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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
Articles
39
Articles
RISK ASSESSMENT KECELAKAAN KERJA PEMASANGAN BETON PRACETAK PADA PROYEK PEMBANGUNAN APARTEMEN DI SURABAYA

Triyono, Reko, Widajati, Noeroel

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Installation of precast concrete in construction of multi-storey buildings at risk of workplace accidents due to be carried out on the altitude. Installation of precast concrete must also use heavy equipment, because of the weight of the material to be install. Accidents on the installation of precast concrete can be very fatal and cause of death. Risk assessment is an attempt to calculating risk arising from hazards, take into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk is acceptable. The purpose of this research is to studies and perform  risk assessment level onprecast concrete installation at apartment project in Surabaya with hazard, risk, risk control, and residual risk observation. Primary data were collected through interview and observation. Object of this research is installation proses of precast concrete wall at Puncak Bukit Golf Apartment project by PT. Wijaya Karya Bangunan Gedung  in Surabaya. The data was analyzed descriptively using table and naration. Results showed that hazard identify in precast concrete installation at apartment project in Surabaya include: fall from height, squeezed,  fallen object, struck by precast concrete, crush by precast concrete, and electro shock. Risk assessment has obtained 21 hazards. Risk control with was done: installing safety net for falling objects, safety induction, work instruction, wear PPE, and wear fall protection. The result of risk assessment showed19% risk are high risk, 38% with moderate risk category, and 43% with low risk category. Keywords: risk assessment, precast concrete, installing

HUBUNGAN ANTARA KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU UNIT KERJA DAN FAKTOR ERGONOMI DENGAN KELUHAN KESEHATAN DI INDUSTRI KECIL SEPATU KOTA MOJOKERTO

Frizka, Margaretta, Martiana, Tri

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Study of health complaint for shoes makers have been made in UD Wardana Mojokerto City. The purpose of the study were to identify individual and enviromental factor associated with health complaint. This study was an observational descriptive with cross sectional approach. The respondents were all shoes makers that worked in UD Wardana Mojokerto city (N=28). Variables of this study were individual caracteristics (age, duration of employments, regular physical exercise, and smoking habit), work section, and ergonomic factors (work posture, static sitting, posture of sitting, static standing, and posture of standing). The data were collected and analyzed with chi ?? square and contingency coefficientThe results that most of the respondents were aged 19-27 years (46,43%),duration of employment 1-5 years (46,43%) didn??t take regular physical exercise (68,57%), and non smoker (78,57%). There were strong association between respiration complaint with age (C= 0,535), duration of employment (C= 0,509). Musculosceletal complaint with static sitting (C= 0,544), static standing (C= 0,559), and body posture (C= 0,559). From the findings, It is concluded that shoes makers have risk of musculoskeletal and respiratory complaints.Keywords: Ergonomic factors, health complaints, shoes makers, individual characteristics

FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN APD PADA PETUGAS LABORATORIUM RUMAH SAKIT PHC SURABAYA

Harlan, Arta Novita

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Laboratory workers had high risk of being exposed to biological factors such as HIV/AIDS, HBV, HCV viruses and mycobacterium tuberculosis germ. It was obligatory to protect laboratory workers from all contagious diseases by using Personal Protection Equipment (PPE).This researchhad done to learnfactors related to laboratory workers behavior of PPE usage at PHC Surabaya Hospital. This was a descriptive observational research with cross-sectional design. Sample of this research was total population of all PHC Surabaya Hospital laboratory workers (medical analyst/health analyst) in June 2014. Data were taken by questionnaires, observation and interview. The independent variables were predisposing factors (age, sex, time worked, education level, knowledge and attitude), enabling factor (the availability of PPE), reinforcing factors (regulation/policy, socialization, monitoring and reward and punishment). The dependent variable was behavior of PPE usage. The result of this research was acquiredthat 53,3% respondents were < 31 years, 73,3% respondents was woman, had time worked about 5 ?? 10 years,80% respondents had education level diploma, 86,7% respondent had good knowledge and 53,3% respondents had good attitude, 60% respondents stated that the availability of PPE were laboratory coats, gloves, and masks, 86,7% respondents stated that there was socialization, 73,3% respondents stated that there was monitoring and 80% respondents stated that there wasn??t punishment. The younger age, the lower time worked, and more complete the availability of PPE, the better the behavior of PPE usage.Keywords: PPE usage, laboratory worker, hospital

