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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 166 Documents
FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STRES KERJA PADA PENYELAM DI PT. X Irkhami, Faris Lazwar
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (409.109 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1646

Abstract

ABSTRACTStress can be perceived as a response to threats situations (either physical or psychological) caused by individual inability  to overcome existing threats within his/her environment. Job stress is the result of interaction between an individual (i.e. a worker) and his/her occupation. The objective of this study to identify the factor affecting tojob stress by the divers at PT. X. This study applied cross-sectional design conducted by observing the divers at PT. X. The population of this study was all divers working at PT. X. Data was analyzed by Spearman Correlation Test, Pearson Correlation Test, and Chi-square Test. The results of this study is strong correlation between personality type and job stress (as indicated by correlation coefficient 0.645). The divers’ age (correlation coefficient -0.283), educational level (correlation coefficient -0.220), years of service/experience (correlation coefficient -0.158), length of diving session (correlation coefficient 0.083), and threats of marine animal attack (correlation coefficient 0.156) had lower correlation with job stress. While the divers residence might also affect their job stress (as indicated by correlation coefficient 0.539).Keywords: job stress, diver
STUDI FAAL PARU DAN KEBIASAAN MEROKOK PADA PEKERJA YANG TERPAPAR DEBU PADA PERUSAHAAN KONSTRUKSI DI SURABAYA Sholihah, Mardliyatus; Tualeka, Abdul Rohim
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.972 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1637

Abstract

ABSTRACTDust exposure received by workers can affect workers’s pulmonary function and health condition affected by many factors. This observation conducted on construction. The purpose of this research was identify description about pulmonary function and smoking habit at construction workers. Researcher used cross sectional study. The sample of this research was total population of finishing workers as much as 18 workers who doing construction project in Surabaya . Measurement of dust concentration conducted on three poin, by source of the dust, where workers are working and the outmost point. Research used questionnaires, measurement and inspection. The result of pulmonary function showed that six workers had lung function disorder. Pulmonary function measurement at workers used FEV1 and FVC to be the parameter. The result of measurement on point A is 1.6865 mg/m3, on point B is 1.3227 mg/m3 and on point C is 1.0625 mg/m3. Many workers complained that they felt cough in the morning and suffered about eyes irritation. Based on the result of pulmonary function measurement, the conclution is 4 workers had light obstruction and 2 workers had light restriction. Based on measurement, the average of total dust in the project area is 1.3425 mg/m3. Lung function disorder caused by smoking habit. The workers could stop smoking habit and reduce amount.Keywords: pulmonary function, dust, smoking, construction
GAMBARAN KELELAHAN DAN KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL PADA PENGEMUDI BUS MALAM JARAK JAUH PO. RESTU MULYA Fahmi, Rahmadi
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1747

Abstract

ABSTRACTLong trip night bus drivers is a very highly risk of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorder. The aim of this research was to learn and acknowledging the level of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorder in PO. (Perusahaan Otobus) Restu Mulya long trip night bus drivers. This is an observational descriptive research with cross sectional study design. The research’s variable is the level of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorder that obtained from primary data using SSRT (Subjective Self Rating Test) questionnaire and NBM (Nordic Body Map) questionnaire. The result shows that 58.33% long trip night bus drivers was felt a moderate level of fatigue and 41.67% long trip night bus drivers felt a severe level of  fatigue. Most of long trip night bus drivers which number 75% drivers felt almost-sick of musculoskeletal disorder with the buttock, back, neck, and leg symptom point. The fatigue in PO. Restu Mulya long trip night bus drivers was a moderate and severe level with a lower activity and physicly fatigue symptom. The fatigue can be possibly caused by high physical work burden and psycologycal work burden which is a big responsibilities for the passengers safety. Then a low level of musculoskeletal disorders with the buttock, back, neck, and leg symptom point that possibly caused by monotony sit work posture on a very long time.Keywords: long trip night bus drivers, fatigue, musculoskeletal disorder
ANAlISIS FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TERJADINYA KELELAHAN KERJA PADA PENGUMPUl TOL DI PERUSAHAAN PENGEMBANG JALAN TOL SURABAYA Arini, Shintia Yunita; Dwiyanti, Endang
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1742

