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Aceh Journal of Animal Science
ISSN : 25029568     EISSN : 26228734     DOI : -
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Aceh Journal of Animal Science (Aceh J. Anim. Sci.) is an international peer-review journal published by Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University in collaboration with Indonesian Society for Oceanology (ISOI) of Aceh Chapter and supported by Institute of Graduate Studies Syiah Kuala University. The journal publishes Original Research Articles (full papers and short communications) and Review (full and mini-reviews) in all aspects of animal: genetics, breeding, veterinary, reproduction, nutrition, physiology, anatomy, diseases ecology and behavior, animal products (milk, meat, eggs and their by-products) and processing, and livestock economics. There are no publication charges for publication in the Aceh Journal of Animal Science (fully free of charges). The manuscript should be prepared in good English and has to proofread by a native speaker or professional proofreader. The proposed manuscript should be submitted through online submission and register at http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/AJAS/user/register, and submission by email is not permitted and will not be processed. After manuscript submitted, please proposed at least three potential reviewers (Name, Affiliation, and email address) to aceh.animal@gmail.com. The author should adhere to the Guide Line For Author strictly otherwise, the manuscript will be rejected without review. The proposed manuscript should not be previously published or be considered for any other journals, and should be free of plagiarism. The submitted manuscript will be initially screened by an editor to check the scope, language and suitability, and to detect plagiarism using Turnitin software. The journal publishes one volume and two issues (January - July & August - December) per year. The accepted manuscript will be online once the revised version has been received and approved by the editor in chief.
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Articles 39 Documents
Check list of marine fishes from Simeulue Island waters, Aceh Province, Indonesia Batubara, Agung Setia; Muchlisin, Zainal A.; Thamren, Muhammad Yunus; Usnardi, Usnardi; Fadli, Nur
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 2: December 2017
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.149 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.2.2.9584

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to inventory the marine commercial fishes in Simeulue waters, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Sampling was conducted on August 2017. The sampling was conducted in fish landing and direct sampling by using handline hooks and casting net. A total of 77 species of marine commercial fishes belong to 7 orderS, 26 families and 54 genera were recorded during the study. Serranidae was a predominant family with 14 species followed by Lutjanidae with 13 species and Carangidae 9 species
Fish stock estimation in Sikka Regency Waters, Indonesia using Single Beam Echosounder (CruzPro fish finder PcFF-80) with hydroacoustic survey method Lubis, Muhammad Zainuddin; Anurogo, Wenang
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 2: December 2016
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (467.799 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.1.2.5463

Abstract

Sikka regency waters including fishery management with a high utilization status so that the necessary stages of an intensive monitoring and research potential of fish resources. This study aimed to obtain the estimated value of stock biomass and density of fish resources with the acoustic method. Quantitative data obtained will be a source of current information on the state of fish resources in the Sikka regency waters, Indonesia. The research was conducted in May 2015. Acoustic data retrieval, using instruments CruzPro fish finder PcFF-80 with sound velocity of 1516 m / s, power 2560 Watt, and method in survey acoustic use hydroacoustic long transect. The horizontal distribution shows a fluctuation striking at research location has the highest salinity levels in the range of 29.3-29.8 psu. Total biomass of fish in this study showed more the number is at a depth of 11-20 m that is 2,008 tons/km and at a depth of 1-10 m have the total fish biomass is 12.33 tons/km, single detection is done using a single target hydroacoustic show more dominance at a depth of 11-20 m in Sikka regency waters, MTB, Indonesia in May 2015. Number of data from results obtained by looking at the relationship between the number of the data with the total biomass in 1-10 m depth has equation Y = 0.0967x + 0.0486 with R2 is 0.0464 (4%) , while at a depth of 11-20 m has a regression equation is Y = 0.0003x + 0041 with the R2 is 0.0091 (0.9%). Variations in the data or the detection of single targets have variations over the data that is at a depth of 11-20 m with the lowest regression is 0.9%.Keywords:   Hydroacoustic, Salinity, Biomass, Stock estimation, Sikka regency waters.
Diversity and distribution of dipterous flies of medical and veternary importance in Tayma, Saudi Arabia Al-Enazi, Saud Arif; Al-Enazi, Rakan; Al-Enazi, Saif; Al-Enazi, Turki; Al-Enazi, Mamdooh; Al-Shami, Salman A.; Alhag, Sadeq
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 1: July 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (593.431 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.3.1.10584