PENERAPAN PROGRAM KESELAMATAN KERJA PADA FORKLIFT DI PT ALP PETRO INDUSTRY

Tri Tjahyo Adhy, Mochammad Angga

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Forklift is one of lift and transport aircraft that support the implementation of the production process which consist high enough of hazards, and there is a possibility of work accidents. So the prevention efforts should be made with fulfill their safety requrements, to prevent that accidents.The purpose of this study were learning the programs of health and safety of the operation forklift in PT ALP Petro Industry Gempol, Pasuruan. This study was an observational descriptive study with cross-sectional approach. The subjects were all of the forklift operator, safety officer and supervisor, and factory general supervisor.The variables were studied were license of safety, safety tools, housekeeping, maintenance, inspection, safety sign, and wearing personal protective equipment.The primary data were obtained by using observations and interviews, and the secondary data were obtained from the company. Furthermore, the data was processed descriptively. The results showed that there are six programs have been implemented in accordance with applicable regulations, and there is oneprogram that hasn??t been accomplished in accordance with the relevant regulations that safety signs. Keywords: safety programs, forklift

PENYEBAB TERJADINYA SUBSTANDARD PRACTICE BERDASARKAN TEORI LOSS CAUSATION MODEL PADA PENGELAS DI PT BANGUN SARANA BAJA

Wicaksono, Dimas Trianggoro

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Welder had important role for steel fabrication industry, otherwise the job of welder had a variously dangerous potential. The occurring of substandard practice could be prevent by identified the cause of substandard practice. The aim of this research was to study the cause of the occurring of substandard practice on welder at PT. Bangun Sarana Baja. This research was done by using cross sectional design and qualitative approach in order to describe the cause of the occurring of substandard practice on welder at PT. Bangun Sarana Baja Gresik. The respondent of this research was 20 peoples who was work as a welder at PT. Bangun Sarana Baja. The result of this research represent that 80% of welder at PT. Bangun Sarana Baja had performed standard practice. Management has given a lot of variously programs. Personal factor and job factor most of welder supported the occurring of standard practice. The conclusion of this research was most of welder at PT. Bangun Sarana Baja has performed standard practice. Substandard practice occurred because the lack of welder participation in training and the lack of experience before they worked at PT. Bangun Sarana Baja as the personal factor, the difficulty of PPE arrangement, the careless of used PPE, work not based on SOP as the job factor, and lack of control of management on compliance to make standard for each program. Keywords: substandard practice, personal factor, job factor, lack of control of management

ANALISIS HUMAN RELIABILITY PADA OPERATOR MAINTENANCE MESIN UNTUK MENGENDALIKAN HUMAN ERROR DENGAN METODE SPAR-H DI PT. TJOKRO PUTRA PERKASA

Wulandari, Aditya Praswuri

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Operator have considerable contribution in the operation of the system trough its role in the completion of their work. Therefore it is important to know the operator??s reliability (human reliability). The levels of human reliability is determined by calculating the potential in making mistakes, known as human error. Human error is influenced by the inadequate system design, the working bad situation, the high complexity of the work, the characteristics of human behaviour, the mental and physical fatigue, the working environment and organizational policies. The main objective of this study was to analyze the reliability of the human operators to control the occurance of human error. This study was an observational with cross-sectional approach. The study was conducted on 14 of operators maintenance machine in PT. Tjokro Putraperkasa. Data were collected by means of interview and observation. Data were obtained using Hierarchical Task Analysis (HTA) and Standardized Plant  Analysis  Risk  Human  Reliability  Assessment  (SPAR-H).  The  result  showed  that  most  (80%)  of  the operators did not wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), possible were widely found in preventive maintenance machine bubut, the high score (HEP= 0,0477) of human unreliability was found in operators working intruction in machine bubut, hobbing and CNC, as whole the system reliability was still low, and the majority (80%) of operators were still unreliable in doing their job.Keywords:human error, human reliability, SPAR-H.

ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEPATUHAN MENGGUNAKAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI

Sertiya Putri, Kartika Dyah

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Using personal protective equipment (PPE) is the last risk control to protect the workers from occupational safety and health hazards. Applying safety culture through obedience behavior of wearing PPE is important to do as the responsibility of the company to protect its workers from occupational safety and health hazards. The purpose of this research was to analyze factors which have correlation with obedience of wearing PPE in aluminum sulfate unit production PT. Liku Telaga Gresik.This research was analytical observational with a cross sectional design. Subject of this research was total population that consist of 114 workers. Data would be shown in a frequency distribution and cross tabulation afterwards analyzed using statistic chi square.The result of research showed that most of workers obeyed to wear PPE in workplace. Statistic analytical results showed that education (p=0.005; r=0.336) and attitude to the policy (p=0.045; r=0.233) are factors which has correlated with obedience of wearing PPE. Age (p=1), time of work (p=1), knowledge (p=0.483), motivation (p=1), personality (p=0.464), training (p=0.559), communication (p=0.72) and availability of PPE (p=0.652) have no correlation with obedience of wearing PPE.Keywords: behavior of wearing PPE,safety culture, workers in aluminum sulfate unit production

