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INDONESIA
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran
ISSN : 14120550     EISSN : 25485660     DOI : -
Berkala Kedokteran is a journal contains scientific articles from original research and literature review in medical and health scope. It is published twice in a year, on February and September.
Articles 13 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 14, No 1 (2018)" : 13 Documents clear
The Influence of Local Wisdom in The Decision Making Process Istiqomah, Ermina; Setyobudihono, Sudjatmiko; Abdillah, M Azra Inan
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4537

Abstract

Abstract: The existence of an authoritative figure is an indivisible part of society living in Indonesia. The high claims of iron tablets in pregnant women were indicated not followed by high consumption of Fe tablets. Motivation was suspected to be a problem in various treatment processes. The aim of this research was to know the level of influence in influencing the decision and also the perception of various influence roles based on the understanding of local wisdom.  Descriptive method was used by using a closed questionnaire to 130 respondents. The results showed that the husband, the parents and the mother-in-law were the individuals who had an influence on the decision of a pregnant woman. The need for permission was the highest factor chosen regarding the participation in the health program. This study provides an overview of the influence of individuals that must be considered in making a health program for pregnant women. Keywords: health program, influence of individual, local wisdom, pregnant mother
Peroneal Nerve Function and Knee Stability after Resection Giant Cell Tumour of Proximal Fibula, A Serial Case Mustaqim, Warih Anggoro; Isma, Satria Pandu Persada; Irsan, Istan Irmansyah
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4588

Abstract

Abstract: Giant-cell  Tumour (GCT ) is a benign Tumour, locally aggressive neoplasm which is composed of sheets of neoplastic oviod mononuclear cells uniformly distributed large, osteoclast like giant cell. Incidence GCT of proximal fibula is rare. Peroneal nerve function and stability of knee joint must be considered at the proximal fibula GCT. In 2017 we found three cases of GCT of the proximal fibula in the outpatient clinic Saiful Anwar General Hospital. All three of these patients had a confirmed GCT of proximal fibula  which planned for Tumour resection, peroneal nerve presevation and LCL ligament reconstruction. This is study of three patients with  GCT of proximal fibula was confirm with Clinical Pathological Confrence (CPC). All of patient had presented of lump,  slowly growing pain in lateral side of knee, limping when they walk and numbness in dorsal side of foot. One patient cannot dorsoflexion of ankle. We evaluated a peroneal nerve function and stability of knee after operation and one year after resection of tumour. All patient had occurred peroneal nerve lesion with no instability of knee post operatively. Two patient had complaint with numbness in dorsal side of foot and weakness ankle dorsoflexion and after one year both of patient had improved ankle dorsoflexion but still numbness in dorsal side of foot. One patient  still complaining numbness in dorsal side of foot and weakness ankle dorsoflexion post operation and one year after operation. There is no LCL ligament instability  in all of patient post operation and one year after operation. The peroneal nerve function and LCL ligament stability must consider when facing benign tumours in proximal fibula such as giant cell tumour proximal fibula. These resections result in an unavoidable loss of knee stability because of resecting the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) insertion site on the fibular head. Based on the literature, the incidence rate of postoperative peroneal nerve palsy ranges from 3% to 57%. Giant cell tumour in proximal fibula is rare and require wide excision with intraarticular resection of the proximal tibiofibular join. We must consider about peroneal nerve function and LCL ligament stability during resection of GCT proximal fibula. Keywords: Giant Cell Tumour Proximal Fibula, Peroneal Nerve function, LCL Ligament stability
Influence of Extract Swiftlet Nest (Collocalia Fuciphago) as Antihyperglycemia to Circulating Endothelial Cells in Rat (Rattus novergicus) Induced by Streptozotocin Alexandra, Francisca Diana; M, Satriyandi; Frethernety, Agnes; Triawanti, Triawanti
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4528

Abstract

Abstract: Hyperglycemia could increase the oxidative stress by catalyzes the formation of free radical as anion superoxide(O2-). Oxidative stress will effect in endothelial damaged. This study aimed to evaluated the influence of  extract swiftlet nest  (Collocalia fuciphago) to glucose level and  CEC in rat (Rattus novergicus). Rats were classified into 4 groups, there were control group (K) and 3 treatments group (dose 1; 10 and 100 mg / kgBW) The seventh day  after induced by Streptozotozin (i.p),  the rats  had increased  glucose ± 102 – 108 mg/dL, then treated  with the  extract of   Swiftlet  nest for 28  days  by  oral.  The CEC was measured by Hladovec method. The results showed  the blood glucose level were significant differences ( p = 0.035). The number of CEC decrease significantly (p=0,002). In  conclusion  that extract of Swiftlet  nest  can effect  to decrease  glucose level and CEC number in plasma rat (Rattus novergicus) Keywords: Hyperglycemia, Circulating Endothelial Cells, Collocalia fuciphago
Effect of Anti-Tuberculosis Multi Drug Resistance Regimen on Hematological Lung Tuberculosis Patients Profile with Multi Drug Resistance Putra, Pradana Maulana
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4550

