Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25409395     EISSN : 25409409
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant novelty and short communications in all branches of chemistry. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. IJFAC calls for papers that cover the following fields: Biochemistry Inorganic chemistry Physical chemistry Organic chemistry Analytical chemistry Applied Chemistry All papers are peer reviewed by at least two referees. Papers presented at conferences are peer reviewed and selected with the same standards as individually submitted papers. They therefore have the same archival value. Article should be submitted by the Online Submission Module at www.ijfac.unsri.ac.id or email to ijfac@unsri.ac.id
Articles 62 Documents
Study on Quality of Water from Various Resources of Tidal Zonetaken on Dry Season at Muliasari Village Tanjung Lago District Hamida, Indah; Susanto, Robiyanto Hendro; Hariani, PoedjiLoekitowati
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 2, No 2 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1599.958 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v2.i2.39

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Contamination by organic matters, nutrient, pathogenic bacteria, micro pollutant and detergent/surfactant caused quality decrease of water in tidal zone. This study was aimed to evaluate quality of various water resources and to elaborate correlation between tidal environment condition and water resources quality at Muliasari village district of Tanjung Lago. Water sample was taken by purposive sampling method. Analysis result using Storet method showed average value of several parameters at high tide are: temperature 31.37°C;TSS 74.28 mg/L;pH 3.38; salinity 1.82; DO 5.05 mg/L; BOD 32.51 mg/L; COD 98.5 mg/L; ammonia 0.29 mg/L; phosphate 0.1690 mg/L; Fe 0.272 mg/L and Coliform 0.31/100 mg/L. At low tide these parameters had values for temperature 27.13°C; TSS 67.14 mg/L; pH 3.38; salinity 1.7; DO 4.86 mg/L; BOD 14.13 mg/L; COD 43.71; ammonia 0.244 mg/L; phosphate 0.1695 mg/L; Fe 0.232 mg/L and Coliform 0.32/100 mg/L. According to Governor’s provision no.16/2005 on water quality standard, water from various resources of Muliasari village were moderately polluted. Domestic waste water management is needed at this area followed by training and enhance occupant’s awareness to maintain hygiene and environment quality. Monitoring effort is also necessary on water resources quality for at least once every 6 months. Key words: Water quality, tidal zone, domestic waste
Removal of COD and TSS From Dye Solution Using Sand Filtration and Adsorption Juniar, Heny; Said, Muhammad; Haryati, Sri; Faizal, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (868.019 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i3.67

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Abstract: This research was conducted in order to obtain proper compositions and the standard condition for the simple filtration equipments and optimum operational conditions in adsorption column. The research was carried out by analyzing parameters COD and TSS. The result showed that the process was able to reduced parameters observed from filtration step until the process in adsorptions column. The optimum conditions for sand filter equipment were 10 cm sand height, at least 7 cm fibers, 3-4 cm gravel. In the adsorption column, the optimum conditions for green waste water were flow rate at 40 ml/min 60 min adsorptions time, and 60 cm bed height. While purple for waste water; 20 mL/min of flowrate, 60 min of adsorption time, and the 60 cm of bed heightKey words: dye solution, COD, TSS, sand filtration, adsorption column Abstrak (Indonesian): Penelitian mengenai pengolahan limbah cair hasil pencelupan benang songket dengan metode filtrasi dan adsorpsi telah dilaksanakan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan komposisi dan ukuran yang tepat bagi alat penyaring sederhana dan mendapatkan kondisi operasi yang tepat bagi kolom adsorpsi.  Parameter pengamatan adalah kadar COD dan TSS.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa telah terjadi penurunan kadar limbah sejak tahap penyaringan hingga proses di kolom adsorpsi.  Kondisi optimum alat penyaring sederhana adalah ketebalan pasir 10 cm, ijuk minimal 7 cm, kerikil 3-4 cm dan penambahan tawas sebanyak 2g/L limbah.  Pada kolom adsorpsi kondisi optimum adalah kecepatan alir 40 mL/menit, waktu tinggal di kolom 60 menit dan ketinggian unggun batubara 60 cm.Kata kunci: limbah cair pencelupan, bahan-bahan berbahaya, filtrasi pasir, kolom adsorpsi
Strategy for technology energy selection to achieve coal value added in PT. Bukit Asam (Persero), Tbk., Rostiarti, Peni; Ibrahim, Eddy; Toha, Taufik
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 2, No 3 (2017): October 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (858.058 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v2.i3.66

