The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Published by Universitas Airlangga
ISSN : 18297005     EISSN : 25408836
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health published since 2004, is a scientific journal article presents the results of research and review of the literature on the development of science that includes the study of Public Health Epidemiology, Administration & Policy Health, Health Promotion and Behavior, Biostatistics and Demography, Environmental Health, Public Health Nutrition, and Health & Safety work. Each manuscript submitted to The Indonesian Journal of Public Health will be reviewed by the appropriate bestari partners in the field. List the name of the reviewing bestari partners article will be listed on the final number of each volume.
Articles 58 Documents
PENGARUH PERUBAHAN HIPERPLASIA SEL GOBLET SELAMA 28 HARI PAPARAN ASAP ROKOK DENGAN PEMBERIAN ANTIOKSIDAN SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE

Suryadinata, Rivan Virlando, Wirjatmadi, Bambang, Adriani, Merryana

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 11, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v11i1.2016.60-68

Abstract

The number of Indonesian smokers in 2013 has reached 36.3% and continues to increase each year. This will directly affect the increase in passive smokers in Indonesia. Harmful free radicals from cigarette smoke inhaled can lead to irritation of the bronchial airways. Irritation of the airways characterized by mucus hypersecretion induced goblet cell hyperplasia of the bronchi. Giving antioxidants superoxide dismutase melon extract with a combination of gliadin (SOD-gliadin) reduces radical that goblet cell hyperplasia in the bronchial airways can be reduced. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the SOD-gliadin to the decrease of goblet cell hyperplasia of the bronchi. Giving SOD-gliadin carried out for 28 days with exposure to smoke two cigarettes per day using 5 groups: negative control, positive control and 3 treatment groups with different doses (2,25 IU; 4,5 IU; 9 IU). Observation of goblet cell hyperplasia performed on histological preparations with a longitudinal section with four visual field. With the effects of the antioxidant superoxide dismutase melon extract on percentage of goblet cell hyperplasia (ANOVA, p = 0396). It can be concluded supplementation with SOD-gliadin not influence the percentage of goblet cell hyperplasia.Keywords: goblet cell, superoxide dismutase, antioxidants, cigarette, free radical

MODEL SOSIO EKOLOGI PERILAKU KESEHATAN DAN PENDEKATAN CONTINUUM OF CARE UNTUK MENURUNKAN ANGKA KEMATIAN IBU

Sumarmi, Sri

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 12, No 1 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v12i1.2017.129-141

Abstract

Maternal mortality rate is the important health indicator which is used as a component of Nation Development Index or quality of life index in all countries in the world. It is the most sensitive indicator among other health indicators to assess health status or quality of life in a country. Recently, Indonesiafaces an inconvenience situation when a surprise increasing of maternal mortality rate was launched by national health survey, reflected an un-successful effort to achieve Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) target 2015 or the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Reducing maternal mortality ratein Indonesia is a big challenge, because maternal mortality is a multi-causes problem. Furthermore, various factors may play a role as the root causes that could not be addressed only through health interventions, but should involve multi-sectoral approach. Base on thus issues, this paper will discuss appropriate strategies to reduce maternal mortality in Indonesia by combining concept of socio ecological model of health behavior and continuum of care approach.Keywords: Maternal Mortality Rate, Socio Ecological Model, continuum of care

ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO PEMBERIAN ASI DAN VENTILASI KAMAR TERHADAP KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA BALITA

Fikri, Bagus Ali

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 11, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v11i1.2016.14-27

