Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25409395     EISSN : 25409409
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant novelty and short communications in all branches of chemistry. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. IJFAC calls for papers that cover the following fields: Biochemistry Inorganic chemistry Physical chemistry Organic chemistry Analytical chemistry Applied Chemistry All papers are peer reviewed by at least two referees. Papers presented at conferences are peer reviewed and selected with the same standards as individually submitted papers. They therefore have the same archival value. Article should be submitted by the Online Submission Module at www.ijfac.unsri.ac.id or email to ijfac@unsri.ac.id
Articles 62 Documents
Nutrient Digestibility of Beef Cattle Ration with Total Mixed Fiber Amoniation (TMFA) as Basal Feed and Organic Mineral Supplementation by In Vitro Imsya, Afnur; Windusari, Yuanita; Riswandi, Riswandi
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (273.583 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i1.12

Abstract

The research was aimed to obtain the level of organic minerals supplementation with Total mixed fiber Amoniation (TMFA) as basal feeding for the improvement of nutrient digestibility in rumen. Technique of research conducted by In Vitro technique. The method used in this research is a Completely Randomly Designed (CRD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications. P1: 60% amoniation TMF + 0 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Swamp Legumes. P2: 60% ammonia TMF + 0.75 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Swamp Legum, P3: 60% ammonia TMF + 1 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Legum Swamp P4: 60% amoniation TMF + 1.5 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Swamp Legum. Each treatment was added with an organic micro-mineral consisting of 40 ppm organic Zn, 10 ppm organic Cu, 0.10 ppm organic Se, and 0.30 ppm organic Cr. The parameters measured in the in-vitro technique were, measurement of nutrient digestibility which consists of dry matter and organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, NDF and ADF. The results showed that organic mineral supplementation had significantly different effect (P <0.05) on nutrient digestibility (dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, ADF, NDF). The conclusion of this study was that organic mineral supplementation of Ca, P and S 1.5 times of requirement according to NRC (2000) gave the best results for in vitro nutrient beef digestion with Total mixed fiber ammoniation (TMFA) as basal feed and supplementation of l5% legume swamp (Kemon air).Keywords: Amoniation, total mixed fiber, organic mineral, nutrient digestibility
Utilization of Modified White Corn Starch in Producing Marshmallow Cream Aini, Nur; Hariyadi, Purwiyatno
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.01 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i2.40

Abstract

The purpose  of this study was to determine the effect of the white maize starch by oxidation and acetylation-oxidation modification on gel formation and character of the resulting gel, and applying a modified white corn starch in manufacturing of marshmallow cream. White corn varieties Srikandi, Pulut and Canggal are used as raw materials to produce starch. Starch modification is conducted by oxidation and acetylation-oxidation. Quality analysis of the modified starch is freeze thaw stability, smallest gel formation concentration and gel strength. Corn starch, both native and modified applied in manufacturing of marshmallow cream. The results showed that the treated starch acetylation-oxidation provide the best freeze thaw stability with the least water released than native starch and modified starch oxidation. Starch modified by oxidation tend to have the highest Least Gelling Concentration (LGC). Gel produced from modified starch both oxidation and acetylation-oxidation has a gel strength greater than the native starch. Marshmallow cream that uses a modified starch by acetylation-oxidation, have the best received power in testing organoleptic by the panelists. Use of modified starch does not give a noticeable difference in color of the product, but it gives texture and the best spread power compared to products using original starch.
A Triterpenoid Compound From The Leaves of Lantana camaraLinn. Kartika, Kartika MZ; Suryati, Suryati; Efdi, Mai
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.462 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i1.18

Abstract

A triterpenoid compound has been isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Lantana camaraLinn leaves. The isolation was performed by chromatography of gravitation column with a gradient elution system using hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol. Purification by recrystallization produces a white solid (20 mg) with a melting point of 288-289 °C. The results of elucidation of UV, IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, HMBC, HSQC, DEPT and COSY spectral data, it is known that the isolated triterpenoid compound is 22β-angeloyloxy-9-hydroxy-3-oxo-olean-12- en-28-oicacid with molecular formula C35H52O6. Keywords—Lantana camaraLinn, Chromatography of gravitation column, Triterpenoid, C35H52O6
Assessing the Effectiveness of Top Leaf Meal of Indigofera zollingeriana to Substitute Soybean Meal through Evaluation on Protein Quality and Metabolic Energy in Poultry Feed Palupi, Rizki; Sumiati, Sumiati; Astuti, Dewi Apri; Abdullah, Luki
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.919 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i2.47