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The role of coal in providing national energy has already increased nowadays, and still taking an important subject. Government obligation to support added value is not really encourage industry player to applied technology energy that has been developed widenly in South Africa, China and others developing country. The scope of this research is technology energy for coal diversification, such as Coal Upgrading, Coal Gasification, Coal Liquefaction, Coal Water Mixture, and applied Coal Bed Methane Technology that extract gas methane from the pore of coal. The purpose of this research is to estimate coal resources, quality range and to select technology energy that can be potentially develop in PT. Bukit Asam (Persero), Tbk. Coal Resources and coal quality in each mining licences area becomes the basic strength for developing technology energy as part of SWOT Analysis. Based on the SWOT Analysis from 5 technology energy then the scope limited into 3 highest technology energy that is Coal Gasification, Coal Liquefaction and Coal Bed Methane as the most potential technology energy to develop in PT. Bukit Asam (Persero), Tbk. 
Application of Electrocoagulation Process for Continuous Coal Stockpile Wastewater Treatment System Rusdianasari, Rusdianasari
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 2, No 1 (2017): February 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (637.19 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v2.i1.10

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Coal wastewater is characterized by high total suspended solid (TSS), heavy metals, and low acidity (pH). The purpose of this study was to research the effects of the operating parameters such as applied voltage, the number of electrodes, and reaction time on a real coal stockpile wastewater in the continuous electrocoagulation process. For this purpose, aluminum electrodes were used in the presence of potassium chloride as an electrolyte. It has been shown that the removal efficiency of TSS and heavy metals content increased with increasing the applied voltage and reaction time. The results indicate that the electrocoagulation process is efficient and able to achieve 88.67% TSS removal, 95.65% ferrous removal, 99.11% manganesse removal, and pH increased until 7.1 at 24 volts during 120 min, respectively. The experiments demonstrated the effectiveness of electrocoagulation methods for the treatment of coal stockpile wastewater.Key words: coal stockpile wastewater, electrocoagulation, electrode
Characterization of Activated Carbon from Coal and Its Application as Adsorbent on Mine Acid Water Treatment Hardianti, Siti; Rachman, Susila Arita; E.H., Harminuke
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 2, No 2 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (687.398 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v2.i2.34

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Anthracite and Sub-bituminous as activated carbon raw material had been utilized especially in mining field as adsorbent of dangerous heavy metal compound resulted in mining activity. Carbon from coal was activated physically and chemically in various temperature and particle sizes. Characterization was carried out in order to determine the adsorbent specification produced hence can be used and applied accordingly. Proximate and ultimate analysis concluded anthracite has fixed carbon 88.91% while sub-bituminous 49.05%. NaOH was used in chemical activation while heated at 400-500°C whereas physical activation was conducted at 800-1000°C. Activated carbon has high activity in adsorbing indicated by high iodine number resulted from analysis. SEM-EDS result confirmed that activated carbon made from coal has the quality in accordance to SNI and can be used as adsorbent in acid water treatment.
Analyses of Non-bonding Length, Partial Atomics Charge and Electrostatic Energy from Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Phospholipase A2 – Substrate Syarif, Nirwan; Rohendi, Dedi
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1278.599 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i3.72

