Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25409395     EISSN : 25409409
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant novelty and short communications in all branches of chemistry. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. IJFAC calls for papers that cover the following fields: Biochemistry Inorganic chemistry Physical chemistry Organic chemistry Analytical chemistry Applied Chemistry All papers are peer reviewed by at least two referees. Papers presented at conferences are peer reviewed and selected with the same standards as individually submitted papers. They therefore have the same archival value. Article should be submitted by the Online Submission Module at www.ijfac.unsri.ac.id or email to ijfac@unsri.ac.id
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019" : 7 Documents clear
The Effect of Fermentation Bran and Chitosan in Ration to Percentage of Tegal Duck Digestive Tract Weight Sahara, Eli; Sandi, Sofia; Yossi, Fitra
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.909 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i1.25

Abstract

Duck productivity is largely determined by the optimization of bodily functions. The food consumed greatly determines the development of digestive organs and internal organs of livestock. Digestive organs that are well developed and function optimally will be very decisive in turning feed into meat and eggs. Chitosan is a crustacean waste product known as animal fiber and is antimicrobial. Whereas fermented bran contains natural fiber rich in nutrients and is hypocholesterol. The aim of the study was to look at the role of chitosan and bran fermented on the weight percentage of digestive organs of ducks. The study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. Each test consists of 2 ducks as a unit of experiment. The treatment is R0 = 45% corn + 35% concentrate + 20% bran without fermentation, R1 = 45% corn + 35% concentrate + 20% fermented bran, R2 = 45% corn + 35% concentrate + 19.5% fermented bran + 0.5% chitosan and R3 = 45% corn + 35% concentrate + 17.5% fermented + 2.5% chitosan bran. The variable measured is the weight percentage of the digestive organs (gizzard, small intestine and pancreas) in ducks. Data was processed using SAS Windows 16. The results showed that the administration of fermented chitosan and bran gave an average percentage of gizzard weight (ventriculus) and pancreatic weight percentage was not significantly different between treatments (P> 0.05), while treatment R1 (20% fermented bran) It was shown that the percentage of small intestine weight was higher (31.85%) than control R0.
Acid Resistance Test of Probiotic Isolated from Silage Forage Swamp on In Vitro Digestive Tract Sandi, Sofia; Miksusanti, Miksusanti; Sari, Meisji Liana; Sahara, Eli; Supriyadi, Adi; Gofar, Nuni; Asmak, Asmak
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.758 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i1.15

Abstract

Antibiotics are commonly used in poultry ration, and afterward these drug residues may persist in foods. There is an alternative source of antibiotics in poultry rations, one of which is using probiotics. Probiotics are living microorganisms capable of reaching the gastrointestinal tract and benefiting health, leaving no residue in the body. Probiotics can be originated from bacteria such as lactic acid bacteria (LAB) which produced lactic acid and antimicrobial components. LAB must be able to live in the digestive system with various pH condition. pH resistance testing of LAB was performed by introducing diluted bacteria into several buffer solutions with different pH and a predetermined incubation time, then was grown in MRS agar medium. This study was conducted to determine the resistance of LAB isolates as probiotics from silage forage swamp at different pH distributed in vitro digestant. The design used was a complete randomized design consist of 3 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments were using isolate of Kumpai Tembaga silage (P1), isolate of 50% Kumpai Tembaga silage and 50% Kemon Air silage (P2), and isolate of Kemon Air silage (P3). The results showed that all isolates used were lactic acid bacteria, and the treatment significantly affected the value of LAB resistance test against low pH and high pH. Isolate from Kumpai Tembaga silage (P1) is a lactic acid bacterium with higher ability to survive in pH of in vitro digestive system.
Pyrolysis of Vacuum Residue By Thermal and Catalytic Cracking Using Active Alumina Catalyst Yunanto, Isnandar; Haryati, Sri; Bustan, Muhammad Djoni
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (368.61 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i1.29