Abstract

The present study aims to investigate the distribution and diversity of dipterous flies in Tayma (Saudi Arabia) during the spring of 2018. A total of 12 dipterous species were collected from three different sites located in Tayma (Tabuk, Saudi Arabia) located in the Northern part of Saudi Arabia. The taxa of flies were dominated by Musca domestica and Musca sorbens. No significant difference were observed between the total number of flies collected using different traps (t-test, P>0.05) and among the studied sites (ANOVA, P>0.05). The highest number of flies was recorded from Site 3 (a cattle farm). However, lower number of flies was reported from the dates palm farms. In conlusion, the species Musca domestica were found to be the most abundant species in all locations with remarkable high abundance in animal facilities (slaughter house and animal farm). The pheromone traps were found to be the most effective trap catching high number of individuls and high number of fly species. 
Whistle sound detection and behaviour of male dolphin bottle nose (Tursiops aduncus) using noisy time domain modelling in captivity Lubis, Muhammad Zainuddin; Kumar, Mahendra; Anggraini, Kasih
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 1: July 2017
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (991.724 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.2.1.6847

Abstract

Whistle sound is a voice that is intended to echolocation, whistle sound is a major role in internal and inter-group communication. The objective research is to know the power spectral patterns and fluctuations in sound based on frequency of the sounds produced by dolphins and observing the position of dolphins. Noisy Time Domain (NTD) and behaviour using the underwater camera, and also comparing between time and sound spectrum. Data recording was taken at the Safari Park of Cisarua Bogor in Indonesia, by taking data in show pool. The results showed that salinity before feeding time in the show pool with replication 1,2, and 3 has salinity value that is equal to 30 ‰. Data at the show pool before feeding with replications 1,2, and 3 has a salinity of 29 ‰. Sound whistle 3 before feeding time of 28.03 dB with the frequency interval of 14 642 Hz-16000 Hz. F-test at the show pool before meals has heterogeneous value. Treat before meals at the show pool has a value of P <0.001 and P <0.001. Value Noisy Time Domain have differences with each other and have a lot of different sound patterns. In general, there are real differences are evidenced by F test on a range of time at each whistle on show pool in the time before meals. In general, there is a noticeable difference in the range of time at each whistle on show pool in the time before meals. The behaviour of dolphins have a habit that has the movement toward the surface of the pool and movement and position will be influenced frequency and intensity value.
Antibacterial activity of Actinomycetes symbiont with seaweeds: a prosperous agent of animal antibacterial Negara, Bertoka Fajar S.P.; Riyanti, .; Marhaeni, Bintang; Kusuma, Aradea B.
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (27.257 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.1.2.4475

Abstract

Circulation of synthetic antibacterial chemicals which is used continuously can cause resistance to bacteria. Alternative synthetic antibiotics research then comes up as an urgent need. Recently, the discovery of new antibacterial agents is looking for Actinomycetes. Actinomycetes are one of the active marine bacteria which produce secondary metabolites that could be used as antibacterial. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activities of Actinomycetes symbiont with Halimeda macroloba, Gelidiella acerosa, and Turbinaria ornata in Pangandaran beach, Indonesia. A total of 41 Actinomycetes were isolated from 3 species of seaweed. Rep PCR amplification method was used to characterize and identify the relationship between samples. Primer BOX A1R (5’-CTACGGCAAGGCGACGCTGACGCTGACG-3’), 27F (5-AGTTTGATCMTGGCTCAG-3) and 1492R (5-TACGGYTACCTTGTTACGACTT-3) was used in amplification 16s DNA. Six isolates from the representative cluster dendogram were selected for secondary metabolites extraction using ethyl acetate solvent, meanwhile agar diffusion method was used as Antibacterial activity assay using E. coli, Proteus sp., and Enterobacter sp. as the bacterial test. The results showed that the activity of secondary metabolite extracts of Actinomycetes symbiont with Halimeda macroloba presented the highest inhibition zone on 3 bacterial tests. In the future, it could be a potential antibacterial agent against animal pathogenic bacteria.
Correlation and regression analysis of the body measurements of the Doro Ncanga Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) reared extensively in the Savanna of Mount Tambora Dompu Regency, Indonesia Husni, Husni; Maskur, Maskur; Arman, Chairussyuhur
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 1: July 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (482.114 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.3.1.9632