Abstract

Pneumonia is still a major cause of infant mortality in the world amounted to 18% of infant  mortality caused by pneumonia, nor in Indonesia amounted to 13% of infant mortality contributed by  pneumonia and pneumonia incidence was highest in children aged 1–4 years. Some of the possible interventions to reduce the incidence of pneumonia is exclusive breastfeeding, immunization that associated with pneumonia, and reduce air pollution in the house. This type of research is an analytic  observational with case control design. Case population is all toddlers diagnosed with pneumonia in  the August to December 2015 period, while the control population is all children who are diagnosed  does not pneumonia in the period. The method used for this research is total sampling which resulted  of 40 toddlers. The independent variables used were a history of exclusive breastfeeding and the room  ventilation. The results of this study are exclusive breastfeeding (OR = 7.407) and the room ventilation  (OR = 13.5) at risk for pneumonia. Based on these results the government must improve the dissemination  of exclusive breastfeeding, one of them with advertising. Parents of toddlers must improve air circulation  in the room by improving size of ventilation or manipulate the air condition of toddler room to better  circulation, of one of them by giving the fan and blower installation in toddler rooms.Keywords:exclusive breastfeeding, risk factor, room ventilation, toddler pneumonia. 

HUBUNGAN FAKTOR KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU DAN KONDISI PEKERJAAN TERHADAP STRES KERJA PADA PERAWAT GIGI

Ansori, Rian Rosihan, Martiana, Tri

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 12, No 1 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v12i1.2017.75-84

Abstract

Job stress is an adaptive response and feedback adjustment in a condition individuals and the environment. Dental nurses face a variety of things in their duties that can cause stress, both physically and mentally. The objectives of this research are conducted to determine whether there is a correlation between individual characteristics and conditions of employment factors to the occurrence of occupational stress. The research was conducted with cross sectional design. By filling the questionnaire conducted to 22 dental nurses. Amount of samples used total population. The independent variables were the individual characteristics (age, sex, and years of marriage) and factor conditionsof employment (demand, support, ties up job roles). The result of the research showed that there was a strong relationship between job stress with sex, there was a strong relationship between job stress with the demands of work, there was enough relationship between job stress with age, tenure, support employment, labor relations and the role of work on dental nurses. The suggestion of results this study recommends that dental nurses need off work and do refreshing, providing training to dental nurses in improving the capability and skills. Relating to the implementation of the tasks, it’d better to conductjoint training among employees. They are aimed for the sake of increasing solidarity and friendshipness among colleagues. Giving rewards to employees are also recommended for the best achievement at work.Keywords: job stress, work period, work demands

SERVICE CONVENIENCE UPT RUMAH SAKIT MATA MASYARAKAT JAWA TIMUR

Apriyanti, Selly, Damayanti, Nyoman Anita

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 12, No 2 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.234 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v12i2.2017.263-275

Abstract

Patient satisfaction is one of the most important thing for a hospital because  patient satisfaction is one of indicators which is assessed in hospital minimum service standards. One of the factors that can affect p atient satisfaction on a service is s ervice convenience, which means patient perception about time and effort related to purchase or use of services offered. The aim of this research was to analyze  service convenience of UPT RSMM Jawa Timur which consists of decision convenience, access convenience, transaction convenience, benefit convenience, and postbenefit convenience. This research was a descriptive research with cross sectional design. The sample was calculated by Lemeshow formula (1991), that is equal to 72 patients and taken by accidental sampling. Data were collected through questionnaires submitted through interviews. The results showed that the majority of respondents have good assessment of the decision convenience, benefit convenience, and postbenefit convenience. However, it has poor assessment of access convenience and transaction convenience. Therefore, UPT RSMM Jawa Timur needs to pay attention to access convenience and transaction convenience by maximizing the use of Electronic Data Capture machine in conducting payment transactions, adding signboard or billboard placed in strategic place to give information about location of UPT RSMM Jawa Timur, and consider to provide a home stay facility for out-of-town patients.

HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DAN PENGETAHUAN TERHADAP PERAWATAN DIRI PENDERITA KUSTA DI PUSKESMAS GRATI TAHUN 2016

Nur Laili, Alif Farkhanan

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 12, No 1 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v12i1.2017.13-26

Abstract

Indonesia is the country with the third highest number of leprosy with 16131 patients in 2014 in disability prevalence rate of 6,82 per 1 million inhabitants (MoH RI,2014). East Java is the province with the most cases of leprosy in Indonesia (Ministry of Health, 2014). Pasuruan is one of the areas withhigh leprosy burden with the number of cases reached 175 cases and 16.57% of them have disabilities level 2 (DHO Pasuruan, 2015). Prevention of disability can be done with self-care measures. Factors that support the successful self-care of leprosy patients including the support of family and knowledge of leprosy patients. The purpose of this study to determine the relationship between family support and knowledge with self-care of lepers. This study using cross sectional study design. The sampling technique using simple random sampling and obtained a sample of 46 people. Data were collected by interview. Data analysis using Pearson correlation test. Showed no relationship between family supportwith self-care of leprosy patients with p value of 0.00 < 0.5 with correlation coefficient 0.690. There is a relationship between knowledge and self-care with a 0.00 p value < 0.05 with correlation coefficient 0.691. The need for an optimization program based self-care group families to improve family support,especially in terms of information support.Keywords: self-care of leprosy, family support, knowledge

HUBUNGAN KELEMBAPAN UDARA DAN CURAH HUJAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI PUSKESMAS GUNUNG ANYAR 2010-2016

Paramita, Ratna Maya, Mukono, J.

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 12, No 2 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.366 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v12i2.2017.202-212

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is caused by dengue virus. The number of cases reported annually to World Health Organization ranged from 0,4 to1,3 million in the decade 1996–2005. The outbreak is annually happen on some provinces in Indonesia. The outbreak at 1998 and 2004 were the most cases in number. Surabaya city was an endemic area. It had suffered 640 people with 13 people were dead in 2015, which case fatality rate was 2,03%. This study aims to analyze a correlation of  humidity and r ainfall with the incidence of d engue hemorrhagic fever at Gunung Anyar Primary Health Care, 2010–2016. The method of this research was time trend ecological study with the unit of analysis was per month during seven years. The results were showed that  humidity correlated with  dengue hemorrhagic fever (p = 0.002 and r = + 0.351). So did the r ainfall (p = 0.042 and r = + 0.230). This research was concluded that  humidity and  rainfall correlated significantly with the incidence of  dengue hemorrhagic fever. Sign of positive meant when  humidity and  rainfall increased, the incidence of  dengue hemorrhagic fever increased too. Climate condition at Gunung Anyar district supports to make the incidence of  dengue hemorrhagic fever happen. Because of that, people should improve their attention when peak seasons are coming, like doing mosquito breeding place elimination, keeping fish of mosquito larva predators, and using repellent among daily activities.

EFEK EKSTRAK MELON (Cucumis melo) dan GliadinTERHADAP KADAR Hb DAN HbCO TIKUS WISTAR JANTAN YANG DIPAPAR ASAP ROKOK

Susanti, Yuyun Erlina, Wirjatmadi, Bambang

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 11, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v11i1.2016.78-88

Abstract

The exposure of cigarette smoke produce CO bond in hemoglobin. Melon (Cucumis melo) and gliadin contains of antioxidants that prevent tissue damage. The aim of this study was to analyze the difference of hemoglobin and carboxyhemoglobin concentration in male Wistar rats were exposed  to cigarette smoke and had been treated melon extract (Cucumis melo) and gliadin. The study was a laboratory experimental design, using Post Test Control Group Design Research and RAL method (Complete Randomize Design). The sample in this study were 25 male Wistar rats aged 3 months. The research was divided into 5 groups with 5 different treatment : control group, the treatment group were given exposure to cigarette smoke, the treatment group were given of cigarette smoke exposure and melon extract (Cucumis melo) and gliadin dose of 3 IU / day, 4.5 IU / day, and 9 IU / day.The subject were divided into 5 groups each treated for 28 day. The sample size used Federer formula. The collection of data was obtained from the results of laboratory tests to hemoglobin and Carboxyhemoglobin. Hb and HbCO data collected and analyzed by Manova test at 95% confidence level. The results showed significant difference in average Hb and HbCO concentration (p-value = 0.000) between male Wistar rats treated and not treated with melon extract (Cucumis melo) and gliadin. Melon extract has an effect on the decline of HbCO concentration due to exposure to cigarette smoke.Keywords:smoke, melon extract, Hb, HbCO

FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU IBU RUMAH TANGGA MELAKUKAN PEMERIKSAAN PAYUDARA SENDIRI (SADARI)

Arafah, Alvita Brilliana R., Notobroto, Hari Basuki

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 12, No 2 (2017): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (229.382 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v12i2.2017.143-153

Abstract

Breast cancer is cancer with the number of new cases and deaths highest in Indonesia. According to the Data Center and Information Ministry of a health Indonesia in the year 2013, the number of new cases of breast cancer of 819 and the number of deaths amounted to 217. In general, breast cancer known after stepping on an advanced stage. So the methods of early detection of breast cancer are focused on the detection of early stage tumors that are usually small with self-breast examination (SADARI). The purpose of this research is to predict the factors related to the behavior of self-breast examination (SADARI) the housewives aged 40–50 years. This research is an observational study with cross sectional approach. Sample research totaling 100 people  housewife in Kelurahan Sidotopo Wetan Kenjeran Subdistrict Surabaya. The measurement was done by providing a questionnaire to obtain information about the research variables. Variable independent research is k nowledge, attitudes, information accessibility, support health providers and descent with breast cancer. The results of this research showed the variables that are associated with the  SADARI behavior of the housewifes is attitude (p = 0.000), accessibility of information (p = 0.000), and health care providers support (p = 0.010). The majority of housewives in Kelurahan Sidotopo Wetan Kenjeran Sub-district Surabaya showed a good attitude and support toward SADARI. In the area surrounding the residence h ousewife get access information easily. There are no support for doing SADARI from health care providers.

HUBUNGAN KEBERADAAN JENTIK NYAMUK DAN PERILAKU PEMBERANTASAN SARANG NYAMUK DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (PSN-DBD) MASYARAKAT DI DAERAH ENDEMIS DAN NON ENDEMIS KECAMATAN NANGGULAN KABUPATEN KULON PROGO

Budiman, Arif

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 11, No 1 (2016): The Indonesian Journal Of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v11i1.2016.28-39

Abstract

Dengue fever occurrences are still problematic in Nanggulan district, Kulon Progo regency, which is in each year, the number of cases varies in each village. This research used ‘cross sectional’  design which samples of this research were taken from all the houses in Wijimulyo village as endemic  village, and Banyuroto village as non-endemic village. The number of samples used in this research of 94 respondents. The instrument that used in obtaining data were questionnaires and observation check list. The result of Chi Square test in endemic village with influential factor dengue mosquito brending eradication was respondent attitude (p = 0,009) Contingency coefficient (p = 0,391), corelation is adequate, and action (p = 0,009) contingency coeficcient (p = 0,391) corelation is adequate . The result  of Chi Square test in non endemic village with influential factor mosquito brending eradication was action (p = 0,011) Contingency coefficient (p = 0,422) corelation is adequate and action (p = 0,040) Contingency coefficient (p = 0,365) corealtion is adeqaute and it is found the fact that it’s better in non endemic village than in endemic village. Variable which influenced respondent attitude and existance of wiggler were not draining the tub over a week, used bucket, used can, used tire, not covering the tub, having fishless fond, so that the public health departement through Puskesmas suggest to conduct counseling of dengue mosquito breeding eridication, fond village monitoring by village officer and health officer to be drained in harvest season until planting season, changing permanent tub with impermanent one or big bucket in order to be easy to be cleaned.Keywords:Dengue Fever, Mosquito Breedin