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INDONESIA
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian
Published by Universitas Udayana
ISSN : 14117177     EISSN : 26156628     DOI : -
SOCA merupakan jurnal ilmiah yang diterbitkan berkala di bidang social-ekonomi pertanian dan agribisnis, diterbitkan dua kali setahun (Januari-Juni & Juli-Desember). Jurnal SOCA merupakan media untuk penyebarluasan hasil penelitian bagi dosen, peneliti, praktisi maupun masyarakat umum yang yang konsen terhadap pembangunan pertanian di Indonesia. Jurnal SOCA dikhususkan untuk menampung hasil penelitian, kajian pustaka/teoritis, kajian metodologis, gagasan original yang kritis, ulasan masalah penting/isu pembangunan pertanian yang hangat dan ulasan suatu hasil seminar.
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Articles 369 Documents
ANALISIS USAHATANI CABE MERAH (Capsicum Annum L) DI DESA PEREAN TENGAH, KECAMATAN BATURITI, KABUPATEN TABANAN AGUNG, I DEWA GEDE; PUTU ARTINI, NI WAYAN; RATNA DEWI, NYOMAN
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 0, No. 1 November 2000
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

This research was carried out to study farmer’s income and profit gain fromfarm ordinary chili. The research is conducted at Perean Tengah village, Baturitidistrict, Tanbanan regency. Thirty farmers who done ordinary chili with monoculturesystem was taken randomly as samples.The result of the research show the average large farmbusiness was 0.14hectar with 1,670 kg products each farm (11,929 kg/hectar). While average revennewas Rp 13,999,610.00 each farm (Rp 99,997,214.00/hectar) with the chili price Rp8,383.00/kg. Meanwhile farmer expenditure for each farm was Rp 2,296,350.00 (Rp16,402,500.00/hectar), so farmer’s income and net profit were Rp 12,141,229.00 andRp 11,703,260.00 each farm respectively with Return-Cost-Ratio was 6.10, its meanthat the chili farmbusiness give much benefit to the farmers.
ASPEK SOSIAL EKONOMI KERAGAMAN HAYATI LIES ANGGRENI, I GUSTI AYU AGUNG
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 0, No. 1 November 2000
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

People wherever they are living, are influenced by biotic and abiotic factors. Totalof living organisms from single cell organism such as bacteria to higher level organisms suchas various plants and animals is known as biological diversity or biodiversity. Biodiversitygives opportunities to people to develop their knowledge and technologies to utilizebiodiversity for their daily lives such as food, medicines, industrial goods and housing. Thus,many aspects of people lives are directly or indirectly influenced by biodiversity.
KETIDAKADILAN JENDER YANG DIALAMI PEKERJA PEREMPUAN DI DAERAH PARIWISATA WIRARTHA, I MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 0, No. 1 November 2000
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Gender isn’t a difference of sex or god’s will, but is something that is oriented himand her by means of social and culture process in long term. The power of woman in tourismsector is very interesting to be solved. According to conventional, tourism sector is publicsector, that is a man area, but a woman area is domestic sector. Based on tourismdevelopment in Bali, there are many jobs opportunity that can be entered by womancommunity. In fact it will be affected by gender problem.Gender problem in this paper is studied based on research in two villages whichdifferent development tourism at Ubud, Gianyar, Bali. The result of the research shows thatthe woman worker in tourism sector are discriminated which is reflected by lower level wagethan man worker although they have same education and or same job position.
EXPANSION OF FOOD AND AGRIBUSINESS IN RELATION TO THE LOCAL AUTONOMY POLICY IN BALI SWASTIKA, I.G.K.
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 0, No. 1 November 2000
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Di Mancanegara, Bali terkenal karena seni budayanya. Namun yangbelum terkenal adalah produk-produk agribisnis khas Bali, seperti Salak Bali,Jeruk Bali, Sapi Bali, dan Kopi Bali.Walaupun kontribusi sektor pertanian terhadap Produk DomestikRegional Bruto Bali menurun dari 22,4 persen tahun 1994 menjadi 19,1 persentahun 1998, tetapi peranannya masih penting dalam memproduksi pangan bagipenduduk Bali yang terus meningkat, penyediaan bahan baku industri agribisnis(agroindustri), dan penghasil devisa dari ekspor berbagai produk agribisnis.Menyongsong era otonomi daerah tahun 2001, maka diperlukanpenyesuaian kebijakan pembangunan pertanian nasional. Termasuk didalamnya panajaman strategi pembangunan pertanian yang berorientasidiversifikasi regional untuk memenuhi permintaan pasar regional, nasional, danglobal.
PERSEPSI PETANI BALI TERHADAP KUT YANG DISEMPURNAKAN OKA SUARDI, I D. P.
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 0, No. 1 November 2000
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

