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Al-A´raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat
ISSN : 16939867     EISSN : 25275119
AL-A’RAF: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat is a peer-reviewed journal published by Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. It dedicates as public space to develop and promote Islamic thought, idea, and philosophy based on the original research and current issues which are underlying the value of tolerance and moderate, such as the following but not limited to these specific issues; 1. Living Qur'an and Living Hadith: Quranic/Hadith daily lives practiced by the certain Muslim community, 2. Islam and local wisdom: relation of Islam and culture, the practice of Islamic teaching in the Muslim community, and other local culture practiced by the certain Muslim community 3. Islam and Politic: Islamic radicalism, Islamic activism/movement, state and religion relation, and the dynamic of Islamic political party 4. Inter-religious dialogue: interaction and relation between Muslim and non-Muslim community in the daily lives, religious harmony, and policy about the religious relation in certain communities or countries 5. Islamic Philosophy: the Muslim philosopher thought which is contextualizing with the current Muslim community life; and 6. Other issues which are socially, culturally, and politically correlate to the Islamic and Muslim community development.
Articles
66
Articles
KOPI, WARUNG KOPI, DAN POTENSI STUDI KEISLAMAN

Misbah, Aflahal

Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

Coffee and coffee shop became the subject of study that was not much considered in Islamic studies, although both of its position is very significant in Muslim society. This study tries to see the potential area of Islamic discourses related to coffee and coffee shop. Based on an interdisciplinary approach, wherein the data derived from literature and ethnographic studies, the result revealed that there are set of matters which were missed by scholarly attention in the flow of changes and developments of Muslim society, both in the historical and contemporary space. There are a number of potential areas of the Islamic studies that can be developed through coffee and coffee shops, including the study of texts that include particular historical narratives and historical ideas related to these two material elements; Sufism, coffee, and coffee shop interrelations; the presence of Muslim women in public spaces, especially in the coffee shops; and harmony and diversity as a result of Muslim encounters with coffee and coffee shops, which can be seen for example through the framework of inter-religious relations.

GENEALOGI REVOLUSI PARADIGMA PEMIKIRAN KEISLAMAN NAHDLATUL ULAMA

Waskito, Tejo

Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

This article tries to track genealogy of the Islamic revolutionary paradigm of thought in NU and its various possibilities have arisen. Based on the library studies using the analytical discourse approach, the result revealed that the genealogy of the Islamic paradigm of NU was born due to the internal and external dialectics bridged by multi-epistemology. Based on the 'political reconciliation' event which is called 'returning to khittah 1926' in Situbondo in 1984, NU experienced a shift orientation, not only in the political sphere but also paradigmatically. Hereby, there was social-intellectual mobility marked by the proliferation of social and intellectual discourse among NU’s young generation. The dominance of this activity leading to revolutionary movement in the field of NU’s Islamic paradigm: Aswaja's theology which was originally understood as a doctrine became a thinking methodology (manhaj alfikr); expansion of the legal institution's methodology, from qauly to manhajy; and shifting political struggle, from structural political arena to cultural politics. This discourse became massive among Nu’s young generation caused by the support of Abdurrahman Wahid, the ideal figure known as a locomotive of the NU cultural movement.

ANALISIS ANTROPOLOGI-STRUKTURAL KISAH MUSA DAN KHIDZIR DALAM ALQUR’AN

Arafat, M. Yaser

Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to examine the story of Moses and Khidzir as one of the Islamic narrative treasures in the Qur’an. Through Claude Lévi-Strauss’s structural-anthropology approach, to see the structure of mind that works in the story, the results showed that the story of Moses and Khidzir has a certain structure, which is appeared in the structure of non-ladunni and ladunni knowledge. The structure of knowledge can be seen from the existence of binary-opposition relation between Musa and Khidzir and the relation transformation in each episode of the story. Considering the structural-anthropology, the structure of the story must be identified in the human culture. Hereby, the ethnographic methods required to be used, in which the result revealed that the story of Moses and Khidzir believed as a code used by God to convey the general law of knowledge. The contribution of this study in the Qur’anic and socio-cultural studies is on the use of structural-anthropology approach, not only to analyze ‘parole’ and ‘langue’ of Qur’anic language but also to uncover the Qur’anic mind and identifying its existence in the human culture.

