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PIRAMIDA
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 141 Documents
PEMBERDAYAAN PETANI UNTUK MENUNJANG PEMBANGUNAN PERTANIAN Windia, Wayan
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 1 April 2005
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Abstract

Agricultural development need impowered farmers. Based on those farmers, the farmers will know their problems, and the solution of its problems. Beside that, the farmers also will know how to use any resources in its surroundings, in order to stimulate the agricultural development or their prosperity. In relation with how to get impowered farmers, so the all stackholders  especially the government need more attention to the agricultural sektor and farmers. Basically, the impowerment of farmers is a cultural activities. If its assumption is true, so to be needed the activities on thinking pattern, sosial, and artefax respetively.
PROFIL SOSIAL EKONOMI PENDUDUK BALI (TINJAUAN DESKRIPTIF SELAMA KRISIS) Dayuh Rimbawan, Nyoman
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 1 April 2005
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Abstract

Until now, economy of Bali has not been fully recovered from the impact of economic crisis. The recovery is more restricted by the Kuta bomb blast in the year of 2000 which is followed by decreasing of foreign tourist visit drastically. The economic crisis and the Kuta bomb blast caused several aspect of life of the community become worse, such as decreasing of per capita income, decreasing of life expectancy, and the education qualification in general is not getting better. The decreasing of social and economic life standard of the community is shown by the decreasing of Human Development Index, from 70 in 1996 become 68 in 2002.
KONDISI DAN PERENCANAAN PEMBANGUNAN KEPENDUDUKAN, SOSIAL, SERTA EKONOMI PADA ERA OTONOMI DAERAH Marhaeni, A.A.I.N.
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 1 April 2005
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Abstract

Development of population, social, and economic have been implemented in Indonesia, and also Bali Province. However, the achievement is varies among provinces, and among regencies in Indonesia. By using some publication data of Central Bureau of Statistics, tendency of fertility, mortality, educational, income, and Human Development Index in Bali province and each regencies will be analysed. Condition and development of those variables will determine policy applied in the future. From descriptive analysis, some conclusion can be drawn. First, there is a significant decline of fertility in Bali in the period of 1970-2000, but tend to incline in 2002-2003. Second, mortality condition (Infant Mortality Rate) in Bali Province has also declined until the last data (2004) and lower than national data. Third, educational level of Bali population has continually incline, but vary among regencies. Fourth, income condition of Bali Province tend to be better than income of population of provinces in Java, but it is vary among regencies in Bali. Fifth, Population Development Index is relatively higher than provinces in Indonesia, though vary among regencies. As development given to the local government, there must be a commitment of all leaders for continuing policy of fertility, and mortality decline through supporting activities. Besides that those activities for consolidate fund for un-wealthy population in health and family planning service. Additionally, as there is a relatively great gap of development outcome among regencies in Bali which is reflected by the imbalance of Human Development Index among regencies in Bali, so the commitment of government of Bali Province for balancing development outcome among regencies will become a crucial to be done.
UPAYA PEMECAHAN KETIMPANGAN PERSEBARAN PENDUDUK DALAM RANGKA MEMPERCEPAT PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH Sudibia, I Ketut
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 1 April 2005
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Abstract

Imbalance of population distribution in Indonesia, especially between Java and outside Java actually has been emerged since Dutch Colonization. At that period Dutch Colonizer has tried to overcome the problem through Colonization program, and after the independent period this program was continued by the so called Transmigration program. However, it seems that this program was not so successfully implemented. It was reflected by development of population distribution between Java and outside Java was not greatly changing for four decades. Based on 1961 Population Cencus result, Java with 6,9 percent of the widht of Indonesian archipelago recided by 65,0 percent of Indonesian population. Additionally, 2000 Population Cencus result shows that it change slightly become 60,1 percent. The low achievement of transmigration program in that period, based on the analysis of several experts, is caused by some following restrictions, 1) centris demography orientation, 2) lack of integration, 3) unclear measuring rod, 4) lack of coordinaion among related transmigration institutions, and 5) the lack of cultural approach. At the regional autonomy era, the approach of development planning arrangement is bottom-upvoriented, which is sign regional freedom for setting its own development in accordance with the needs and condition of each region. It is just the same as population mobility program, which previously is being oriented toward supply side, in the regional autonomy era is more to be oriented toward demand side of receiver. Through this needs approach, the place of receiver has to be able to identify qualification, composition, and amount of labor force needed. The need of labor force related to regional development of destination place can be done by following steps, 1) collaboration in research related to potencial of place of destination, 2) establishment of public utilities and infrastructures at the place of destination, 3) dissemination of project establishment at the place of destination to migrant candidate at the place of origin, 4) collaboration in migrant selection process, 5) collaboration in education and training for migrant candidate, 6) collaboration in departure cost and cost of living in the certain period, 7) collaboration related to skill needed for development in the palce of destination, 8) market availability, and 9) availability of safety guarrantee at the palce of destination. With this kind of mobility system, it can both overcome imbalance of population distribution and accelerate regional development.
PEMBANGUNAN BERWAWASAN KEPENDUDUKAN KONSEP DAN KEMUNGKINAN IMPLEMENTASINYA Murjana Yasa, I G W
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 1 April 2005
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Abstract

