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INDONESIA
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran
ISSN : 14120550     EISSN : 25485660     DOI : -
Berkala Kedokteran is a journal contains scientific articles from original research and literature review in medical and health scope. It is published twice in a year, on February and September.
Articles 16 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015" : 16 Documents clear
PERBEDAAN WAKTU REAKSI DAN TINGKAT KELELAHAN ANTARA PEKERJA SHIFT PAGI DAN SHIFT MALAM Rianti, Olivia Dewi; Fakhrurazzy, Fakhrurazzy; Triawanti, Triawanti
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.189

Abstract

Fatigue is a feeling of weariness or lack of energy that does not decrease when a person rests. The main reason of occupational accidents caused by humans is stress and fatigue. This study aims to analyze the differences of reaction time and fatigue stage between morning shift workers and night shift workers of coal mining department operators in PT. Kaltim Prima Coal. This research was an analytic observational research with cross sectional approach and purposive sampling technique. Data taken from 30 workers of morning shift and 30 workers of night shift who fulfill the inclusion criteria. The results showed that the average reaction time of morning shift workers was 0.81 seconds and 0.89 seconds for night shift workers. The results of questionnaire showed amount of very tired worker category, tired, and less tired on the morning shift workers for each category were 7, 21, and 2, while the night shift workers for each category were 3, 25, and 2. Results of unpaired t-test for reaction time showed no significant difference (p = 0.2) and the results of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for fatigue stage showed no significant difference (p = 0.952) between the morning shift workers and night shift workers of mining coal department operators in PT. Kaltim Prima Coal. Keywords: Reaction time, fatigue stage, shift workers
IDENTIFIKASI JENIS BAKTERI KONTAMINAN PADA TANGAN PERAWAT DI BANGSAL PENYAKIT DALAM RSUD ULIN BANJARMASIN PERIODE JUNI-AGUSTUS 2014 L., Ikhwanda Angga; Prenggono, Muhammad Darwin; Budiarti, Lia Yulia
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.180

Abstract

Nosocomial infection is an infection by viruses , bacterias, and fungal pathogens that attack a patient undergoing treatment at a hospital. The source of nosocomial infections can be derived from ones body own endogenous flora and cross-infection through the hands of health care workers. The aim of this study was to identify the types of contaminants bacterias on the hands of the nurses of Disease Ward at RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin from June to August 2014. This is a descriptive study with cross sectional approach. A total of 26 samples were selected using total sampling method. The results of the nurses hand swab which had been cultured in an isolation media were viewed using a microscope. Descriptive analysis showed that there were four types of bacteria on the hands of nurses hand swab results: Staphylococcus aureus (53,85%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (34,62%), Escherichia coli (7,69%), and Bacillus sp.(3,84%). Therefore it can be concluded that bacterial contaminants found on the hands of nurses were Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, and Bacillus sp. Keywords: nosocomial infection, contaminant bacterias, nurses hand
POTENSI JUS BUAH PARE (Momordica charantia L.) SEBAGAI PENGHAMBAT HEMOGLOBIN TERGLIKASI IN VITRO Widyanto, Muhammad Topan; Suhartono, Eko; Biworo, Agung
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.194

Abstract

Bitter gourd  (Momordica charantia) is a fruit that is potentially has the ability to inhibit glycated hemoglobin thus can reduce blood sugar level. The aim of this study is to test the potency of bitter gourd juice as a glycated hemoglobin inhibitor. This is a quasi experimental study with non randomized posttest-only with control group design method, using a reaction model of diabetes consisted of two groups; bitter gourd juice as the test group and gliclazide as the standard group, divided into 10%, 20%, and 30% concentration. IC50 value is used to determine the potency as a glycated hemoglobin inhibitor. The result of this study shows that the value of r = 0,990 with an IC50 value of 69,239%, whereas for glikazid 17,268%. The positive value of r indicates a positive relation between concentration and its potency as a glycated hemoglobin inhibitor. The result thus indicates that bitter gourd juice has a potency as a glycated hemoglobin inhibitor Keywords: glycated hemoglobin, bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), gliclazide
UJI EFEKTIVITAS BEBERAPA LARVASIDA TERHADAP LARVA NYAMUK Aedes aegypti DARI BANJARMASIN BARAT Istiana, Istiana
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.185