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate protein quality of top leaf meal of Indigofera zollingerina based on its net protein utilization (NPU) as well as to evaluate its metabolizable energy. Fifty broiler chicks were used in determination of NPU while fifteen broiler strain Cobbs chickens aged 5 weeks were used for metabolizable energy measurement. This study used descriptive method in which data obtained were analyzed and compared to NPU and metabolizable energy of soybean meal. The results showed that top leaf meal of Indigoferazollingerinahad NPU of 38.58 – 46.98, which is 70.14% - 85-42% of that of soybean meal (55). Its metabolizable energy was 2791.12 kcal/kg and was 9.46% higher than that of soybean meal. As the NPU and metabolizable energy were close to those of soybean meal, top leaf meal of Indigoferazollingerinacan be used to substitute protein from soybean meal in poultry feed.
Color And COD Degradation of Procion Red Synthetic Dye by Using Fenton-TiO2 Method Teguh, Dedi; Agustina, Tuty Emilia; Faizal, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (556.202 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i1.23

Abstract

Nowadays, environmental pollution caused by industrial wastewater is quite apprehensive. Most of textile industries used synthetic dyes. Procion red is one of the synthetic dyes that often used in textile industries and classified as a reactive dye that is difficult to decompose in nature and contain harmful toxins. One of the colored wastewater treatment process is by using Fenton reagent and TiO2 catalyst (Fenton-TiO2) as one of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). The objective of this research is to treat of procion red synthetic dye by using Fenton-TiO2 method and study the effect of procion red concentration, reaction time and the concentrations of TiO2 catalyst on color and COD degradation. In this experiment, the concentrations of procion red were varied between 150-300 ppm, the concentrations of TiO2 catalyst were varied from 0.05 to 0.4% (w/v) and the reaction time of 5 to 20 minutes. The optimum condition was achieved by using procion red concentration of 150 ppm with TiO2 catalyst concentration of 0.4% and reaction time of 20 minutes, which the maximum color and COD degradation of 98.67% and 92% were achieved respectively. This condition was applied to the real wastewater of textile home industry in Palembang. The color and COD degradation of 59% and 44% were found respectively after 220 minutes of reaction.
Assessment of Ogan River Water Quality Kabupaten OKU South Sumatera by NSFWQI Method Yulistia, Eriyana; Fauziyah, Fauziyah; Hermansyah, Hermansyah
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.156 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i2.54

Abstract

A Study of physicochemical and microbiology analysis in Ogan River Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu was carried out in Mei-Juny 2016. The purpose of this study was to determine the water quality status of Ogan River by using National Sanition Foundation Water Quality Index. Water quality status was studied at six selected stations to represent different localities with varying anthropogenic discharge. Water samples were taken by purposive sampling method. Physicochemical and microbiology parameters of samples were measured pH, temperature, Turbidity, Total Suspended Solids, Dissolved Oxygent, Biochemical Oxygent Demand, Nitrat, Phospate, and Fecal Coliform following standard method. The river water quality status is medium, the value ranged 56-57. Based on these indices it is concluded that the anthropogenic activies along Ogan River effected quality of water Ogan River.
Utilization of Electrolyte Solution in Nanotube Formation on Ti-6Al-4V Metal Alloy Charlena, Charlena; Kemala, Tetty; Wulanawati, Armi
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (519.72 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i1.01

Abstract

Formation of nanotube morphology on the surface of Ti-6Al-4V metal did not occur homogeneously, so when it was coated with hydroxyapatite, it did not merge well. One of the factor that affected the inhomogeneously formed nanotube was the utilization of electrolyte solution. The research has been done to observe the effect of electrolyte solution in the formation of nanotube morphology on the surface of Ti-6Al-4V metal alloy. Electrolyte solution that was used was ethylene glycol, HF, and NH4F with time variation of an hour, 2 hour, and 3 hour. Formation of nanotube morphology on the surface of Ti-6Al-4V metal alloy was done using anodization process. The result showed that in HF electrolyte solution which was anodized for an hour ɑ and β phase that composed Ti-6Al-4V metal alloy was formed, meanwhile when using electrolyte solution of ethylene glycol  + NH4F for 2 hours showed that there were pores that opened on Ti-6Al-4V metal alloy surface. Nanotube morphology on the surface of Ti-6Al-4V metal alloy was formed using electrolyte solution of ethylene glycol + NH4F which was anodized for 3 hours.
Evaluation of the Use of Cassava Based Complete Ration Silage on Nitrogen Retention and Metabolizable Energy Male Duck Sandi, Sofia; Sudarman, Asep; Laconi, Erika B; Wiryawan, Komang G; Mangunwijaja, Djumali
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.211 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i2.29

