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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 166 Documents
HUBUNGAN ANTARA GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN PATH GOAL SUPERVISOR PABRIK BAJA DENGAN TINGKAT KEPATUHAN SOP (STANDARD OPERATIONAL PROCEDURE) PEKERJA Ridho, Wahyu Fahrul
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1749

Abstract

ABSTRACTEmployee ignorance on Standard Operational Procedures (SOP) is one of the main causes of workplace accidents. This study was conducted to analyze the correlation between path goal leadership implemented by Gresik steel factory supervisors and employee obedience on company SOP. This study applied quantitative approach and cross-sectional research design. The data were collected through observation and interview on 52 respondents consisting of employees working led by 4 different supervisors. Systematic random sampling is used for sampling method. In-depth interviews were conducted to gain more information regarding the variables analyzed in this study. The independent variables analyzed in this study were path goal leadership style implemented by the supervisors and the dependent one is SOP obedience. This study found that employee obedience level on company SOP of each working units is 86% for drilling unit; 78.57% for marking and cutting unit; 100% for assembly unit; and 41.67% on painting unit. The results of Spearman correlation test indicated that path goal leadership style implemented by the supervisors significantly correlated with obedience level of the employees on company SOP with p < 0.05. there were positive correlation among the variables with correlation coefficient 0.416 (p = 0.001). Based on these findings, it could be concluded that the better path goal leadership style implementation made by the supervisors the higher employee obedience level on company SOP.Keywords: leadership style, Path Goal Theory, SOP obedience, occupational safety
ANALISIS ASPEK PEMBENTUK BUDAYA K3 DENGAN KEPATUHAN PENGGUNAAN APD PADA PEKERJA PRODUKSI RESIN DI SIDOARJO Brito, Gregorius Timotius
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1744

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe Ministry of Republic Indonesia launched in 2015 as the national safety culture that every industrial sector was required to implement the safety culture as well. One of the effort to create safety culture in the companies with cultivating the behavior for using personal protection equipment at work. Cooper an expert of safety management explained there were three elements forming safety culture, psychological, behavior, and organization and situation aspect. The main purpose was to analyze the relationship between psychological aspect of workers and organization and a situation aspect with the behavior for using PPE. This is an observational analytic study with cross sectional approach. Data were analyzed with univariate and bivariate. Sample of this research were 25 workers from 32 population that gets by simple random sampling method. Data were collected by questionnaire and observation then analyze in descriptive and use cross tabulating and correlation spearmen test to obtain relationship between variables. The result showed that most of the workers (56%) have low behavior on PPE usage. There almost all workers have a good motivation and clarified that availability and training about PPE was fair. There were significant correlation between motivation and training with complience of using PPE. Higly recommendation for company to increase the motivation for workers by apply a reward system.Keywords: safety culture, behaviour, Personal Protection Equipment
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR PEMBENTUK PERILAKU DENGAN KEPATUHAN PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG TELINGA PADA TENAGA KERJA DI PLTD AMPENAN Candra, Ahmad
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (458.989 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1650

Abstract

ABSTRACTSafe behaviour in company could prevent Noise Induce Hearing Loss. Safe behaviour that could prevent hearing loss is  the compliance of wearing ear protector. It could be shaped by using the activator-behaviour-consequence (ABC) method that can be influenced by forming behaviour factors (knowledge, training, and supervision and positive reinforcement). The aim of this research was to analyze the association between forming behaviour factors with the compliance of wearing ear protector. This was an observational analytic study with cross sectional approach with 18 workers in maintenance section of PLTD Ampenan as sample. Data were collected through questionnaire, interview, and observation. Data were analyzed used pearson chi-square and fisher exact test to obtain the association between variables. The results showed that most of the workers (72.2%) in maintenance section of PLTD Ampenan had the compliance of wearing ear protector. There were significant correlation between knowledge, training, supervision, and positive reinforcement with the compliance of wearing ear protector. Supervision has a very strong correlation (coefficent 1,000). The more workers feel himself under supervision, the better their behaviour will be. It is recommended that the company can perform all forming behaviour factors especially improve the supervision method in order to make all workers have the compliance of wearing ear protector.Keywords: forming behaviour factor, safe behaviour, ABC method
HUBUNGAN POSISI KERJA DENGAN KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL PADA UNIT PENGELASAN PT. X BEKASI Jalajuwita, Rovanaya Nurhayuning; Paskarini, Indriati
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (932.358 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1640