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Abstract: This paper reports molecular dynamics simulation of phospholipase A2 (PLA2)– substrate that has been done. Non-bonding length, partial atomic charge and electrostatic energy were used to evaluation the interaction between PLA2 and substrate. The research was subjected for three types of PLA2 of different sources, i.e, homo sapien, bovinus and porcinus, by using computer files of their molecular structures. The files with code 3elo, 1bp2, dan 1y6o were downloaded from protein data bank.  Substrate structure can be found in 1y60 and was separated from its enzyme structure and docked into two other PLA2 structures for simulation purpose. Molecular dynamics simulations were done for 30000 steps with constant in number of molecules, volume and temperature (NVT). The results showed the existing of flip-flop mechanism as basic feature of PLA2 – substrate reactions. Interaction length analysis results indicated the presence of water molecules on the structures of 1bp2 and 3elo at the time of the simulation was completed. The existence of aspagine at the reaction site confirmed the theory that this amino acid is responsible for the survival of the reaction. the electrostatic energy increased substantially in the interaction after homo sapien PLA2 (3elo) and Bovinus (1bp2) with the substrate. Inverse effect took place in the PLA porcinus (1y6o).Keywords: flip flop, inflammation, in-silico, simulation Abstrak (Indonesian): Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang simulasi dinamika molekuler pada Situs Reaksi Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) dengan substratnya. Analisis panjang non-ikatan, muatan atom parsial dan energi elektrostatis digunakan untuk menilai interaksi antara PLA2 dan substratnya. Penelitian dilakukan pada tiga jenis sumber PLA2, yaitu homo sapien, bovinus dan porcinus dengan menggunakan file komputer untuk struktur molekul dengan kode 3elo, 1bp2, dan 1y6o. Pada file 1y60 terdapat struktur substrat yang dapat ditemukan secara alamiah. Kedua file lainnya tidak mengandung struktur molekul substrat. Simulasi dinamika molekul dilakukan untuk 30.000 langkah dengan konstan dalam jumlah molekul, volume dan suhu (NVT). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keberadaan mekanisme flip-flop sebagai fitur dasar reaksi PLA2 - substrat. Hasil analisis panjang interaksi menunjukkan bahwa kehadiran molekul air pada struktur 1bp2 dan 3elo pada saat simulasi dilakukan. Keberadaan aspagine di lokasi reaksi menegaskan teori bahwa asam amino ini bertanggung jawab untuk kelangsungan hidup reaksi. energi elektrostatik meningkat secara substansial dalam interaksi setelah homo sapien PLA2 (3elo) dan Bovinus (1bp2) dengan substrat. efek terbalik terjadi di porcinus PLA (1y6o).Kata kunci: flip flop, inflamasi, peradangan, in-silico, simulasi
Water pollution evaluation as consequent of old wells oil exploration Sopeana, Sriyani; Ibrahim, Eddy; Faizal, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 2, No 3 (2017): October 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.756 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v2.i3.62

Abstract

This research was aimed to investigate effect of oil spills on surface water from exploration in Dutch well.The investigation was carried out by in situ measurement of some parameters.Water sample was collected by grab sampling method and the analysis was conducted at Laboratory of Environment Badan Lingkungan Hidup dan Penelitian Pengembangan (BLHPP) Kabupaten Musi Banyuasin.The measurement result showed that some parameters did not fulfill the requirement of Standar Quality for Domestic Water Regulation according to Government Regulation No. 82 year 2001 i.e. COD and Oil&Fat content. The surface water and shallow ground water quality had some parameters that did not comply with standar quality according to regulation such as BOD, COD, DO, and oil-fat content.Calculation of pollution indeks (PI) showed that domestic water has 3.26 and was categorized into slightly polluted. At surface water in Angit River, the calculation of PI showed that upstream river was slightly polluted (3.23), while midstream was slightly polluted (3.22) and in downstream river was mildly polluted (9.60). 
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy of Polyvinylalcohol Based Gel Electrolyte Syarif, Nirwan; Hidayanti, Nurlisa; Majlan, Edy Herianto; Jayanti, Monica Sari
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 2, No 1 (2017): February 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1164.388 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v2.i1.16