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a complete ration silage made of cassava biomass  nitrogen retention, and metabolizable energy male ducks. Control diet consisted of corn, rice bran, coconut meal, soybean meal, vegetable oil, fish meal and premix. While the treatment of silage ration of cassava based (BBS) consisted of leaves, peel, and tubers of cassava, as well as a mix of fish meal, vegetable oil, premix, DL-methionine and L-lysine. The experimental design used was completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 4 replicates ie S0 (100% control diet), S25 (75% control diet + 25% BBS silage), S50 (50% control diet + 50% BBS silage), S75 (25% control diet + 75% BBS silage), and S100 (100% BBS silage ration). Measurement of metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention was conducted using 25 male ducks aged 10 weeks maintained in metabolic cages and adapted to experimental diets for seven days. Ducks were fasted for 24 hours before the experimental diets were offered. Metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention were measured by the method of Sibbald (1989). The results showed that a decline in nitrogen retention and, metabolizable energy along with the increasing level of BBS silage in the rations. The conclusion of this study was the use of up to 75% BBS silage generated metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention that do not differ from the control ration.Key words: cassava silage, complete ration, male duck, metabolizable energy, nitrogen retention 
Separation of Glycerol from Biodiesel Oil Products Using High Voltage Electrolysis Method Trisnaliani, Lety; Zaki, Ahmad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (222.189 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i1.07

Abstract

This study aims to separate glycerol from used cooking oil biodiesel products. This research is done by main process by analyzing free fatty acid level (FFA) to know the fat content of the oil in order to know the next process. This research is done by electrolysis process using high voltage. We done transesterification process by using methanol and NaOH as catalyst before performing the process of electrolysis with high voltage. Biodiesel is manufactured using a mini-scale stirred tank reactor (RATB) laboratory. This process is heated at temperature (35-60) oC, the ratio of used cooking oil and methanol (5:1, 6:1, 7:1, 8:1, 9:1) using a 0.1 N NaOH catalyst. The research obtained optimum reaction temperature yield highest percentage of rendement at temperature 60oC and ratio of used cooking oil and methanol 5:1 with percentage of rendement equal to 88,88, cetane number 48,4, kinematic viscosity 2,560, pour point 37,4 oF, flash point 131 oF, Conradson Carbon Residue (CCR) 0.09, and ASTM Colour 1.5. This shows that the manufacture of biodiesel with high microwave and high voltage utilization yields a high percentage of 88.88 and the product is biosolar-48.  
The Effect of Chitosan Addition to the Digestibility of Dried Matter, Organic Matter and Crude Protein of Tegal’s Duck Rations Sahara, Eli; Widjastuti, Tuti; Balia, Rostita L; Abun, Abun
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.458 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i2.35

Abstract

The optimum performance of duck farm can be achieved by providing them with good quality rations. Rations with good digestibility will increase the productivity due to large amount intake of nutrients. Chitosan is type of animal fibre which assisted the growth of useful microbes in digestive system. Addition of chitosan in cattle rations will improve the ecologic of duck digestive system to be more conducive.  The aimed of the research was to evaluate rations digestibility with the addition of chitosan. The research was used completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 5 repetitions. Each repetition consists of 2 ducks. The treatments are R0 stands for rations without chitosan and R1-R3 with addition of chitosan 0.5%, 2% and 2.5% respectively. Parameter measured were dried matter digestibility, organic matter and crude protein. Data processing was conducted by using SAS Windows 16. Result showed chitosan addition at 0.5% and 2.5% gave dried matter digestibility and crude protein does not higher than control (P>0.05) while chitosan addition at 2% gave result lower than control. Organic matter digestibility displays balanced in value.Keywords: Chitosan, Dried matter digestibility, organic matter, crude protein, rations.