Abstract

Vacuum Residue as feedstock derived from Pertamina Refinery Unit III was cracked in a fixed batch reactor under thermal and catalytic with single stage pyrolysis process using active alumina oxide (Al2O3) as a catalyst. The catalytic pyrolysis process carried out at a temperature 450°C in the presence of a varied catalyst to feed ratio 0.5-2.5 w/w% and varied of reaction times 5-30 minutes. While the thermal process performed under same operating conditions without presence the catalyst. The effect of alumina catalyst ratio on quantity and quality of yield product, the effect of operating conditions (reaction times) on yield distribution has been investigated. As a result, the cracked products are liquid, gas and coke residue. The yield of liquid products was dominant, the highest catalyst ratio showed the highest yield of the liquid product reached 63.1 wt% and the lowest yield of coke residue by 24.75 wt%. The highest yield of gas by 23.9 wt% was found at minimum catalyst used by 0.5 wt%
Leachate Treatment of TPA Talang Gulo, Jambi City by Fenton Method and Adsorption Adriansyah, Endi; Agustina, Tuty Emilia; Arita, Susila
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (228.743 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i1.20

Abstract

ABSTRAKLindi  adalah cairan yang ditimbulkan oleh sampah akibat masuknya air eksternal yang dapat melarutkan materi-materi terlarut, termasuk materi-materi organik hasil dekomposisi secara biologi. Lindi dari sebuah landfill (TPA) mengandung zat organik dan anorganik dalam konsentrasi yang tinggi. Dengan adanya gaya gravitasi maka lindi yang terbentuk akan bergerak ke dasar landfill (TPA) akan masuk ke dalam tanah dengan membawa bahan cemaran baik material tersuspensi maupun material terlarut yang dapat mencemari air tanah. Salah satu proses pengolahan lindi adalah dengan menggunakan reagen Fenton dan adsorpsi yang termasuk dalam teknologi Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). AOPs didasarkan pada pembentukan spesies yang sangat reaktif seperti radikal hidroksil (OH•) yang efektif untuk menurunkan COD, BOD dan TSS. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengolah lindi menggunakan reagen Fenton dan adsorpsi serta mempelajari rasio molar Reagen Fenton dan  waktu pengadukan terhadap penurunan COD, BOD dan TSS. Pada penelitian ini lindi diolah selama 30-120 menit. Kondisi optimum dicapai pada rasio molar 1:200, waktu pengadukan 120 menit, dan adsorpsi menggunakan karbon aktif selama 120 menit dimana penurunan COD, BOD dan TSS maksimum yang dicapai berturut-turut 95%, 95% dan 92% dengan nilai konsentrasi akhir 96 mg/L, 25,5 mg/L% dan 90 mg/L.Kata Kunci: Lindi, Reagen Fenton, AOPs, COD, BOD, TSS ABSTRACTLeachate is a liquid generated by waste due to the entry of external water that can dissolve dissolved materials, including decomposition of organic matter biologically. Leachate from a landfill (TPA) contains organic and inorganic substances in high concentrations. by gravitational force, the leachate formed will move to the bottom of the landfill (TPA) and will enter the soil by carrying contaminated material, both suspended material and dissolved material that can pollute ground water. One of the leachate treatment processes is using Fenton reagent and adsorption. Fenton method included in Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) technology. AOPs are based on the formation of highly reactive species such as hydroxyl radicals (OH•) which are effective for reducing COD and BOD. This study aims to treat leachate by using Fenton reagent and adsorption. The effect of reagent Fenton molar ratio and stirring time on degradation of COD, BOD and TSS were also investigated. In this study leachate was processed for 30-120 minutes. the optimum conditions were achieved at a molar ratio of 1: 200, stirring time of 120 minutes, and adsorption using 120 minutes of activated carbon where the maximum decrease in COD, BOD and TSS achieved was 95%, 95% and 92% with a final concentration of 96 mg/L, 25.5 mg/ L and 90 mg/ L.Keywords : Leachate, Fenton Reagent, AOPs, COD, BOD, TSS
Performance of Silica Membranes from Fly Ash Coal of PT Semen Baturaja in Reducing Metal Content in Mine Acid Water Trisnaliani, Lety; Purnamasari, Indah; Ahmadan, Fatria
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (484.999 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i1.09

