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INDONESIA
PIRAMIDA
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Core Subject : Education,
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 9, No. 2 Desember 2013" : 6 Documents clear
DISTRIBUSI ALOKASI SUMBER DAYA DALAM RUMAH TANGGA DI INDONESIA: ANAK SEKOLAH ATAU BEKERJA? Ni Putu, Wiwin Setyari
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 2 Desember 2013
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Abstract

Rotten Kid theorem of Gary Becker asserts that if all members of the family received the gift or income of other household members , then even if there are family members who are selfish , they still will maximize total family income . Thus, the welfare of the family members will not be affected at anyone who holds power in the family because of the assumption of homogeneous preferences (unitary approach) . However, these assumptions can be said to be unrealistic , especially recent studies in collective models show systematic differences between the way men and women distribute its power in the household . This paper tries to analyze the behavior of households in Indonesia in distributing the resources they have, especially in determining the child’s human capital formation . Utilizing data from IFLS4 , it can be said in Indonesian households in general have an allocation system that is unitary approach . Distribution is done together does not depend on who holds the power in it . In particular also an indication that the higher the wife’s education , the better the child’s education and are owned by the decline in the probability of child labor .
Hubungan Sosio Demografi dengan Mobilitas Penduduk di Provinsi Jambi (Analisis Data SP-2010) ., Suandi
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 2 Desember 2013
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The purpose of the study are: (1) to describe the socio demographic and population mobility in Jambi Province, and (2) analyze of socio-demographic relationship with population mobility in Jambi Province. The research design is the documentation . The research is focused on Jambi Province. This study takes as long as three months of the calendar. The research data was sourced from the SP-2010 Indonesia. The research variables are: (1) socio - demographic (age of respondent, education level, family size, and employment status ) , and (2) recent migration. The results showed that the average age at recent migration relatively young age group, and there are as many as 33 percent of the population age has not been productive, an elementary education downwards (58%), and worked as laborers (62%). The analysis showed that the recent migration in Jambi Province was negatively related to resource quality and productivity of migrant labor. That is, the increasing number of recent migration then the level of labor productivity was lower.
STUDI KOMPARATIF FERTILITAS PENDUDUK ANTARA MIGRAN DAN NONMIGRAN DI PROVINSI BALI I Ketut, Sudibia; I Nyoman, Dayuh Rimbawan; AAIN, Marhaeni; Rustariyuni, Surya Dewi
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 2 Desember 2013
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The population growth rate of the Bali Province over the period of 2000 - 2010 was 2.14 percent per year; it indicates the highest rate that was ever reached in the history of population census in Bali. Even this figure is far above the national average of 1.49 percent per year for the same period. One of the demographic components considered as the major effect on the population growth rate is the tendency of the increasing number of migrants coming to Bali. But on the other hand, it also occurred (1) an increase in the fertility rate of the population, which was indicated by an increase in TFR of Bali Province from 1.89 into 2.14 live births per woman of fertile age during the period of 2000-2010, and (2) a younger  age of the first marriage of women from 23.1 years old (in the Population Census of year 2000) into 22.4 years old (in the Population Census of  2010). Even the more surprising fact is shown by the recent findings of the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2012 which mentions the size of the TFR of Province of Bali is 2.3 births per woman of fertile age (Central Bureau of Statistics of Bali Province, 2013).  77 In connection with the situation above, the specific objectives of this study were to (1) calculate the amount of the       rate of fertility of the migrant and non-migrant population, (2) analyze the factors that cause differences in the fertility rate of non-migrant and migrant population, (3) analyze the participation of migrant and non-migrant population in the Family Planning/ Birth Control program (KB), and (4) analyze the norms of family size of migrant and non-migrant population. To answer the above research objectives, the study was carried out in two areas, namely in Badung Regency with the highest growth rate in Bali (4.62 percent per year) and in Denpasar with a population growth rate of 4.00 percent per year. In this study, 300 respondents of fertile age couples were involved, with details of 150 respondents of migrant population and 150 respondents of non-migrant population. The sampling of respondents of migrants and non-migrants were taken by using the convenience sampling approach. An important finding in this study is (1) the average of final parity of migrants (the group of women aged 45-49 years) is 2.50 and 2.32 for those of non-migrants, (2) the higher average of final parity of migrants compared to non- migrant is determined by the younger age of first marriage, shorter duration of breastfeeding, lower participation in the family planning  program, lower educational level, as well as the lower proportion of the working women, (3) the lower use of contraception among migrants than the non-migrants, and (4) ideal number of children among the migrants range between 1-6 children, while non-migrants between 1-5 children.
ANALISIS DISPARITAS PENDAPATAN PEDAGANG MAKANAN GEROBAK DORONG ANTAR KECAMATAN DI KOTA DENPASAR Made, Dwi Setyadhi Mustika
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 2 Desember 2013
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The mobility of labor in informal sector is considerably high, that causes the labor force becoming easy to get into the sector so it is expected to be a platform between job opportunity and the unemployment. That phenomenon can be seen through the job opportunity that widely open as formal sector labor in Denpasar, especially which operates in traded sector. Most of the traders in informal sector run their business by building the “warung tenda”, and also by using the “gerobak dorong”. Location usually becomes a consideration in operating their business. The location which is a center of public activity becomes their main option, because the chance to earn money is greater. This study generally aims to determine the characteristic of food trader “gerobak dorong” in 4 (four) subdistricts in Denpasar. This study also aims to determine whether the income disparity exists in food trader “gerobak dorong” among the subdistricts in Denpasar. The result is expected to be a reference in informal sector making policy in Denpasar. In total of 100 respondents, most of food traders “gerobak dorong” are in range of age 35 to 44 years old (35 percent). In amount of 68 percent of the traders are from East Java, and 33 percent new respondents have been operating the business less than 5 years. The result of the analisys which is conducted by using Kruskall-Wallis method suggests that the average of income disparity of food trader “gerobak dorong” in four subdistricts in Denpasar is different. It is in line with the statement of this research background that says different location results in different income. Location determines their success in trading. The location which is a center of public activity becomes their main option, because the chance to earn money is greater.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MINAT MIGRAN MELAKUKAN MOBILITAS NON PERMANEN KE KOTA DENPASAR Rustariyuni, Surya Dewi
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 2 Desember 2013
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Abstract

