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INDONESIA
PIRAMIDA
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Core Subject : Education,
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013" : 6 Documents clear
Beberapa Strategi Pengentasan Kemiskinan di Kabupaten Karangasem, Provinsi Bali I Ketut, Sudibia; AAIN, Marhaeni
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

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Abstract

Karangasem is one of Bali’s regency that has relatively high level of poverty. In year of 2007 and 2009 the proportion of poor people in the regency was 8.95 and 6.37 percent respectively, while in Bali Province the numbers were only 6.63 and 4.88 percent in the same periods. Poverty problem in Karangasem is also indicated by Human Development Index of 66.06 in 2009, which was the lowest index in Bali Province. Based on these facts, the problem of this research would be: what are the appropriate development policy strategies to alleviate poverty level in Karangasem Regency? Karangasem is purposively selected as the research location because it has the lowest human development index in Bali. Samples are taken by accidental sampling with poor households as the respondents. Ninety respondents are distributed evenly to three sub-districts namely Karangasem, Manggis, and Abang. The three sub-districts have fulfilled requirements to become development corridor in Bali Province, which consists of tourism, agriculture, animal husbandry, and fishery. Next, data are collected through a structured interview and observation, while analysis is done descriptively by using frequency distribution and cross tabulation. Based on data analysis and discussion of the results, there are two strategies of poverty alleviation that could be done. Firstly, cluster one is strategy for the really poor households with low level of education. With the limitation in economic and social ability, job opportunities through putting out system should be provided to these kinds of households. They are given opportunities to produce goods for certain companies. Thus, three parties are involved: the poor people, the company, and the government (in this case, is Ministry of Industry and Trade, and Ministry of Labor. Secondly, cluster two is strategy for poor people that enforce labor to become self-entrepreneur to increase their income. For entrepreneur households, it is suggested to develop their business into micro, small, and medium enterprises in order to increase sales. This strategy uses quality improvement approach in production, marketing, and funding process. The cluster 2 strategy is a partner-based model of rural community empowerment.
Peluang Pendidikan dan Pelatihan (Diklat) Pegawai Perempuan di Pemerintah Daerah di Provinsi Bali AAIN, Marhaeni; AA Ayu, Sriathi
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

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Abstract

Education and training is a very important activity to be implemented in order to improve the competence of civil servants. A regulation governing the education and training of civil servants is the Indonesian Government Regulation Number 101 Year 2000 on Education and Job Training for Civil Servants. Improving the competence of civil servants through education and training become important in the career advancement of civil servants, education and training is often a requirement to fill a particular position. If the opportunity to participate in different training among civil servants of men and women, it will create different competencies, and in the end there are different opportunities for certain positions. The purpose of the research was to examine the perceptions of female civil servants (PNS) of their opportunities to participate in Education and Training at the Provincial Government of Bali. Respondents in this study were female civil servant who has held echelon positions of echelon 4 to 2 in all Local Government of Regencies / City and Province of Bali, which numbered 310 people. Samples were taken with a random sampling method. Data were collected through interviews and in-depth interviews. Data analysis technique used is descriptive statistic that comes with a descriptive analysis. The results showed the majority of respondents (over 90%) of respondents have completed the Education and Training, both Leadership Education and Training , Functional, and Technical Education and Training. Respondents who have not followed Leadership Education and Training are civil servants who had served echelon 4, and immediately follow the Leadership Education and Training 4. Respondents perceive that the functional and technical Education and Training are directly benefitted and related to their duties as compared with Leadership Education and Training, and they also found that it is useful for their work. Based on the existing data and the opinions of respondents, it can be  seen that the higher the levels of leadership education and training the lower the chances of female civil servants to participate in the Leadership Education and Training, even for Leadership Education and Training I, the chance of female civil servants are very low. The suggestions that can be put forward that there should be a policy of affirmative action to follow the higher level of Leadership Education and Training , in order to achieve a higher equal opportunity to attend the Education and Training.
KAUM MUDA BALI : HARAPAN VS. KENYATAAN I Nyoman, Dayuh Rimbawan
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013
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Abstract

