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INDONESIA
PIRAMIDA
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Core Subject : Education,
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 3, No.2 Desember 2007" : 6 Documents clear
PEMBANGUNAN YANG KAPITALISTIK, DAMPAK TERHADAP EKOLOGI DAN KEHIDUPAN MANUSIA Jayanti, I Gusti Ngurah
PIRAMIDA Vol 3, No.2 Desember 2007
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Abstract

Development, principally, relieves human from pressure and exploitation. Practically in the social structure, it is variably translated, and consequently the term development seems to be ambivalence which is strongly based on various interests in the society. In reality, development can not be separated from links of authority and interests that construct it in 1habitués and cultural histories, so the development emerges in different forms. In the third world, it is clear that development issue undergoes pressure from dominantly ideological construction that emerges from the domain and social condition of western countries. The expansion of western ideology through colonial imperialism left over some sedimentation which strongly influences the way of thinking of the people in the third world. The influence can be seen from economic policy system in some part of developing countries, which adopt the western country’s economic system. Capitalism system is a form of which has been absorbed in the regulation of economic development sector. It is showed out that the implementation of capitalism system causes some excess in many sectors not only in economic, but becomes wider in the social cultural in the internal third world countries and it does as well in Indonesia. Development pattern that focuses only on one sector or capitalist economic determinism brings about some excess in many other sectors. The structure is not in line with the spirit and character of multicultural nation. Consequently, defining on the structure of development and criticizing the structures policy of developed industrial nations, toward development especially in Indonesia is urgently required.
PERSEPSI PETUGAS LAPANGAN KELUARGA BERENCANA, PROVIDER, DAN PASANGAN USIA SUBUR TERHADAP EKSISTENSI PROGRAM KELUARGA BERENCANA PADA ERA DESENTRALISASI DI KABUPATEN KARANGASEM Sudibia, I Ketut; Marhaeni, A.A.I. N
PIRAMIDA Vol 3, No.2 Desember 2007
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Abstract

The change of government from “The New Order” to “The Reformation Order” has also been followed by the change of administration system from centralization to decentralization system. Along with that change, the authority and institution of family planning program have also been transferred to the regency or city government. These changes have risen various perceptions in term of the institutional, roles, and functions of that institute. Other important changes include that (1) the family planning coordination board organization on regency level did not change but the echelon was decreased; or (2) the family planning coordination board organization on regency level was merged to other institution; or (3) the family planning coordination board activity on regency level is only a little part of the other instance. All of those changes have caused some problems of coordination from family planning coordination board on province level to regency level, and it has given a negative impact to the family planning program achievement.The objectives of this study are to investigate (1) the perception of the family program field worker to the existence of family planning program in the decentralization era; (2) the perception of the family planning fieldworkers to the realization of duties in the decentralization era; (3) the perception of the provider to the existence of family planning program in the decentralization era; (4) the perception of the eligible couple to the existence of family planning program in the decentralization era; and (5) the perception of the interrelated decision makers to the existence of family planning program in the decentralization era.This study was carried out in the Regency of Karangasem with total respondent of 153 persons, that consist of 46 fieldworkers; 89 eligible couples, 12 providers, and 6 interrelated decision makers. Some sampling techniques used in this study are; simple random sampling for family planning fieldworker, stratified random sampling for eligible couple, and purposive sampling for the provider and the interrelated decision maker. Data are collected using the structured interview, in-depth interview, and observation method. Then data are analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.The conclusion of this study are (1) the family planning field workers who have duty in front line felt the decrease of funding support and the intention of regency government; (2) the number of family planning fieldworkers in decentralization era have been decreased, because part of them have been transferred to the other institution; (3) the providers also felt that the funding support and the intention of government decreased in decentralization era; (4) the eligible couples felt that activities related to increasing family income have also decreased such as business partnership, capital aid, and productive economic creation; and (5) the perception of the interrelated decision makers also show that the funding support and the intention of regency government has been decreased.Based on those conclusions, some suggestions are proposed, such as (1) to maintain the sustainability of the family planning program in the decentralization era, high commitment from the government, especially the regency government are needed; (2) the regency government should provide a routinely budget for maintaining the sustainability of the family planning program; (3) the family planning fieldworkers as front liner are suggested not to be transferred to other departments (4) the service centers need to be encouraged to increase communication, information, and education of the eligible couple, and other activities; and (5) the regencygovernment need to provide capital aid, business partnership, and productive economic creation for the poor households.
KONTRIBUSI MODAL DAN JAM KERJA TERHADAP PENDAPATAN PEDAGANG DI PASAR UMUM PEKUTATAN, KECAMATAN PEKUTATAN, KABUPATEN JEMBRANA Pariartha, I Wayan Wana
PIRAMIDA Vol 3, No.2 Desember 2007
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Abstract

