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INDONESIA
PIRAMIDA
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol. 2, No. 1 Juli 2006" : 6 Documents clear
DINAMIKA URBANISASI DI INDONESIA Heny Urmila Dewi, Made
PIRAMIDA Vol. 2, No. 1 Juli 2006
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

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Abstract

Urbanization is a natural phenomenon in economic development process both in developed and less developed countries. Urbanization is not only viewed as a population phenomenon, but also viewed as political, social, cultural, and economic phenomenon. Data showed that the more developed the economic condition of a country, the higher the urbanization rate will be. One thing must be avoided related to urbanization is that high concentration of population in one region which caused agglomeration or primacy. Therefore, population controlling policy must be effective, integrated, and based on a policy that can harmonize social, economic, culture, political, and physical aspects.
UPAYA PENURUNAN UNMET NEED MELALUI INTERVENSI LANGSUNG TERHADAP PASANGAN USIA SUBUR DAN PROVIDER DI PROVINSI BALI Marhaeni, A.A.I.N
PIRAMIDA Vol. 2, No. 1 Juli 2006
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

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Abstract

Unmet need is a phenomenon that must be seriously handled by the relevant institutions. High proportion of unmet need can occur due to some factors, such as fear of side effect of contraception, lack of understanding of various contraception means as well as unaffordable charge of birth control services. This phenomenon would affect the decrease in contraception use prevalence and the increase of probability of giving a birth to unexpected children. The proportion of unmet need can be reduced by direct intervention to eligible couples that is classified as unmet need. The purpose of this study are (1) to find out internal and external factors that motivate unmet need eligible couples willing to use contraception means after the intervention done, and (2) to identify the implementation of socialization and intervention model for unmet need eligible couples. Socialization and intervention activities are conducted in five regencies (Badung, Gianyar, Karangasem, Buleleng, and Jembrana). In each regency two sub-districts are chosen, and from each sub-district two villages are selected for implementing the activities. The results show that there are 16 variables of internal factors motivating unmet need eligible couples to use contraception means after the socialization take place. This variables relate to the availability of and satisfaction to service program information, and ability to serve in explaining the program. The main external factor relates to the free charge of program services, including cost of contraception means and the installment. Implementation of socialization and intervention is conducted in 8 steps, starting from registering unmet need eligible couples to the evaluation stage. Recommendation from this study includes periodical registration of unmet need eligible couples, commitment establishment of related institutions and providers in handling unmet need, and continuous unmet need handling program.
KESEMPATAN KERJA DAN PENGANGGURAN DI PROVINSI BALI (HASIL SAKERNAS 2005) Dayuh Rimbawan, Nyoman
PIRAMIDA Vol. 2, No. 1 Juli 2006
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Abstract

ABSTRACK Sampai tahun 2005 struktur perekonomian Bali dilihat dari kesempatan kerja masih berorientasi pada Sektor Pertanian. Sekitar 31 persen dari total pekerja sebanyak 1,9 juta orang terserap pada Lapangan Usaha Pertanian. Kemudian disusul berturut-turut oleh Lapangan Usaha Perdagangan, Hotel & Restoran dan Industri Pengolahan masing-masing 23 persen dan 18 persen. Enam lapangan usaha yang lain masing-masing menyerap pekerja kurang dari sepuluh persen kecuali Lapangan Usaha Jasa Kemasyarakatan sekitar 14 persen. Dari segi pendidikan, rata-rata kualitas pekerja relatif rendah. Hampir 55 persen pekerja berpendidikan tamat SD ke bawah. Di sisi lain, mereka yang pendidikannya lebih tinggi, sebagian besar tamat pendidikan menengah umum bukan kejuruan. Tingkat pengangguran (open unemployment) relatif rendah yaitu sekitar empat persen (81.748 orang). Mayoritas dari penganggur tersebut termasuk kategori mencari pekerjaan dan pengangguran putus asa. Sedangkan yang sedang mempersiapkan usaha hanya 0,5 persen. Karena batasan orang bekerja adalah bekerja minimal satu jam tanpa terputus seminggu sebelum pencacahan, maka ada indikasi justru yang tinggi adalah angka pengangguran tersembunyi, yaitu pekerja yang bekerja di bawah jam kerja normal (< 35 jam per minggu).
NILAI-NILAI EKONOMI HUBUNGAN MANUSIA DENGAN TUHAN DALAM PELAKSANAAN TRIHITAKARANA DI DESA PAKRAMAN KABUPATEN GIANYAR Sukarsa, I Made
PIRAMIDA Vol. 2, No. 1 Juli 2006
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Abstract