Abstract

The objectives of the present study were examined the correlation and regression of body measurements of the Doro Ncanga buffaloes in the Savanna of Mount Tambora Dompu Regency, Indonesia. A total of 339 animals were used in this study. In female, body weight (BW) was found to be significantly (p<0.05) correlated with body length (BL), the degree of correlation increased from 0-6 (r=0.319) to 13-24 months (r=0.394), thereafter decreased at >36 months (r=0.160). The BW was not significantly correlated with height at wither (HW) for all 5 age groups. However, BW and heart girth (HG) were highly correlated (p<0.01) between age groups 0-6 (r=0.967) and >36 months (r=0.978). The BL was significantly (p<0.01) correlated with HW from 0-6 to 13-24 months of age, except for 25-36 months of age. The correlation between BL and HG was highly significant (p<0.01) at 0-6 (r=0.427) and 13-24 (0.371) months of age, then decreased with the increase of age. The HW had no strong correlation with HG  at all groups. Regression model of BW changes with HG was predictable with R2 values ranged from 0.896 to 0.957. In male, BW had a strong correlations with HG for age groups 0-6 (r=0.979) and 7-12 months (r=0.972). The BL and HW were not highly correlated with BW at all groups. However, BW was significantly (p<0.01) correlated with HG for age groups 0-6 (r=0.979) and 7-12 months (r=0.972). Their R2 values were 0.958 and 0.945, respectively. A highly significant (p<0.01) correlations were also observed between BL and HW for age groups 0-6 months (r=0.677)and 7-12 months (0.462). The  R2 values were 0.458 and 0.214 for the two different age groups, respectively. The estimates of coefficient of determinations and predictive equations show that HG alone could be used to predict BW of female and male Doro Ncanga buffalo at different age groups.
Dietary effect of Cissus populnea and Securidaca longepedunculata aqueous leave extracts on reproductive, haematological and biochemical parameters of African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) broodstocks Aderolua, Ademola Zaid; Lawal, Muyideen Owonire; Okoronkwo, Luke Ikechukwu; Awobajo, Funmileyi Olubajo; Jesuniyi, Faith Iyanuoluwa
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (27.257 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.2.1.6138

Abstract

The objectives of the present study were to evaluated gametes quality, haematological and biochemical parameters of the Clarias gariepinus brood stocks fed with varying concentrations of Cissus populnea (CP) and Securidaca longepedunculata (SL). Fish were fed with Diet 1 (control, 0 ml plant extract), Diet 2(0.5 ml/kg CP), Diet 3 (1.0 ml/kg CP), Diet 4 (0.5 ml/kg SL), Diet 5 (1.0 ml/kg SL) and Diet 6­ (0.5 ml/kg CP + 0.5 ml/kg SL) for 90 days. The results of haematocrit and red blood cell of treated groups were relatively similar to the control. The white blood cell and haemoglobin values were lower than the control group while the mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin were significantly difference across treatments however; an elevated glucose level was recorded in the treated groups. Also, the mean platelet volume and platelet distribution width were relatively similar across treatments. The serum testosterone, progesterone and estrogen were found to be higher in fish fed diet 2 (0.5ml/kg CP). C. populnea at 0.5 ml/kg significantly (p<0.05) improved eggs weight, fecundity, gonadosomatic index, % fertilization and hatchability. Male brood stocks fed diet 2 (0.5 ml/kg CP) recorded the highest values for sperm motility (56.67 ± 0.33%), milt count and volume (820.33 ± 0.33×106/ml and 1.80 ± 0.05 ml respectively) across all groups. Similarly, fish fed diet 2 (0.5ml/kg CP) had the highest values for eggs weight (283.7±102.4g), fecundity (168,286 ± 57157), gonadosomatic index (32.59 ± 2.72), fertilization (62 ± 20.4%) and hatchability (62.92 ± 19.75%).The dietary supplementation of 0.5 ml/kg C. populnea extract highly enhanced the reproductive profiles of male and female C gariepinus brood stocks.
Characteristics of nesting habitat of sea turtle Lepidochelys olivacea in Lhoknga Beach, Aceh Besar District, Indonesia Hindar, Hindar; Muchlisin, Zainal A.; Abdullah, Faisal
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 1: July 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (361.898 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.3.1.10977