Abstract

Abstract: ATD administration of tuberculosis in combination and duration often causes multi drug resistance (MDR) ATD due to discontinuation of treatment. Reported hematologic abnormal changes due to ATD. This study investigated hematological changes before and during MDR therapy of MDR TB patients in Tuberculosis MDR RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin from September to December 2017. The study population was patients treated in TB MDR Poly and selected samples with a time-limiting method. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were MDR-TB patients detected by Gene Xpert® examination, treated <30 days, between 18 and 65 years of age, HIV negative, as well as identification and laboratory data recorded in the complete medical record. 17 samples collected by hematological parameters were collected. There were significant changes in hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelets, RDW-CV, MCV, eosinophils, lymphocytes, granulocytes, and monocytes after treatment. It was concluded that MDR regimen ATD did not cause anemia and thrombocytopenia. There was also no significant change in WBC even though the count of the species changed significantly Keywords:                  Tubeculosis, Multi Drug Resistency (MDR), Anti Tuberculosis Drugs (ATD), profil hematologis
The Increase in Nutritional Status by Fermented Milk Supplement on Elementary School Children from Fishermans Village in Bantul, Yogyakarta Province of Indonesia Kesetyaningsih, Tri Wulandari; Orbayinah, Salmah; Suryani, Lilis
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4538

Abstract

Abstract: Probiotics drinks, containing Lactobacillus, were rapidly developed because of its benefit to the health. The bacteria reduced the pathogenic microorganism growth such as virus, fungi, and protozoa. The nutritional status is influenced by food intake, immunity and infection. The children of fisherman’s village are included in the insecure nutrition group because of the low social economic status and healthy living behavior. The aim of this research was to know the influence of daily consumption of probiotics in fermented milk to the nutrition status in elementary school children. This research is quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest control group design. Subjects of 95 elementary school children were divided into 2 groups: 62 children as treatment group and 33 children as control group. Determination of nutritional status is based on anthropometry according to CDC 2000 (BMI-age) growth-chart; and the biochemistry parameter consist of the level of serum total protein, albumin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urine creatinine and hemoglobin. Determination of serum total protein and BUN were carried out by Microkjeldahl method, hemoglobine by cyanmet hemoglobin method, albumin by dye-binding method, and creatinine level by Jaffe reaction method. The infection status was determined by anamnesis and laboratory examination of feces which was conducted to find the parasite in the stool. Of sixty five ml fermented milk, that contains of 6.5 x 109 Lactobacillus shirota strain, was consumed every day in 37 days. The data was analyzed by Wilcoxon test for nonparametric data and paired T-test for parametric data.  The result shows that after the treatment, it increased the nutritional status athropometrically from underweight to normal (12.9%) and overweight to normal (3.23%). In biochemically, it increased the total protein level from 6,111 to 6,705 mg/dL (p=0,001) and decreased the BUN from 42,709 to 41,127 mg/dL (p=0,004) significantly eventhough it was in normal range. The conclusion is that consuming fermented milk for 37 days in children is proven to enhance the nutritional status both by anthropometric and biochemistry parameter. Keywords: probiotic, nutritional status, Lactobacillus, fermented milk supplement
Potency of Purple Yam (Dioscorea alata L) as an Immunomodulatory Agent Makiyah, Sri Nabawiyati Nurul; Djati, Muhammad Sasmito
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4589

Abstract

Abstract: Purple yam tuber (Dioscorea alata L.) is one of tubers that has not been used optimally. One of the nutrients contained in Dioscorea species is Saponin Steroid. This paper aims to examine the potential of Steroid Saponin in purple yam tuber (Dioscorea alata L.) as an immunomodulatory agent. The method is by reviewing from various literatures. This article found that Steroid Saponin in purple yam tuber (Dioscorea alata L.) had a potency as an immunomodulatory agent. Keywords: Purple yam tuber (Dioscorea alata L), Steroid Saponin, Immunomodulatory
The Effect of Self-Management Education on Distress of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Ulin General Hospital Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia Diani, Noor; Septiany, Maulidya; Kausar, Lola Illona Elfani
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4529

