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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
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Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health" : 10 Documents clear
ANAlISIS FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TERJADINYA KELELAHAN KERJA PADA PENGUMPUl TOL DI PERUSAHAAN PENGEMBANG JALAN TOL SURABAYA Arini, Shintia Yunita; Dwiyanti, Endang
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5641.257 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.113-122

Abstract

ABSTRACTFatigue is one of the problems experienced often by workers. Feeling of fatigue is subjective because every person is influenced by several factors deserve and need special attention as a follow-up in order to avoid problems in the health of workers. Toll collector is one of the employees at toll road developer that has an important task in the operation of toll roads. The objective of this research to determine the relationship of several independent variables included age, gender, exercise habits, monotonous circumstances and workload, work climate and noise toward to the dependent variable, fatigue. This research was analytic observational methods of data collection and cross sectional design.. The sample in this study was a toll collector at one of toll road developer taken from the population using simple random sampling. Variable testing performed using spearman correlation analysis and contingency coefficient. Variables studied had a relationship with fatigue if p < 0.05. There are 34 workers (50.7%) had mild fatigue. Statistical analysis showed weak correlation to the variables gender (p = 0.004), exercise habits (p = 0.033), state of monotony (p = 0.008), work climate perception (p = 0.011) , and the noise perception (p = 0.033) of the relationship with the occurrence of fatigue. So fatigue was influenced by several factors such as individual factors, job factors, and work environmental factors.Keywords: fatigue, toll collector, subjective
HUBUNGAN ANTARA GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN PATH GOAL SUPERVISOR PABRIK BAJA DENGAN TINGKAT KEPATUHAN SOP (STANDARD OPERATIONAL PROCEDURE) PEKERJA Ridho, Wahyu Fahrul
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5727.603 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.187-198

Abstract

ABSTRACTEmployee ignorance on Standard Operational Procedures (SOP) is one of the main causes of workplace accidents. This study was conducted to analyze the correlation between path goal leadership implemented by Gresik steel factory supervisors and employee obedience on company SOP. This study applied quantitative approach and cross-sectional research design. The data were collected through observation and interview on 52 respondents consisting of employees working led by 4 different supervisors. Systematic random sampling is used for sampling method. In-depth interviews were conducted to gain more information regarding the variables analyzed in this study. The independent variables analyzed in this study were path goal leadership style implemented by the supervisors and the dependent one is SOP obedience. This study found that employee obedience level on company SOP of each working units is 86% for drilling unit; 78.57% for marking and cutting unit; 100% for assembly unit; and 41.67% on painting unit. The results of Spearman correlation test indicated that path goal leadership style implemented by the supervisors significantly correlated with obedience level of the employees on company SOP with p < 0.05. there were positive correlation among the variables with correlation coefficient 0.416 (p = 0.001). Based on these findings, it could be concluded that the better path goal leadership style implementation made by the supervisors the higher employee obedience level on company SOP.Keywords: leadership style, Path Goal Theory, SOP obedience, occupational safety
ANALISIS ASPEK PEMBENTUK BUDAYA K3 DENGAN KEPATUHAN PENGGUNAAN APD PADA PEKERJA PRODUKSI RESIN DI SIDOARJO Brito, Gregorius Timotius
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5685.933 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.134-143

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe Ministry of Republic Indonesia launched in 2015 as the national safety culture that every industrial sector was required to implement the safety culture as well. One of the effort to create safety culture in the companies with cultivating the behavior for using personal protection equipment at work. Cooper an expert of safety management explained there were three elements forming safety culture, psychological, behavior, and organization and situation aspect. The main purpose was to analyze the relationship between psychological aspect of workers and organization and a situation aspect with the behavior for using PPE. This is an observational analytic study with cross sectional approach. Data were analyzed with univariate and bivariate. Sample of this research were 25 workers from 32 population that gets by simple random sampling method. Data were collected by questionnaire and observation then analyze in descriptive and use cross tabulating and correlation spearmen test to obtain relationship between variables. The result showed that most of the workers (56%) have low behavior on PPE usage. There almost all workers have a good motivation and clarified that availability and training about PPE was fair. There were significant correlation between motivation and training with complience of using PPE. Higly recommendation for company to increase the motivation for workers by apply a reward system.Keywords: safety culture, behaviour, Personal Protection Equipment
RISK ASSESSMENT K3 PADA PROSES PENGOPERASIAN SCAFFOLDING PADA PROYEK APARTEMEN PT. X DI SURABAYA Persada, Yudha Bagus
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5691.815 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.199-210