KOMPLEKSITAS SIMBOL DAN REPRESENTASI MAKNA DALAM TRADISI RAJABAN MASYARAKAT KEBUMEN

Fathonah, Siti

Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

This study tries to describe the behavioral-practice and to find out the meaning behind the symbols represented by the Kebumen society through the Rajaban tradition. Kebumen, which is known as the meeting point between the traditions of Islamic Mataram of Yogyakarta which is identically close to the culture of priyayi, and the Banyumasan tradition which is identically known as peripheral community, become its unique consideration of the selected locations of the study. Through an ethnographic approach, based on the theoretical basis of symbolic functionalism as its analysis perspective, the results of the study showed that there is a layer of meaning represented by various symbols used by the Kebumen community during the Rajaban tradition practice. First, the social meaning is the orientation of the community in presenting “berkat”. The “berkat”’s form and model representing the socio-economic status of its provider. Second, "janengan" as an important part in the process of reciting the Prophet's prayer, is believed to be one form of respect for the da'wah that has been carried out by the Wali in spreading Islam in Java.

BASIS ETIKA LINGKUNGAN HIDUP MASYARAKAT TRADISIONAL MADURA

Utsman, Hasani

Al-Araf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to describe the environmental ethical values of Maduranese traditional society. Their belief to nature, especially related to the land and sea landscape is manifestation form of shifting paradigm: from anthropocentrism to the spirit of biocentrism-ecocentrism, become the basis for the environmental ethics development. Based on the ethnographical approach, the moral view of Maduranese traditional society is obtained through participant observation and direct interaction, the results of this study revealed that Maduranese traditional society put forward two main principles in interacting to the nature, i.e. harmony and belief to the supernatural forces, which is led to the diversity of the land use typology and nature’s rituals. For land use context, the cosmology of Maduranese traditional society is more complicated and rigorous, because the ecological factors of Madura are dominated by uneven mooring compared to the ecology of Java Island which is dominated by rice fields. The Maduraneses traditional society belief system to nature seems more syncretic than the tradition of the people in Java Island.

POLITIK ISLAM MAHATHIR MOHAMMAD DI MALAYSIA DAN SOEHARTO DI INDONESIA

Mubarak, M. Zaki, Abu Bakar, Mohamad Zaini

Al-Araf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

This study explains the role and strategy of Malaysia during Mahathir Mohammad era and Indonesia in the Soeharto era in facing their Islamists group opposition. In their early period, these two regimes used an iron cage to defeat their political enemies. Mahathir fought with the power of PAS (Parti Al-Islam Se-Malaysia) which becomes more radical in the early of 1980s; meanwhile, Suharto faced the Islamic extremist groups in the early of 1970s. Mahathir consisted to give enough spaces for competition, Suharto did not want to compromise. In its progress, these two regimes chose softer strategy by playing Islamic cards’ due to the double purposes: coopting the opposite and building a better image as an Islamic regime. Hence, the political project of Islamization of Mahathir and Soeharto could not be separated from the problem of domestic political contestation and an effort to look for new legitimacy. Thereby, their Islamic political projects ended differently. Due to the monetary crisis and democratic reforms in 1998 affected the Soeharto regime to step down and make an end to all of the political projects he has designed. On the contrary, the Mahathir regime has successfully survived in facing the similar crisis, so that his pro-Islamic policy has passed off although not as aggressive as in the past. 

