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The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Articles
138
Articles
HUBUNGAN SAFETY INSPECTION DAN PENGETAHUAN DENGAN UNSAFE ACTION DI DEPARTEMEN ROLLING MILL

Kristianti, Intan, Tualeka, Abdul Rohim

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

There are millions of workplace accidents in the world with the loss of hundreds of billions annually. One of the direct causes of accidents due to unsafe action. It stems from the lack of control by the management and the basic causes in the form of individual factors. This study is conducted to look at the factors correlated with unsafe action in the Department of Rolling Mill PT. X Sidoarjo. The research was conducted by observation using cross-sectional design and a quantitative approach. Questionnaires were administered to 70 respondents who were drawn using simple random sampling technique. The variables studied were safety inspection, knowledge, and unsafe action. Data was presented in the form of frequency distributions and cross-tabulations then statistically analyzed using Spearman correlation. The study was conducted using α of 0.05. The results showed that the respondents had a good knowledge, safety inspection in PT. X had been executed well, and had a lower category of unsafe action. There were a correlation between knowledge with unsafe action (p= 0.028; r= -0.262), and a correlation between safety inspection with unsafe action (p= 0.015; r= -0.288). It can be concluded that the higher knowledge and safety inspection, the unsafe action would be lower. Keywords: knowledge, safety inspection, unsafe action

ANALISIS SISTEM PENGENDALIAN BAHAYA CONVEYOR BELERANG DI PELABUHAN PT. PETROKIMIA GRESIK

Saputra, Dewangga Aji

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

A technical and administrative control effort should be undertaken to prevent or reduce the impact of workplace accidents. Workplace accidents can be caused by unsafe human behavior and unsafe working environment conditions. This study has a general purpose for analyzing the sulfur conveyor hazard control system in PT Petrokimia Gresik. This research is observational, where as according to the way of data taking and timing of data retrieval is included in cross sectional study. The object of this research is the concession hazard control system of PT Petrokimia Gresik. In this research, I use descriptive analysis technique. The data used in this study is the primary data obtained from observations and interviews and secondary data obtained from corporate documents. The time of this research was conducted on April 20, 2015 until May 20, 2015. The result of the analysis on sulfur conveyor hazard control system in general is good. Lockout and tag out already have the tools and procedures but in its application still less and need to be improved. Emergency stop and emergency pull cord have less than 25% damage thus can be categorized well. To safeguard the fire hazard is properly installed and has good physical condition. For conveyor safety is in accordance with the standard nf en standards 294. For safety signs should be added. Administrative control measures are well implemented. Companies are advised to improve safety control efforts as there are still some need to be upgraded to either category.Keywords: analysis, control, conveyor, hazard

HUBUNGAN BEBAN KERJA DAN KONSUMSI AIR MINUM DENGAN DEHIDRASI PADA PEKERJA PABRIK TAHU

Huda, Afton Ilman, Suwandi, Tjipto

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Dehidration can significantly impact the workers of Tahu UD Sumber Kencana Factory due to workplace climate of warm environments. In addition, high metabolism also occurs because of job duties. Workers who inadequate hydrated while working lead to dehydration. This study aims to reveal the relationship of hydration status between workload and water intake. By applying observational research with cross sectional approach, this study obtained 14 workers in tahu (tofu) and cincau production. Workload data was collected by using 10 pulse measurement method by Kilbon (1992), while water intake measurement was conducted with observation sheet of NIOSH (2011). The urine colors chart by Armstrong (1994) and Armstong (1998) was used to indicate the hydration status of workers. The results showed that workload measurement included in mild and moderate category, whereas water intake measurement was mostly indicated workers in low category. Assessing the worker’s hydration status signified varied findings that were included mild, moderate, and severe category. The statistic analysis of Spearman’s rank correlation showed that the workload had low relation to dehydration (r = 0.094) and had high relation between water intake and hydration (r = 0.882). According to results, it can be concluded that dehydration is more likely to occur to workers with low water intake while working.Keywords: dehydration, water intake, workload