Abstract

ABSTRACTFatigue is one of the problems experienced often by workers. Feeling of fatigue is subjective because every person is influenced by several factors deserve and need special attention as a follow-up in order to avoid problems in the health of workers. Toll collector is one of the employees at toll road developer that has an important task in the operation of toll roads. The objective of this research to determine the relationship of several independent variables included age, gender, exercise habits, monotonous circumstances and workload, work climate and noise toward to the dependent variable, fatigue. This research was analytic observational methods of data collection and cross sectional design.. The sample in this study was a toll collector at one of toll road developer taken from the population using simple random sampling. Variable testing performed using spearman correlation analysis and contingency coefficient. Variables studied had a relationship with fatigue if p < 0.05. There are 34 workers (50.7%) had mild fatigue. Statistical analysis showed weak correlation to the variables gender (p = 0.004), exercise habits (p = 0.033), state of monotony (p = 0.008), work climate perception (p = 0.011) , and the noise perception (p = 0.033) of the relationship with the occurrence of fatigue. So fatigue was influenced by several factors such as individual factors, job factors, and work environmental factors.Keywords: fatigue, toll collector, subjective
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK PEKERJA DENGAN UNSAFE ACTION PADA TENAGA KERJA BONGKAR MUAT DI PT. TERMINAL PETIKEMAS SURABAYA Pratama, Aditya Kurnia
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (458.584 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1647

Abstract

ABSTRACTUnsafe action is a trigger for work accident. Unsafe action happened for two reasons, such as unintentional mistakes and active errors or violation of a rule. Unsafe action influenced by the internal factor from workers itself, such as characteristic of workers. The objectivs of this research is to aims of this study are analyze the relationship between the characteristics of workers to unsafe action, in stevedor at PT. Terminal Petikemas Surabaya. This study was observational Descriptive. The sample was all stavedore in a group of which consisted of 60 people. The data presented in the form of distribution the frequency and tabulation cross then analyzed statistically the Spearman. The result of this study shownthat there was an relatively low association between the characteristic of workers with unsafe action, but there was one variable had the strong enough relationship, such as knowledge variable and unsafe action on stevedore in PT. Terminal Petikemas Surabaya with coefficient corelation 0.417. Based on the result of this study, suggestions that can be given to the HSE departement are scheduled refreshment through training and briefing to increase knowledge of occupational safety and health at work, meanwhile supervisor of field have to do a strict and firmly supervise to stevedore who performing unsafe action. So it expected to reduce the number of work accident in the process of loading and unloading.Keywords: Stevedore, unsafe action, characteristic of workers
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR PREDISPOSING, REINFORCING DAN ENABLING PADA PEKERJA SANDBLASTING DI PT X Susanto, Aditya Reino; Ardyanto, Denny
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.887 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1638

Abstract

ABSTRACTSandblasting process contained some hazards such as shock effect on workers, who may pose a danger to himself or worker in the vicinity, the wound on the surface of the workers skin or eyes, and silicosis. The aim of this study was analyze correlation between predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors with PPE usage behavior on worker in sandblasting division at PT X. This study is an observational analytic with cross sectional design. Data of knowledge, attitudes, perception, motivation, the role of co-workers, the role of supervisor, HSE promotion, HSE training, availability of PPE and HSE regulations obtained from interviews to all 11 people who worked at sandblasting division of PT X. PPE usage of 90,9% workers are in the safe category. Results analysis with contingency coefficient was known that motivation factor has a value at 0.707, the factor of co-workers role has a value at 0.459, and the factor of knowledge, attitudes, supervisors role, as well as HSE training has a value at 0.100, while the perception factor, HSE promotion, availability of PPE, and HSE regulations showed that 100% of workers are in the good category. Motivational factors have a strong correlation with the PPE usage behavior, co-workers role factors have correlation in the medium category, the factors of knowledge, attitudes, role of supervisor, HSE training has a very weak correlation to the PPE usage behavior, meanwhile perception, HSE promotion, availability of PPE, and HSE regulations factors of all workers are included in good categories.Keywords: predisposing, reinforcing, enabling, sandblasting, personal protective equipment
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DAN IKLIM KERJA DENGAN KELELAHAN KERJA DI CATERING HIKMAH FOOD SURABAYA Ramayanti, Ridha
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1748

