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INDONESIA
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 19783728     EISSN : 24429740     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) (e-ISSN:2442-9740; p-ISSN:1978-3728) is published by the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga. Its diciplinary focus is dental science and dental hygiene. The Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) is published in English on a quarterly basis with each 50-60 page edition containing between nine and eleven scientific articles on research, study literature and case studies. Contributors to the Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) included: dental researchers, dental practitioners, lecturers, and students drawn from Indonesia and a wide range of other countries.
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Articles 12 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)" : 12 Documents clear
Ekspresi produk gen laten virus epstein-barr pada karsinoma sel skuamosa rongga mulut (The expressions of latent gene product of epstein-barr virus in oral squamous cell carcinoma) Budhy S, Theresia Indah
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p84-87

Abstract

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a type of cancer often found in oral cavity and the area of head and neck at about 90%. Based on the geographical incidence oral SCC (OSCC) has many types of different emerging. This case probably has connection with ethnic group, habit and social and economical condition. In East Java, the incidence is about 2.64% and it increases every year. The virus is known as one of the main factors that result in this disease. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has potential capability of carcinogenesis. EBV is the family of herpesviridae that can infect cell through the linking of CD 21 receptor of the epithel with glycol protein 350/220 of the virus capsule. After primary infection, the virus will form latent-gene in human cell. Periodically, the latent-gene product can disturb proliferation and apoptotic regulator. In Indonesia, the expression of EBV latent geneproduct in the OSCC has not been reported yet. This study wanted to know the expression of EBV latent gene product found in the OSCC. This study found 25 cases of OSCC in which 17 were infected by EBV. Detection of EBV infection could be done by insitu hybridization to identify RNA EBV (EBER). To find the expression of EBV latent gene product, immunohistochemical analysis was done. The conclusion was that the emerging of expression of EBV latent gene product in OSCC were latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1), EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) and RNA EBV (EBER). They were 28.28%, 25.26% and 46.47%. It was suggested to do the following research on OSCC infected by EBV and the emerging of expression of EBV latent gene product with regulator gene of proliferation and apoptotic in OSCC.
Keasaman minuman ringan menurunkan kekerasan permukaan gigi (Acidity of soft drink decrease the surface hardness of tooth) Prasetyo, Edhie Arif
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p60-63

Abstract

Acidity can bring about tooth erosion. A laboratory experiment about soft drink acidity to the hardness of tooth surface was done. The purpose of the study was to investigate the surface hardness of the tooth surface after immersion in some kinds of soft drinks. Thirty maxillary premolars were randomly divided into three groups. The first group was immersed in aqua, pH 7.6, the second group in the tea, pH 6,7 and the last group in Cola pH 2,5 for 30, 60 and 120 minutes. The surface hardness measurement was done before and after immersion using micro Vickers hardness tester. The achieved data were analyzed using ANOVA followed by HSD. It was concluded that the immersion in soft drink for 120 minutes could decrease the surface hardness of tooth.
Hubungan frekuensi menyikat gigi dengan tingkat kebersihan gigi dan mulut siswa sekolah dasar negeri di kecamatan Palaran kotamadya Samarinda provinsi Kalimantan Timur Anitasari, Silvia; Rahayu, Nina Endang
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p88-90

Abstract

The aim of this study was to get information about the relation of frequency of teeth brush to oral hygiene of elementary school children in Palaran Samarinda. The samples were 1650 first to sixth grade elementary school children taken from 10 state elementary schools at Palaran Samarinda. Oral hygiene was measured by OHI-S index, and frequency of teeth brush was measured by questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed with chi-square test. The results showed that 6.73% have good oral hygiene, 59.03 % moderate and 34.24% poor. The frequency of teeth brush showed that 18% at 1x, 34.24 % at 2x, 61.88 % at 3x; 1.70% at 4x. With statistical analysis showed that there were relation of frequency of teeth brush to oral hygiene school children (X2 = 98.5, df = 6 and p = 12.59. This study concluded that oral health knowledge and exercise become successful in children from state elementary school at Palaran.
Perbedaan daya hambat terhadap Streptococcus mutans dari beberapa pasta gigi yang mengandung herbal (The difference of inhibition zones toward Streptococcus mutans among several herbal toothpaste) Pratiwi, Rini
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p64-67

