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INDONESIA
PIRAMIDA
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008" : 7 Documents clear
PENGARUH PERKEMBANGAN KEPARIWISATAAN DAN SISTEM KEKERABATAN TERHADAP SISTEM BAGI HASIL USAHA TANI PADI SAWAH DI BALI Budi Susrusa, Ketut; Iqbali, Saptono
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
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Abstract

High population growthled to a scarcity of arable land in Indonesia. During 1963-1993 periods, farmer households have increased 1.77% i.e, almost three times than the extend of agricultural land. Soe, the land that is held by the farmer households were not only decreased in its size, but also increased in its inequality. Furthermore, this phenomenon encouraged the existence of share cropping contract. Sharecropping contract is an old institution that was known since Babylonian era ( ± 2300 BC) and still showing controversial issues related to agricultural productivity. Certainly, the institution that was born in along history of mankind could not be easily change, however some modification should be conducted along with the implementation of recent agricultural debelopment programs. The objectives this study was identify the change of sharecropping contract on rice farming along with development of economy in Bali which was also stimulated by development of tourism and to learn weather or not sharecropping contract was contra productive in terms labor used and farming performance. This study was conducted at the subaks area, three within and three others of tourism area. The population was classified into three group, owner-cultivator, non-kinship-sharecrpper, kinship- sharecropper. Farming intensity was measured by the indicator of the used of labor and inputs, whereas farm performance will be evaluated by land productivity and farm income. This study reveals that the more developed economy within a region, the better sharecropper’ s bargaining position. Furthermore, kinship-sharecropping contract was as not bad as the general opinion that is not agreed to sharesropping contract. Labor utilization and farm performance both in kinship sharecropping were consistent with enforceable contract that is led to optimizing input allocation. From the view points of owners-sharecropping relationships it was indicated that the owners held control upon the allocation of farm inputs.
PENGARUH PERKEMBANGAN KEPARIWISATAAN DAN SISTEM KEKERABATAN TERHADAP SISTEM BAGI HASIL USAHA TANI PADI SAWAH DI BALI Budi Susrusa, Ketut; Iqbali, Saptono
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

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Abstract

High population growthled to a scarcity of arable land in Indonesia. During 1963-1993periods, farmer households have increased 1.77% i.e, almost three times than the extend ofagricultural land. Soe, the land that is held by the farmer households were not only decreased inits size, but also increased in its inequality. Furthermore, this phenomenon encouraged theexistence of share cropping contract. Sharecropping contract is an old institution that was knownsince Babylonian era ( ± 2300 BC) and still showing controversial issues related to agriculturalproductivity. Certainly, the institution that was born in along history of mankind could not beeasily change, however some modification should be conducted along with the implementation ofrecent agricultural debelopment programs.The objectives this study was identify the change of sharecropping contract on ricefarming along with development of economy in Bali which was also stimulated by development oftourism and to learn weather or not sharecropping contract was contra productive in terms laborused and farming performance.This study was conducted at the subaks area, three within and three others of tourismarea. The population was classified into three group, owner-cultivator, non-kinship-sharecrpper,kinship- sharecropper. Farming intensity was measured by the indicator of the used of labor andinputs, whereas farm performance will be evaluated by land productivity and farm income.This study reveals that the more developed economy within a region, the better sharecropper’ sbargaining position. Furthermore, kinship-sharecropping contract was as not bad as the generalopinion that is not agreed to sharesropping contract.Labor utilization and farm performance both in kinship sharecropping were consistentwith enforceable contract that is led to optimizing input allocation. From the view points ofowners-sharecropping relationships it was indicated that the owners held control upon theallocation of farm inputs.
PENGATURAN PENDUDUK PENDATANG DALAM AWIG-AWIG DESA PAKRAMAN Sudantra, I Ketut
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
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Abstract