There are many problems on farm credit distribution, such as: absorptionlevel is low, credit arrears, and undicipline of personels. In anticipation, thescheme of the credit has been revised, to involve: credit interest, credit plafonds,bank as a channeling agent, village cooperative unit as an executing agent, andthe participation of NGOs.The aim of this research was to identify the perception of farmers aboutthe farm credit that has been revised. Porposive sampling method was used todetermine the location and samples. Survey method was employed in the datacollection, and data analysis used description method.The perception of the farmers was that: credit conditions are accepted, thecredit interest is low, plafonds of the credit is enough to cost the farming, andcredit realization is late. Based on these results, it is suggested that the creditpersonels increase their performance so that credit distribution will besuccessful.
EVALUASI PEMBANGUNAN PERTANIAN DI BALI SELAMA PJP I DAN PROGRAM PEMBANGUNAN PERTANIAN TAHUN 2000-2004 SUARTA, KOMANG; SWASTIKA, I.G.K.
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 0, No. 1 November 2000
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

During the first stage long-term development (PJP I), almost all of agricultureproducts increased. However, start the sixth five years development (Pelita VI),production of agriculture diminishing return or levelling off, even decrease likeproduction of rice. Beside that, the agriculture of development to face the manyproblems linkage with agriculture land, irrigation water, pest and plant disease,production factors, post harvest, agriculture institution, etc.Implemented the regional autonomy in 2001, so needed changing theagriculture development paradigm, which involve planning aspect, businessorientation, behavior orientation, approach, and farmer’s participation.Program of agriculture development forward five years (2000-2004) namely:(1) Program of national food security, and (2) program of agribusiness development.Both of this programs its essence are to increase the welfare of agriculturecommunity and to direct the vision of 21-decade agriculture i.e.: modern, strong,and efficient.
DAMPAK PENENTUAN IURAN AIR DAN IPAIR (IURAN PELAYANAN AIR) TERHADAP POLA TANAM DAN PENDAPATAN PETANI -, WIDHIANTHINI
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 0, No. 1 November 2000
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Irrigation resource becomes more and more scarce. Apparently government hasn’tfund enough to finance operation and maintenance of irrigation system. Farmers are expectedto manage cost of operation and maintenance.The research is intended to show farmers’ response to water pricing and IPAIR thatinfluence the cropping pattern and income. Furthermore, Subak is expected to have capabilityto guarantee self financing, assignment and incentive system that are conform to theircapabilities.Data used in the research were obtained from a survey conducted at Subak Tegan inKapal, Badung District. The survey was done in three planting – July-October 1998;November 1998-February 1999; and March-Juny 1999. The cropping pattern in Subak Teganwas rice-rice-peanut and soybean. There were 56 farmers interviewed in the survey. The datawas analyzed by LINDO (Linear , Interactive and Discrete Optimizer).The results show that in condition of water price and IPAIR, maximum net income ofSubak Tegan decrease 0,26%-1,32% of first condition (non-water pricing and IPAIR). In thisresearch, Subak Tegan was assumed that it paid for IPAIR 100% (Rp 154.000,00/ha per yearand Rp 51.333,33/ha per planting season). The shadow price of water is zero. It means thatwater price belongs to be cheap. The price of rice and soybean (objective coefficient ranges)can rise, but peanut can’t. The product of rice and soybean (righthand side ranges) rise2.871,43 kg/ha for the first season, 2.873,21 kg/ha for the second and 1.028,22 kg/ha for thethird.The research concludes that the appropriate cropping pattern in Subak Tegan is ricerice-soybean. It is also recommended that the standard formulation of water pricing andIPAIR are very significant to create full autonomy of subak. They must conform to farmers’capability and irrigation system condition.
DAMPAK PENGELUARAN PEMERINTAH DAN WISATAWAN SERTA INVESTASI SWASTA TERHADAP KINERJA PEREKONOMIAN BALI: SUATU SIMULASI MODEL SOCIAL ACCOUNTING MATRIX ANTARA, MADE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 0, No. 1 November 2000