In an effort to achieve life objective, human beings need social interaction with their environment. Life objective of Balinese community (Hindu) as stated in Bhagawad Gita is ?Moksrtham Jagathita ya Caiti Dharma?, that is achieving moksa trough truth way of moksa abstractly, which means unite with Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa. In reality, moksa mean ?sukha tan pawali duka?. For achieving this, human being try to keep harmonic relationship among three elements i.e. relationship among human being, relationship with their environment, and relationship with god. The implementation of the relationship of the three elements is trough yadnya expenditure, known as panca yadnya. For instance, dewa yadnya expenditure is for keeping relationship between human being and god, butha yadnya is for keeping relationship between human being and his environment, and manusa yadnya is for keeping relationship among human beings. Aims of this study including four matters : 1) identification of kind of ceremony (dewa yadnya) for six month, 2) kind and quantity of material used, 3) time spent and number of labor used, 4) value of money (Rupiah) spend for the ceremonies. This study done in Gianyar regency with sample of 52 Hindu households in five pekraman villages and 30 banjar adat. Household sample and village sample are choosen by using stratified random sampling. The findings shows that 1) the number of household offering in Gianyar Regency in every rerahinan day is 42,46 units; 2) material of dewa yadnya consist of at least 21 kinds or equal to 13,535.98 ton per year. Among other, 2999.78 ton of flower; 5521.26 ton of coconut leafe and , 1824.58 ton of coconut; 3) time spent for running cremation ceremony from preparation until the ?D? day is 5531 effective hours, consist of 3,032 man hour and 2,499 woman hour, or 699 mandays wich is consist of 386,44 mandays (man) and 312,38 mandays (woman; 4) Total expenditure (Gianyar regency) for yadnya is Rp. 651.877.818.490. On average, for every household this amount of money is used for keeping good relationship among them (manusa yadnya) about Rp. 4,791,693.47, for butha yadnya is about Rp. 164,615.38, and for dewa yadnya is about Rp. 3,618,328.08.,-
PROYEKSI PENDUDUK, PERAN KB NASIONAL, DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PEMBANGUNAN Murjana Yasa, I.G.W
PIRAMIDA Vol. 2, No. 1 Juli 2006
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Abstract

Until near in the year of 2015, population growth is estimated around 1,26 percent per year, after that in accordance with the changing of child possession pattern and population aging structure, fertility rate and mortality rate are estimated to be increase. Life expectancy on average in Bali is estimated to increase from 70,6 year in 2000 become 74,6 year in 2025. There is an interesting matter that need to be concerned related to trend of bali population structure, that is since 2000 dependency ratio of Bali population is under 50 which is estimated to be take place until the end of projection period. This is a ?golden age? where the burden of productive population is not too heavy. This condition is also become a demographic gift because there is an economic advantage which is caused by decresing of dependency ratio as a concequence of long run fertility decline. Relative success in pressing population growth rate is irrespective of the role of family planning program which is continously adjusting its programs with population development. In the future, in relation with shifting in population parameter, there are some matters that must be concerned especially related to the implication on development : 1) keeping the momentum of succes pressing fertility and mortality rate and population mobility control, 2) more creative in implementing population control, 3) exploiting demography gift by implementing several programs of population quality improvement through productivity improvement
KONDISI SOSIAL EKONOMI PETANI DI PROVINSI BALI SEBUAH ANALISIS DATA SEKUNDER BERDASARKAN HASIL SENSUS PERTANIAN 2003 Sudibia, I Ketut
PIRAMIDA Vol. 2, No. 1 Juli 2006
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to analyze social and economic condition of the farmers in Province of Bali. The main data is obtained from The Agricultural Census 2003, specifically ?The Survey of Farmers? Income 2004?. Data is analyzed using techniques of descriptive, qualitative, and comparative. Some findings of this study are (1) the shifting of young generation orientation from agricultural sector to non-agricultural sector in Denpasar city, Badung and Gianyar regencies; (2) the level of education of farmers are relatively low, even in several regencies like Buleleng, Bangli, Klungkung, and Karangasem there are over than 80 percent of them are low educated (primary school and under); (3) the average cultivated non-rice field is 0.3987 hectares with composition of 61.1 percent of farmers cultivating less than 0.50 hectares, on the other side, the average cultivated rice field is 0.1534 hectares with composition of 76,1 percent of farmers cultivating less than 0.50 hectares; (4) the contribution of non-agricultural sector to the household income of farmers tends to be high for farmers that cultivate land less than 0.50 hectares; and (5) the income levels of farmers in Province of Bali are relatively low, compared to the minimum standard of living or per capita income of Bali population in the same period. Furthermore, some suggestions emerge from this study are needs of (1) enhancement of farmers education through farmers training; (2) protection to the farmers in terms of production input and strategic commodities in order to decrease the impressions that agricultural sector is less protected; and (3) creation of balanced development between agricultural and non-agricultural sectors, so that both sectors are developed.

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