Abstract

ABSTRACTProblems that arised when employees works at height are worker did not wear full body harness, lanyard did not hanged perfectly to handrail, did not works according to the procedure, and using unsafe scaffolding. Hazard identification and risk assessment used as prevention for accident when operating scaffolding. This study was an observational study with cross sectional design and analyzed descriptively. The design used for the study carried out by observing cause and effect within a period of time and space. Objects of this study were frame scaffolding and scaffolding PCH, while subjects of this study were SHE Officer, SHE supervisor, workers section structure, finishing, plumbing hydrant, and mechanical engineering. Results of hazard identification using JSA method founds 43 potential hazards originating from 4 different types of work in this project. The results of the risk assessment of 43 potential hazards have been found that 1 hazard have low risk, 40 hazards have moderate risk , and high risk hazard are 2. The dominant risk from the operation of the scaffolding was 40 potential hazards or 93% of the total potential hazards and high-risk hazard eventhough only 5% of all potential hazards remains a top priority and should be controlled soon to reduce the high and medium risk becomes low risk. The likelihood-based control is more possible to reduce risk level than severity-based control.Keywords: risk assessment, scaffolding operation
HUBUNGAN INTENSITAS PENERANGAN DENGAN KELELAHAN MATA PADA PENGRAJIN BATIK TULIS Wiyanti, Nina; martiana, Tri
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5687.071 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.144-154

Abstract

ABSTRACTOne of eye’s health problems that can be experienced by batik artisans are eyestrain. There are many factors that can cause eyestrain, one of them is the intensity of the illumination. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the intensity of illumination with eyestrain on batik artisans. This type of research is descriptive observational study with cross sectional design. This research was conducted in nine home industry batik which is in the area of Kampung Batik Jetis Sidoarjo. Data obtained by direct measurement, observation, interviews, and see the monument which contains the history of the Jetis batik village. The results showed that the intensity of illumination in some Jetis batik home industry does not reach the standards of the majority of the UNEP (500 lux). The craftsmen who experience eyestrain or not, the amount is balance. Based on the results of the statistical test known that the value of Cramer’s V coefficient is 0.905, which means the intensity of illumination with eyestrain has a very strong relationship level. The conclusion is, the intensity of the light which majority does not reach the standards had a very strong relationship with eyestrain. It is recommended to improve workplace hygiene lighting installation (including lamps), perform color settings and decorations workplace, using natural light as much as possible, and perform eye exams to the eye doctor regularly. Especially if the batik artisan’s eyes look red, watery, and itchy and feeling frequent headaches.Keywords: intensity of illumination, eyestrain
GAMBARAN TINGKAT STRESS KERJA ANTAR SHIFT KERJA PADA PETUGAS PENGUMPUL TOL SURABAYA Zahra, Ayyuda Asyraf; Hidayat, Shoim
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.079 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.123-133

Abstract

PT. (X), Surabaya is one of company that manages toll road or highway that implement the shift system of work. Shift work has the potential for job stress and other health problems. The purpose of this research was to identify descriptive the level of job stress between shift work at the toll collector in PT. (X), Surabaya. This research was an observational analytic study with cross sectional approach. 36 toll collector who work when the morning shift, afternoon, and evening at the toll gate x, toll gate y and toll gate z were chosen as sample by using Proportional Random Sampling method. The results showed when the shift I (morning) there were 15 respondents (41.7%) suffered mild job stress and 21 respondents (58.3%) suffered moderate job stress. At the shift II (evening) there were 12 respondents (33.3%) suffered mild stress of work and 24 respondents (66.7%) suffered moderate job stress, while at the shift III (evening) were 9 respondents (25%) suffered light work stress and 27 respondents (75%) suffered moderate job stress. Based on the research results, it can be concluded the level of job stress between of shift work on the toll collectors suffered mild and moderate stress. The greatest frequency of respondents suffered moderate job stress. Recommendation for the company is review the system of career development and maintaining training activities, while for workers is use the time to rest and regular exercise.Keywords: job stress, shift work, toll collector
HUBUNGAN PAPARAN DEBU DAN LAMA PAPARAN DENGAN GANGGUAN FAAL PARU PEKERJA OVERHAUL POWER PLANT Ardam, Kiky Aunillah Yolanda
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5699.74 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.155-166

Abstract

ABSTRACTDust exposure in the working environment is a potential factor to cause lung function disorders. Lung function disorders such as restriction, obstruction, and mixed-type which is indicated by decreasing % FEV and % FVC. Overhaul power plant workers have high risk dust exposure in the working environment as impact of the process overhaul power plant machine. Dust from overhaul work can entry to the respiratory tract of the workers through inhalation. The purpose was to analyze the relationship of total dust exposure and exposure time with lung function disorder among overhaul power plant workers in PT. PJB Unit Pelayanan Pemeliharaan Wilayah Timur. This research was an observational analytical study with cross sectional design. The sample size was 32 which were taken by simple random sampling technique. Relationship between dust exposure and exposure time with lung function disorders was analyzed statistically by using Chi Square Test (χ2). The study found that only dust exposure was significantly relationship with lung function disorders (p = 0.006 < α = 0.05) and the most prevalence of lung function disorders was mixed-type lung function impairment. It is recommended that the company provide Local Exhaust Ventilation (LEV) at the sources of contaminant (dust) and reduce the exposure time.Keywords: dust exposure, exposure time, lung function disorders, overhaul
GAMBARAN KELELAHAN DAN KELUHAN MUSKULOSKELETAL PADA PENGEMUDI BUS MALAM JARAK JAUH PO. RESTU MULYA Fahmi, Rahmadi
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (6197.654 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.167-176