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Balis economic development is focused on agriculture, tourism and industry as thefirst priority. While other part of the Indonesia economy were suffering severely due toeconomic down turn since the middle of 1997, Balis economy seems less affected. Theperformance of Balis economy was analyzed employing 1996 Social Accounting Matrix(SAM), constructed based on 55x55 accounts. It is assumed that this 1996 SAM couldrepresent the present situation of Balis economy.The impact of increased allocation of expenditures for economic infrastructure,without increased in total government expenditure, on the performance of Bali’s economywas relatively low. While increased allocation of expenditure on social infrastructure orpublic services without increase in total government expenditure would deterioratesubstantially the performance of Bali’s economy.Maintaining the government expenditure for development as in 1996 levels, but anincrease in the expenditure of tourists or private investment, would enhanced the performanceof Bali’s economy. Even a decline in government expenditure could be compensated by anincrease in tourist expenditure or private investment, suggesting that government expenditurewas not the main sources of economic growth.However, an increase in tourist expenditure without effort to increase the governmentexpenditure would affect the income distribution among household group towards moreinequality. But, increase tourist expenditure as well as government expenditure wouldpromote better income distribution.
AGRIBISNIS PERKEBUNAN MEMASUKI AWAL ABAD 21: BEBERAPA AGENDA PENTING SUSILA, WAYAN R.; DRADJAT, BAMBANG
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 1, No. 1 Februari 2001
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Estate-crop agribusiness has played and is still expected to play important roles inIndonesian economy. Besides its consistent contribution on economic growth and foreignexchange earning, it provides employment for more than 13 million people. In the beginningof 21st century, the estate-crop agribusiness will face various new important agenda andstrategic business environment changes related to this subsector, namely, production cost,commodity prices, market competition, trade liberalization, production policies, trade policies,regional autonomy, environmental issues, and plantation plundering. Some of them willdepress the development of the subsector in the beginning of 21st century, while the otherswill provide better opportunities for the development of the subsector or their net impacts arestill vague. To optimize the roles of the estate-crop subsector agribusiness, various importantagenda and strategic business environment changes related to the subsector should bemanaged in a such way that the negative impacts of the changes can be minimized while thepositive and vague impacts can be converted to be a growth engine of the subsector inentering the beginning of 21th century.
DAMPAK KRISIS MONETER DAN KEBIJAKSANAAN PEMERINTAH TERHADAP DAYA SAING AGRIBISNIS AYAM RAS PEDAGING DI JAWA BARAT -, SAPTANA; RUSASTRA, I WAYAN
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 1, No. 1 Februari 2001
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Monetary and economic crisis started on the mid of 1997 has negative impact on theperformance and sustainability of poultry industry in this country. The main problem facedby broiler industry, namely: (1) Most of feed stuff are highly dependent on import; (2) Thestructure of input and output market are olygopolistic in nature; (3) Cooperative farming isnot consistently implemented; and (4) The price of input factor increased threefold due tomonetary and economic crisis. Based on those backgrounds, the objective of this study is toanalysis the impact of government policy on financial and economic feasibilities of broileragribusiness. The finding of the respective study conducted in two district (Bogor andTasikmalaya) indicated that: (1) Because of economic crisis, financial and economicprofitability of broiler industry decreases; (2) Private Cost Ratio (PCR) increased from 0,753– 0,873 to 0,851 – 0,989 due to crisis, indicating lower financial competitiveness; (3) Thevalue of DRCR before and after crisis are 0,727 – 0,976 vs. 0,790 vs. 0,917 which reveallower economic competitiveness; and (4) The value of Nominal Protection Coefficient (NPC)during the economic crisis showed that broiler industry experiencing disincentive for bothinput and output market. The implication of this study in relation with the development ofbroiler industry facing the economic globalization are as follows: (1) The vertical integrationand cooperation between smallholder broiler farming and input/output industry should bestrengthening in synergistic manner; (2) In order to generate foreign exchange and highervalue added through export and product development as well as product differentiation,vertical integration for all agribusiness subsystem in broiler industry should be implemented;and (3) The establishment of cooperative broiler farming system should be conducted in theregional news of potential market and feed stuff producing regions.

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