Abstract

Prevention of dental caries and periodontal disease with health promotion has been the main goal of Dentistry, since the dental plaque is a common and predominating factor leading to loss of teeth both caused by both dental caries and periodontal disease. Most devices used for plaque removal and periodontal care are based on mechanical action, including toothbrushes, interdentally brushes and oral irrigators. Today, plaque control is facilitated by an increasing variety of active agents based on either natural ingredients or synthetic product. Alternative materials based on essential oil and plant extracts are therefore of particular interest. The aim of the present study was to investigate the different of zone inhibition of Streptococcus mutans of herbal toothpastes. Samples of the subjects were 4 types of herbal toothpastes and 1 herbal toothpaste as control. For inhibition zone trial toward Streptococcus mutans, agar diffusion method was used and the interpretation was done by measuring the widest inhibition zone. The result of the study indicated a statistical significance different on inhibition zone among the 5th toothpastes, but toothpaste containing siwak was the widest inhibition zone.
Determination of fluoride in black, green and herbal teas by ionselective electrode using a standard-addition method Yuwono, Mochammad
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p91-95

Abstract

Tea leaves are very rich in fluoride, since tea plants take up fluoride from the soil and accumulate in its leaves. Some of this fluoride is released into the infusion, which is drunk as tea. Fluoride in tea could be beneficial for the prevention of dental caries, but it may result in excessive intake and lead to enamel fluorosis. The purpose of this work was to determine the fluoride levels in 12 different brands and types of tea by means of a computer-controlled ion-selective electrode potentiometry using a standard-addition method. It is a rapid method which showed good accuracy and precision. Fluoride contents of tea infusions after 5 min ranged from 0.95 to 4.73 mg/l for black teas; from 0.70 to 1.00 mg/l for green teas, and from 0.26 to 0.27 mg/l for herbal teas. It was concluded that black teas and green teas examined may be important contributors to the total daily fluoride intake. However, the ingestion of some black teas that were found to have high fluoride content by children at the age of risk to dental fluorosis should be avoided.
Viabilitas sel fibroblas BHK-21 pada permukaan resin akrilik rapid heat cured (Viability of fibroblast BHK-21 cells to the surface of rapid heat cured acrylic resins) Yuliati, Anita
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p68-72

Abstract

Acrylic resins are widely used in the fabrication of denture bases and have been shown to be cytotoxic as a result of substances that leach from the resin. Numerous reports suggest that residual monomer may be responsible for mucosal irritation and sensitization of tissues. This information is important in eddition to the information of the biologiced effect of such materials. The purpose of this study was to know the viability of fibroblast BHK-21cells to the surface of rapid heat cured acrylic resins. The sample of 5 mm in diameter and 1 mm thickness was cured in water bath for 20, 30, and 40 minutes at 100° C. BHK-21 cells were grown in medium eagle to be 2 × 105 cell/ml in 96 well micro titer plates as the added sample and incubated at 37° C for 24 hour. Five hours before the end of the incubation MTT solutionwas added from step one to each well containing cells. Viability cells were measured by spectrophotometer at 550 nm. The data were statistically analyzed by using one-way analysis of variance followed by LSD test. The result indicated that viability of fibroblast BHK-21 cells did not decrease to the surface of resin acrylic rapid heat cured.
Respons imun humoral pada pulpitis (Humoral immune response on pulpitis) Widodo, Trijoedani
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p49-51