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to analyze the relation between body position with musculoskeletal complaints in welding unit of PT. X Bekasi. Welding is an important part of a steel fabrication company. Workers in the welding influenced by the position of work, the posture of their body of work and performance at work. Jobs that forced the labor to not an ergonomic posture when working cause workers had faster experience fatigue and indirectly provide additional workload. Health effects that arised as a result of an unergonomic worked postures are musculoskeletal disorders .This research is an observational research with cross sectional approach design. 32 workers were chosen as sample by using simple random sampling technique. Data were obtained by measuring, observing used Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), and filling out questionnaire Nordic Body Map (NBM). Spearman rho correlation test was used to analyse the relation between variables. As many as 68.6% workers had a weak risk of having musculoskeletal disorder (REBA score of 4-7) and 62.5% workers had a weak level of musculoskeletal complaint. Based on the results of this study concluded that body position were significantly related to musculoskeletal complaints. There was a weak significant relationship between body position and musculoskeletal complaints (pvalue= 0.005). It is suggested to companies that provide training on ergonomic working position when welding perform. Keywords: Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), Nordic Body Map (NBM), body position and musculoskeletal complaints
RISK ASSESSMENT K3 PADA PROSES PENGOPERASIAN SCAFFOLDING PADA PROYEK APARTEMEN PT. X DI SURABAYA Persada, Yudha Bagus
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1750

Abstract

ABSTRACTProblems that arised when employees works at height are worker did not wear full body harness, lanyard did not hanged perfectly to handrail, did not works according to the procedure, and using unsafe scaffolding. Hazard identification and risk assessment used as prevention for accident when operating scaffolding. This study was an observational study with cross sectional design and analyzed descriptively. The design used for the study carried out by observing cause and effect within a period of time and space. Objects of this study were frame scaffolding and scaffolding PCH, while subjects of this study were SHE Officer, SHE supervisor, workers section structure, finishing, plumbing hydrant, and mechanical engineering. Results of hazard identification using JSA method founds 43 potential hazards originating from 4 different types of work in this project. The results of the risk assessment of 43 potential hazards have been found that 1 hazard have low risk, 40 hazards have moderate risk , and high risk hazard are 2. The dominant risk from the operation of the scaffolding was 40 potential hazards or 93% of the total potential hazards and high-risk hazard eventhough only 5% of all potential hazards remains a top priority and should be controlled soon to reduce the high and medium risk becomes low risk. The likelihood-based control is more possible to reduce risk level than severity-based control.Keywords: risk assessment, scaffolding operation
HUBUNGAN INTENSITAS PENERANGAN DENGAN KELELAHAN MATA PADA PENGRAJIN BATIK TULIS Wiyanti, Nina; martiana, Tri
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1745

Abstract

ABSTRACTOne of eye’s health problems that can be experienced by batik artisans are eyestrain. There are many factors that can cause eyestrain, one of them is the intensity of the illumination. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the intensity of illumination with eyestrain on batik artisans. This type of research is descriptive observational study with cross sectional design. This research was conducted in nine home industry batik which is in the area of Kampung Batik Jetis Sidoarjo. Data obtained by direct measurement, observation, interviews, and see the monument which contains the history of the Jetis batik village. The results showed that the intensity of illumination in some Jetis batik home industry does not reach the standards of the majority of the UNEP (500 lux). The craftsmen who experience eyestrain or not, the amount is balance. Based on the results of the statistical test known that the value of Cramer’s V coefficient is 0.905, which means the intensity of illumination with eyestrain has a very strong relationship level. The conclusion is, the intensity of the light which majority does not reach the standards had a very strong relationship with eyestrain. It is recommended to improve workplace hygiene lighting installation (including lamps), perform color settings and decorations workplace, using natural light as much as possible, and perform eye exams to the eye doctor regularly. Especially if the batik artisan’s eyes look red, watery, and itchy and feeling frequent headaches.Keywords: intensity of illumination, eyestrain
ANAlISIS TINGKAT KELELAHAN KERJA BERDASARKAN BEBAN KERJA FISIK PERAWAT DI INSTALASI RAWAT INAP RSU HAJI SURABAYA Maharja, Rizky
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.896 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1651

Abstract

ABSTRACTNurses are working with high expectation, especially nurses at inpatient care unit are. They are to always be ready to  provide health treatment to the patients for 24 hours for 7 days. This high expectation may affect and inflicting fatigue on them. Work fatigue is a condition of activity, motivation and physical exhaustion. If nurses don’t take a rest, it can accumulated work fatigue eventually drops the health condition of the nurse off. This research aims to analyze level of work fatigue based on physical workload of the nurses in Inpatient Care Unit of RSU Haji Surabaya. This observational descriptive study applied cross-sectional study design. The research was conducted nurses at ward IIIC and IVC. The respondents are 27 nurses with following the criteria of this. The research applied Kruskal Wallis test to find out the variety of the work fatigue level based on physical workload and Spearman correlation test to find out the relationship between physical workload and work fatigue. The result showed that several characteristics of most of the respondents were aged between 30 and 49 years old, female, had been working for more than 5 years, married, normal nutritional status, and low calorie intake. The result also showed the average workload and the nurses might experience moderate work fatigue. The result of inter-variables correlations indicated there were correlation between physical workloads and work fatigueand there are varieties of the work fatigue based on the physical workload. Keywords: nurse, physical workload, work fatigue
ANALISIS RISIKO PENGOPERASIAN OVERHEAD CRANE DOUBLE GIRDER DI DIVISI KAPAl NIAGA PT PAL SURABAYA Bikatofani, Ryan Rizky
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (410.023 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1641

