Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25409395     EISSN : 25409409
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant novelty and short communications in all branches of chemistry. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. IJFAC calls for papers that cover the following fields: Biochemistry Inorganic chemistry Physical chemistry Organic chemistry Analytical chemistry Applied Chemistry All papers are peer reviewed by at least two referees. Papers presented at conferences are peer reviewed and selected with the same standards as individually submitted papers. They therefore have the same archival value. Article should be submitted by the Online Submission Module at www.ijfac.unsri.ac.id or email to ijfac@unsri.ac.id
Articles 62 Documents
The Effect of H-USY Catalyst in Catalytic Cracking of Waste Cooking Oil to Produce Biofuel Rosmawati, Rosmawati; Arita, Susila; Komariah, Leily Nurul; Nazarudin, Nazarudin; Alfernando, Oki
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.67

Abstract

The crisis in petroleum is caused by the diminishing supply of petroleum resources from nature. This phenomenon encourages researchers to continue to look for processes and methods to produce energy from other resources. One of these ways is to produce energy that can be utilized from waste, including converting waste cooking oil into biofuel. This method not only could provide a source of renewable energy, but also help resolve the issue of household waste. The process used to produce biofuel from waste cooking oil is by catalytic cracking, where waste cooking oil after pretreatment is converted into biofuel in the flow reactor with H-USY catalyst. In this research, the reaction temperatures used are 400 °C, 450 °C, 500 °C and 550 °C and reaction times are 30, 45 and 60 minutes with the mass ratio of the amount of waste cooking oil to the amount of catalyst used is 40:1 (w/w). The highest yield of liquid biofuel product was obtained at 60.98%. The use of H-USY catalyst shows that the distribution of components contained in biofuel are 28.02% of diesel products (C17 -C20), 23.96% of gasoline (C6 –C12) and 7.78% of Heavy oil (C20 >) in catalytic cracking of waste cooking oil with a reaction time of 45 minutes at a temperature of 450 °C.
Liquid Soap Production from Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) Fat Waste Aprianti, Nabila; Nurhayati, Siti; Moeksin, Rosdiana
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.77

Abstract

Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) fat is a waste that has not been used optimally, especially in the use of soap. This study aimed to determine the effect of operating conditions are temperature, reaction time, and the ratio of volume between catfish oil and KOH. Soap can be formed by saponification reaction with strong alkali by hydrolyzing catfish oil with variations in the volume ratio of reactants (1:2, 1:3 and 1:4), temperature (75 °C and 95 °C) and reaction time (45 minutes and 75 minutes) with a constant stirring speed of 300 rpm. In the variation of the volume ratio of reactants, temperature and reaction time carried out in this study, a good liquid soap obtained is the volume ratio of reactants 1:3, temperature 75 °C and reaction time 45 minutes with pH 9.3 and free fatty acid 2.27%. The soap products produced have met SNI No. 06-4085-1996.