Abstract

Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a dangerous infectious disease caused by the dengue virus and is transmitted through the bite of the mosquito Aedes aegypti. DHF control depends on controlling mosquitoes and larvae. Currently larvicidal control still uses temefos, although some studies have reported the presence of resistance. Larvicides that WHO recommended as a substitute temefos is permethrin. In addition there are some new larvicides derived from the class of insect growth regulator (IGR) which contain active pyriproksifen and active ingredients methopren. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of larvicides and effective concentration to kill 50% of larvae of Aedes aegypti from the sub Banjarmasin West. This study is an experimental study design with Posttest-Only Control Group Design with permethrin dose group was 0.0015 g / l; 0.0018 g / l; 0.002 g / l; 0.0022 g / l; 0.0025 g / l; and 0.0030 g / l, for pryriproksifen use dose groups of 0.5 ppm, 0.1 ppm, 0.05 ppm, 0.01 ppm, 0.008 ppm, 0.005 ppm, and methopren with dosis0 group g / l, 0, 0063 g / l, 0.0025 g / l, 0.005 g / l, 0.01 g / l, and 0.1 g / l. Each treatment group was exposed to larvae of Aedes aegypti larvae and change shape as well as the deaths were followed for 10 days. The results showed that the effective dose of permethrin kills 50% of larvae (Lethal Concentration / LC50) 24 hours ranged from 24 hour LC50 0.01439 - 0.01829 mg / l, with an average of 0.01671 mg / l and 24-hour LC99 ranged from 0.02856 - 0.03852 mg / l with an average of 0.03196 mg / l. This study showed that the larvae of Aedes aegypti in the district of West Banjarmasin are resistant to permethrin. As for pyriproksifen larvicides effectively killed larvae by 70% after seven days of exposure, and for larvicidal with active methopren killed 50% of larvae on the eighth day. This study shows that larviciding of IGR group can be an alternative in the area that has been declared resistant to abate as in the sub-district of West Banjarmasin. Keywords: effectiveness, permethrin, pyriproksifen, methopren, Aedes aegypti
NILAI RUJUKAN HEMATOLOGI ORANG DEWASA NORMAL DI RSUD ULIN BANJARMASIN Rosida, Azma; Hendriyono, FX
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.190

Abstract

Results of laboratory tests are interpreted through value. Hematological examination is an examination that is often requested and performed to determine the state of the blood and its components so that the patients medical condition can be known. Reference value can be obtained from brochure instruments or laboratory has its own research using populations in the laboratory because of possible variation between the laboratory values with other laboratories due to differences in methods of examination and patient characteristics. The objective of the study is to get hematology reference values in Ulin Hospital, Banjarmasin. This study is cross-sectional observasional analytic  study, conducted in hospitals Ulin Banjarmasin, June-July 2014. The subject of the study consisted of 120 women and 120 men who came for medical examinations in clinical pathology laboratories Hospital Ulin, Banjarmasin. Results obtained Hb 12.5-16.7 from the men and women are from 12.0 to 15.6 g / dL. The numbers of male erythrocytes are from 4.1 to 6.0 million / uL and women are 4.0 to 5.3 million / uL. Leukocyte numbers are 4650-10300 / uL. Platelet numbers are 150-356 thousand from men and women are 177-401 thousand / uL. Parameters 75-96 fL MCV, MCH 28-32 pg, MCHC 33-37 g / dL, and RDW-CV 12.1 to 14%. The results of this study did not differ significantly with the reference value that has been used but the obtained values of MCV are lower. Keywords: Reference value, haematology, normal adult,  RSUD Ulin
KEJADIAN NEUROPATI DAN VASKULOPATI PADA PASIEN ULKUS DIABETIK DI POLIKLINIK KAKI DIABETIK Christia, Srisabrina; Yuwono, Agus; Fakhrurrazy, Fakhrurrazy
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.181

Abstract

Diabetic ulcer is a diabetes mellitus (DM) complication, where its growth is affected by many factors such as neuropathy and vasculopathy. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence number of neuropathy and vasculopathy on diabetic ulcer patients at RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin and RSUD Dr. H. M. Ansari Saleh Banjarmasin from June to August 2014. This is an observational descriptive study with cross sectional approach. A total of 100 diabetic ulcer patient samples were chosen using purposive sampling method. Neuropathy was assessed using Michigan neuropathy screening instrument (MNSI) and vasculopathy was assessed using Ankle Brachial Index (ABI). The results showed that from 100 samples, 100 (100%) persons were neuropathic, while 31 (31%) of them were vasculopathic hence they suffered from both neuropathy and vasculopathy, a condition commonly known as neuroischemia. Keywords: diabetic ulcer, neuropathy, vasculopathy
PERBEDAAN KAPASITAS FUNGSI PARU PEKERJA TAMBANG BATUBARA ANTARA SHIFT SIANG DAN MALAM Kalistra, Nadia Bunga; Sholihah, Qomariyatus; Hidayah, Nurul
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.186