Income is very essential to merchants in a public market and it is closely related to how much their products are in demand. A high demand, reflected from the hustle and bustle of a market, will automatically raise to merchants, income and vice versa. The merchants in a public market generally run their business on a small-scale capital and therefore its turnover is very fast so as to make the capital very productive. Their capital turnover is very much influenced by such factors as the size of the capital, manpower, working hours, experience, and so forth. This research took place at Pekutatan Public Market, District of Jembrana. There were 36 respondents which were randomly selected out of 120 merchant. The data was collected through interviews based on a set of predetermined quistions as a reference. The average capital which is spent by the merchants at the Pekutatan Public Market is Rp. 1.351.070,00 with an average working hours of 48.76 hours per week. Their income is Rp. 1.325.758,82 per week. As a whole, the amount of capital and working hours have an immdiate impact on the income with a degree of freedom up to 1%. However, those factors respectively contribute in part to the degree of freedom up to 5%. The capital has the trongest influence, followed by the working hours. This can be concluded that the capital serves as the most dominant factor in determining the income.
TINJAUAN SOSIAL EKONOMIS PELAKU USAHA KECIL KELOMPOK PENERIMA BANTUAN PROGRAM PEL (Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal) di Kecamatan Denpasar Timur Puspa Yusuf, Ria
PIRAMIDA Vol 3, No.2 Desember 2007
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The research aims to investigate social-economic impact of the program on the target group, as well as the obstacles faced in running the program.. Data were collected from 12 respondent consists of 6 member of Silver Crafte group and 6 member of Animals Farmer group. The data then were analysed descriptively.The results show that some social impact occures:(1) there is harmony in social relationship within the members of two group (98,25%), (2) the score of 25,50% reached in terms of social relationship between the group and surrounding society, and (3) a very low (33%) of social conflict, internally as well as externally.Meanwhile, in term of economic, the impact of the program on the silver craft group as follow: (1) capital are developed in amount of 6,43% in average, (2) the value of production increased by 6,65%, (3) the raise of income by 57,43%, (4) art-shop and export marketing and (5)labor absorbtion in amount of 32 people. The economic impact on animal farmer group are: (1) capital development average is 9,91%, (2) production value is 10,94 in average, (3) income development is 12,84% in average, (4) direct marketing of product, and (5) family labor absorbtion is 4 person in average.The problems faced by the first group are, difficulties in accessing capital, lack of technology and also lack of skill of the group member, as well as a difficulty in having a business partner. The second group also has some problem namely, lack of capital, lack of piglet quality, the expensive price of piglet as well as the feeding, unstabilised of selling price and difficulty of having a business partner.
SELLING CANANG SARI (As an Alternative of Effort in Informal Sector to overcome household economics problem) Eka Nilakusmawati, Desak Putu
PIRAMIDA Vol 3, No.2 Desember 2007
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Decrease in family income represent an impact of economic pressures, as an effect of economic crisis. Other side, the existing problems that extension of the job opportunity in the urban area with existence of development in the various sector do not absorb entire labour force which is progressively growing larger its amount.Economic problem force woman of lower economic class to involved take part in earning for increase family income by working beyond domestic sectors. Involvement of woman in labor market trigered by family’s economic problems, besides existence of the job opportunity factor. Alternative effort being carried out is by selling canang.Increasing of urban community activities in Denpasar City makes them have no time to make banten or canang. To find an easier way to overcome this situation, many people tend to buy canang/banten which is ready to use, also more practical and spent less time than the time spent when they make by themselves . This phenomenon gives a chance to canang sellers to get income additional. In the difficult condition of the economics problem, many woman have to take part to overcome economic problems which they face. One of the alternative is involved into labour market, and involve in trade is one of the choice. Because of the existence of opportunity as explained above, many women overcome their economic problems and try to give contribution to their family income by selling the canang.Phenomenon more and more canang sellers which are spread alongside the road side in Denpasar City shown that the informal sector have a great role to maintaining and also improving household economics. The effort as the canang seller can represent an alternative of effort in informal sector to overcome economics problem in the household level. Roles of woman as a subject of this informal sector, have a big contribution in maintaining household economics.
MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN PETANI SALAK MENJADI “PENELITI” DAN “PENYULUH SWADAYA” Samsi Hariadi, Sunarru
PIRAMIDA Vol 3, No.2 Desember 2007
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Decreasing in genetic variability of salak/Salacca zalacca (Gaertner) in Sleman Regency D.I. Yogyakarta Province will give disadvantage impact, because it will drive on explosion of pest and disease. To solve this problems, Faculty of Agriculture Gadjah Mada University conducted training about “Germ Plasm Conservation and Biological Control” for salak farmers. Training was conducted by action research method, farmers participated was guidanced to become researcher and volunteer extension worker. One year after training, farmers participated was evaluated in the field. Result of the evaluation show that many farmers participated have conducted “trial and error” for research, have given agricultural extension to other salak farmers. So, there were diffusion of agricultural innovation in villages.

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