LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
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Articles 46 Documents
The Prologue and Epilogue Narrations of Mata Najwa: Para Pemburu Rente

Pratama, Ikke Dewi

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

The study of stylistics has grown wider in literatures and in linguistics. Stylistics provides linguistic features that support the interpretation of certain text so that the investigation becomes comprehensive. This research aims at finding stylistic features of the narrations of the prologue and epilogue of Mata Najwa talk show in an episode entitled Pejabat Pemburu Rente. Using ear-catching word arrangements, the prologue and epilogue successfully attract the audiences’ attention and, thus, the talk show becomes one of the most popular TV show in Indonesia. The stylistic features observed in this research are based on deviation and parallelism. This is a descriptive qualitative research. The data source is Mata Najwa show with the sub-title Pejabat Pemburu Rente, while the data are the prologue and the epilogue of the show. The analysis shows three features in the prologue as well as in the epilogue: figurative language, sound repetition and word repetition.

The Attitudes of International Students in India towards English

Muttaqin, Wildan Mahir

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

English is now considered as global language, and with every single day its users are increasing numerously. The paper aims to investigate the international students’ attitudes towards English language focusing on a case of International students’ in India. As the central university, The English and Foreign Lnguages (EFL) University India has many international students from a wide range of countries. The attitudes are in language skills and in other perspectives. Upon  the  completion  of  the  collection  of  data,  these  were analyzed,  computed  and  tabulated  using  MS Excel.The study incorporates quantitative approach and has used close ended questionnaire to collect data from the participants. A total number of twenty students participated in the study. From the findings of the data, The research shows that they had  shown  a  positive  attitude  towards  use  of  English  or  an increase  in  the  use  of  English. They believed that learning needs process. Motivation and self-confidence are also main factors to master English comprehensively. They also believe that EFL University is the best place in India to study English intensively

An Epistemological Review on Humanistic Education Theory

Untari, Lilik

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

Humanism as a paradigm is often declared as an alternative approach to education. This paradigm is, in fact, an approach developed in the field of literature and education. The objective of this study is to determine the values underlie the epistemology of the humanistic education theory. Epistemology is the elements that are abstract or implicit. To recognize the epistemology of humanism education theory, this study examines the elements of basic assumptions, values and models of the theory. The results show that the assumptions promoting the theory have similarities with the basic assumptions of the phenomenological epistemology. It sees humans as creatures with consciousness and knowledge for what he did. Thus, every human’s behavior or action is conducted in purpose. In humanistic education theory, meaningfulness and usefulness of the learning process are determined by the learner, not the educator. For that reason, learning design and methods should be developed by the participants based on the needs of the learners. Therefore, the theory does not provide a model for an individual learning process. Thus, it can be concluded that the theory of humanism education rooted from phenomenology epistemology.

Model Pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris di Ponpes Tamirul Islam Surakarta

Risdianto, Faizal

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

This research applies descriptive qualitative method aiming at knowing the format and model as well as the  motivating and resisting power of English learning at Ta’mirul Islam Male Boarding School Surakarta. From observations and interviews, it is found that there is as direct learning strategy using teacher-centered approach. This learning strategy is even more detailed by the ‘army method’ learning model which emphasizes high discipline and teacher authority as well as direct method which stresses on the teacher instructions. The learning model of the school follows behavioristic patterns that emphasizes on customization in language skills. It is combined with army method patterns that treat students with rewards and punishments. The motivating power of the English learning process at the boarding house is the availability of facilities, bi’ah lughowiyah or the environment that supports the students to be able to speak and write in English. Meanwhile, the ressisting factor is the ignorance of most students toward the punishments given by the authority.

Penggunaan Bahasa pada Masyarakat Multietnis di Karang Taliwang Mataram

Nursaly, Baiq Rismarini

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

Karang Taliwang is one of regions in the district of Cakranegara, Kota Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara Province. Here live three language communities. They are Sasak, Bali, and Sumbawa. Each of them use their own language to communicate with their community but do code mixing when communicate with other language communities. Their choice of language depends on some factors among other things; domain, place, situation, participant and purpose as said by Fishman,” who speak, what language, to whom, when, and to what end”

Sethes Mercy Killing in Morrisons Beloved

Febriyanti, Rina Husnaini

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

This study is an application of Freud’s psychoanalysis to Toni Morrison’s Beloved. It is aimed at describing the major cause of Sethe’s doing Mercy Killing, the way of Mercy Killing and the impacts after doing Mercy Killing. The findings of the study show that Sethe’s Mercy Killing is caused by her past experience when she was a slave. The problems result from the disharmony of the id, ego and superego in Sethe. This study reveals that finally Sethe’s superego controls her personality which leads her to kill her baby. Sethe’s mercy killing happens because of some causes which lead her to do mercy killing.