Abstract

The capacity of lung function (FEV1%) is the volume of air expelled in the first second. Impairment of lung function capacity coal miners can be caused by shift work. The study aimed to determine the difference in lung function capacity of coal miners between day shift and night shift. Research method used analytic observational cross-sectional approach. The sample was selected using purposive sampling technique based on the criteria of the Gay and Diehl. A total of 60 samples based on inclusion criteria consisted of 30 people day shift and 30 people night shift. Samples were asked to fill out a questionnaire and pulmonary function tests by means of spirometry BLT-08. Results showed that the capacity of normal lung function 15 (50%) of workers and abnormal lung function capacity 15 (50%) of coal miners afternoon shift. The capacity of normal lung function 6 (20%) of workers and abnormal lung function capacity 24 (80%) of coal miners night shift. Data were analyzed by Chi-square test with p = 0.015 (p <0.05) showed that there was difference in lung function capacity of coal miners between day shift and night shift at PT. Hasnur Riung Synergy Rantau Period July 2014. Keywords: lung function capacity, work shift, day shift, night shift, coal miner
PERBEDAAN KADAR KOLESTEROL TOTAL PASIEN PENYAKIT JANTUNG KORONER DENGAN DIABETES MELITUS DAN TIDAK DIABETES MELITUS Sari, Desy Puspita; Pratiwi, Dewi Indah Noviana; Yuliana, Ida
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.191

Abstract

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the major cause of death  in the world.CHD is constriction or occlusion of arteries which supply blood flow to heart muscle with the result lack of blood oxygen supply because atherosclerosis process or spasm or both. The incidence of atherosclerosis at large artheries increase in diabetes melitus (DM) patients.DM is a major risk factor for CHD pathogenesis. One of risk factor for CHD in DM patients is the  increase of  cholesterol level, a lipid metabolism abnormality.This study aimed to analyze the comparation of total cholesterol between CHD with DM and without DM in RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin period June-August 2014. This study was analytic observational with cross-sectional approach and used consecutive sampling. The total of  sample was 60 patients which contain 30 CHD with DM patients and 30 CHD without DM patients. The result showed the mean of CHD with DM patients’s cholesterol total level was 230,50 mg/dL and the mean of CHD without DM patient’s was 197,47 mg/dL.The data anlysis result using independent T-test showed that there is significant difference of cholesterol total level between CHD with DM patients and CHD witout DM patients (p=0,007) in RSUD Ulin Banjarmasin. Keywords: coronary heart disease (CHD), diabetes melitus (DM), total cholesterol
HUBUNGAN MINUMAN ISOTONIK DENGAN KONSUMSI OKSIGEN MAKSIMAL PADA MAHASISWA JPOK UNLAM BANJARBARU Azizah, Azizah; Biworo, Agung; Asnawati, Asnawati
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.182

Abstract

Maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 max) is the maximum number of individual oxygen that can be used during the exercise and is one of the good measurements of cardiorespiratory fitness. Isotonic drink is one of the drinks that supplies the energy and fluid balance during the exercise.  This research aims to determine whether there is a relationship of isotonic drink with maximum oxygen consumption. This research uses quasi experimental  pretest and posttest design.  The population of this research are the students of JPOK UNLAM Banjarbaru, who were divided into two groups based on before and after giving isotonic drinks. The method of retrieval research subjects is by purposive sampling method, with 33 respondents of the research subjects. The measurement of VO2 max is conducted by using multistage fitness test. The average value of VO2 max before giving isotonic drinks was 45,05 ml/kg/minute and after giving it became 49,34 ml/kg/minute. The paired t test with confidence level 95% showed significant differences in both of the data with the value of p = 0,000, it can be concluded that isotonic drinks can increase VO2 max. Keywords:  isotonic, VO2 max.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA USIA IBU HAMIL DENGAN KEJADIAN ABORTUS HABITUALIS DI RSUD ULIN BANJARMASIN PERIODE TAHUN 2010-2013 Kismiliansari, Desy Elisa; Nizomy, Ihya Ridlo; Budiarti, Lia Yulia
Jurnal Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i1.187

Abstract

Recurrent miscarriage is an abortion that occurs two or more times in a row before 20 weeks of gestation. Mother’s age is a cause of recurrent miscarriage. The aim of this study is to determine the relation between mother’s age and the incidence of recurrent miscarriage on outpatient clinic and delivery room patients at Obstetric and Gynecologic Department of Ulin General Hospital Banjarmasin from 2010 to 2013. This study used analytic observational method with retrospective approach, the mother’s age was divided into <20 years, 20-35 years, >35 years age group, with Chi-square test at 95% confidence level used to analyze the data. The results showed that from 1.266 patients diagnosed with abortion at Ulin General Hospital Banjarmasin, a total of 37 patients were diagnosed with recurrent miscarriage. We found that the number of women who suffered recurrent miscarriage at <20 years of age was    1 (2.70%) patient, at 20-35 years of age were 21 (56.76%) patients, and at >35 years of age were 15 (40.54%) patients. Overall, a total of 16 (43,24%) patients were within the recurrent miscarriage risk factor age group while 21 (56,76%) patients were outside the risk factor age group. There was a statistically significant relation between mother’s age with  the incidence of recurrent miscarriage (χ2 = 10,6, P = 0.05).                                      Keywords: recurrent miscarriage incidence, mother’s age, Obstetric and GynecologicDepartment of Ulin General Hospital Banjarmasin

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