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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 25409395     EISSN : 25409409     DOI : -
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant novelty and short communications in all branches of chemistry. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. IJFAC calls for papers that cover the following fields: Biochemistry Inorganic chemistry Physical chemistry Organic chemistry Analytical chemistry Applied Chemistry All papers are peer reviewed by at least two referees. Papers presented at conferences are peer reviewed and selected with the same standards as individually submitted papers. They therefore have the same archival value. Article should be submitted by the Online Submission Module at www.ijfac.unsri.ac.id or email to ijfac@unsri.ac.id
Articles 62 Documents
Optimization Of Palm Oil Mill Effluent Treatment By Applying RSM And ANN Said, Muhammad; Ba-Abbad, Muneer M; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (572.298 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i1.07

Abstract

AbstractThe optimization of the COD removal from palm oil mill effluent (POME) has done. The correlation of concentration and pH of POME, and Trans membrane pressure (TMP) of Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane was optimized by response surface method using a second order polynomial model with Box Behken design consist of 17 runs. To determine whether the model was adequate for representing the experimental data; it was indicated by the ANNOVA table (p-value, lack of fit and R2 values).  The main factor influenced the COD removal was concentration and pH of POME.  The optimum conditions were determined from 3D response surface and 2D contour graphs i.e. 28.30% of POME concentration at pH 10.75 and TMP 0.69 kPa to yield 24.1372 mg/L of COD value. The results demonstrate that the response surface method effective to minimize the number of experiment. Keywords: POME; RO membrane; RSM; ANN; COD
Preparation And Characterization Of Cr/Activated Carbon Catalyst From Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fanani, Zainal; Rohendi, Dedi; Dewi, Tri Kurnia; Dzulfikar A, Muhammad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 2 (2016): June 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (333.473 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i2.35

Abstract

Preparation and characterization of Cr/activated carbon catalyst from palm empty fruit bunch had been done. The research were to determine the effect of carbonization temperature towards adsorption of ammonia, iodine number, metilen blue number, and porosity of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst. The determination of porosity include surface area, micropore volume and total pore volume. The results showed the best carbonization temperature activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst at 700°C. The adsorption ammonia of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 6.379 mmol/g and 8.1624 mmol/g. The iodine number of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 1520.16 mg/g and 1535.67 mg/g. The metilen blue number of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 281.71 mg/g and 319.18 mg/g. The surface area of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 1527.80 m2/g and 1652.58 m2/g. The micropore volume of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 0.7460 cm3/g and 0.8670 cm3/g. The total pore volume of activated carbon and Cr/activated carbon catalyst as 0.8243 cm3/g and 0.8970 cm3/g.Keywords : activated carbon, palm empty fruit bunch, porosity, catalyst, chromium
Thermal Stability and Acidity of Silica Supported Keggin Type Polyoxometalate K4[-SiW12O40]•nH2O Me, Welinda; Mohadi, Risfidian; Lesbani, Aldes
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (327.02 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i1.24

Abstract

Silica supported polyoxometalate K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O was prepared systematically using tetraethyl ortho silicate by sol gel method to form K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si. Compound K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si was characterized by diffraction, spectroscopic, and acidity  analyses follow by thermal activity test at higher temperature up to 600 oC. Analysis of FTIR spectrum showed all unique vibration of polyoxometalate K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O was appeared at wavenumber 800-1000 cm-1 before and after supporting process. Crystallinity of K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O and K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si were also similar without changing Keggin structure. Compound K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si showed higher acidity than K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O probably due to Lewis acidity species. Keggin structure of K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si was still retained up to 600 oC showing thermal stability of K4[a-SiW12O40]·nH2O/Si at high temperature.Keyword : Keggin polyoxometalate, tetraethyl ortho silicate, thermal stability, acidity
Modification of Cellulose with 4.4 Diaminodiphenylether-O-Hydroxibenzaldehide as Adsorbent and Its Application for Adsorbing Metalic Ion of Cd2+ In Aqueous Solution HIdayati, Nurlisa; Mohadi, Risfidian; Marsitho, Euis; Fatoni, Ahmad
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 2 (2016): June 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.749 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i2.47