PEMARKAH DIATESIS DALAM BAHASA WOLIO

Mugrib, Nuz Chairul, Wahyunianto, Dian, Sumarlam, Sumarlam

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : FITK (Islamic Education and Teacher Training Faculty) - IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (627.181 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/ljbs.v3i2.1306

Abstract

Wolionese language is the language spoken by the people in Bau-Bau, Southeast Sulawesi. The objective of this study is to describe active-passive voice of Wolionese that has not been widely studied. This study applied descriptive qualitative approachusing basic method, direct constituent division and advanced method form changing. The data were obtained by using cooperative method. The change of active sentence structure into passive sentence in Wolionese has its own pattern. Based on the data analysis of the active-passive voice of Wolionese, the result shows that Wolionese has specific markers attached in the verbs of the sentences to form or change from active voice to passive voice and vice versa. In the active voice, the markers found are ku-, ta-, u-, and a- that always be attached in the beginning of the verbs. They sometimes are also followed by -aka, -mo attached in the end of the verb. Meanwhile, in the passive voice there are also several markers found, they are -a, to- and i- that are attached in the end of the verb (-a) and in the beginning of the verb (to- and i-).

PERSUASIVE HEDGING STRATEGIES BETWEEN NATIVE AND NON-NATIVE AUTHORS OF ENGLISH JOURNAL ARTICLES

Aditama, Madya Giri

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : FITK (Islamic Education and Teacher Training Faculty) - IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (379.505 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/ljbs.v3i2.1408

Abstract

Writing journal articles is the most scientific way to publish new research to public. Authors’ strategies to convince the readers are important to show their stance and viewpoint on the research. This study compares the strategies chosen by native and non-native English authors of journal articles in hedging their stances. The data were hedging strategies written in 50 randomly selected international journal articles, 25 of which were written by native English authors and 25 others by the non-natives. The result shows some differences in the use of hedges. Native authors show higher frequency in the use of writer-oriented hedges whereas non-native authors  had higher frequency in reader-oriented hedges. This study also finds authors’ styles to persuade the readers.

EKSISTENSI PEREMPUAN DALAM PUISI BRIDE SONG KARYA CHRISTINA ROSSETTI

Winarti, Winarti

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : FITK (Islamic Education and Teacher Training Faculty) - IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (354.043 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/ljbs.v3i2.1144

Abstract

This article aims at describing women existence as reflected on Bride Song poem written by Christina Rossseti. Rossetti’s view on women’s lives was inspired much by her awareness toward the their conditions in Victorian’s era. In the meantime, women were shaped to be an individuals who fulfill the ideal standard as preferred by men. By Bride Song, Rosetti tried to break patriarchal domination toward women. She wanted to turn back the existence equivalence between men and women based on human rights. She also attemped to open the world’s perspective to accept women’s existence as important as men’s and not just a binary opposition of it. Women’s existence in Bride Song is not only a struggle against men’s domination in Victorian era, but it also  has relevance with contemporary issues on women’s struggle to show their existence in this modern era.

RESPON ESTETIS DALAM ADAPTASI NOVEL-FILM AL-FIL AL-AZRAQ

Dzulfaroh, Ahmad Naufal

LEKSEMA: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : FITK (Islamic Education and Teacher Training Faculty) - IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (626.174 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/ljbs.v3i2.1327

Abstract

Adaptation, as one form of response to literary texts, is a matter that has been much discussed in the world of literature or the world of art in general. An interesting case of adaptation is the adaptation of al-Fil al-Azraqs novel to a film showing the effort of an adapter to preserve the novel story as well as transforming it into a new work with a variety of creativity in it. This study aims to reveal the individuality, effects, and meaning of the text contained in the novel al-FÄ«l al-Azraq as the background text and the film al-FÄ«l al-Azraq as a foreground work as well as the media changes occurring in the adaptation work . To see this process of adaptation, the theory of aesthetic response from Wolfgeng Iser. The results of this study indicate that the adapters do dialectic with the source text and then display it in their adaptation work through changes in the text in the form of allusions, negations, and blank filling. These changes also affect the individuality, effects, and meaning of the adaptation work to the point of shifting from the source text. This shows that the work of adaptation is a new work that has its own individuality and creativity, a work of repetition without replication.