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STUDENTS PERCEPTION ON ETHNIC RELATIONS COURSES: A Case Study at Universiti Utara Malaysia

Mahmad, Muhammad Amar

JICSA Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

The Ethnic Relations Course introduced in 2006 at Higher Education Institutions (IPT) is an attempt to address the issues of ethnic relations that are often an issue in country development. The course is a national medium towards creating an ethnical integration with diverse backgrounds of belief and culture. However, ethnic differences will certainly create diverse perceptions among students. If this is the case, then the offer of the course will not achieve its goal. The main objective of this study is to examine the students attitudes based on the ethnic factors influencing the course offering. The research instrument was developed by the researcher based on the objectives of the course. Respondents were randomly selected from 300 people comprising of second semester Ethnic Relations course students in 2016/2017 at UUM. The findings showed that ethnic factors also influenced the perceptions difference between students towards the offer of Ethnic Relations course although not significant. To overcome this distinction, the government should extend the basic concepts of the course to students since the schooling.

FROM MODERATISM TO FUNDAMENTALISM; Portrait of Shifting the Religious Understanding of Makassar Islamic Students

Syamsurijal, Syamsurijal

JICSA Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

Students have been asked as intellectuals who have high critical power. Therefore students are not only a driver of a social change, but at the same time are not easily influenced or participate in certain currents of thought and understanding, especially if it is related to religious understanding. Students critical attitude becomes a kind of filter to sort and filter out various religious ideas and ideas. But the view that sees students, especially Muslim students as a critical group, seems to be faltering lately. Instead of being a critical community group with a variety of new religious understandings, Muslim students actually became the target of the new Islamic doctrine of religious understanding. The doctrine of religious understanding is precisely textualism and fundamentals. This qualitative research shows that several large campuses in Makassar were exposed to the Islamic understanding and changed them from moderate Muslim students to Muslim fundamentalist students.

BINARY PATRIARCHY IN NIKAH SIRI: An Ecofeminism Perspective

Arsyad, Aisyah

JICSA Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

Nikah Siri (unregistered, or ‚??secret‚?? marriage) has increased in Indonesia since the passing of marriage law No. 1/1974, one article of which required the registration of all marriages. Meanwhile, under Islamic law (fikih munakahat), registration was not one of the pillars of marriage. The 1974 state law provides for penalties for persons involved in unregistered marriages such as nikah siri: on the other hand, under Islamic law nikah siri was considered as marriage, as the terms and the pillars of marriage were fulfilled, even without registration. Religious and state law are clearly at odds as far as marriage registration is concerned.Gradually, Nikah Siri has led to various forms of social problems such as nikah siri online, falsification of documents, and ¬†even human trafficking. The main problem which is one focus of this research is the negative impact of nikah siri on women and children. Not having an official marriage registration document creates difficulties for women and children which affects their future life opportunities, as with children not being accepted for schooling, as one example. One significant legal ruling discussed has implications for this social deprivation of women and children but not to the extent expected to date.By using the concepts of dualism from ecofeminism theory (perspective) to analyse the role of patriarchy in creating and perpetuating gender inequality in the case of nikah siri, the writer argues that Islamic marriage law - as it has developed in Indonesia -¬† is still dominated by patriarchal values and, as such, impacts negatively on women and children. The stereotype of istri siri is proven in that the hierarchical dualism that underlies patriarchal structures and thinking, is placing women in a subordinate position. Patriarchal interpretations of Islamic law have put many women in a position where they regard nikah siri as the best option for themselves, although such marriages in fact place them in a precarious position legally and socially, and lead to an imbalance of power both between themselves and the men they marry, and any other legal wives of that man.

ISLAM IN GANTARANGKEKE: The Encounter of Cultural Identities

Nuruddin, Sabara

JICSA Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

This article is a study of Islamic relations and local traditions in this case is the Islamic tradition of the Gantarangkeke indigenous people, Bantaeng Regency as a locus. The research problem is how is the history of the Islamic encounter with Gantarangkeke locality and its influence on the beliefs and traditions of the Gantarangkeke people ?. This study belongs to the category of qualitative-descriptive field research, using a historical, philosophical, social, cultural, and descriptive-critical analytical approach. The local tradition of the Gantarangkeke community has grown long before Islam entered their territory. The tradition is rooted in the belief of the Patuntung religion which is the ancient belief of the pre-Islamic Gantarangkeke community. The local tradition is institutionalized at the Pajukukang traditional ceremony which is held every year and has several series of events, namely assulukang pangngajai, akkawaru, if ri pajukukang, and angnganre toballana. The encounter of Islam and local traditions gave birth to a model of cultural struggle in which Islam as a teaching that came from the outside and of a global nature was brought into the realm of the locality of the Gantarangkeke tradition. This then gave birth to the concept of Sallang religion as a meeting point between patuntung and Islamic beliefs. The concept of Sallang religion later became the basis for the locus and forms of the struggle of the culture. Cultural struggles enter the locus of the belief system, the socio-cultural system, and the rite system and the symbolic meaning of tradition. The cultural struggle gave birth to four forms of cultural and religious relations, namely negotiation, compromise, syncretism, and cultural acculturation. From this cultural struggle, the local culture model of Gantarangkeke was unique and unique.

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION IN KERA COASTAL COMMUNITIES, KUPANG, NTT

Muid, Abdul, Irwan, Irwan

JICSA Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

This research focuses on religious education in Pula Kera and its relationship to the tradition of harmony and the existence of the Bajo Tribe community. For this reason it is necessary to explain: 1) how is the portrait of the Kera Island community; 2) how religious education services to the Pula Kera community; and 3) how the government policy and community participation about religious education in the island of Kera. The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship of religious education with the tradition of harmony and the Islamic community of Kera Island. Religious education institutions on Kera Island have limitations on: 1) facilities and infrastructure; and 2) government support. Both of these limitations can be said to be closely related to the unclear population position of the Kera Island community. Therefore, they need the involvement of private institutions as a temporary solution. For a permanent solution, it is necessary to certify the population of the island of Kera.