KELELAHAN KERJA PADA OPERATOR CONTAINER CRANE DI PT. X

Anindya, Nesya Yulita

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Fatigue that caused by working activity is a problem which every workers had already experienced it. Fatigue condition that happened on workers usually occurs differently. Fatigue that caused by working activity had some determinant factors. Container Crane operator was a job that had an important role on container handling process at PT. X. This handling process occurred 24 hours/day, and divided into 3 shift work morning, evening and night shift. Two operator operated a CC for every 8 work hour by turns. The purpose of this research was to describe fatigue that caused by working activity on CC operator at PT. X. This research was a observational descriptive study that describe work fatigue that caused by working activity and determinant factor on container crane operators. Population of this research was all 51 CC operators. Descriptive analytic showed in form of frequency, percentage, and cross tabulation. The result showed that fatigue on CC operators mostly was a low fatigue level (90.2%), and the rest (9.8%) was a medium fatigue level. Workers that experienced medium fatigue level mostly on evening shift (40%) Night shift workers tend to experienced fatigue that caused by working. Lenght of sleep time ≤6.5 hours tend to experienced fatigue caused by working.Keywords: fatigue work, operator, shift work

EVALUASI PENERAPAN SISTEM HARMONISASI GLOBAL DI PT PETROKIMIA GRESIK PABRIK 1 UNIT UREA

Asror, M.Isa Rosyidi, Nawawiwetu, Erwin Dyah

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

The presence of Globally Harmonized System (GHS) in the world can not be separated from the element of risk and danger of the chemicals which are used both for humans and for the environment. PT. Petrokimia Gresik is one of companies which use a wide various of hazardous chemical elements. In the process of production and the products themselves, as found in Production Process Urea Unit. PT Petrokimia Gresik start to implement GHS in 2009 based on the regulations of the Minister of Industry No. 87/M-IND/PER/9/2009 about Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labels On Chemicals. This study aimed to Evaluate of the implementation of the GHS as an illustration of condition of GHS application on PT. Petrokimia Gresik factory 1 unit urea. This research is descriptive study. Subjects in this study is a variety of work related to the implementation of the GHS in the urea unit and the object of this research is the implementation of the GHS. This study variables include the application of GHS such as dangers, and SDS / LDK. The results of the study showed that the GHS of PT Petrokimia Gresik had been adequately implemented (66%), because it only fulfills 2 variables from 3 variables tested. Keywords: evaluate, globally harmonized system, illustration

FAKTOR PENYEBAB KECELAKAAN LALU LINTAS PADA SISWA SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS DI KOTA SAMARINDA

Setyowati, Dina Lusiana, Firdaus, Ade Rahmat, Rohmah, Nur Rohmah

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Road accidents were the main causes of mortality at young ages, especially for gentlemen, it can also caused physical disabilities. Mortality rates which happened at young ages were caused by the low rates of their awareness perception due to the harm on traffic. This research was conducted to depict the causes of road accidents and safety riding while using vehicles of senior high school students in Samarinda. This research was conducted in nine senior high school which were chosen to represent each district. The total respondents were 315, which were taken using proportional random sampling, each district were represented by one school. The characteristic of respondents in this research was the students in 10th grade, who ride motorcycles to school. The data were collected using questionnaire, to avoid any bias, it was helped by enumerators. Each enumerator monitored 10 respondents. The data were analyzed using chi square with α 0.05%. The results showed that the accidents rate was 30.8%, the rates of using motorcycle due to has none to accompany were 39,4%, due to the long distance were 11.7%. There was relationship between accident rates and safety riding. The relationship between accident and rebelling yellow lamp was p = 0.015, calling p = 0.041, sending SMS p = 0.000, smoking p = 0.01 and riding with more than two p = 0.043. Meanwhile riding with more than 60 km/h speed, listening to the music, out of the street line, disobey the traffic signs have no relationship with road accidents. Factors that cause accidents are driving behavior called warning lights, using the phone, smoking and more than two people while driving.Keywords: accident, high school, riding

EVALUASI PEMASANGAN DAN PEMELIHARAAN ALAT PEMADAM API RINGAN DI GRESIK

Wardana, Rizki Prasetya

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Oil and gas industry is an industry sector that has a high risk of fire. Fire is a potential hazard which can caused material loss, break of the production process and the danger to the human life safety. The aim of this research is to evaluate the installation and maintenance of portable fire extinguisher in PT. Pertamina Lubricants Production Unit Gresik. This research was observational and descriptive research using cross sectional design. The data used are primary data obtained from observations and interviews, and secondary data from documents and other supporting reports. The result showed that management has provided portable fire extinguisher almost every corner of the office building and production areas. The results of the identification of a potential fire hazard in PT. Pertamina Lubricants Production Unit Gresik that there is a potential fire hazard group A (solid materials, except metal), group B (material flammable liquid or gas) and group C (voltage electrical installations). Variables which have been in accordance with Decree of Minister of Labor No.04/MEN/1980 is the type and condition, within the installation, and the suitability of portable fire extinguisher signs, while variable that does not fit is the mounting height, sign mounting height and maintenance of portable fire extinguisher. The conclusion is PT. Pertamina Lubricants Production Gresik Unit has carried out the installation and maintenance of portable fire extinguishers but some are not in accordance with the regulations.Keywords: fire, installation, maintenance, portable fire extinguisher