Development with demography perspective put population as the central point of development, i.e population as both object and subject of development. In the autonomy era which focus on participative development pattern and put local wisdom in the front is fit the paradigm of development with demography perspective. However, there is a question emerge related to implementation of paradigm of development with demography perspective with respect to economic and social condition of Balinese community. Analysis is done based on published secondary data related to economic and social condition of Bali population such as income and income differences among areas, prosperity level, population distribution among areas, shifting of population composition according to ethnicity, and tendency of unemployment rate. Based on the analysis the solution is recommended related to an effort of mainstreaming paradigm of development with demography perspective. The result shows that the great differences of population per capita income between Northern part and Eastern part of Bali development areas, and Southern part of Bali development areas reflects that several population problems has not been integrated properly in development planning. Indication of such an imbalance is also pictured from the size and percentage of poor population, population density, and also unemployment rate. There is a tendency that the high unemployment rate is direct to population mobility pattern. Population mobility flows original from northern and eastern part of Bali development areas (especially Buleleng and Karangasem regencies), experience relatively high unemployment rate, so does Southern part of Bali development area. Improvement of implementation of development with demography perspective requires importance of population data quality improvement. Musrenbang can become an enhancement of participative development planning from the bottom and put local wisdom in the front.
PENINGKATAN KUALITAS SDM: PRASYARAT KETAHANAN EKONOMI DALAM ERA GLOBALISASI Gde Bendesa, I Komang
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 1 April 2005
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Abstract

Information technology has made globalization in all aspects of life spread all over the world faster. As a result competition is becoming tighter. Education is one of ways to face this reality. The government and society have to pay more attention at some aspects that can increase the quality of education, such as investment on education, health, research and development, and technology. In addition, education must be treated as investment instead of consumption. The increase of education will be able to overcome the impact of globalization, hence to enhance the economy.
KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE OF BALINESE COMMUNITY TOWARD GENDER CONCEPT AND GENDER EQUITY AND EQUALITY Arjani, Ni Luh; Wiasti, Ni Made; Sudantra, I Ketut
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 2 Desember 2005
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Abstract

Gender inequity and inequality in the community would restrict developmentprocess. Therefore, struggle toward gender equity and equality is become interestingglobal issue for the world and also Indonesia and Bali.The aims of this study is 1) to analyze knowledge, perception, and attitude ofBalinese community toward gender concept and gender equity and equality, and 2) toknow implementation of gender role in the family and community. This study is carriedout in the three regencies/city in Bali, i.e. Buleleng, Tabanan and Denpasar. In eachregency/city, two types of village is determined that are urban and rural. Data arecollected by implementing structured interview based on questionnaire which is asked to120 respondents and completed with in-depth interview based on interview guidance tosome key respondents.The finding shows that most of respondent (68.30 %) have not known genderconcept, means that only 21.70 percent stated that they already known it, and they havedifferent understanding both about gender term and gender equity and equality. Withregard to gender equity and equality, only 24.20 percent of respondent report that theyhave read and heard about this term. However, when it is related to gender equity andequality program, most of them (91.60 %) of respondent stated that they agree with sucha program. In addition, it is also found that in the reality, almost all respondent actuallyhave implemented job sharing between man and women flexibly, means that they swapthe role of each other depend on situation and condition. This reality reflects that there isa shifting of thinking pattern of the community from rigid toward flexible division of job.Based on the findings, it can be concluded that although only small number ofcommunity member have known and understand gender concept and gender equity andequality, actually they have implemented it in their daily life. In general, communitymember also agree for changing their attitude toward gender role, so the condition ofgender equity and equality can be achieved.
SUMBER DAYA MANUSIA (APARATUR PEMERINTAH DAERAH) DALAM PELAYANAN PUBLIK Wairocana, Gst. Ngurah
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 2 Desember 2005
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Abstract