Many people come to do migration to Denpasar city because of Regional Wage of Minimum (UMR) in Denpasar city every years always higher than another region in Bali. The migrant because of economy motive move on Denpasar city and because many facilitation there are many kind of job, health fasility, education fasility, fasility of transportation, fasility of entertainer for adult and children also another fasility in which there are be the most pull factor for another region. This research aims to know impact the wage, time to do mobility, age and education for parsial and simultan to migration sircular in Denpasar city. To know which one the variable dominant to migrant sircular in Denpasar. This research method use primary data with binary logistic analysis because the variable is dichotomy, use dummy variable, the dependent variable is combination between matrix and nominal (non matrix). Probability method sampling used in this research is proportional stratified randome sampling. From the solvin calculate, the result for sampling 82,17 be 82 people but this research use 90 people. The location of research in Denpasar city because of many worker (migrant) do mobility. The population is they are come from another city of Denpasar, isn’t live in Denpasar, the meaning is they are have identity card not in Denpasar but work in Denpasar city. The result is age, education, time to mobility and wage variable simultanity and parsial, significance to habit migration to Denpasar. Education and wage variable have positif sign to habit migration to Denpasar. Government do the good development in all region until have minus migration in Denpasar. The people given knowledge for workshop, training, for increase the power of entrepreneur and government give lender for the first enterpreneur, policy of second father, and the simplicity for get lending.
PERAN PEMBERDAYAAN DALAM MENOPANG KREATIVITAS SUMBER DAYA MANUSIA SEBAGAI SUMBER DAYA SAING INDUSTRI KECIL DAN MENENGAH (IKM) DI KABUPATEN BADUNG PROVINSI BALI Desak Ketut, Sintaasih; Ni Nyoman, Kertiyasa; Ni Wayan, Mujiati; Indrawati, Ayu Desi
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 2 Desember 2013
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Small and medium industry (SMI) is the leading sector of the economy of Bali that have contribution on export and labor absorption. In the face of the increasingly competition nowadays, SMI should have primacy as a typical company’s ability to win the competition. The purpose of this research is to know the application of empowerment of human resources and its role in the creativity of employees as a source of competitiveness of the company. Responden in this research are employees of SMI apparel industry sectors from textiles and craft industry of wood, metal, gold and silver, in the Badung Regency. These studies use quantitative analysis approach, using multiple linear regression analysis technique. The results showed that the structural and psychological empowerment simultaneously significant role in propping up the creativity of employees. Structural and psychological empowerment partially also plays a positive and significant in the creativity of employees. The results of this research may imply that the better structural and psychological empowerment happens in companies growing the SMI creativity of employees. The creativity demonstrated by the new combination makes creative in completing the work and improve the ways of completing tasks so that the results of its work more meaningful for the company in the face of an increasingly tight competition.

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