Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25409395     EISSN : 25409409
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant novelty and short communications in all branches of chemistry. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. IJFAC calls for papers that cover the following fields: Biochemistry Inorganic chemistry Physical chemistry Organic chemistry Analytical chemistry Applied Chemistry All papers are peer reviewed by at least two referees. Papers presented at conferences are peer reviewed and selected with the same standards as individually submitted papers. They therefore have the same archival value. Article should be submitted by the Online Submission Module at www.ijfac.unsri.ac.id or email to ijfac@unsri.ac.id
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 1, No 3 (2016): October 2016" : 5 Documents clear
Removal of COD and TSS From Dye Solution Using Sand Filtration and Adsorption Juniar, Heny; Said, Muhammad; Haryati, Sri; Faizal, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (868.019 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i3.67

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Abstract: This research was conducted in order to obtain proper compositions and the standard condition for the simple filtration equipments and optimum operational conditions in adsorption column. The research was carried out by analyzing parameters COD and TSS. The result showed that the process was able to reduced parameters observed from filtration step until the process in adsorptions column. The optimum conditions for sand filter equipment were 10 cm sand height, at least 7 cm fibers, 3-4 cm gravel. In the adsorption column, the optimum conditions for green waste water were flow rate at 40 ml/min 60 min adsorptions time, and 60 cm bed height. While purple for waste water; 20 mL/min of flowrate, 60 min of adsorption time, and the 60 cm of bed heightKey words: dye solution, COD, TSS, sand filtration, adsorption column Abstrak (Indonesian): Penelitian mengenai pengolahan limbah cair hasil pencelupan benang songket dengan metode filtrasi dan adsorpsi telah dilaksanakan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan komposisi dan ukuran yang tepat bagi alat penyaring sederhana dan mendapatkan kondisi operasi yang tepat bagi kolom adsorpsi.  Parameter pengamatan adalah kadar COD dan TSS.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa telah terjadi penurunan kadar limbah sejak tahap penyaringan hingga proses di kolom adsorpsi.  Kondisi optimum alat penyaring sederhana adalah ketebalan pasir 10 cm, ijuk minimal 7 cm, kerikil 3-4 cm dan penambahan tawas sebanyak 2g/L limbah.  Pada kolom adsorpsi kondisi optimum adalah kecepatan alir 40 mL/menit, waktu tinggal di kolom 60 menit dan ketinggian unggun batubara 60 cm.Kata kunci: limbah cair pencelupan, bahan-bahan berbahaya, filtrasi pasir, kolom adsorpsi
Analyses of Non-bonding Length, Partial Atomics Charge and Electrostatic Energy from Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Phospholipase A2 – Substrate Syarif, Nirwan; Rohendi, Dedi
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1278.599 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i3.72

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Abstract: This paper reports molecular dynamics simulation of phospholipase A2 (PLA2)– substrate that has been done. Non-bonding length, partial atomic charge and electrostatic energy were used to evaluation the interaction between PLA2 and substrate. The research was subjected for three types of PLA2 of different sources, i.e, homo sapien, bovinus and porcinus, by using computer files of their molecular structures. The files with code 3elo, 1bp2, dan 1y6o were downloaded from protein data bank.  Substrate structure can be found in 1y60 and was separated from its enzyme structure and docked into two other PLA2 structures for simulation purpose. Molecular dynamics simulations were done for 30000 steps with constant in number of molecules, volume and temperature (NVT). The results showed the existing of flip-flop mechanism as basic feature of PLA2 – substrate reactions. Interaction length analysis results indicated the presence of water molecules on the structures of 1bp2 and 3elo at the time of the simulation was completed. The existence of aspagine at the reaction site confirmed the theory that this amino acid is responsible for the survival of the reaction. the electrostatic energy increased substantially in the interaction after homo sapien PLA2 (3elo) and Bovinus (1bp2) with the substrate. Inverse effect took place in the PLA porcinus (1y6o).Keywords: flip flop, inflammation, in-silico, simulation Abstrak (Indonesian): Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang simulasi dinamika molekuler pada Situs Reaksi Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) dengan substratnya. Analisis panjang non-ikatan, muatan atom parsial dan energi elektrostatis digunakan untuk menilai interaksi antara PLA2 dan substratnya. Penelitian dilakukan pada tiga jenis sumber PLA2, yaitu homo sapien, bovinus dan porcinus dengan menggunakan file komputer untuk struktur molekul dengan kode 3elo, 1bp2, dan 1y6o. Pada file 1y60 terdapat struktur substrat yang dapat ditemukan secara alamiah. Kedua file lainnya tidak mengandung struktur molekul substrat. Simulasi dinamika molekul dilakukan untuk 30.000 langkah dengan konstan dalam jumlah molekul, volume dan suhu (NVT). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keberadaan mekanisme flip-flop sebagai fitur dasar reaksi PLA2 - substrat. Hasil analisis panjang interaksi menunjukkan bahwa kehadiran molekul air pada struktur 1bp2 dan 3elo pada saat simulasi dilakukan. Keberadaan aspagine di lokasi reaksi menegaskan teori bahwa asam amino ini bertanggung jawab untuk kelangsungan hidup reaksi. energi elektrostatik meningkat secara substansial dalam interaksi setelah homo sapien PLA2 (3elo) dan Bovinus (1bp2) dengan substrat. efek terbalik terjadi di porcinus PLA (1y6o).Kata kunci: flip flop, inflamasi, peradangan, in-silico, simulasi
The Seasional Trends of Dissolved Oxygen and pH in Sugihan River, South Sumatra, Indonesia Saleh, Noormaisyah; Mohadi, Risfidian; Dwi Saputra, Agus
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (613.473 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i3.78