Abstract

Mine acid water has a high level of acidity as a result of oxidation of rocks containing pyrite and sulfide minerals from the remains of rocks exposed to oxygen in the water, which usually contain high metal content. One way to reduce the metal content in acid mine water is to use a silica membrane. In the study, silica membranes were made by extracting silica from fly ash by using two types of solvents or extractors, namely HCl and HNO3.  The adsorption time are 100 minutes, 120 minutes, and 140 minutes with the aim to find out which extractors can produce membranes with performance good and optimum time in the absorption of metal content from acid mine drainage. SEM analysis shows that there is no pore formed on the membrane. Based on the results of the analysis of the research conducted, it can be seen that the membrane with HCl extractor can work better in reducing metal content with optimum adsorption time in the 140th minute. Acid mine drainage also experienced a decrease in flux from 14.9283 L / m2 hours to 6.8244 L / m2h for the membrane with HCl extractor and for HNO3 membrane decreased from 11.9427 L / m2h to 7.6774 L / m2h. Keywords: Silica Membranes, Fly Ash Coal, Metal Content, Mine Acid Water, extractor 
Studies on the Controlled Release of Drugs from Magnetic Nanobiocomposites Heinze, Thomas; Müller, Robert; Zhou, Mengbo; Rabel, Martin; Warncke, Paul; Fischer, Dagmar
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.706 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i1.1

Abstract

Magnetic nanocomposites are a class of smart materials that have attracted recent interest as drug delivery systems or as medical implants. In this study, meltable nanobiocomposites (NBC) composed of biocompatible dextran fatty acid ester and magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) melting close to human body temperature were prepared and loaded with Rhodamine B (RhB) or green fluorescent protein (GFP) as model drugs to evaluate their potential use as drug delivery system. The release of the model drugs from the magnetic NBC investigated under the influence of a high frequent alternating magnetic field (AMF, 20 kA/m at 400 kHz) showed that on-demand release is realized applying the external AMF. The NBC showed a long-term stability (28 d) of the incorporated iron oxide particles after incubation in artificial body fluids. This work reveals the potential of the NBC as a drug carrier.
Analysis of Biodiesel Conversion on Raw Material Variation Using Statistical Process Control Method Andalia, Winny; Pratiwi, Irnanda; Arita, Susila
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (401.82 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i1.35

Abstract

Biodiesel is a alternative fuel that can be obtained from vegetable oils or animal fats through transesterification reactions with alcohol. Biodiesel has numerous advantages compared to diesel oil, namely: it is a renewable energy resource, it is not toxic, and it is environmentally friendly because the raw material does not contain sulfur and low emissions. Biodiesel production is inseparable from the availability of raw materials, until now the raw materials that meet the needs of production capacity are palm oil (CPO). To overcome this problem, in this study we want to find out how much biodiesel conversion percentage if we use other raw materials such as: CPO oil, corn oil, VCO oil, and waste cooking oil. The analysis used in this study was the analysis of the use of raw materials to the value of biodiesel conversion using the Stastical Process Control (SPC) method. SPC method was used to analyze, manage, control, and improve a product and process using statistics. The objective of this study was to produce high conversion percentage biodiesel, and analyze and control the quality of research products. By having this statistical methods, it could be found errors in a study or out of control production so that further action can be taken to overcome them. In this study, it was found that the product which was outside of the control limit was biodiesel made from CPO and waste cooking oil. The results of the analysis using cause and effect diagrams could determine the causes of damage in the production process, which come from the factors of workers/humans, production machines, working methods, materials/raw materials and work environment. 

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