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Check list of the marine commercial and reef fishes of Belitung Timur, Bangka Belitung Islands, Indonesia

Akbar, Helmy, Jailani, Jailani, Suyatna, Iwan, Destilawaty, Destilawaty, Putra, Singgih Afifa, Ambalika, Indra

Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Marine fish community is very sensitive to environmental changes. So the number of species, abundance, and biodiversity index can be used as a reference to assess the quality of the aquatic environment. The aim of this study was to describe fish biodiversity in Belitung Timur, Bangka Belitung Islands, Indonesia. Three islands were visited i.e. Pekandis Island, and Keran Island, Gosong Semut (Gosong refers to sandbar) for reef fish survey and for the economical fish study we also visited fisheries landing sites (i.e. Teluk Pering, Tanjung Batu Pulas, and Pantai Burung Mandi). The underwater visual census was used for in situ surveys of reef fish, and the fish species landed in fisheries landing site also been checked. Forty-two families of economical fish that had been landed by local fishermen were identified, and ten families of reef fish were found in reef systems of research location. A total of 10 families were recorded from three islands in Belitung Timur Regency. In addition, 42 families of commercial fish were also observed in fish landing sites from the coastline of Belitung Timur Regency, Bangka Belitung Islands.

Response of supplemental cassava root sievate - cassava leaf meal based diets on carcass and cost benefits of kano brown goats Capra aegagrus

Obioha, Ahaotu E., Kennedy, Okorie, Abayomi, Akinfemi, Okechukwu, Emeribe E.

Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The experiment was conducted to determine the organ weight characteristics, carcass yield and cost benefits of Kano Brown goats fed cassava root sievate and cassava leaf meal (CRSCLM) based diets as supplement to (Pennisetum  purpureum) using 36 Kano Brown goats of 8 to 10 months of age.Four diets T1, T2, T3,and T4, were formulated at the levels of 0%, 20%, 40% and 60% CRSCLM respectivelyin a completely randomized design. Each animal received a designated treatment diet in the morning for 97 days. Feed offered was based on 3.5% body weight per day; the animals in addition were fed a kg wilted chopped P. purpureum later in the day as basal diet to enhance rumination and fine chewing. Results on  carcass indices showed significant (p<0.05) response on live weight at slaughter, empty carcass weight, warm carcass weight, dressing percentage, shoulder, leg, loin, end and shank with T4having relatively best results. The dressing percentage was numerically (49.59%) best at T4. On the offal weights, head and full guts were significantly (p<0.05) improved for T4and T1goats. The organ characteristic proved the safety of using CRSCLM through the significantly (p<0.05) lower organ weights at T4goats. Cost per kg feed, feed cost/weight gainand cost/benefit ratio were positively influenced (p<0.05) at T4with expected income of 4.79 / 1 invested. It could therefore be concluded that Kano Brown goats fed 60% CRSCLM had the best carcass and organ yields at a reduced feed cost. Keywords: Pennisetum purpureum, Kano brown goats, Cassava leaf meal, Cassava root sievate, 

The negative effect of the chicken feather meal in the diet on growth performance of the shortfin eel Anguilla bicolor larvae

Thamren, Muhammad Y., Batubara, Agung Setia, Nurfadillah, Nurfadillah, Dewiyanti, Irma, Muchlisin, Zainal A.

Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The aim of these study was to examine the effect of the replacement fish meal with chicken feather meal (CFM) for eel Anguilla bicolor larvae. The study was conducted at the Laboratory of Ichthyology, Faculty of Marine and Fisheries of Syiah Kuala University on September to October 2017. The Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with 7 treatments and 4 replications were used in this study. The  tested dosage of CFM were of 0% CFM (control), 10% CFM, 20% CFM, 30% CFM, 40% CFM, 50% CFM and 60% CFM, where each treatment were contained of protein 32.26% (0% CFM), 33.09% (10% CFM), 36.20% (20% CFM), 39.10% (30% CFM), 41.22% (40% CFM), 45.43 ( 50% CFM) and 40.02% (60% CFM). The experimental fish were stocked in the plastic container at the stocking density of 15 fish container-1 and fed the experimental diets at the feeding level of 10% body weight a day for 60 days. The results showed that the application of CFM in the diet was not given a significant effect on the weight gain, daily weight gain, specific growth rate (P>0.05). In addition, the fish fed on CFM did not show growth rate even reduces the body weight of the experimental fish. It is concluded that the application of the CFM in diet gave the negative effect on the growth performance of the eel larvae.