Abstract

This research on the modification of cellulose using 4,4-diaminodiphenylether and o-hydroxybenzaldehyde and its application to adsorb Cd2+ in aqueous solution has been done. The adsorption studies of cellulose and modified cellulose were done by using batch technique. The cellulose and modified cellulose were characterized by FTIR. The FTIR spectra revealed characteristic bands of 1573 cm-1, 1280 cm-1, 3749 cm-1 and 1056 cm-1. It indicates function group of C=N, C=O, O-H and Si-OR bond, respectively. The FTIR spectra of cellulose and modified cellulose which interacted to Cd2+, it were indicated by the shift in wavenumber 3410 cm-1 to 3371 cm-1. This spectral shift indicating Cd2+ bound to OH-group. In this research, interaction between modified cellulose with Cd2+ confirmed by intensities spectral changes at 1620 cm-1. The adsorption capacity and energy from adsorption of Cd2+ ions toward cellulose were 71,43 mg/g and 4,142 kJ/mol, while toward modified cellulose were 55,56 mg/g and 0,13 kJ/mol, respectively. Keywords: cellulose, 4,4-diaminodiphenylether-o-hydroxybenzaldehyde, adsorption, Cd2+
The influence of time reaction to characteristic of methyl ester sulfonate from seed oil ketapang Hariani, Poedji Loekitowati; Riyanti, Fahma; Fadilah, Ahyati
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.594 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i1.14

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to The Preparation of Methyl Ester Sulfonate From Ketapang Seed Oil As Surfactant. The research is to determine the optimum condition synthesis of methyl ester sulfonate surfactant with reaction time variations (3.5; 4.0; 4.5; 5.0; 5.5 hours). The methyl ester from ketapang seed oil were analysis by GC-MS and identified methyl ester sulfonate by using FTIR spectroscopy. The methyl ester from ketapang seed oil showed containing of methyl palmitoleic, methyl linoleic, methyl palmitate, methyl stearate, methyl oleic, methyl palmitolenat and methyl eicosenoate. The optimum condition of methyl ester sulfonate at reaction time 4.5 hours with the mass of methyl ester sulfonate 34,85 g. For the FTIR spectra of sulfonate group is indicated  by shifting of wave number at 1118.71cm-1 until 1029.1 cm-1. The characteristics of methyl ester sulfonate at the optimum reaction time have emulsion stability 71.684%, density 0.8714 g/mL, surface tension 36.232 dyne/cm, and maximum absorbance 1.428 at the maximum wavelength 660 nm. Keywords: Surfactant, methyl ester sulfonate, time reaction, ketapang seed oil
Production of Biodiesel from Esterification of Oil Recovered from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Sludge using Tungstated-Zirconia Composite Catalyst Hasanudin, Hasanudin; Rachmat, Addy
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 2 (2016): June 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (365.211 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i2.42

Abstract

Solid acid catalyst prepared from tungsten and zirconium oxide composite had been characterized and evaluated on biodiesel production by esterification of low quality oils taken from POME sludge. Catalyst characterization was conducted using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and acidity test. Acidity test of catalyst resulted using Gravimetry method is 5.4 mole/g. Esterification to produce biodiesel using tungsten and zirconium oxide composite show increasing amount of catalyst used will also increased conversion percentage of biodiesel produced and reach optimum value at 10%. Catalyst:oil ratio used to produce optimum conversion is 8:1 which converted 74.88% oil to biodiesel.Keywords: Tungsten-Zirconia composite, POME Sludge, EsterificationAbstrak (Indonesian). Penelitian tentang preparasi dan karakterisasi katalis komposit tungsten dan zirkonium oksida serta aplikasinya untuk esterifikasi minyak hasil recovery limbah sludge industri kelapa sawit telah dilakukan. Karakterisasi katalis dilakukan dengan menggunakan SEM dan uji sifat keasaman. Sifat keasaman katalis didapat sebesar 5,4 mol/g dengan metode gravimetri. Hasil pembuatan biodiesel dengan menggunakan katalis komposit tungsten dan zirkonium oksida didapatkan bahwa semakin besar jumlah katalis yang digunakan semakin besar pula % konversi biodiesel yang dihasilkan dan optimum pada 10%. Sementara perbandingan jumlah metanol:minyak didapatkan nilai optimum pada perbandingan 8:1 dengan % konversi biodiesel sebesar 74,88%.Kata Kunci: Tungsten-Zirconia composite, POME Sludge, Esterifikasi  
Isolation of Triterpenoid from Katemas (Euphorbia geniculata Ortega) Stem Extracted using Methanol and Its Toxicity Test Eliza, Eliza; Fatsiami, Ricce; Yusuf, Setiawati; Ferlinahayati, Ferlinahayati
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (285.968 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i1.19

