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JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN
Published by Universitas Mulawarman
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Core Subject : Science,
Journal of Chemistry Mulawarman (JKM) is a national journal in the field of chemistry that currently has self-evaluation and is in the order of SINTA 3. This journal is published twice a year by the Department of Chemistry Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Mulawarman University. Until 2017, the Editorial Team has issued JKM up to volume 15 Issue 1. For the issuance of JKM Volume 15, Issue 2 (May 2018), we have improved journal quality through the provision of a nationally and internationally-indexed online system.
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Articles 134 Documents
PENURUNAN GARAM KLORIDA AIR LAUT DENGAN MEMANFAATKAN MODIFIKASI PATI DARI LIMBAH BONGGOL PISANG AMBON (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum) Rabbani, Aulia Husna; -, Alimuddin; Saleh, Chairul
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 13 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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The research of desalination the sea water by utilization of the strach bump a “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)” modification has been done. Modification of starch bump “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)” had be a ability better than starch bump “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)” in the levels of chloride. The variation upon which to do to absorb chloride of sea water which are starch, starch been activated NaOH and starch acetate bump of a “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)”. Where The characteristic of the third ingredients were done by analysis FT-IR that showed the spectrum in the wavenumber of each of which are read the force –OH,C-H streaching, C-H bending, CO ester in the spectrum of starch and starch been activated with NaOH and then are read the ester C=O in the wave number of 1751,36/cm and C-O ester and forth on the wave number of 1234,44/cm to the full spectrum of starch acetate. The rendemen a modification of the starch was also shown the modified starch in the bump a “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)” then more starch obtained. And which after passed a sample of starch bumb “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)” wet sea water left in levels chloride 20.160,77 mg/L, in the starch bump “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)” dry sea water left in levels of chloride 19.783,23 mg/L, in the starch bump “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)” have been activated with NaOH wet sea water left in the levels of chloride 19.405,68 mg/L, in the starch bump “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)” have been activated with NaOH dry sea water left in levels of chloride 19.028,14 mg/L and in the starch acetat bump “Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)” sea water left in levels of chloride 18.461,83 mg/L.Keywords: the water of the sea, salt chloride, spectrum FTIR, starch and modification of starch bump a Pisang Ambon (Musa paradisiaca var sapientum)
AKTIVITAS ANTIHIPERGLIKEMIK DARI EKSTRAK ETANOL DAN n-HEKSANA DAUN KEMBANG BULAN [Tithonia diversifolia A.Gray] PADA TIKUS PUTIH JANTAN Darmawi, Ary Rizki; Saleh, Chairul; Kartika, Rudi
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 12 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Phytochemical test and antihyperglicemic activity from ethanol extract dan n-hexane extract from kembang bulan (Tithonia diversifolia A.Gray) leaf has been carried out. Based on the test result of phytochemistry of secondary metabolites compounds from kembang bulan (Tithonia diversifolia A.Gray) leaf showed that ethanol extract fraction containing flavonoid, fenolik, alkaloid and saponin. Whereas at n-hexane extract fraction containing alkaloid, saponin and steroid. Antihyperglicemic activity test using the method of glucose tolerance where a white male rats got induced by sucrose. Measurement of blood sugar levels using glucometer and glucose test strip. From this test shows that the most active fractions to reduce blood sugar levels was ethanol extract with a dose of 77 mg/kg BB with percentage of blood sugar levels reduction in the amount of 54.15 % it was close with reduction percentage from acarbose as positive control in the amount of 55.57 %.