Sheanut Vitellaria paradoxa cake as ingredient in the diet of West African Dwarf Sheep Capra ovis

Obioha, Ahaotu E.

Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of different levels of SNC on feed intake, digestibility and growth in West African Dwarf sheep. Sheanut cake (SNC) is a waste product from the process of extracting shea butter from shea fruits. Sheanut cake (SNC) is a waste product from the process of extracting shea butter from shea fruits. Many authors have investigated the importance of this waste to the ruminant livestock production industry. Sheanut cake (SNC) contained 122.4 - 189.0 g/kg of crude protein, 123.0 - 175.0 g/kg ether extract, 92.3 g/kg ADF, 100.7 g/kg NDF, 41.6-53.0 g/kg ash, 75.0-138.0 g/kg crude fibre, dry matter of 915.0 g/kg and a metabolizable energy of 7.12 MJ/kg. SNC also contained anti-nutritional factors (ANFs) (tannins, saponins, and theobromine) that reduced its use at a higher inclusion level in the diet of sheep. Varying levels of Sheanut cake (11.5 - 30%) were included in the diet of sheep to observe its effect on the performance of WAD sheep. It was observed that above 25% inclusion, feed intake, digestibility and average daily growth rate were depressed. No negative effect was reported in the haematology and blood biochemistry of sheep when SNC was included in the diet up to 25%. It has been established from this study that SNC contains appreciable levels of nutrient especially protein. However, the optimum inclusion level in the diet of WAD sheep is 25% beyond which feed intake, digestibility and growth is depressed

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Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

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Avifaunistic’s Genetic Heat Index (GHI) of Four Landscapes in West Pasaman Regency, West Sumatra, Indonesia

Janra, Muhammad Nazri, Aadrean, Aadrean

Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 1 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

West Pasaman Regency in West Sumatra Province is recently established as an administrative area on 2003, segregated from Pasaman Regency where it was previously affiliated. This regency has been planning to support its structural developments using its main income generated from agricultural sector, which involve vast plantation area for oil-palm and other agricultural products. With the variety of its topography spans from some offshore islands up to 2,912 m mountain area, it is interesting to understand the importance value of this area from the perspective of one of its natural biodiversity: avifuna. Here in this paper, we use Genetic Heat Index (GHI) concept based on avian diversity and their conservation status to compare the significance value among four prominent landscapes in this regency, which include Mount Talamau and Laut Tinggal Lake (mountainous area), Tongar River (lowland-to-hilly riparian agricultural area) and Panjang Island (an offshore island). Despite the difference and similarity of bird species recorded in each site, Panjang Island has comparable GHI value with Tongar River, Mount Talamau and Laut Tinggal Lake (consecutively 4.20, 4.03, 4.14, 4.26). This result implies to the uniqueness of bird species living in each site along with its habitat typicality which also helps in contributing to their GHI value. Therefore, giving attention to this GHI concept while accommodate it into development plan will help in supporting more environmentally-sound development process.

Characteristics of nesting habitat of sea turtle Lepidochelys olivacea in Lhoknga Beach, Aceh Besar District, Indonesia

Hindar, Hindar, Muchlisin, Zainal A., Abdullah, Faisal

Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 1 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of nesting habitat of sea turtle in Lhoknga beach. The observation was conducted at three locations from January to March 2016. The study showed that the coastal slope average ranges 1.03 ° - 1.38 °. The average of nest temperature was 28.05 °C to 29.47 °C (inside the nest) and from 28.77 ° C to 29.95 ° C (at the surface of the nest). The width beach at high tide ranges from 20.17 m to 21.83 m and 31 m to 33.83 m at low tide. The nest humidity ranges from 20.5% -24.15%. There were six species of coastal vegetation recorded during the study, where station 1 has higher of density and diversity of the coastal vegetation. In general, Lhoknga Beach is suitable for nesting of the sea turtle. A total of 13 sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) were nesting during the study, where station 1 had higher of nesting frequency.