It cannot be denied that young people has played important role in Indonesian history since the colonial period until the independence era. Many argue that young people is the nation’s future. But on the other side they face numerous challenges. During the last decade there has been a serious concern of young people behavior, like personal or group fighting, students brawl, drunk, extortion, theft, drug abuse, and free sex. The most prominent issues in Bali are drug abuse and free sex. The Bali community care drugs predicts that 1.3 percent of Balinese population is drug addicts, in which most of them are under 20 of age. Drug addicts would potentially be infected with HIV virus. The number of people with AIDS in Bali is increasing. During the last 27 years there are 7,291 people with HIV/AIDS (3,459 living with AIDS and 3,832 infected with HIV). About 40 percent of them are aged between 20 to 29. Outside Java, free sex is mostly found in Makassar, Denpasar, Medan, and Palembang. Studies that have been conducted in several locations found that 39 percent of respondents aged 15 to 25 stated that they had sexual intercourse. Free sex potentially raises unwanted pregnancy (KTD), various sexual diseases (PMS), as well as infected with HIV virus. According to KPAD Bali (2011) as many as 95 teenagers in Bali are positively infected with HIV virus or living with AIDS. Most of them have the virus through free sex. KTD also potentially causes abortion, which could threat not only the reproduction system of the woman, but also the psychological impact to her. The cases of young people infected with HIV/AIDS, drug abuses and free sex mentioned before might be only the tip of the iceberg. The reality could be even much more cases, because these matters are very sensitive, thus people involved would be relatively more closed.
KEBERDAYAAN INDUSTRI KERAJINAN RUMAh TANGGA UNTUK PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN DI PROVINSI BALI (Ditinjau dari Aspek Modal Sosial dan Peran Lembaga Adat) Ni Nyoman, Yuliarmi; AAIN, Marhaeni; IAN, Saskara; Arka, Sudarsana; Ni L P, Wiagustini
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013
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Abstract

The aims of this research determine : 1) the effect of social capital on the level ofempowerment of the householdhandicraft industryin the province ofBali, 2) the effect of social capital on social, cultural and custom financial institutions roles to empower householdhandicraft industryin the province ofBali,3) the effect oftraditionalviews ofthe role ofinstitutionsof social, cultural, and financialempowermentforhouseholdhandicraft industryin the province ofBali. Locationswere selected5 districtsby the numberof poor families(Keluarga Sejahtera Satu) (BKKBN 2012)has the mosthouseholdhandicraftindustrial unitsnamely:Karangasem, Bangli, Klungkung, TabananandGianyar regency. The number ofsamplestakenas many as 100units. Datawere collectedby interview, using alist of questionsprepared. The analysis techniqueused isStructural Equation Modeling(SEM) approachPartialLeast Square(PLS). The research results showed that: 1) Social capital is not proven able to affect household handicraft industryin the province ofBali 2) Social capital positively affect the role of social, cultural and custom financial institutions to empower household handicraft industryin the province ofBali 3) The role of social, cultural and custom financial institutions positively affect household handicraft industry empowerment in the province ofBali.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PENDUDUK LANJUT USIA MASIH BEKERJA Ni Kadek, Andini; Desak PUtu, Nilakusmawati Eka; Made, Susilawati
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013
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Abstract

This research aims to determine the factors that affect the elderly are still working. This data was obtained through questionnaire distribution to the elderly. Elderly in this study is elderly aged 60-74 years old and retired. Sampling technique that are used on this survey are purposive sampling combined with accidental sampling. The variables of this study are: level of education (X1), status in the household (X2), marital status (X3), length of illness in the week (X4), dependency of family member (X5),  annuity  and labour status of elderly (X6). The  technique og data analysis that are used is the log-linear analysis. The study found that elderly labour status associated with presence/absence of dependency of family mamber  and the presence/absence of old-age benefits, labourt status associated with the status of the elderly in the household and in a week long illness, labour status associated with marital status and presence/ absence of annuity, as well as status in the household interact with marital status and length of illness within a week. The conclusion of this research showed that the factors that affect of the elderly are still working is the status in the household, marital status, length of illness in the week, presence/absence of family member dependency, presence/ absence of annuity, while the level of education also influenced indirectly.
MENGGALAKKAN PROGRAM TRANSMIGRASI MELALUI PENINGKATAN PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH I Gde, Nitiyasa; I Ketut, Sudibia
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013
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Abstract

During the Dutch colonial government, migration activity which was known as colonization was done since 1905. This program had been continued up towards the World War II, then also during independence era which is then called transmigration. Although transmigration has been carried out for a long time, its objective to relocate population from Java to the other part of Indonesia is still relatively low. Java Island which covers an area of 7 percent of Indonesia’s land is populated by about 57 percent of total Indonesia’s population (Population Census 2010). In the past, transmigration policy tended to be demographic centric, which migrated people from densely to sparsely populated areas. To eliminate demographic centric image, it is necessary to reorient the transmigration policy to be more regional development based. There are four targets of regional development: (a) to develop new villages by building integrated transmigration settlement in one development area; (b) to develop a hinterland of existing growth centers; (c) to improve less developed villages by increasing population and developing the infrastructures; and (d) to develop transmigration society and local people through improving society self-supporting skills. During the decentralization era, there are at least three policy steps that should be done, including (1) to control inflow of migrants in terms of number of social economic characters and potential conflicts with local people; (2) to group integrated migrants from various ethnic and prepare skilled migrants in each group and location; and (3) to plan infrastructure development, such as roads, bridges, irrigation, clinic, sport centers, and other facilities which are not seem to be exclusive for certain location.

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