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Archive of Community Health (Arc.Com.Health)
Published by Universitas Udayana
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Articles 43 Documents
Archieve of community health purnama, sang
Archive of Community Health (Arc.Com.Health) Vol 1, No. 1, Juni 2012
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Jurnal kesehatan masyarakat ini berisi tentang hasil penelitian-penelitian mengenai kesehatan masyarakat. adapun judul-judul artikel tersebut yakni 1. pemanfaatan limbah cair industri pengolahan tahu untuk memproduksi bacillus thuringiensis dan aplikasinya sebagai biokontrol larva nyamuk2. Gambaran faktor yang berhubungan dengan penderita kusta3. Aplikasi sistem informasi geografis untuk memetakan distribusi sasaran pemantauan kesehatan ibu4. Efek suplementasi besi terhadap peningkatan Hb dan Indek eritrosit ibu hamil5. Status anemia gizi besi dan konsumsi zat gizi pada anak SD di lima panti asuhan6. Kecukupan asupan gizi remaja vegetarian dan non vegetarian diyayasan sri satya sai
PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH CAIR INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN TAHU UNTUK MEMPRODUKSI SPORA BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS PENDAHULUAN P SEROVAR ISRAELENSIS DAN APLIKASINYA SEBAGAI BIOKONTROL LARVA NYAMUK purnama, sang gede; Pandy, Deny SIlvina; Sudiana, I Gede
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
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Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Indonesia, was a public health problem that could not behandled properly until this. This ma! er was proven by always ? nding the number of denguecases continued to increase each year and o$ en cause death.Based on some study found that the use of the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis serovar israeliensis(BTI) as bioinsektisida that was proven to be more safe, e? ective and selective in kill mosquitolarvae of Ae. aegypti. Barrier of the use of this bioinsektisida was its price that was expensive,because of being produced by synthesis media. Therefore, researchers was interested to be able to produce Bti with soybean liquid waste knew that during this o$ en coused water pollution. It isexpected produced BTI with a relatively cheaper price compare than produced by BTI synthesismedia.To be able to prove the liquid soybean waste could be used as a medium BTI than conductedtrials with Bti 4Q1 inoculated in wastewater soybean and Nutrient Broth (synthetic media), andthen compare the number of spores produced from both media. This study was conducted in theBioscience and Biotechnology laboratory, Udayana University, for two months.The results of this study show the liquid soybean waste proved to be able to produce sporesin greater numbers than NB. Apart from the pathogenicity test conducted BTI obtained resultsthat was produced by the liquid soybean waste to have the power to kill a higher than NB. Theadvantages of this study include: media materials was cheap, reduce water pollution, and easyto get it.
GAMBARAN FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENDERITA KUSTA DI KECAMATAN TAMALATE KOTA MAKASSAR Manyullei, Syamsuar; Utama, Deddy Alif; Birawida, Agus Bintara
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
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Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Based on data from PemerintahKota Makassar (2007), Tamalate sub district is an area in which new cases detection are quitehigh every year (Makassar as many as 15 cases per year). This research aims to explore the factorsassociated with lepers in the Tamalate District of Makassar. Determinants of lepers are knowledge,age, gender, physical contact and personal hygiene.This research is driven by observational study with descriptive approach. Study populationincludes all lepers living in Tamalate District and registered since January 2008 - December2011 from four health centers in the district. The sample is lepers currently on treatment or have completed treatment (RFT) aged ? 15 years. Thus, sampling method uses exhaustive samplingwith a sample size of 51 people and the data are analysed with univariate dan bivariate analysis.These results indicate that, 66.7% lepers have su?  cient knowledge about leprosy, 78.4% leperswere 15 years old or older when they began to be diagnosed as lepers, 60.8% lepers are male,84.3% lepers are at high risk of infected leprosy regarding to physical contact, and 49% lepershave good personal hygiene.Lepers have su?  cient of knowledge about leprosy, lepers were 15 years old or older when theybegan to be diagnosed as lepers. Most of lepers are male, lepers have good personal hygiene.Thus, this research recommends to increase health promotion on leprosy, minimize physicalcontact with lepers, and improve personal hygiene such as maintaining to wash hands.