The aim of this paper which is entitled ? Behavior Norm of States Apparatus in Establishing Good Governance?, is to analyze behavior of states apparatus in providing public service. The approach applied is functional approach, i.e an approach in administration law which view functioning of states apparatus in public service through two core measurements, that are 1) serving attitude (dientsbaarheid-servitut), 2) reliability (betrouwbaarheid reliability), which is consist of openness (openheid); carefulness (naugeztheid); integrity (integriteit); simplicity (soberheid); and honor/honesty (eerlijkheid-honesty). Measuring rod used is community report related to maladministration of regional states apparatus to the national Ombudsman Commission. Additionally, interviews with community members which have made an application for identity card, birth certificate, marriage certificate, and the like, have done as supporting information. The finding shows that so far, community members state that services provide by states apparatus is sufficient.
KEKERASAN BUDAYA PATRIARKHI DALAM KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI DI KECAMATAN KALIKOTES, KLATEN (TINJAUAN DARI PERSPEKTIF GENDER) Mariyah, Emiliana
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 2 Desember 2005
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Abstract

Management of reproduction health problem is not independent clinically, because pregnancy period need to get attention physically, mentally and also socially. Doctors and medical staffs should include family members at antenatal and gestation periods. Based on the reason, perception and attention of the husband toward the wife along pregnancy and gestation periods is need to be studied. This paper is development of dissertation done in working area of Kalikotes Health Center in Kalikotes Municipality, Klaten, Central Java, which was carried out for one year (1996-1997). Though the research is was done about ten years ago, reproduction health problem which is related with gender still relevant to be discussed nowadays. Out of 161 pregnant women, 47 (44,8 % of them are working mother), to be monitored until they are giving birth. This paper is described through in-depth study related to perception and indifference of the husband toward the wife who pregnant and giving birth. The findings show that both working wife or not working wife have the same physic and mental burdens. Most of pregnant wives do not obtain physical attention from their husband, therefore gender equalisation have not reach by the wife, both who include into public and domestic domains. This reality reflect cultural construction of patriarchy, where women are always accept and do not oppose. This phenomenon is in accordance with the new millennium which there are a shifting from ?domination? theory (feminism practice) to difference and post-feminism.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR INTERNAL YANG MEMPENGARUHI UNMET NEED DI PROVINSI BALI Manuati Dewi, Gst. Ayu
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 2 Desember 2005
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Abstract

The shifting of paradigm of Familiy Planning Program from quantity oriented toward quality oriented, makes family palnning service issue become more crucial. Family planning service obtained by community member affect unmet need proportion . Especially in Bali Province, unmet need proportion getting bigger, i.e from 5,8 percent in 1997 become 6,9 percent in 2002. This condition must be overcome soon because it tends to decrease family planning prevalence rate. Factors related to family planning service which affect unmet need is called internal factor. These factor consist of (1) availability of contraceptive devices, (2) technical skill rate of provider, (3) availability of information about possible side effect , (4) availability of information about service sources, (5) availability of information about the strength and weakness of each contarceptive devices, (6) availability of information about safety of method, (7) satisfaction rate of client, and (8) motivation given by provider. The amount of respondent in this study is 500 person, 100 person taken from each regencies i.e Karangasem, Jembrana, Buleleng, Gianyar, dan Badung. Sapling method applied in this study is non probability sampling through accidental sampling. Technique of analysis used is both quantitative and qualitative analysis. The finding shows that five out of eight factors analized affect unmet need prevalence. Those factors are (1) availability of information about possible side effect, (2) availability of information about service sources, (3) availability of information about the strength and weakness of each contarceptive devices, (4) availability of information about safety of method, and (5) motivation given by provider. Additionally, recommendation is given related to five target groups which are need to be intervent and also technique of intervention to be done for each of teh target group.

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