PENGARUH BERAT DAN WAKTU KONTAK UNTUK ADSORPSI TIMBAL(II) OLEH ADSORBEN DARI KULIT BATANG JAMBU BIJI (Psidium guajava L.) Lestari, Sri
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 8 No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Research about influence of weight and contact times of to adsorb lead(II) by adsorbent from bark of guava has been done. The research was varied by series of adsorbent weight 0.5; 1.0; 1,5; 2.0; 2.5; and 3.0 gram and the contact time 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 minutes. Concentration of lead(II) in sample is measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The result showed that optimum contact time is 90 minutes. It was also found that higher adsorbent weight will increase the total amount of adsorbed lead(II).Keywords: Adsorption, lead(II), bark, guava
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK ETANOL BIJI BUAH DURIAN (Durio zibethinus Murr) DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE DPPH ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY TEST OF ETHANOL EXTRACT FROM Durio zibethinus Murr SEEDS BY DPPH METHOD Amir, Farida; Saleh, Chairul
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 11, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Mulawarman

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Durian fruit already famous enough in Indonesian society. Not only the content of the fruit, but Durian also have many advantage for example the seed, leather, root and the leaves that useful for human healthy. Then, phytochemical screening test and antioxidant activity test. Antioxidant activity test use scavenging test to 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryhidrazil (DPPH) radical. On antioxidant activity test, mix of extract and DPPH are incubate for 30 minutes, then the absorbance is measured on λ = 514 nm using spectrophotometer. The absorbance from sample, blank, and negative control are converted as Antioxidant Activity Absorbance (AA%). Based on result of phytochemical ethanol extract, Durian steud contain of fenolic, flavonoid, alkaloid, and tryterpenoid. Based on antioxidant activity test with DPPH radical scavenging method by spectrophotometer. Ethanol extract of Durian has antioxidant activity about EC 50 23,10 μg/mL and Vitamin C as comparison has antioxidant about EC 50 3,76 μg/mL. Keywords: Durian seed, phytochemical, antioxidant activity, DPPH
PREDIKSI PUNCAK KEMATANGAN BUAH NAGA MELALUI PENGUKURAN GULA REDUKSI DENGAN METODE NELSON-SOMOGYI -, Alimuddin
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 9 No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Prediction of dragon fruit maturation peak by measuring reductor sugar with nelson-somogyi method have been done. Prediction was done by using three modes which are experimental result, regression model and first derivation. Age of the fruit which used in this research were 1, 3, 5 and 7 weeks old. Based on the result of this research can be concluded that maturation peak of dragon fruit happens at between 5 until 6 weeks old.Keywords: Dragon Fruit, Reductor Sugar and Nelson-Somogyi Method.
UJI FITOKIMIA DAN AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI DARI TANAMAN MERKUBUNG (Macaranga gigantea (Rchb.f. & Zoll) Mull. Arg.) DENGAN EKSTRAK TOTAL, FRAKSI n-HEKSANA, ETIL ASETAT DAN ETANOL AIR TERHADAP BAKTERI Escherichia coli dan Staphylococcus aureus Apriani, Azhar Seli; Saleh, Chairul; -, Alimuddin
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 12 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Phytochemical tests, mortality of larvae shrimp (brine shrimp lethality test) and the antibacterial activity of theleaf merkubung (Macaranga gigantea Rchb.f. & Zoll.) With various factions has been conducted. Merkubung leafsamples were extracted with ethanol and concentrated by using rotary evaporator. The total extract was fractionatedwith n-hexane and ethyl acetate. The results of phytochemical compounds secondary metabolites merkubung leavesshowed that the total extract are contains alkaloids, phenolics and steroids. n-hexane fraction are containing alkaloids,flavonoids and steroids. Ethyl acetate faction are containing flavonoids and steroids. Ethanol-water faction is containingphenolic compounds. Shrimp larvae mortality trials showed mortality rates of larvae of Artemia salina (L) by usingSAS Probit analysis to determine the value of Lethal Concentration 50 % (LC50). The test shows that the most toxicfraction is the total extract with LC50 values of 459.8414 ppm. The test of antibacterial activity using paper disc methodand shows that the most active faction is the total extract with a MIC (Minimmum Inhibitor Concentration) of 1 % is6.5 mm diameter clear zone on Staphylococcus aureus (Gram positive) and 6.25 mm in the bacterium Escherichia coli(Gram negativ).Keywords : Macaranga gigantea Rchb.f. & Zoll., phytochemical test, Antibacteria activity test, LC50.