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of nesting habitat of sea turtle in Lhoknga beach. The observation was conducted at three locations from January to March 2016. The study showed that the coastal slope average ranges 1.03 ° - 1.38 °. The average of nest temperature was 28.05 °C to 29.47 °C (inside the nest) and from 28.77 ° C to 29.95 ° C (at the surface of the nest). The width beach at high tide ranges from 20.17 m to 21.83 m and 31 m to 33.83 m at low tide. The nest humidity ranges from 20.5% -24.15%. There were six species of coastal vegetation recorded during the study, where station 1 has higher of density and diversity of the coastal vegetation. In general, Lhoknga Beach is suitable for nesting of the sea turtle. A total of 13 sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) were nesting during the study, where station 1 had higher of nesting frequency.
The Effectiveness of the Jones/Davis Type By-Catch Reduction Device (BRD) to Reduce Unintended Catch of Trawl Fisheries Prasetyo, Andhika Prima; Purwoko, Rudy M.; Antoro, Hendri
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 2, No 2: December 2017
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (468.194 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.2.2.6860

Abstract

Reduction by-catch of commercial fishing are become major concern, especially prawn trawl fisheries. By-catch reduction device developed to address that issue. However, there were trade-off problems regarding the implementation the BRD in trawl fisheries that is the effectiveness of the BRD. The performance of BRD was questionable on the effectiveness in term of reduction the by-catch and maintenance amount of target catch. This essay examines the performance of Jones-Davis type BRD to reduce by-catch and its impact to prawn catch in Cleveland Bay. An experimental fishing has been conducted (control-net and BRD-net; Pair-trawl method) to assess the effectiveness of by-catch reduction which examined with Wilcoxon Rank Test. The result shows that trawl equipped by BRD significantly reduce by-catch by 22.2% (Z = -4.6406, p-value = 0.0001) and retained prawn catch which was no significant difference inprawn catch between BRD and control nets (Z = -1.9218, p-value = 0.0546). Therefore, that evidence could be argued to convince about the BRD benefits to commercial prawn trawl fisheries.
Close genetic connectivity of soft coral Sarcophyton trocheliophorum in Indonesia and its implication for marine protected area Kusuma, Aradea Bujana; Bengen, Dietrich Geoffrey; Madduppa, Hawis; Subhan, Beginer; Arafat, Dondy; Negara, Bertoka Fajar S.P.
Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 1, No 2: December 2016
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (27.257 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/ajas.1.2.4867

Abstract

The genetic connectivity of soft coral is influenced by current and distance between islands. The complexity of islands and geographical region in Indonesia might influence the distribution of soft corals.  The information of genetic connectivity can be used to design marine protected areas and to avoid destruction and possible extinction. The objective of the present study was to analyze genetic connectivity of one species of soft coral, Sarcophyton trocheliophorum, in three populations spanning Java, Nusa Tenggara, and Sulawesi’s waters, and to describe its implication for marine protected area. The mitochondrial protein-coding gene (750 bp of ND2) was used to analyze genetic population structure and genetic connectivity. Genetic connectivity was found in all populations with Fst value of 0.227 to 0.558, indicating populations had the close genetic relationship. The local and Indonesian currents were expected to distribute the larva to islands as a stepping stone, they moved slowly to spread them self far away. Tanakeke island (Sulawesi population) might be a center connectivity of S. trocheliophorum populations. This island connected with islands in west and east Indonesia, therefore that area need to protect

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