ALMAWARDI DAN KONSEP KHILAFAH ISLAMIYYAH: RELEVANSI SISTEM POLITIK ISLAM KLASIK DAN POLITIK MODERN

Ahyar, Muzayyin

Al-Araf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

The long debate on the relevance of the concept of Islamic caliphate government to the modern political concept has been occurring among scholars up to nowadays. This situation leads to an important question about, to what extent the relevance/irrelevance of an Islamic political concept, when it is contextualized to the modern political conditions? This article aims to explore the source of Islamic political thought from the Classical Muslim intellectual; Almawardi and its contextualization to the modern political concepts. Through an in-depth literature study by using the political institutionalism approach, found out that the spirit of the classical Islamic political concept lies on the distribution of power which is not relevant to the spirit of power separation in the modern political concepts. Hereby, it can be emphasized that even if the concept of Khilafah which is promoted by the Islamic political activists basically out of date, but there were basic values related to the government administration and institution basically still relevance to the modern political concepts. The principle of justice, problem management, and transparency were generally still agreed by government ruler in this modern era.  

IDEOLOGI ‘KANCA WINGKING’: STUDI RELASI KUASA PENGETAHUAN DALAM TAFSIR ALHUDA

Wulandari, Suci

Al-Araf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

The Qur’anic interpretation which is done by a mufassir, ideally must be free from various interests, personally or even politically. Factually a mufassir often carries particular interest in their interpretation processes, whether it is done consciously or not. Bakri Syahid, as a mufassir was not able to be free from the political interests that supporting New Order government when he interpreted Alquran. This can be clearly seen in his interpretation of the verses about women. Based on the theoretical analysis of Michel Foucaults power of knowledge, this study revealed that Bakri Syahid interpretation on the verses about women in Tafsir Alhuda showing the Javanese ideological influence, which is positioned women as ‘kanca wingking’ or complementary behind their husbands, and also the hidden power; namely the affirmation of women position listed in national regulation No. 1, 1974 about marriage. This result also confirmed that the product of interpretation could not be completely free from the mufassir interests, and even could be a "mirror" for the government political interests in certain time.

PEMIKIRAN FILSAFAT MANUSIA IBNU MISKAWAIH: TELAAH KRITIS ATAS KITAB TAHDZIB ALAKHLAQ

Bakri, Syamsul

Al-Araf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

This article aims to describe human philosophical thought of Ibn Miskawaih in the book entitled Tahdzib Alakhlaq which is focused on the conception of human being structure; the relation of human material substance (physic) and immaterial substance (soul); the human life ultimate; and the conception of Insan Kamil. Based on the library studies, by using content analysis approach, this study found the historical fact that Ibnu Miskawaih acknowledged; first, the existence of physical essence made human being bound by space, time, and material determination. While the existence of soul made human being be able to build a relationship with God and to create culture and civilization. Second the existence of a structural and functional relationship between physic as a material substance, and soul as an immaterial substance of a human being, and not human immaterial essential relationship. Third, the human life ultimate is to achieve ideal condition, related to their behavior and special characteristic, i.e. faculty of thought. Fourth, the conception of Insan Kamil which is emphasized to the force and magnificence of the faculty of thought that made human left their instincts, syahwiyah and amarah desire toward sharia law and wisdom of thought so that they would be able to achieve to the highest position in the human nature.

KERANGKA PARADIGMATIK TAFSIR ALQUR’AN ALKARIM KARYA MAHMUD YUNUS

Zulyadain, Zulyadain

Al-Araf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Ushuluddin and Dakwah, IAIN Surakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to discuss the Quranic interpretation in Indonesia early period, with Tafsir of Alqur’an Alkarim written by Mahmud Yunus as its object of study. Through the epistemological analysis or interpretation structure method which is focused on the two important aspects; methodology and structure of interpretation, the results revealed that tafsir  in the early period of Islam in Indonesia as part of the renewal effort (tajdid) in order that people would be able to understand the message and meaning of Alqur’an comprehensively. Tafsir Alquran Alkarim written by Mahmud Yunus, which is born shortly before the Youth Pledge in 1928 and written in the Indonesian language is an effort in order that the meaning and message of Alqur’an being able to be understood by all levels of Indonesian society. The presentation model used is an explanatory model with sub-explanation. There are four patterns of its structural analysis of interpretation: i.e. ijmali, simple thematic, quotation and nahwu. The instrumental interpretation used is tafsiriyah tarjamah with the translation pattern of harfiyyah and maknawiyyah.