Abstract

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of diabetes self management education (DSME) on distress of type 2 diabetes melitus patients which is hospitalized in Ulin General Hospital. This Study used Pre-Experiment with One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The sample size was 32 patients. The results showed that the average of emotional burden before and after DSME was decrease, with difference number 0.325. The result of Distress among healthcare services before and after DSME was increase (0.211). The result of distress due to diabetes management before and after DSME was decrease (0.119). The result of distress interpersonal relationship before and after DSME was up (0,021). The analysis used Wilcox on Sign Rank test with p= 0,135 (p> 0,05) for emotional distress, p = 0,443 (p> 0,05) for Distress healthcare worker, p = 0.656 (p> 0.05) for distress due to diabetes management. P=0,527 (p>0,05) for Distress interpersonal relationship. The conclusion was there is no significant difference of distress level before and after DSME. It is shown that there is no effect of DSME on distress among patients with diabetes mellitus. Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Distress, Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME)
The Potential of Candida Biofilm Protein as Bioreceptor for Candidiasis Immunoassay Masfufatun, Masfufatun; Haryanto, Loo; Harsono, Harsono
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4539

Abstract

Abstract: Candidiasis or infection that is caused by Candida has become a new list of the therapeutical problems recently. The difficulties in diagnosing are the main cause of the unsatisfactory results from common therapies and diagnosis methods. This has urged researchers to find alternative ways in candidiasis diagnosis such as serology-based detection using antigen or antibody development. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of protein derived from Candida albicans biofilm as bioreceptor on candidiasis immunoassay through Dot Blot method. The research method used descriptive method with the following stages: (1) preparation of Candida albicans biofilm (2) extraction of Candida albicans protein through enzymatic and mechanical methods, (3) determination of protein molecular weight with SDS-PAGE (4) production of polyclonal anti- candida and (5) analysis of protein extract as bioreeceptor on dot blot. Profile of biofilm proteins on SDS-PAGE analysis were shown on molecular weight 27,42; 29,89; 38,10; 44,90; 48,75; 52,92; 55,14; 59,86; 70,56; 87,36; 102,54;115,05; 130,14;143,14;181,53 kD. There were differences in the intensity of dots in the control group (44070) and treatment groups (63170.5). It is noticeable that biofilm protein extract of C. albicans can be used for induction of anti-Candida polyclonal antibody production as the potential candidate of bioreceptor in candidiasis immunoassay. Keywords: SDS-PAGE, polyclonal antibody, immunoassay, dot blot, biofilm
Potency of Swallow Nest Extract (Collocalia fuciphago) as Pancreaprotector Through Oxidative Mechanism in Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Induced by Streptozotocin Frethernety, Agnes; M, Satriyandi; Alexandra, Francisca Diana
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4534

Abstract

Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a clinical syndrome with characteristics of hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia can lead to the formation of excessive free radical compounds that trigger oxidative stress, especially on pancreatic β cells. Swallow nest contains amino acids which are insulin-forming compounds and glutathione that can act as a major reducing agent and antioxidant defense. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of swallow’s nest water extract as a pancreaprotector through oxidative mechanism in rats (Rattus norvegicus) induced by streptozotocin. The rats induced by streptozotocin at a dose of 40 mg/kg BW and then randomly divided into 4 groups. Control groups were given aquades and 3 treatment groups, respectively were administered swallow’s nest water extract at doses of 1, 10, 100 mg/kg BW for 21 days. Fasting blood glucose levels were measured on 7, 14 and 21 day. MDA measured after  the animal is determined  at day 28th.Level of  fasting blood glucose and MDA were analyzed by statistic using Kruskal Wallis test followed by multiple comparisons Mann Whitney test. There was a significant decrease in fasting blood glucose level with p = 0.04 in all treatment groups compared the control group. The administration of swallow nest extract significantly decreased MDA pancreas with p value = 0.000 and dose 100 mg/kgBW extract of swallow’s nest significantly decrease pancreatic MDA level. The administration of swallow’s nest water extract shows decrease of fasting blood sugar and has a protective effect on the rats’ pancreas  through oxidative mechanism. Keywords: Swallows nest extract, MDA
Ratio of Platelet-Limfosites and Leukosit Level as Indicators of Baby Feedback (APGAR Score) on Premature Rupture of Membrane Cases iIn Ulin General Hospital Wibowo, Yuvens Richardo
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v14i1.4551

Abstract

Abstract: Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) has the potential effect to cause complications such as premature infants, neonatal sepsis, and intrauterine infection (chorioamnionitis). Some inflammatory markers have been investigated to detect PROM at their early stage and prevent the complications. Platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and leukocytes are a simple, affordable inflammatory marker, and have been used to predict a variety of inflammatory conditions. This study aims to see the relationship between PLR and leukocytes with APGAR Score in the case of PROM. This study was an analytic observational study with a retrospective cross sectional design. Data from 80 samples showed PLR and leucocytes had no significant effect on APGAR value (p> 0.05). Keywords: Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio, Premature rupture of membranes, APGAR score

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