ANALISIS TINGKAT KELELAHAN SUBYEKTIF BERDASARKAN SIKAP KERJA PENJAHIT DI INDUSTRI KONVEKSI

Izzati, Triana, Ardyanto W.,, Denny

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Work manner affects health safety and environment in the work station. It also affects workers’ fatigue which can reduce their performance resulting from the excessive of physical and mental at the working environment. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the tailor work attitude with the incidence of work fatigue on workers in the Ramli convection industry that engaged in fashion. The research was a descriptive by using the assessment of RULA model that targets of body posture of the workers in the Convection Industry. This research aimed to estimate the risk accident of skeletal muscle disorder and to assess work attitude which having pain, fatigue and musculoskeletal disorder by using RULA Model. The improvement of work attitude with changing of work position by standing up and sitting down, not slouching and not bending, and the improvement of work station such as making the ergonomic of the tailors’ chair. The results showed a strong correlation between fatigue with age (r = 0.711), work period (r = 0.854), intermediate relationship with gender (r = 0.439), work attitude (r = 0.416), and the working environment (r = 0.419). The result showed a weak correlation between fatigue with work station (r = 0.448). The conclusion is workers who have a high risk of work attitude experience a higher level of fatigue.Keywords: work attitude, work fatigue, work station

NALISIS POTENSI BAHAYA DAN RISIKO TERJADINYA KEBAKARAN DAN LEDAKAN DI TANGKI PENYIMPANAN LPG PERTAMINA PERAK SURABAYA

Haqi, Dani Nasirul

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Depot LPG Pertamina Tanjung perak Surabaya is one of the companies engaged in the storage and distribution of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG). In the process of doing a lot of activity using chemicals that are flammable. So that the potential of fire and explosion in Depot LPG Pertamina Tanjung perak Surabaya is big. The purpose of this research is to analyze the risk of potential fire and explosion and prevention efforts that need to be done. The Dow Fire and Explosion Index Method is an instrument to evaluate the potential risks of fire, explosion, and potential reactivity of the equipment and its contents in an objective and realistic way. The results showed that the level of fire and explosion hazard in the LPG storage tank in Depot LPG Pertamina Tanjung perak Surabaya amounted to 298.62 included in the classification of a severe level of danger. The total area of exposure in case of fire and explosion is 18,352.07 m². The amount of value / price of equipment as a loss due to being in the area of exposure to hazard and exposed to fire or blasting risk in the process unit was Rp.7,237,989,100,000. The magnitude of losses due to exposure to the factor material in a particular exposure area in the unit process when the accident was Rp 8,742,767,000,000. The number of factors that can control the loss of 0.5. The amount of actual losses suffered in the case of fire and explosion amounted to Rp 4,371,383,500,000.Keywords: explosion, fire, LPG, risk analysis

RISK ASSESSMENT ALAT PRODUKSI GULA CANE KNIFE PADA STASIUN GILINGAN DI PT. X

Putra, Bramantio Andananta Chrisna

The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health Vol 7, No 3 (2018): THE INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

Industrial development in Indonesia is growing rapidly. This should be balanced with the application of good HA safety risk management to workplace hazard risks. As in PT. X Lumajang Regency, in its production process has great potential hazard. One of them is in the cane knife tool at Gilingan Station that has been damaged in operation and has an employee accident impact. Therefore, to prevent the occurrence of recurrence of risk assessment, including hazard identification, risk assessment and hazard control. The purpose of this study is to conduct risk assessment using the method of failure mode effect analysis (FMEA) on the Cane Knife production process tool in PT. X Lumajang District. This research is descriptive research. The target of this research is sugar production process at PT. X with the informant is 1 person Quality Control (QC), 1 person production operators and 1 supervisor. The results show that there are 6 (six) failure modes that occur in the cane knife tool. Based on the Risk Priority Number (RPN), the highest failure mode occurs is a broken clutch string. While for risk control, quite enough. This is because there have been risk control efforts include technical control that is the installation of safety valve, administrative control is the application of SOP for workers and personal protective equipment. But for personal protective equipment only safety helmet, for other companies do not provide. The conclusion that can be drawn is the need for better risk control, especially on the damage that occurred on the clutch rope broken tool cane knife.Keywords: cane knife, failure mode effect analysis, risk assessment