Abstract

ABSTRACTPT. PAL Surabaya operates Overhead Crane Double Girder tool every day. Those have some risks, for example squeezed, material crushed, fracture and passed away. The objective of the research was to value the level of risks on kapal niagadivision PT. PAL Surabaya. The type of this research was descriptive observational research with cross sectional approach. The research focuses on overhead crane double girder operation at kapal niaga division PT PAL Surabaya, consists ofoperation phase itself. Primary data collection by doing interview and observation, it was presented in a table, analyzed, and explained in descriptive way. The result showed there were 8 potential hazards on operation phase. Controlling type that most implementated was providing personal protective equipment (PPE) as 75%. That is quite significant and effective although there were still residual risks on 7 low potential hazards on preparation phase and 1 medium potential hazards on operation phase. PT PAL Surabaya has not done measurement the level of risks and suggested to do identification in details by noticing any hazards and risks in every job phase. Besides, the operator from the whole overhead crane doublegirder operation should have K3 (SIO) license and specific experience in operating overhead crane double girder, this suitable with Permenaker No 09/MEN/VII/2010.Keywords: risk assessment, overhead crane double girder, level of risks
HUBUNGAN PAPARAN DEBU DAN LAMA PAPARAN DENGAN GANGGUAN FAAL PARU PEKERJA OVERHAUL POWER PLANT Ardam, Kiky Aunillah Yolanda
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1746

Abstract

ABSTRACTDust exposure in the working environment is a potential factor to cause lung function disorders. Lung function disorders such as restriction, obstruction, and mixed-type which is indicated by decreasing % FEV and % FVC. Overhaul power plant workers have high risk dust exposure in the working environment as impact of the process overhaul power plant machine. Dust from overhaul work can entry to the respiratory tract of the workers through inhalation. The purpose was to analyze the relationship of total dust exposure and exposure time with lung function disorder among overhaul power plant workers in PT. PJB Unit Pelayanan Pemeliharaan Wilayah Timur. This research was an observational analytical study with cross sectional design. The sample size was 32 which were taken by simple random sampling technique. Relationship between dust exposure and exposure time with lung function disorders was analyzed statistically by using Chi Square Test (χ2). The study found that only dust exposure was significantly relationship with lung function disorders (p = 0.006 < α = 0.05) and the most prevalence of lung function disorders was mixed-type lung function impairment. It is recommended that the company provide Local Exhaust Ventilation (LEV) at the sources of contaminant (dust) and reduce the exposure time.Keywords: dust exposure, exposure time, lung function disorders, overhaul
PERBEDAAN GANGGUAN PENDENGARAN AKIBAT BISING ANTARA OPERATOR CCR PLTU DENGAN PLTGUDI PT PJB UP GRESIK Prayogo, Irvan; Widajati, Noeroel
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1741

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe role of central control room (CCR) operator in Steam Power Plant (PLTU) or Gas and Steam Power Plant (PLTGU) of a work environment has high noise intensity with range (62.2– 99.8 dBA). Noise resulting from the process of production of electrical energy by machinery such as power generation unit boiler/HRSG, turbine, generator, condenser and other supporting equipment can cause Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL). Study with cross-sectional design aims to analyze the difference in Noise Induced Hearing Loss between shift operator CCR PLTU and PLTGU PT PJB UP Gresik. Research on samples taken with the technique of simple random sampling with the majority of respondents were ≥ 40 years old, have a working periode ≥ 4 years, have a work area with a level of intensity noise > 85 dBA, long exposure noise ≤ 1 hour and good level of compliance of the use of ear protection in both of units. There was a difference of NIHL shift operator CCR PLTU and PLTGU. The number ofoperator who have experienced hearing loss due to noise on the shift operator CCR PLTU greater than PLTGU. Shift operator CCR PLTU and PLTGU are advised to obey and comply with safe working hours in areas with particular noise intensity has been set and the use of ear protection with right, also have to perform regular an audiometry exam tests so that the function of hearing of shift operator CCR could in monitor continuously.Keywords: central control room operator, power plant, noise induced hearing loss

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