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Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi
Published by Universitas Airlangga
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Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 26, No 3 (2018): December" : 8 Documents clear
Comparison of the effect of sambiloto (AS 201-01) tablet and dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine on macrophage MIF expression in mice placenta infected with Plasmodium berghei Aryani, Desak Ketut Ayu; Prasetyo, Budi; Widyawaruyanti, Aty; Widjiati, Widjiati
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 26, No 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.201 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V26I32018.100-106

Abstract

Objective: To compare the administration of sambiloto tablets (AS201-01) and dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine phosphate tablets in pregnant mice infected by P. berghei on the expression of MIF in the placenta.Materials and Methods: Experimental laboratory research, 24 pregnant mice were divided into 4 groups with randomization, ie. non-infected, placebo, sambiloto (AS201-01) and DHP groups. On day 9 P. berghei was infected, on day 11 the treatment was given, day 15 the surgery was performed, placental samples were taken, immunohistochemical staining was given, and MIF expression was assessed.Results: The expression of MIF in the group not infected with P. berghei had the lowest mean, while the highest mean was found in the placebo group. Uninfected groups were not significantly different from sambiloto (AS201-01) tablet group. Sambiloto tablet group (AS201-01) had lower MIF expression than DHP group, but it was not significantly different. Sambiloto tablet group (AS201-01) showed lower MIF expression than placebo. MIF expression in DHP group was lower than that in placebo group. From the lowest, the MIF expressions were as follows: group not infected with P. berghei, group receiving sambiloto (AS201-01) tablet, DHP group and placebo group.Conclusion: MIF expression in the placenta of pregnant mice infected with P. berghei and receiving sambiloto (AS20-01) tablets was not different from those receiving DHP tablets.
Effects of per oral cypermethrin exposure on Bcl-2 expression in granulose cells and antral follicle count of Rattus norvegicus ovaries Indrayanti, Indrayanti; Rahardjo, Bambang; Sujuti, Hidayat
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 26, No 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (164.602 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V26I32018.123-127

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the effect of oral cypermethrin exposure on the decrease of Bcl-2 expression in granulosa cells and antral follicle count in Rattus norvegicus ovary.Materials and Methods: This was a true experimental study using post-test control group design. This study used 24 Rattus norvegicus which were divided into 4 groups, the control group, treatment group (P1) exposed to cypermethrin 10 mg/kg BW, treatment group (P2) exposed to cypermethrin 15 mg/kg BW and treatment group (P3) exposed to cypermethrin 20 mg/kg BW. The treatment groups were exposed to cypermethrin for 28 days. A surgery was conducted in proestrus phase and ovarian organs were taken. Bcl-2 expression examination was performed by using immunohistochemical method and the antral follicle count was assessed with the Hematoxillin Eosin (HE)Results: This study showed the decrease of Bcl-2 expression in cypermethrin-exposed group compared to control group. There was a decrease in antral follicles count in cypermethrin-exposed group compared to control group.Conclusion: Cypermethrin can decrease Bcl-2 expression and antral follicles count in Rattus norvegicus ovaries.
Ovarian Malignant Brenner Tumor Alfianto, Romi; Rahniayu, Alphania; Yuliati, Indra
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 26, No 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.173 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V26I32018.135-142

Abstract

Objectives: To report one malignant Brenner tumor (MBT) case in Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, that underwent therapy from August 2016 to August 2017.Case report: A woman aged 62 years underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salphingo-oophorectomy surgery with histopathologic results of malignant Brenner Tumor. From immunohistochemical examination the expression of p63 was positive. The patient had been treated with Paclitaxel carboplatin chemotherapy for 5-cycles, with the results of the last post-chemotherapy evaluation showing no recidive mass.Conclusion:There was only one case of malignant ovarian Brenner Tumor in Dr Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, in 2014- 2016. The diagnosis can only be based on anatomic pathology examination. The specific tumor markers for malignant Brenner tumors have so far not been found.  
Role of aspirin dose in reducing uterine artery resistance in 16-24 weeks pregnant women with abnormal uterine artery resistance Adibrata, Muhammad Arief; Sulistyono, Agus; Ernawati, Ernawati
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 26, No 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (487.497 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V26I32018.128-134

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the decrease of resistance index (RI) from uterine artery in pregnant woman receiving low dose aspirin therapy between 80 mg/day and 125 mg/day who had abnormal doppler velocimetry (DV) ultrasound examination at 16-24 weeks.Materials and Methods: An experimental study using double blind randomized clinical trial design. Subjects were from Mulyorejo and Kalijudan public health service in Surabaya, that included pregnant women with 16-24 weeks of pregnancy with abnormal uterine artery velocimetry ultrasound. The results of ultrasound Doppler examination were divided into four levels; normal (RI<0.58; (-) diastolic notching), level I (RI> 0.58; (-) diastolic notching), level II (RI<0.58; (+) disatolic notching) and level III (RI> 0.58; (+) diastolic notching). Uterine doppler ultrasound examination was performed at Fetomaternal Division, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, by fetomaternal consultants before and after the admin-istration of low-dose aspirin of 125 mg/day and 80 mg/day for four weeks.Results: Ninety subjects were obtained and randomized into 2 groups, with 45 subject in each group. Before treatment, in 125 mg/day group those with level I were 34 subjects and level III 11 subjects. In 80 mg/day group, level I 41 subjects, level II 2 subjects and level III 2 subjects. After 4 weeks of treatment, a second DV USG was performed in Aspirin 125 mg/day group. Normal were 40 subjects, level I 4 subjects, and level III 1 subject. In aspirin group 80 mg/day, normal 22 subjects, level I 19 subjects and level III 4 subjects. The analysis was performed with Wilcoxon test before and after treatment in both aspirin treatment group 125 mg/day and 80 mg/day with p value respectively, p=0.001 and p=0.005.Conclusion: Compared with aspirin of 80 mg/day, aspirin of 125 mg/day is more superior to decrease uterine arterial resistance in pregnant women with ultrasound uterine arterial doppler velocimetry at 16-24 weeks gestational age.
Resurgence of placenta accreta in Indonesia Aryananda, Rozi Aditya
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 26, No 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.636 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V26I32018.98-99