Abstract

ABSTRACTWork fatigue is condition which some factors have interaction with the workers. Fatigue may occur in the workforce by various factors, such as nutritional status and work climate. This study was conducted to analyze the relationship between nutritional status and work climate with work fatigue in Hikmah Food Catering. This was an observational analytic study using a cross sectional design. Samples size 43 peoples were taken by simple random sampling method. The correlation between the dependent and independent variables were analyzed by spearman correlation test (α = 0,05). Work climate in this catering were kitchen area 29,6°C, non AC 26,5°C area, and air-conditioned area 20,3°C. Spearman correlation test results showed that there was nutritional status which had no significant association with work fatigue (p = 0,954) and there was work climate which had a significant association with work fatigue (p = 0.004). The conclusion of this research is nutritional status has no relation with fatigue, meanwhile work climate have a relation with work fatigue. There are advised for the industry such as providing sufficient drinking water supplies, and installing push pull system ventilation, especially in the kitchen area.Keywords: worker, nutritional status,work climate, work fatigue, catering
GAMBARAN TINGKAT STRESS KERJA ANTAR SHIFT KERJA PADA PETUGAS PENGUMPUL TOL SURABAYA Zahra, Ayyuda Asyraf
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.1743

Abstract

ABSTRACTPT. (X), Surabaya is one of company that manages toll road or highway that implement the shift system of work. Shift work has the potential for job stress and other health problems. The purpose of this research was to identify descriptive the level of job stress between shift work at the toll collector in PT. (X), Surabaya. This research was an observational analytic study with cross sectional approach. 36 toll collector who work when the morning shift, afternoon, and evening at the toll gate x, toll gate y and toll gate z were chosen as sample by using Proportional Random Sampling method. The results showed when the shift I (morning) there were 15 respondents (41.7%) suffered mild job stress and 21 respondents (58.3%) suffered moderate job stress. At the shift II (evening) there were 12 respondents (33.3%) suffered mild stress of work and 24 respondents (66.7%) suffered moderate job stress, while at the shift III (evening) were 9 respondents (25%) suffered light work stress and 27 respondents (75%) suffered moderate job stress. Based on the research results, it can be concluded the level of job stress between of shift work on the toll collectors suffered mild and moderate stress. The greatest frequency of respondents suffered moderate job stress. Recommendation for the company is review the system of career development and maintaining training activities, while for workers is use the time to rest and regular exercise.Keywords: job stress, shift work, toll collector
ANAlISIS KEBIJAKAN PERUSAHAAN DAN PARTISIPASI TENAGA KERJA PADA BAGIAN PRODUKSI TERHADAP PENERAPAN 5R PT. MARITIM BARITO PERKASA Setyanto, Ghandy Elmada
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (407.552 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1648

Abstract

ABSTRACT5R is a program to minimize or eliminate the danger by treating a workplace correctly. A good work and comfortable environment should be arranged so that workers can work without distractions. A good housekeeping will being held if the workers participate and obey all rules in the company not only just participate, but also contribute management of the company for 5R implementation. This study aims to analyze company’s policy dan participate of workers on sector production with 5R implementation in PT. Maritim Barito Perkasa Banjarmasin. This study used a cross-sectional design. Research on samples used 20 samples who are all of worker in sector production. The result of the research showed that 5R policy of PT. Maritim Barito Perkasa has not written. The knowledge level of workers were mostly understand about 5R implementation of PT. Maritim Barito Perkasa. And attitude that shown by workers about 5R implementation also good. Underliner of this research can be suggested to company is to make a written policy about 5R implementation. Forming audit team can be conducted every 3 month to help applying 5R implementation. 5R implementation must be supported from every side so that problem about 5R implementation can be realized maximally and continously. Keywords: worker’s participation, company policy, 5R implementation
RISK ASSESSMENT PERUSAHAAN EXPORT SEPATU PADA BAGIAN LINE UPPER PT. X Dankis, Novita Dewi Vebriyana; Mulyono, Mulyono
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 1 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (482.566 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i1.1639

Abstract

ABSTRACTRevolution in the industry sector has been rapidly grown to fill up all the needs of the consumer products. One involves  supporting advanced machinery such as “Cutting, Skiving, Stitching, Emboss Logo, Roving, Punch Hole, Juki, BrushingEdge, Hammer Over Lapping and Two Molding”. In the factory production process, there are various types of high-risk activities, especially on line upper. The main of this research is to study the risk assessment on export companies line the upper part of the shoes export company using Job Safety Analysis. This research was conducted observational crosssectional design. Observations made to the hazards and control measures. Interviews were conducted to 12 employees. Variables in this research is production activity, hazard identification, risk assessment, risk control and residual risk. The results of hazard identification has been done, there are 91 known potential hazards, for risk assessment found 7 high risk and low risk 5. Machine classified as high risk on the risk assessment is roving machine, whereas low-risk is two molding machine. Control efforts on the upper line in accordance with the hierarchy of controlling a number of 91 controls, whereas for the residual risk still remains as much as 30 residual risk. Control has been applied quite well by pressing the consequences of hazards and risk management.Keywords: risk assessment, controlling, residual risk

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