Abstract

Pulpitis is an inflammation process on dental pulp tissue, and usually as the continuous of caries. The microorganism in the caries is a potential immunogenic triggering the immune respons, both humoral and celluler immune responses. The aim of this research is to explain the humoral immune response changes in the dental pulp tissues of pulpitis. This research was done on three group samples: Irreversible pulpitis, Reversible pulpitis and sound teeth as the control group. The result showed that there were three pulpitis immunopathologic patterns: the sound teeth immunopathologic pattern showing a low humoral immune response, in a low level of IgG, IgA and IgM, the reversible pulpitis pattern showing that in a higher humoral immune response, IgG and IgA decreased but IgM increased, the irreversible pulpitis pattern showing that IgG and IgM increased, but it couldnt be repaired although it has highly immunity, and it showed an unusually low level of IgA. This low level of IgA meant that irreversible pulpitis had a low mucosal immunity.
Apakah terapi pengendalian plak dapat menurunkan keparahan rinitis alergika pada anak? (Does oral plaque control therapy reduce severity of allergic rhinitis in children?) Utomo, Haryono; Setijanto, Darmawan
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p96-102

Abstract

Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common ailments in children. In clinical practice approximately 50% of patients with symptoms of rhinitis are diagnosed with non-allergic rhinitis. Positive skin prick test or specific IgE in vitro tests that are relevant to aeroallergens are conclusive diagnostic of allergic rhinitis. However, simple diagnostic method such as "sneezing sign" has already proved to be reliable. Hypersensitive children have humoral immune system (Th2) which release inflammatory factors in the presence of allergen or infection that contribute to allergic response. Immunological reactions occurred and antibodies concentration arise, especially specific IgE instead of IgG because of the isotype switching. A lot of procedures such as allergen avoidance, medication and immunotherapy were done in allergic rhinitis management. However, oral plaque controls were not the point of interest in this case. The aim of this study is to find out the effectiveness of oral plaque control in the reduction of severity of allergic rhinitis symptoms using symptom scores. Fifty children, male and female aged 8–14 years, subjective diagnosed as allergic rhinitis using "sneezing sign" were included in this study. Oral plaque control procedures were done by polishing and flossing followed by 4 days of gargling with 1% povidone iodine. Clinical result showed that after 3 days, oral plaque control 2.925 times more effective than control group. The conclusion was oral plaque control is effective reducing the severity of allergic rhinitis symptoms.
Bahan pemutih gigi dengan sertifikat ADA/ISO (Tooth bleaching material with ADA/ISO certificate) Meizarini, Asti; Rianti, Devi
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p73-76

Abstract

Bleaching of teeth for cosmetic reasons is a popular aspect of cosmetic dentistry because patients realize the aesthetical benefits of these products. The dentist as a clinicians practitioner must be knowledgeable of the products and their application techniques. Bleaching materials which are safe and effective are the ADA accepted or manufactured by those which have already haved ISO certificate. Dentist must have enough knowledge about in-office bleaching prescribed for home-use bleaching including their contra indication and side effects, to advise the patients and provide effective bleaching services.
Epulis and pyogenic granuloma with occlusal interference Witjaksono, Widowati; Al Ani, Ban Tawfeek Shareff
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol 38, No 2 (2005): (June 2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v38.i2.p52-55

Abstract

In dental clinic of Hospital University Science Malaysia (HUSM), there were cases with Localized Gingival Enlargement (LGE) in the oral cavity with occlusal interference. In this study, three cases were observed. They were a 13 - year- old female with fibrous lge around 31 and 32 with occlusal interference in protrusive movement due to X bite, a 15 - year – old female with pyogenic granuloma near 11 & 21 with occlusal interference due to deep bite; and a 24 – year – old female who was eight months in pregnancy with pyogenic granuloma on the 34-35 and severe generalized pregnancy gingivitis with occlusal interference in centric occlusion and lateral movement. Clinical and histopathological diagnosis of the first case showed fibrous epulis, whereas the second and third cases disclosed pyogenic granuloma. Chronic trauma of the gingiva due to occlusal interference was assumed to be the cause of those LGE in case 1 and 2, while in case 3 poor oral hygiene and chronic trauma were assumed to be the etiologic factors.

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