The problems that caused by migrant have been felt nowadays disturbing thecomfort of Balinese community. Because that, many step have been taken, by bothof government and Balinese traditional organization of desa pakraman. Incommon, desa pakraman has been regulated this migrant matter on an adatregulation of awig awig. Even if the models and substances of the migrantregulation are varying, one common principle on awig awig desa pakraman is theprinciple of balance between the rights and obligations of the migrants that liveon domain of desa pakraman.
KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH SEBAGAI POLA PENGENDALIAN SOSIAL (Studi Kasus: Resitensi Terhadap Kebijakan Atas Penutupan Galian C Di Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Unda Klungkung) Jayanti, I Gusti Ngr
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
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The decision of government on the closing the C-mining area was respondeddifferently by some parts of the societies, especially those of the sand miner. The sanddiggers that have been earning their life there for tens of year felt bothered becausethey are threaten to lose their sources of income. The implication of decision carriedout by the regional government of Klungkung, raised the occurence of resistance. Thesand diggers showed the resistance in two ways, in this case, they opposed thedecision secretly and the second they openly showed their in agreement toward whatthe government has decided. The form of their secrete opposition can be seen fromthe way and strategy of the sand miners who continually doing their activities in theC-mining, though the area is considered to be sterilized from the mining in what everform. On the other hand, the open resistance can be seen in the form of emotionalbehavior and the awareness of the sand miners directly opposed the governmentdecision by forming a group, organizing their community to conduct demonstration tosend their inspiration in order that the area of C-mining area closed by thegovernment can be re-operated.
STUDI KASUS GELANDANGAN – PENGEMIS (GEPENG) DI KECAMATAN KUBU KABUPATEN KARANGASEM Iqbali, Saptono
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
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This research meant to get imago about demographic charateristik and economic social and patternbehavior of gepeng ( loiterer and beggar) especially coming from Muntigunung and Pedahan, Sub-Province Karangasem. This imago addressed to compile program solution of gepeng effectively and efesienby paying attention to potency and constraint solution of gepeng.Result of research indicates that behavior of loiterer and beggar to grow naturally and throughrational idea. Development of behavior of gepeng) is divided to to become three periods, that is beforemount Agung erupts ( 1963), after mount Agung erupts ( 1963 - 1970), and after 1980 an. Initially publicdoes barter activity, then pass into beggar as result of urban community do not want to receive goodsbrought and better gives money as pity taste.Seen from demography characteristic, mostly doing activity of gepeng is mothers and children andgenerally they pertained productive labour and children pertained baby and is including school age .Education of family gepeng in general low and condition of its the economics better relative compared todoing no activity gepeng.Wisdom solution of gepeng is with interest races rural development. Its the strategy is exploit opportunitywhich there have, develops potency owned and as possible lessens the constraints, all can touchrequirement of material and spiritual.
PENGARUH PERBAIKAN GIZI KESEHATAN TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA ARI AGUNG, I GUSTI AYU
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
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The prevalance of iron deficiency is still high in Indonesia. Iron is an essentialcomponent of haemoglobin (essential of cell respiration/carrier of O2 and CO2),component several enzymes that play an important role in some metabolic processes.Iron deficiency causes a reduction in amount of enzymes, among others the enzymesakonitase, katalase, monoaminoksidase, mieloperoksidase, ribonukleotidil reduktase,suksinat dehirogenase, tirosin hidrolse, triptofan pirrolase dan xantin oksidase.Overcoming deficiencies in nutrition and controlling prevailing diseases producesstronger, more energetic workers, reduces to number of work days lost because of illness,lengthens the working life span and increases cognitive skills. The flow of earning isthereby increased above what it would have been in the abcence of improved nutritionand health.Many studies indicate measurable correlation between better nutrition, healthand higher productivity and better income, which have important functionalconsequences of public health, social and economic significance.
PENGEMBANGAN WILAYAH KABUPATEN SIDOARJO SEBAGAI WILAYAH PINGGIRAN KOTA METROPOLITAN SURABAYA DAN MOBILITAS PENDUDUK Adika, I Nyoman
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
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The physical and functional development restructuring program in Surabaya due tospace limitation has caused a development overflowing beyond the city toward Surabaya-Malang corridor. One of regions in that corridor is Sidoarjo Regency. The increase ofeconomic activities due to the development overflowing to Sidoarjo comes together with theraise of labor mobility to the region.Related to the problem mentioned before, this research aims to (1) analyze physicaland functional development growth and its distribution in Sidoarjo Regency during the lastdecade as the impact of internal restructuring program in Surabaya; (2) analyze the role ofSidoarjo Regency in endeavoring to stabilize environment of Surabaya City; (3) analyze theimpact of physical and functional development in Sidoarjo Regency on the inflow of formaland informal sectors labors and to identify their origins; and (4) identify factors causinginformal sector labor migrant tend to choose Sidoarjo Regency as a place to earn living aswell as the mobility pattern, and to what extent Sidoarjo Regency can serve as a steppingstone for them to initiate their businesses.The results show that (1) the pro natal population policy held by Old OrderGovernment has increased birth numbers and pushed population growth dramatically; (2)capital investment during the New Order that tend to be concentrated in big cities, likeJakarta and Surabaya has caused huge people mobility to the cities. This inflow of lowskilled and educated migrant to big cities would create new problems, not only that ofrelated to physical, but also to the social capacity; and (3) area limitation in cities causesthe development goes beyond neighborhood areas. The development overflowing fromSurabaya to Sidoarjo could decrease population growth of Surabaya, and on the otherhand, the population growth of Sidoarjo increases considerably. The process of“kotadesasi” in Sidoarjo Regency has soundly occurred because the farmers there haveinvolved in agricultural industry since long time, like shrimp crackers, handicraft, case andbags industries. Based on the results, two recommendations can be oferred, (1) each citygrowth will reach a full period, therefore a counterpart area will be necessary to receivethe overflowing from a fully developed city; and (2) development program must bedecentralized in order to distribute people mobility.

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