PENGARUH FAKTOR KARAKTERISTIK PETANI DAN METODE PENYEMPROTAN TERHADAP KADAR KOLINESTERASE

Rahmawati, Yeviana Dwi

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

The farmers efforts to reduce pests are using pesticides. But, there is an adverse effect farmer??s health, namely pesticide poisoning. Based on Litbang (2004), the incidence of poisoning were about 80% in the developing countries. The purpose of this study is to analyze factors which are affected with cholinesterase levels of rice farmers who sprayed pesticides in Sumberejo, Kecamatan Balong Kabupaten Ponorogo. This study used an observational study design with cross sectional analytic. The sample was all rice farmers who sprayed pesticides in rice plants between 1-7 days before they blood was taken for examination of the enzyme cholinesterase. Total respondents are 40 farmers. The study was in Sumberejo, Kecamatan Balong Kabupaten Ponorogo in July 2013-February 2014. Variables in this study were age, education level, knowledge level, smoking status, used of PPE, work period, the last spraying, direction, time, and duration of spraying, and cholinesterase levels. The primary data was obtained by observation, interview, and spectrophotometer. The technique of data analysis is linier regression test. The results showed that the value of cholinesterase levels is between 5602 U/L-15668 U/L were categorized into moderate and normal. There are no affect characteristic factors (age and work period) on cholinesterase levels. Has affect method of spray (last of spraying) on cholinesterase levels.The conclusion was there is effect between the last of spraying on cholinesterase levels.Keywords: farmers, pesticides, cholinesterase levels 

ANALISIS SAFE BEHAVIOR DENGAN PENDEKATAN BEHAVIOR-BASED SAFETY PADA RADIOGRAFER DI RUMAH SAKIT Dr. SOETOMO SURABAYA

Rahmawati, Neni

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

The development of science in health world may let use radiation to diagnose a disease. Radiation have some bad effect if excessively exposed, so that management should be create radiographer??s safe behavior to prevent an accident. Management could applied behavior based safety  with a behavioral intervention effort and external factor to encourage radiographer??s safe behavior. The aim of this research was to analyze safe behavior by using behavior based safety approach for radiographer in Instalasi Radiodiagnostik Rumah Sakit Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. This was a cross sectional study with qualitative approach in order to know about behavioral intervention effort and external factor in Instalasi Radiodiagnostik Rumah Sakit Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. Respondent of this research was 11 people who all authorized as radiographer in Instalasi Radiodiagnostik Rumah Sakit Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. The results of this research represent that radiographer??s behavior in Instalasi Radiodiagnostik Rumah Sakit Dr. Soetomo Surabaya 100% included in safe category. Management has used behavioral intervention effort properly, by applied activator and consequence to direct and motivate radiographer??s behavior. As discovered that the external factor of instalasi radiodiagnostik has support radiographer to perform safe behavior. The conclusion of this research was radiographer??s safe behavior created by behavioral intervention effort which used activator and consequence to direct and motivate radiographer??s safe behavior and external factor supporting radiographer??s safe behavior in Instalasi Radiodiagnostik Rumah Sakit Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. Keywords: behavioral intervention effort, external factor, safe behavior

PENILAIAN RISIKO PADA PROSES PEMBUATAN SHEAR WALL PADA PEMBANGUNGAN APARTEMEN

Harjono, Ade Jiwantyo

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 6, No 3 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Based on data from the Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration at 2009 construction sector was the highest place occupational injuries. Worker in the process of manufacture shear wall at surabaya apartment  should work at altitude. Working at altitudeis a workthat possess fatal impact in the event of an accident. Thus risk assessment is needed as one way to reduce the number of workplace accidents. The research was a descriptive-observational research usingcross-sectionalstudy design. In this research,risk assessment was used qualitative methods. In the process of  risk assessment, hazard identification performed by using the Job Safety Analysis (JSA) and then risk assessment was conducted use a risk matrix, so that the level of risk on the job of making shear wall could be known.The residual risk assessment was performed using guidelines calculation control. The process of making shear wall is divided into four working steps, like installation of concrete bones, installation of form work, casting, and dismantling form work.Result of risk assessment is pure risks of falling from height and strucked by fallen material were 15, hand being wedged were 9, irritation and being hit were 4.There is still a residual risk on falling from height and strucked by fallen material were 3, hazards of hands being wedged were 2, irritation and being hit had residual risk as many as 1. Hazards identified were dropped from height, strucked by fallen materials, wedged, irritated,and being hit. Risk assessment in existencefor dropped from height and strucked by fallen material had a high risk, moderate risk for hands being wedged, being hitand  irritation had a low risk. While the residual risks that existed in all of  these risks were low. Keywords: hazard identification, risk assessment, residual risk