Abstract

Placenta accreta is a common term used for defining a clinical condition which part or all of the placenta attaches to the myometrium that difficult to remove. Placenta accreta is a placental disorder which has been around for a long time and became a resurgence in Indonesia since 2016 with its incidence reached 2% and is still increasing until now. Placenta accreta is one of the most terrifying conditions faced by gynecologists and resulted in the increase of mortality and morbidity of pregnant women in Indonesia. In the United States, the incidence increased from less than 1 per 2000 pregnancies in 1980 to around 1 per 500 pregnancies until recently. The increased cases of placenta accreta is always directly proportional to the cesarean delivery rates.
Effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation on BMP-15 expression and Graafian follicle count in mice model of endometriosis Parasti, Ratriana Via; Widjiati, Widjiati; Dwiningsih, Sri Ratna
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 26, No 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.637 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V26I32018.107-111

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the effect of bone marrow mesenchy-mal stem cells (BMSCs) on BMP-15 expression and Graafian follicle count in endometriosis mice.Material and Methods: This study was a laboratory randomized clinical trial on Mus musculus. The object of the study was 42 mice which were divided into 3 groups, the control, endome-triosis, and endometriosis + BMSCs groups. Comparison of BMP-15 expression and Graafian follicle count between groups was evaluated.Results: Immunohistochemical analysis showed that BMP-15 expression in control, endometriosis, and endometriosis + BMSCs groups had p=0.551, p=0.446 and p=0.917 with ANOVA test p=0.273, indicating no statistically significant differences between groups . Graafian follicular count in the three groups had p=0.31, p=0.001, and p=0.006, with the Kruskal-Wallis test p=0.001. Graafian follicles in the endometriosis + BMSCs group were higher than those in control and endometriosis groups.Conclusion:In the endometriosis mouse model with bone mar-row stem cell transplantation the BMP-15 expression in each group did not show a difference, but a significant difference was found in the number of Graafian follicles. 
Fifty percent of food restriction during gestation reduced the dendritic density of cerebrum and cerebellum of Rattus norvegicus newborn Fauzi, Anwar; Widjiati, Widjiati; Joewono, Hermanto T
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 26, No 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (119.076 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V26I32018.112-117

Abstract

Objectives: To analyze the influence of 50 percent food  restriction during pregnancy to the dendritic density of cerebellum and cerebellum of newborn Rattus norvegicus.Materials and Methods: Laboratory experimental study with single blind randomized post-test only control group design using animal model; pregnant Rattus norvegicus as treatment models. Subjects were divided into two groups: control group and treatment group which was exposed to 50% food restriction (FR 50%). At day 21, both group sacrificed and the cerebrum and cerebelum of the offsprings were prepared and stained with silver impregnation. We used parametric independent t-test in analyzing dendritic density.Results: In the cerebrum there was a significant difference in dendritic density between control (4.98+2.17) and treatment (2.69+0.76) groups with p=0.001 (p<0.05). In the cerebellum there was ALSO a significant difference in dendritic density between control (7.37+2.23) and treatment groups (3.01+0.64) with p=0.000 (p<0.05).Conclusions: The dendritic density of cerebrum and cerebellum of newborn Rattus norvegicusexposed to 50 percent of food restriction during pregnancy  were lower than control. 
Causes of post-caesarean surgical site infection at South Konawe Hospital, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, February - July 2017 Dani, Mokhamad Anhar; Pranadyan, Rizki; Yusuf, Muhammad; Prasetyo, Budi
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 26, No 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (156.254 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V26I32018.118-122

Abstract

Objectives: To analyze the causes of post-caesarean section surgical site infection (SSI) at South Konawe Hospital, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, between February and July 2017.Materials and Methods: Retrospective study using descriptive method with cross-sectional design from February to July 2017 in inpatient and outpatient wards at Obstetrics and Gynecology Outpatient Clinic, South Konawe Hospital. The population was the patients medical records.Results: There were nine cases (7.75%) from totally of 116 cases of caesarean section with SSI. Based on SSI type, there were four cases (44.4%) with superficial SSI and 5 cases (55.5%) with deeper classification of SSI. SSI was dominated by women of productive age with age 20-35 years in 66.6% case. The lowest BMI was 22 kg/m2 and the highest BMI was 41.5 kg/m2. Hemoglobin levels were higher than 11 g/dL (66.6%). The most surgical action to be performed was emergency operation in 8 cases (15.09%).Conclusion:Causal characteristics of SSI at South Konawe were age of 20-35 years, the lowest BMI of 22 kg/m2 and the highest BMI 41.5 kg/m2, hemoglobin levels higher than 11 g/dL, and the need of emergency operation. 

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