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THE VALUE AND MEANING OF MOANGGO IN TOLAKI SOCIETY IN SOUTH EAST SULAWESI

Idaman, Idaman, Aminah, Sitti

JICSA Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

Moanggo, an oral literature of Tolaki people is currently at risk of being wiped out as it is now only rarely played at traditional wedding ceremonies in Tolaki. It is among the identity markers of Tolaki people loaded with messages for private, family and social lives. On this basis, this study aims to (1) Describe the meaning contained in Moanggo as a local literature of Tolaki people. (2) Describe the values contained in Moanggo as a traditional oral literature of Tolaki people.This research is a qualitative descriptive study. To achieve the objectives, this study applies the theoretical framework of Paul Ricœur’s hermeneutics. Data sources to be examined in this investigation comprise some informants and the Anggo text itself. The data are also obtained from observations, interviews and documents. The data are then analyzed using Milles and Huberman’s technical data analysis, namely: 1) Data collection, 2) Data reduction or simplification of data, 3) Presentation of data, and 4) inference / verification.The results indicate that the meaning of the Anggo text in oral narrative of Moanggo cannot be separated from the socio-historical cultural context when it is narrated. Therefore, every text has been linked with the socio-cultural context of Tolaki people at present time, and it is of course a representation of the history of life of Tolaki people in the past. The values contained in the Anggo text comprise the value of education, moral values, cultural values and philosophical values. Moanggo as an oral literature of Tolaki people is an identity marker for Tolaki people, and it is presently at risk of extinction due to its lack of use in wedding customs and other cultural activities. Therefore, the preservation of the oral literature Moanggo needs to be maintained by both the government and the Tolaki society.

AMERICAN SENTIMENT, The Case of Muslim Student Activists in Makassar

Galib, Syamsul Arif

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to identify how the anti-American sentiment emerges among the Muslim student activists at university. This paper tries to figure out the reason why America perceived negatively how the actions of the activists which are considered as the attempt against America. It verifies that the spirit of anti America occurs among the Muslim students. However, this study reveals that the tendency of anti-America is not related to a religious motive but related to other motives such as American close relationship with Israel, American foreign policy, cultural westoxification and America as a symbol of global capitalism.The respondents for this study were taken from the Islamic activists’ organizations such as Muslim Student Association (HMI), Indonesian Muslim Student Action Union (KAMMI), Indonesian Islamic Students Movement (PMII), and The Student Movement of Liberation (Gema Pembebasan) which located in Makassar. 

FREEDOM OF ISLAMIC EXPRESSION IN MALAYSIA

Azizuddin, Mohd

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

In Malaysia, Islam is the religion of the Federation, and the Islamic law system runs parallel to the civil law system. This triggers a political debate in defining Malaysia as either an Islamic or a secular state which makes the non-Muslims uneasy. Malaysia is also a multi-religious society prone to inter-group conflict. As such, care is taken not to publish articles that cast a slur on any religions in the country. Some of the contentious issues imposed in the press such as the case of the word ‘Allah’ and blasphemy and dissent against religious authority. Although the purposes of restriction are for political stability and national security, the ruling government has indeed manipulated the religious expression for political domination and regime security.

ICMI AND EDUCATION: An Effort to Prepare Muslim Intellectuals in Indonesia

Yeyeng, Andi Tenri, Tajuddin, Muhammad Saleh, Ghani, Rohani Ab

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

This writing explains ICMI (Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Indonesia) organization agenda to improve the quality Muslims intellectuals in Indonesia, particularly in educational aspect. This writing is using lybrary research to explore the role of ICMI in educational aspect in Indonesia. It is realize that there are many educational problems in Indonesia, such as teacher-oriented education, passive, less interested to get information from libraries, and not objectively oriented. The main agenda of ICMI organization in developing of Islamic education in Indonesia is that education has to be oriented to help the students to become better Muslims. Introducing modern education is very important in the improvement of the quality of human resources and peoples ability to meaningfully participate in an evolving civil society in Indonesia. Moreover, education can be oriented to prepare students to have good behaviour, values, and norms, which in turn plays an important role in the improvement of the quality of civil society in Indonesia.

HIZBUT-TAHRIR IN DAWAH AND ISLAMIC POLITICAL MOVEMENTS IN INDONESIA

Nuruddin, Sabara

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

This paper reviews Hizb ut-Tahrir in the landscape of Islamic dawah and political movements in Indonesia. The discussion is divided into four sections: Hizbut Tahrir and the trans-national Islamic movements in Indonesia, Hizb ut-Tahrir as a form of Islamic political consciousness, Hizb ut-Tahrir as a dawah and political movement and its khilafah as a challenge to Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRI-the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia) concept. As a trans-national movement, Hizbut-Tahrir spread through three major aspects i.e. social movements, education and dawah, as well as through publications and the internet. Hizbut Tahrir in Indonesia then becomes a mass organization with its official name Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI). HT is a model of Islamic political awareness based on the blueprint of the past government model of khilafah ala minhajun nubuwwah. The awareness of political Islam is strongly based on a response to the condition of Muslims and Islamic countries experiencing a downturn and under the control of Western dominations and hegemonies after the colonialism era. Based on this, the presence of HTI in Indonesia cannot be separated from movements carrying the mission of siyasah (politic) to achieve the HTI’s goal of Khilafah Islamiyah. In order to realize the goal, the HT movements choose parliamentary paths through door to door dakwah in the form of halaqah. Khilafah and NKRI (Pancasila) are two diametrically different concepts. HTI Movements in Indonesia of course will receive a resistance, even be considered as "a latent danger" that threaten the existence of NKRI and Pancasila. The idea of enforcing Khalifah Islamiyah as a political struggle will certainly challenge the existence of NKRI and Pancasila as the ideology of the Republic of Indonesia. The concept of Khilafah Islamiyah is essentially 180 degrees different to the concept of NKRI and Pancasila.