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Research on the effect of electrolyte ammonium salt, concentration electrolyte with plasticizer to ionic and electronic conductivity of polymer gel electrolyte has been conducted with the variations of two electrolyte NH4Cl-PVA and NH4SCN-PVA at a concentration of 10, 30, 40 (wt%). The measurement of using ionic conductivity by using  impedance spectroscopy method showed that the highest value was 0.0156 Scm-1 i.e. in the  54.6% propilen carbonate with 40%  NH4Cl and PVA. The lowest value was 0.009 Scm-1 i.e. in the NH4SCN based electrolyte without propilene carbonate and electronic conductivity showed that the highest value was 0.0156 Scm-1 i.e. 40% NH4Cl-PVA and NH4SCN-PVA and the lowest value was 0.009 Scm-1, i.e. in the NH4SCN based electrolyte without propilene carbonate. Factorial analyses showed that the concentrations of electrolyte and the plasticizer affect conductivity value. FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared) measurement showed that the  addition of propilene carbonate did not show new bond formation between electrolyte and PVA. It can be shown in absence of characteristic wave number for propilene carbonate and NH4+ ion.Keywords: DOE, plasticizer,  propylenecarbonate, ionic, electronic, conductivity
Laboratory effluent Treatment by Using Coagulant Alum sulphate and Poly Aluminium Chloride (PAC) Raimon, Raimon; Said, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 2, No 2 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.438 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v2.i2.47

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It has been investigated of the laboratory effluent treatment using coagulant Alum sulphate (AS) and Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC). This research purposes to get the best doses of coagulant in waste water treatment. Parameter focuses are Total Dissolved Solid (TDS), Fe, Mn, Cr, and Ammoniac (NH3). The result shows the Alum sulphate was more effective. The effectiveness of pollutant decrease is 58,80% of TDS, 99,14% of Fe, 98% of Cr, 77,24% of Mn, and 23,18% of Ammoniac, respectively.Keywords: Laboratory wastewater, Alum sulphate, Poly Aluminum Chloride, Heavy metals, Coagulation
The Seasional Trends of Dissolved Oxygen and pH in Sugihan River, South Sumatra, Indonesia Saleh, Noormaisyah; Mohadi, Risfidian; Dwi Saputra, Agus
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (613.473 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i3.78

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Abstract: The concentrations of DO and pH of Sugihan Rivers from the upstream at Riding, Pangkalan Lampam, OKI to the offshore region of Sugihan Estuary were analyzed at 15 sampling points during dry and rainy seasion. All measurements of DO and pH were direct analysis at the river stream. The concentrations as the average values of DO in dry seasion was 1,97 mg / L while in rainy seasion was 2,57 mg / L, and for the pH degree was 3,63 in dry seasion and 4,04 in rainy seasion, respectively. Based on the DO and pH values, this study shown the natural forests and peat lands gave contribution to the low of pH degree. The low of DO values also influenced by the pH, because decomposition in the peatlands made higher solubility of biomass to the rivers stream and decreasing the ability of oxygen to penetration into the waterbody.Keywords: DO, pH, Sugihan river, natural forest, peatland Abstrak (Indonesian): Konsentrasi DO dan pH Sungai Sugihan dari hulu di Kuda, Pangkalan Lampam, OKI ke wilayah lepas pantai Sugihan Muara dianalisis pada 15 titik sampling selama musim kering dan hujan. Semua pengukuran DO dan pH adalah analisis langsung di aliran sungai. Konsentrasi sebagai nilai rata-rata DO di musim kering adalah 1,97 mg / L sedangkan di musim hujan adalah 2,57 mg / L, dan untuk tingkat pH adalah 3,63 di seasion kering dan 4,04 di musim hujan. Berdasarkan nilai-nilai DO dan pH, penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hutan alam dan lahan gambut berkontribusi pada rendahnya tingkat pH. Rendahnya nilai DO juga dipengaruhi oleh pH, karena dekomposisi di lahan gambut membuat kelarutan yang lebih tinggi dari biomassa ke aliran sungai dan penurunan kemampuan oksigen untuk penetrasi ke aliran sungai tersebut. Kata kunci: DO, pH, Sungai Sugihan, hutan alam, lahan gambut