Diversity and distribution of dipterous flies of medical and veternary importance in Tayma, Saudi Arabia

Al-Enazi, Saud Arif, Al-Enazi, Rakan, Al-Enazi, Saif, Al-Enazi, Turki, Al-Enazi, Mamdooh, Al-Shami, Salman A., Alhag, Sadeq

Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 1 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The present study aims to investigate the distribution and diversity of dipterous flies in Tayma (Saudi Arabia) during the spring of 2018. A total of 12 dipterous species were collected from three different sites located in Tayma (Tabuk, Saudi Arabia) located in the Northern part of Saudi Arabia. The taxa of flies were dominated by Musca domestica and Musca sorbens. No significant difference were observed between the total number of flies collected using different traps (t-test, P>0.05) and among the studied sites (ANOVA, P>0.05). The highest number of flies was recorded from Site 3 (a cattle farm). However, lower number of flies was reported from the dates palm farms. In conlusion, the species Musca domestica were found to be the most abundant species in all locations with remarkable high abundance in animal facilities (slaughter house and animal farm). The pheromone traps were found to be the most effective trap catching high number of individuls and high number of fly species. 

Evaluation of the haematology and biochemistry of the silver catfish, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus as biomarker of environmental pollution in a tropical lagoon

Ugwu, George C., Soyinka, Olufemi O.

Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 1 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The objective of the present study was to examine the haematological and biochemical parameters of the silver catfish, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus, from the Makoko area of a polluted tropical lagoon such as Lagos Lagoon, to serve as a baseline data for the assessment of the health status of the fish and as reference point for future studies. The mean values of the haematological parameters analyzed were: blood haemoglobin, Hb (97.29±4.35g/L); pack cell volume, PCV (29.28±1.23%); red blood cell/total erythrocyte count, RBC (2.97±0.12T/L); white blood cell count, WBC (10.69±0.37g/L); mean cell volume, MCV (95.19±2.28fl); mean corpuscular haemoglobin, MCH (30.53±0.67pg), mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, MCHC (33.32±0.38g/dl), and the differential leucocytes. While the mean values of the biochemical parameters were: aspartate transaminase, AST (66.06±6.12 IU/L); alanine transaminase, ALT (12.98±1.10 IU/L), and alkaline phosphatase, ALP (88.01±8.60 IU/L). The findings from this study gave an indication of stress on the health status of the fishes in this lagoon and there is need for proper management strategies to be adopted in monitoring the conditions of the faunal communities in the lagoon. The lagoon indeed showed signs of environmental stress, which eventually pose devastating effect on the health status of the fishes. These have an indirect effect on the coastal communities. There is therefore the need for periodic monitoring and enforcement of environmental laws by respective organisations to ensure health safety of the people especially in the coastal communities.

Correlation and regression analysis of the body measurements of the Doro Ncanga Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) reared extensively in the Savanna of Mount Tambora Dompu Regency, Indonesia

Husni, Husni, Maskur, Maskur, Arman, Chairussyuhur

Aceh Journal of Animal Science Vol 3, No 1 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The objectives of the present study were examined the correlation and regression of body measurements of the Doro Ncanga buffaloes in the Savanna of Mount Tambora Dompu Regency, Indonesia. A total of 339 animals were used in this study. In female, body weight (BW) was found to be significantly (p<0.05) correlated with body length (BL), the degree of correlation increased from 0-6 (r=0.319) to 13-24 months (r=0.394), thereafter decreased at >36 months (r=0.160). The BW was not significantly correlated with height at wither (HW) for all 5 age groups. However, BW and heart girth (HG) were highly correlated (p<0.01) between age groups 0-6 (r=0.967) and >36 months (r=0.978). The BL was significantly (p<0.01) correlated with HW from 0-6 to 13-24 months of age, except for 25-36 months of age. The correlation between BL and HG was highly significant (p<0.01) at 0-6 (r=0.427) and 13-24 (0.371) months of age, then decreased with the increase of age. The HW had no strong correlation with HG  at all groups. Regression model of BW changes with HG was predictable with R2 values ranged from 0.896 to 0.957. In male, BW had a strong correlations with HG for age groups 0-6 (r=0.979) and 7-12 months (r=0.972). The BL and HW were not highly correlated with BW at all groups. However, BW was significantly (p<0.01) correlated with HG for age groups 0-6 (r=0.979) and 7-12 months (r=0.972). Their R2 values were 0.958 and 0.945, respectively. A highly significant (p<0.01) correlations were also observed between BL and HW for age groups 0-6 months (r=0.677)and 7-12 months (0.462). The  R2 values were 0.458 and 0.214 for the two different age groups, respectively. The estimates of coefficient of determinations and predictive equations show that HG alone could be used to predict BW of female and male Doro Ncanga buffalo at different age groups.