ANALISIS KANDUNGAN KAFEIN DALAM KOPI SUMATERA DAN KOPI FLORES DENGAN VARIASI SIKLUS MENGGUNAKAN SPEKTROFOTOMETER UV-VIS -, Nadhirah; -, Alimuddin; Saleh, Chairul
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 13 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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The research about analysis of caffeine content on coffee Sumatera and coffee Flores with cycle variations using spectrophotometer UV-Vis has been done. Coffee extract obtained through soxhletation with ethanol 96% and variation cycles used is 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15. The extract obtained is dissolved in ethanol 96% and tested with spectrophotometer UV-Vis at a wavelength of 272 nm. The result obtained in this research is the caffeine content in coffee Sumatera for 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 cycles consecutive are 0.582 mg/L; 0.986 mg/L; 1.315 mg/L; 2.143 mg/L and 2.918 mg/L. While the caffeine content obtained coffee Flores for 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 cycles consecutive are 0.465 mg/L; 0.599 mg/L; 0.728 mg/L; 1.186 mg/L and 1.653 mg/L.Keywords : Coffee Sumatera, Coffee Flores, Ethanol 96%, Soxhletation, Caffeine, Spectrophotometer UV-Vis
UJI FITOKIMIA, TOKSISITAS DAN AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI dari EKSTRAK BERBAGAI FRAKSI DAUN MAHANG (Macarang apruinosa (Miq.) Mull. Arg.) terhadap BAKTERI Escherichia coli dan Staphylococcus aureus -, Mustafidah; Saleh, Chairul; -, Alimuddin
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 12 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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Phytochemical, toxicity and antibacterial activity tests of total extract, fractions of n-heksana, ethyl acetate and ethanol-water from mahang leaf (Macaranga pruinosa (M.) M. A.) from KRUS (Kebun Raya Unmul Samarinda), East Kalimantan has been carried out. Based on the secondary metabolites phytochemical test of the (Macaranga pruinosa (M.) M. A.) leaf show that total extract is contain alkaloid and steroid. n-hexane fraction is contain alkaloid and steroid. Ethyl acetate fraction is contain steroid. Ethanol-water fraction is contain alkaloid and phenolic. Brine shrimp lethality test values obtained Lethal Concentration 50 % (LC50) total extract 27,5036 ppm , n-heksana fraction 12,0773 ppm, ethyl acetate fraction 23719,2305 ppm and ethanol-water fraction 250,0384 ppm. Antibacteria activity test of extracts for Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (positive Gram) and Escherichia coli (negative Gram) minimum inhibitor consentration of 0-1 % (b/v) from extract fractions of n-heksana and fractions ethyl acetate for Staphylococcus aureus bacteria and fractions ethyl acetate for Escherichia coli bacteria.Keywords (Macaranga pruinosa (M.) M. A.), phytochemical test, Antibacteria activity test, LC 50 .
STUDI KOMPUTASI REAKSI ADSORBSI DISOSIASI GAS O2 PADA PERMUKAAN Pt-Fe DENGAN METODE TEORI FUNGSI KERAPATAN -, Darmin; Gunawan, Rahmat; Panggabean, Aman Sentosa
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 10, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Mulawarman

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Platinum purpose as a catalysts on the cathode in a fuel cell hydrogen system gets a role in disconnection of O2 molecules. Power adsorption and dissociation of O2 molecules determined the effectiveness and efficiency of the nature of catalyst that is utilized. All this time metal is considered the most effective as a catalyst in fuel cells hydrogen is Pt. After be done investigation and calculation is known about platinum and iron alloy (Pt-Fe) can be utilized as a catalyst that has approached the effectiveness and efficiency of pure Pt metal. One of the way to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of the catalyst Pt-Fe alloys by calculating the value of the potential energy surface (PES). PES value calculation is done using density functional theory calculations. Analysis’s result point out the value of the potential energy surface (PES) O2 molecules in the Pt-Fe metal fusion for -929.8341 Ry with optimal distance of 2.4908 A of Pt-Fe’s metal surface and distances among O atoms as big as 3.3211 A.Keywords: Fuel cell hydrogen, Adsorption dissociation O2, PES, Density functional theory (DFT)
PEMANFAATAN ARANG AKTIF DARI TEMPURUNG Jatropha curcas L. YANG TERMODIFIKASI SEBAGAI ADSORBEN LOGAM TEMBAGA (Cu) Wirawan, Teguh
JURNAL KIMIA MULAWARMAN Vol 8 No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Mulawarman

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A research on the application of activated carbon from Jatropha curcas L shell which is modified as the copper adsorbent has been conducted. The research was varied by series of initial pH 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 and the contact time 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes and its effect to copper adsorption by activated and modified carbon from Jatropha curcas L shell. The result showed that the optimum pH for AA-FISIK, AA-EDTA and AA-HNO3 is 3 and for AA-HCl is 5. The optimum contact time is 90 minutes for AA-HCL and AA-EDTA; 60 minutes for AA-HNO3; and 120 minutes for AA-PHYSICAL. It was also found that higher initial concentration will increase the total amount of adsorbed copper.Keywords: adsorption, copper, activated carbon, Jatropha curcas L

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