Abstract

Katemas (Euphorbia geniculata Ortega) known as (Mexican) Fireplants, Painted Euphorbia, Japanese poinsettia is a plant belong to Euphorbiaceae or spurge family. Traditionally, this plant is used as furgative and treat dysentry. The aims of the research were to evaluate the toxicity and to isolate one of the triterpenoid extracted using methanol from the stem of this plant. The toxicity was evaluated by mortality test against armyworm larvae (Spodoptera litura). This assay was obtained by Methanol extraction at various concentrations (0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5%). The isolation process was conducted by series of work steps such as extraction, fractionation and purification. Structure elucidation was determined by spectroscopy techniques. Toxicity assay exhibited highest mortality at 5 % concentration with LC50 3,92%. Spectroscopy data analysis was able to identified a type of pentacyclic triterpenoid compound namely lupeol acetate.Keyword: Euphorbia geniculata Ortega, toxicity, lupeol acetate
Fatty Acid and Alkenil Glycoside from the Fruits of Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia Linn) Ferlinahayati, Ferlinahayati; Apriyaty, Rizdha; Eliza, Eliza
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 2 (2016): June 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (250.361 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i2.52

Abstract

Two compounds were isolated from methanol extract of mengkudu fruit (Morinda.citrifolia Linn). The extraction was conducted by maceration, while separation and purification using several chromatographic techniques. The compound structures were determined by spectral data including IR, 1H-NMR and GC-MS. Compound 1 was a mixture of 7 fatty acids with hexadecanoic acid as a primarily, meanwhile compound 2 was a mixture of an alkenyl glycoside with an aromatic.Keywords: Morinda citrifolia, asam lemak, alkenil glikosida(Indonesian) Dua senyawa telah diisolasi dari ekstrak metanol buah mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia Linn). Ekstraksi dilakukan dengan cara maserasi yang dilanjutkan dengan pemisahan dan pemurnian dengan menggunakan berbagai teknik kromatografi. Struktur senyawa ditentukan berdasarkan data-data spektroskopi yaitu IR, 1H-NMR dan GC-MS. Senyawa 1 merupakan campuran dari tujuh asam lemak dengan kandungan utama asam heksadekanoat sedangkan senyawa 2 merupakan campuran alkenil glikosida dengan senyawa aromatik.Kata kunci: Morinda citrifolia, asam lemak, alkenil glikosida
Photodegradation of Permethrin using Photocatalyst Montmorillonite-TiO2 Rachmat, Addy; Said, Muhammad; Fatma, Fatma; Badarwi, Hardi Aji; Ramadhan, A.M.
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (578.563 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i1.01

Abstract

            Photocatalyst Montmorillonite-TiO2 was synthesized using template CTAB and natural clay for degradation of Permethrin. The porosity and crystalline phase of catalyst were evaluated using N2 sorption analyzer and XRD diffraction. Permethrin photodegradation was optimized by varying reactant volume, irradiation time and initial concentration. Montmorillonite enhanced by CTAB showed typical porosity i.e. specific surface area, pore radii and pore volume for layer material. It properties decreased as this host material was impregnated with TiO2. XRD diagram indicated that space between layers of Montmorillonite expanded up to 4.7 Å. The diffractogram also confirmed that TiO2 formed an Anatase phase instead of Rutile. Photodegradation conducted at several condition showed relatively low photocatalytic activity. The highest photodegradation was achieved at 50 mL of Permethrin with initial concentration 10 ppm and 100 minutes’ irradiation. Keywords: Permethrin, Photodegradation, Montmorillonite-TiO2
The Effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Chito−Oligosaccharide on Antibacterial Activity and Organic Acid Production Miksusanti, Miksusanti; Saputra, Harian; Sandi, Sofia; Hermansyah, Hermansyah
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 1, No 2 (2016): June 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (614.473 KB) | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v1.i2.29

Abstract

The effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus combined with and without Chito-Oligosaccharide (COS) on the growth of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus had been studied. The antibacterial activity of L. acidophilus before and after combination with COS 0.2% was tested on bacteria of E. coli and S. aureus with well-diffusion method. Incubation time was carried out in 44, 46, 48, 50, and 52 hours. Organic acids produced by L. acidophilus bacteria was measured by HPLC. The result showed that COS 0.2% can inhibit the growth of E. coli and S. aureus 37.2 mm2 and 52 mm2 respectively. Combination of L. acidophilus and COS 0.2% gave inhibition zone larger than L. acidophilus without COS 0.2%. Incubation time within 48 hours of L. acidophilus combined with COS 0.2% produced the largest inhibition zone against E. coli and S. aureus 367.92 mm2 and 343.99 mm2 respectively. Optical density measurement resulted in higher value for combination one but concentration of organic acid produced was lower compare to L. acidophilus without COS 0.2%.Keywords: COS, L. acidophilus, Organic acid, antibacterial.