REORIENTATION OF INDIVIDUAL-TRANSCENDENTAL SUFISM VALUES IN AT-TUHFAH AL-MURSALAH MANUSCRIPT TOWARD SOCIO-EMPIRICAL VALUE

Sadudin, Ihsan

JICSA Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

The manuscript at-Tuhfah al-Mursalah a track record of the past is full of virtues. Seeking virtue means preparing yourself through the purification process. Sufism, as a purification step to reach the Allah. The spiritual experience gained by salik when meeting and union with Allah (individual-transcendental values) should be felt also by others. The transmission of spiritual experience is implemented in empirical life (socio-empirical values) as a form of practicing and teaching a loving Islam, so that the concept of rahmatan lil alamin can be felt by all creatures. The process of attaining the maqam requires clarity of heart; peace of mind, mind and environment; as well as sincerity amaliyah. Awareness to negate the existence of self (‚??alam nasut) and purify the existence of divinity (‚??alam lahut) in self as a form of preparation to accept the holiness of the Khaliq. It is this doctrine of purity that should be practiced and spread by the salik and perceived by all beings to create goodness in the universe. Goodness that does not look to ethnic, religious, ethnic, and state boundaries. Universal goodness as the real essence of Islam rahmatan lil alamin.

THE VALUE AND MEANING OF MOANGGO IN TOLAKI SOCIETY IN SOUTH EAST SULAWESI

Idaman, Idaman, Aminah, Sitti

JICSA Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

Moanggo, an oral literature of Tolaki people is currently at risk of being wiped out as it is now only rarely played at traditional wedding ceremonies in Tolaki. It is among the identity markers of Tolaki people loaded with messages for private, family and social lives. On this basis, this study aims to (1) Describe the meaning contained in Moanggo as a local literature of Tolaki people. (2) Describe the values contained in Moanggo as a traditional oral literature of Tolaki people.This research is a qualitative descriptive study. To achieve the objectives, this study applies the theoretical framework of Paul RicŇ?ur‚??s hermeneutics. Data sources to be examined in this investigation comprise some informants and the Anggo text itself. The data are also obtained from observations, interviews and documents. The data are then analyzed using Milles and Huberman‚??s technical data analysis, namely: 1) Data collection, 2) Data reduction or simplification of data, 3) Presentation of data, and 4) inference / verification.The results indicate that the meaning of the Anggo text in oral narrative of Moanggo cannot be separated from the socio-historical cultural context when it is narrated. Therefore, every text has been linked with the socio-cultural context of Tolaki people at present time, and it is of course a representation of the history of life of Tolaki people in the past. The values contained in the Anggo text comprise the value of education, moral values, cultural values and philosophical values. Moanggo as an oral literature of Tolaki people is an identity marker for Tolaki people, and it is presently at risk of extinction due to its lack of use in wedding customs and other cultural activities. Therefore, the preservation of the oral literature Moanggo needs to be maintained by both the government and the Tolaki society.

AMERICAN SENTIMENT, The Case of Muslim Student Activists in Makassar

Galib, Syamsul Arif

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to identify how the anti-American sentiment emerges among the Muslim student activists at university. This paper tries to figure out the reason why America perceived negatively how the actions of the activists which are considered as the attempt against America. It verifies that the spirit of anti America occurs among the Muslim students. However, this study reveals that the tendency of anti-America is not related to a religious motive but related to other motives such as American close relationship with Israel, American foreign policy, cultural westoxification and America as a symbol of global capitalism.The respondents for this study were taken from the Islamic activists‚?? organizations such as Muslim Student Association (HMI), Indonesian Muslim Student Action Union (KAMMI), Indonesian Islamic Students Movement (PMII), and The Student Movement of Liberation (Gema Pembebasan) which located in Makassar.¬†

FREEDOM OF ISLAMIC EXPRESSION IN MALAYSIA

Azizuddin, Mohd

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

In Malaysia, Islam is the religion of the Federation, and the Islamic law system runs parallel to the civil law system. This triggers a political debate in defining Malaysia as either an Islamic or a secular state which makes the non-Muslims uneasy. Malaysia is also a multi-religious society prone to inter-group conflict. As such, care is taken not to publish articles that cast a slur on any religions in the country. Some of the contentious issues imposed in the press such as the case of the word ‚??Allah‚?? and blasphemy and dissent against religious authority. Although the purposes of restriction are for political stability and national security, the ruling government has indeed manipulated the religious expression for political domination and regime security.

ICMI AND EDUCATION: An Effort to Prepare Muslim Intellectuals in Indonesia

Yeyeng, Andi Tenri, Tajuddin, Muhammad Saleh, Ghani, Rohani Ab

JICSA Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : JICSA

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Abstract

This writing explains ICMI (Ikatan Cendekiawan Muslim Indonesia) organization agenda to improve the quality Muslims intellectuals in Indonesia, particularly in educational aspect. This writing is using lybrary research to explore the role of ICMI in educational aspect in Indonesia. It is realize that there are many educational problems in Indonesia, such as teacher-oriented education, passive, less interested to get information from libraries, and not objectively oriented. The main agenda of ICMI organization in developing of Islamic education in Indonesia is that education has to be oriented to help the students to become better Muslims. Introducing modern education is very important in the improvement of the quality of human resources and peoples ability to meaningfully participate in an evolving civil society in Indonesia. Moreover, education can be oriented to prepare students to have good behaviour, values, and norms, which in turn plays an important role in the improvement of the quality of civil society in Indonesia.