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Abstract: The concentrations of DO and pH of Sugihan Rivers from the upstream at Riding, Pangkalan Lampam, OKI to the offshore region of Sugihan Estuary were analyzed at 15 sampling points during dry and rainy seasion. All measurements of DO and pH were direct analysis at the river stream. The concentrations as the average values of DO in dry seasion was 1,97 mg / L while in rainy seasion was 2,57 mg / L, and for the pH degree was 3,63 in dry seasion and 4,04 in rainy seasion, respectively. Based on the DO and pH values, this study shown the natural forests and peat lands gave contribution to the low of pH degree. The low of DO values also influenced by the pH, because decomposition in the peatlands made higher solubility of biomass to the rivers stream and decreasing the ability of oxygen to penetration into the waterbody.Keywords: DO, pH, Sugihan river, natural forest, peatland Abstrak (Indonesian): Konsentrasi DO dan pH Sungai Sugihan dari hulu di Kuda, Pangkalan Lampam, OKI ke wilayah lepas pantai Sugihan Muara dianalisis pada 15 titik sampling selama musim kering dan hujan. Semua pengukuran DO dan pH adalah analisis langsung di aliran sungai. Konsentrasi sebagai nilai rata-rata DO di musim kering adalah 1,97 mg / L sedangkan di musim hujan adalah 2,57 mg / L, dan untuk tingkat pH adalah 3,63 di seasion kering dan 4,04 di musim hujan. Berdasarkan nilai-nilai DO dan pH, penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hutan alam dan lahan gambut berkontribusi pada rendahnya tingkat pH. Rendahnya nilai DO juga dipengaruhi oleh pH, karena dekomposisi di lahan gambut membuat kelarutan yang lebih tinggi dari biomassa ke aliran sungai dan penurunan kemampuan oksigen untuk penetrasi ke aliran sungai tersebut. Kata kunci: DO, pH, Sungai Sugihan, hutan alam, lahan gambut
Hydroxyapatite Coating on Alloys CoCrMo-TiN with Sol-Gel Method Charlena, Charlena; Giat Sukaryo, Sulistioso; Zuhfria, Moch. Irgham
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.521 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i3.55

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ABSTRACTHydroxyapatite is synthesized by precipitation-sonification using calcium from field snail shell and powder phosphorus from (NH4)2HPO4. The calcium value was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer was 82.82%.The temperatures were varied on 600, 800, and 1000 oC to determine the best temperature of the coating. The best temperature was used to superimpose the HAp on the CoCrMo-TiN metal alloy using the modified sol-gel method. The layer on the metal alloy was identified with x-ray diffraction (XRD) and corrosion test. The XRD result showed that most of the CoCrMo-TiN metal alloy surface was coated by HAp. Beside HAp, there were several other phases such as calcium phosphate, carbonate apatite type A and type B. The best result of the corrosion test was showed in CoCrMo-TiN metal alloy coated with HAp with the smallest corrosion rate 0.0082 mpy.Keywords: hydroxyapatite, CoCrMo-TiN, precipitation-sonification, sol-gel modified
Comparison of The Performance of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) Electrodes with Different Carbon Powder Content and Methods of Manufacture Rohendi, D.; Majlan, E.H.; Mohamad, A.B.; Shyuan, L.K.; Raharjo, J.
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 3 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1076.386 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i3.61

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Abstract: Carbon powder in the gas diffusion layer (GDL) contained in the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) has an important role in the flow of electrons and reactant gas. Meanwhile, the method of making the electrode is one of the many studies conducted to determine the most appropriate method to use. Comparative study of the performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) electrodes with different carbon powder content (vulcan XC-72) in the GDL and  methods of manufacture of the electrode between casting and spraying method has been carried out. The spraying method consists of one layer and three layer of catalyst layer (CL). The content of carbon powder in the GDL as much as 3 mg cm-2 has a better performance compared to 1.5 mg cm-2 with an increase of 177.78% current density at 0.6 V. Meanwhile, the manufacture of CL with three-layer spraying method has better performance compared with one-layer spraying and casting method.Key words: casting method, spraying method, catalyst layer (CL), GDL.Abstrak (Indonesian): Serbuk karbon pada lapisan difusi gas (LDG) yang menyusun elektroda membran memiliki peran penting dalam mengatur aliran elektron dan gas reaktan. Pada sisi lain metoda pembuatan elektroda adalah salah satu dari banyak studi yang dilakukan untuk menentukan metoda yang paling sesuai yang dapat dikerjakan. Telah dikerjakan studi komparatif kinerja membran penukar proton pada elektroda sel bahan bakar dengan kandungan serbuk karbon (vulcan XC-72) dalam LDG yang bervariasi dan studi komparasi metoda pembuatan elektroda secara tuang dan semprot. Metoda semprot dikerjakan dalam dua variasi yakni pembuatan lapisan katalis (LK) satu dan tiga lapisan. Kandungan serbuk karbon dalam LDG hingga 3 mg cm-2 memiliki kinerja lebih baik dibanding 1,5 mg cm-2 dengan peningkatan kerapatan arus 17,78% pada 0,6 V. Pembuatan LK dengan metoda semprot tiga lapisan memperlihatkan kinerja terbaik dibanding metoda semprot satu lapisan dan metoda tuang.Kata kunci: metode casting, metode spraying, layer katalis, GDL

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