Abstract

ABSTRACTLong trip night bus drivers is a very highly risk of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorder. The aim of this research was to learn and acknowledging the level of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorder in PO. (Perusahaan Otobus) Restu Mulya long trip night bus drivers. This is an observational descriptive research with cross sectional study design. The research’s variable is the level of fatigue and musculoskeletal disorder that obtained from primary data using SSRT (Subjective Self Rating Test) questionnaire and NBM (Nordic Body Map) questionnaire. The result shows that 58.33% long trip night bus drivers was felt a moderate level of fatigue and 41.67% long trip night bus drivers felt a severe level of  fatigue. Most of long trip night bus drivers which number 75% drivers felt almost-sick of musculoskeletal disorder with the buttock, back, neck, and leg symptom point. The fatigue in PO. Restu Mulya long trip night bus drivers was a moderate and severe level with a lower activity and physicly fatigue symptom. The fatigue can be possibly caused by high physical work burden and psycologycal work burden which is a big responsibilities for the passengers safety. Then a low level of musculoskeletal disorders with the buttock, back, neck, and leg symptom point that possibly caused by monotony sit work posture on a very long time.Keywords: long trip night bus drivers, fatigue, musculoskeletal disorder
PERBEDAAN GANGGUAN PENDENGARAN AKIBAT BISING ANTARA OPERATOR CCR PLTU DENGAN PLTGUDI PT PJB UP GRESIK Prayogo, Irvan; Widajati, Noeroel
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5641.573 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.103-112

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe role of central control room (CCR) operator in Steam Power Plant (PLTU) or Gas and Steam Power Plant (PLTGU) of a work environment has high noise intensity with range (62.2– 99.8 dBA). Noise resulting from the process of production of electrical energy by machinery such as power generation unit boiler/HRSG, turbine, generator, condenser and other supporting equipment can cause Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL). Study with cross-sectional design aims to analyze the difference in Noise Induced Hearing Loss between shift operator CCR PLTU and PLTGU PT PJB UP Gresik. Research on samples taken with the technique of simple random sampling with the majority of respondents were ≥ 40 years old, have a working periode ≥ 4 years, have a work area with a level of intensity noise > 85 dBA, long exposure noise ≤ 1 hour and good level of compliance of the use of ear protection in both of units. There was a difference of NIHL shift operator CCR PLTU and PLTGU. The number ofoperator who have experienced hearing loss due to noise on the shift operator CCR PLTU greater than PLTGU. Shift operator CCR PLTU and PLTGU are advised to obey and comply with safe working hours in areas with particular noise intensity has been set and the use of ear protection with right, also have to perform regular an audiometry exam tests so that the function of hearing of shift operator CCR could in monitor continuously.Keywords: central control room operator, power plant, noise induced hearing loss
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DAN IKLIM KERJA DENGAN KELELAHAN KERJA DI CATERING HIKMAH FOOD SURABAYA Ramayanti, Ridha
The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 4, No 2 (2015): The Indonesian Journal Of Ocupational Safety and Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5638.612 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijosh.v4i2.2015.177-186

Abstract

ABSTRACTWork fatigue is condition which some factors have interaction with the workers. Fatigue may occur in the workforce by various factors, such as nutritional status and work climate. This study was conducted to analyze the relationship between nutritional status and work climate with work fatigue in Hikmah Food Catering. This was an observational analytic study using a cross sectional design. Samples size 43 peoples were taken by simple random sampling method. The correlation between the dependent and independent variables were analyzed by spearman correlation test (α = 0,05). Work climate in this catering were kitchen area 29,6°C, non AC 26,5°C area, and air-conditioned area 20,3°C. Spearman correlation test results showed that there was nutritional status which had no significant association with work fatigue (p = 0,954) and there was work climate which had a significant association with work fatigue (p = 0.004). The conclusion of this research is nutritional status has no relation with fatigue, meanwhile work climate have a relation with work fatigue. There are advised for the industry such as providing sufficient drinking water supplies, and installing push pull system ventilation, especially in the kitchen area.Keywords: worker, nutritional status,work climate, work fatigue, catering

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