189-193

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare cross-national differences of the recognition of denture adhesive among dentists. The design of the research was cross-cultural differences. The research was done in Japan and Indonesia. One hundred and ten dentists from Japan and Indonesia were surveyed using a questionnaire regarding knowledge/comprehension of denture adhesive (in Japanese and Indonesian versions respectively). Logistic regression model (forward stepwise method) showed that it was possible to distinguish Japanese dentists from Indonesian peers with a probability of 96.0 per cent by using 4 items out of 16. For the question of "How many domestic products of denture adhesive (DA) do you know?" approximately a half of the Japanese dentists answered "less than 3", whereas 93 per cent of Indonesian subjects answered "nothing". It was concluded that there were much differences in dentists understanding and experience of denture adhesive in the clinic, between Japan and Indonesia.
The efficacy of Clorhexidine 0.2% after scaling in marginal gingivitis Shahrohisham, M; Witjaksono, Widowati
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p173-175

Abstract

Thirty male subjects aged around 20-30 years old, with complete anterior teeth, no inter proximal caries and good general health conditions were selected by using simple random sampling. The anterior teeth were divided into 2 segments right side for 11, 12, 13 and left side for 21, 22, and 23. These two sites were treated by different way for comparing two treatment variables, between scaling therapy alone and scaling therapy with adjunction of Chlorhexidine (CHX) 0.2%. Gingival Index (GI) score was used to determine the gingivitis status of the subjects. Clinical experiment showed that the duration of healing process in subjects treated with scaling with adjunction of CHX 0.2% was faster than scaling therapy alone group. However, in the statistical analysis, there was no significant difference because of several factors. In conclusion, it was found that CHX 0.2% had the efficacy to enhance the healing process in the marginal gingivitis patient that was treated by scaling therapy, but further study using CHX 0.2% with longer duration time should be done to achieve more pronounce effect
The effect of different concentrations of Neem (Azadiractha indica) leaves extract on the inhibition of Streptococcus mutans (In vitro) Subramaniam, Sri Kavi; Siswomihardjo, Widowati; Sunarintyas, Siti
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p176-179

Abstract

The Neem plant has a history for treating gum and teeth problems and this plant is used for oral care in India. The active component (Azadirachta indica) has been proven to exhibit antibacterial properties. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of different concentrations of Neem leaves extract on the inhibition of Streptococcus mutans. Neem leaves extract at concentrations of 10%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% was prepared. Fifty milliliters of each concentration were dropped into holes of 6 millimeters in diameter on a MHA agar that has been inoculated with Streptococcus mutans. Distilled water was used as a control. After 24 hours of incubation, the inhibition diameters were measured and analyzed. The statistical results of the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) illustrated that the different concentrations of Neem extract had a significant influence on the inhibition of Streptococcus mutans. This was followed with the Least Significant Difference (LSD) which implied that there were significant differences between all the concentrations of Neem leaves extract used in this experiment. The conclusion of this study was that Neem leaves extract exhibited antibacterial effect towards Streptococcus mutans and different concentration of Neem leaves extract influenced the inhibition of Streptococcus mutans.
Post core restoration after an endodontic treatment Soetanto, Slamet
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 4 (2005): (December 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i4.p198-200

Abstract

Disorder after an endodontic treatment of the crown portion of a tooth, needs efforts to restore its function and aesthetic. To support the intention for a restoration, a strengthener and an optimal retention in the root canal become necessary. A strengthener in the root canal is a fabricated dowel which can be directly applied. This technique has been developed by using a fiber substance. A restoration as an effort to return the function of mastication, can also suffer a failure. With a right design, among others the posthole preparation, post-choosing, and the core design, any unfavorable situation can be limited.

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