THE ISLAMIC CENTRE OF MUADZ BIN JABAL OF KENDARI

Syahrir, Saprillah

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

Salafism has become an interesting phenomenon in recent years in Indonesia, including in Southeast Sulawesi. The presence of Salafi groups in Kendari wins an enthusiastic welcome from the society. This research is intended to describe the role of the Islamic Center of Muadz bin Jabal (ICM) in managing da’wah (Islamic missionary) and religious education in Kendari City. This study employs qualitative research methods. Data are obtained through interviews and observations. The research findings indicate that the Islamic Center of Muadz bin Jabal or ICM is one of the Salafi groups that have quite influential da’wah and educational roles in Kendari City. The ICM manages its ideology and religious knowledge through educational institutions, da’wah assemblies, radio broadcast, and face book.

SOEHARTO’S NEW ORDER, PRESS AND SOCIETY IN TENSION: A Social Reflection

Sahrasad, Herdi

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

This article explains that in the Soeharto’s New Order, when the press criticises strongly the state elites, it was easy to accuse the press of being aguinst the law. The word of state elite, the Father, of the Bapak, is law. So, in Indonesian history, since independence, has proved that press closures fluctuate in rhythm with the political situation. From 1951 up to 1965, there were 156 closures of national press. It is only in the period of 1955 and 1956 no closure of press publication. While in the other years, there are closures for instance in 1957, 32 closures, in 1958, 24 closures and the peak of the closures was in 1959 with 38 closures, in 1960, 34 closures and in 1965 there were five closures and a trend which continue in the further years. The press closures reflect the strength of governrnent vis-a-vis society. Sociologically, the government itself is dominated by the Javanese rulers. Their political culture has dominated the national. landscape. Despite the fact that politics, the economy and technology has been changing in the New Order, the strength of Javanese culture has remained. There is no fundamental change in Javanese culture under the Soeharto’s New Order.

AN ANALYSIS OF THE MORPHOSYNTAX OF VERBS IN THE BUGINESE LANGUAGE BY USING FLEX

Nadir, Muhammad

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

This study will examine the morphosyntax in the Buginese language by using FLEX. The use of FLEX tool in this research is aimed to make logical linking within the verbs that are used in the syntactical context as well as to give a structural description about morphosyntactic features that define verbs in the daily communication among Buginese communities, especially who dwell the Sidenreng Rappang regency of South Sulawesi. The result will be projected in making the concordance and the compatibility of verbs as a colloquial diction. They would be identified according to affixes and clitics as well as the semantic features that assume verbs according to whether they have an objects or not. The result also will examine the basic forms of verbs in the Buginese language and their change in meaning when they are used in the different context and the different situation.

ISIS, INDONESIAN MUSLIMS AND GLOBAL TERRORISM: A REFLECTION

Sahrasad, Herdi, Al Chaidar, Al Chaidar

JICSA Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

The emergence of ISIL or ISIS, the Sunni militia, has shocked the Muslim World, including Indonesia. ISIS is the ultra jihadist for global terrorism. ISIS is also a translation from the Arabic, Ad-Daulah Islamiyah fi al-Iraq wa Ash-Sham. Some call it as Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), which specifically has a different coverage area. The term includes the Sham or the Levant region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Euphrates River that the country coverage includes Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and Israel. The term Syria confined to the state of modern Syria that is currently in conflict. In this case, the involvement of hundreds Indonesians in the ISIS in the Middle East region is not new because previously, there is a precedent that some Indonesian citizens in the past had involvement in conflicts abroad when US President Jimmy Carter used the CIA to weaken the power of the Soviets in Afghanistan. In responding the ISIS networkers and followers in Indonesia, the Jakarta government and Muslim organizations like Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) dan Muhammadiyah have launched action and campaign for pluralism, peace, non-violence and civil Islam. The campaign by NU and Muhammadiyah for an open-minded and pluralistic Islam also comes in a time when Islam is at war with itself over central theological questions about how the faith defined in the modern era.

EDUCATION PERSPECTIVE EVALUATING SERVICE SECTORS’S STRATEGIES OF THE THAI GOVERNMENT IN THE DEEP SOUTH OF THAILAND

Kaewsom, Chumpon

JICSA Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

This study examines and analyzes the educational strategies pursued by the Thai government in Thailand with particular focus in the Deep South of the country. Its approach is primarily an eclectic, by concentrating on the strengths and weaknesses of the educational strategies as pursued by Thailand. This paper is divided into five parts. The first part looks at the role of education in resolving the conflict in the region. The second part looks at the integration of Pondok/Islamic educational system into Thai educational system. The third part looks at the Thai government’s effort in rebuilding education in the conflict-affected Area. The fourth looks at the bridging education with peace. The last part looks at the effectiveness/efficiency of the Bangkok government’s educational strategies. The data for this study were collected from both primary and secondary sources and analyzed using qualitative method. The primary sources include documents, SBPAC’s annual reports and press release. In addition, the researcher analyzed the outputs of the SBPAC policy-makers relating to the research topic such as speeches, official correspondences and decisions of the organization relating to the management of the conflict in the Deep South. Interviews with knowledgeable people, prominent political and/or religious leaders, key stakeholders as well as the Thai officials were also conducted. The Secondary sources included books, journal articles, newspapers and reliable websites. The study revealed that the Thai government’s educational strategies in the Deep South have not been very effective because the former has struggled to get better understanding of people and to understand the Muslim’s way of life properly. In addition, the Thai government has not push much effort on getting people participating in generating educational strategies that suitable with the area and completely serves their needs.