APLIKASI SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS UNTUK MEMETAKAN DISTRIBUSI SASARAN PEMANTAUAN KESEHATAN IBU DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS I DENPASAR SELATAN Kurniasari, Ni Made Dian; astuti, Putu Ayu swandewi; Widarsa, Tangking; Mulyawan, Hari
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
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Indonesian Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) in 2007 was 228 per 100.000 live births. A program toreduce MMR was Local Area Monitoring of Maternal Health and was conducted by Public HealthCenters (PHCs) throughout Indonesia. This study aims to apply geographic information system(GIS) as a tool to provide maps which describe the target of local area monitoring of maternalhealth, the distribution of maternity health centers, and level of poverty in the catchment area ofSouth Denpasar I PHC in November to December 2010.This study used descriptive research with a cross sectional approach. Samples were pregnant women, mothers that had giving birth and maternity health centers in the catchment area ofSouth Denpasar I PHC from November to December 2010.The results showed GIS can be used to create maps to describe various data of maternal healththat relates to Local Area Monitoring. The type of maps that were generated for this study werechoropleth maps, dot density maps, point location maps, a combination of choropleth maps withpoint location maps and bu? ering maternity health center maps.The recommendation is that PHCs should consider using GIS as a tool for presenting data relatedto local area monitoring of maternal health. More advanced uses of GIS as a tool to analyze dataand to visualize the results of other research which is related to maternal health and geographicconditions is worth exploring.
EFEK SUPLEMEN BESI TERHADAP PENINGKATAN HB DAN INDEK ERITROSIT IBU HAMIL Widarsa, Tangking; Weta, Wayan; Widhiartini, Ida Ayu Alit
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
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To study the e? ect of iron supplement equivalent to 60 mg elemental iron and 0.25 mg folic acid tothe erythrocyte indexes and anemia among pregnant mothers.A pretest-pos! est community trialwas carried out among pregnant mothers who were absent of bleeding history and other blooddisorders and gestation’s age were under 24 weeks. Iron tablets equivalent to 60 mg elementaliron and 0.25 mg folic acid were given to the mothers every day until 8 weeks long. Hb, MCV,MCH, and MCHC were evaluated twice before intervention and a$ er intervention. The changeswere analyzed using t-test and X2 test at 0.05 signi? cance level.Before intervention, almost 78.23% of pregnant women su? ering from iron de? ciency (MCH <27 pg/cell) and 35.28% were anemic (Hb < 11 g/dl). The proportion of su? ering iron de? ciency and anemia signi? cantly decreased a$ er intervention (p < 0.05). The proportion of su? eringiron de? ciency decreased to 27.43% and anemia decreased to 9.35%. The mean of Hb, MCH andMCHC signi? cantly increased a$ er intervention (p < 0.05), but there was no changes on MCV (p> 0.05).More then 2/3 of the pregnant mothers su? ered from iron de? ciency and 1/3 were anemic. Ironsupplement signi? cantly increased the erythrocyte indexes and reduced the prevalence of anemiaamong pregnant mothers. Therefore, it is important to continue iron supplement program and itwill be more e? ective when ? rst introduced at pre-maternal period.
STATUS ANEMIA GIZI BESI DAN KONSUMSI ZAT GIZI PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DI LIMA PANTI ASUHAN DI KOTA DENPASAR dewi, Melisa; Sutiari, Ketut; Wulandari, lila
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
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Iron de? ciency, anemia, cause a negative impact on health such as lowering levels of endurance,lowering concentration power of learning and child development disorders. This research aimsto identify iron de? ciency, anemia, status and nutrient intake in school age children at ? veorphanages in Denpasar.The design of this research was cross-sectional study conducted at ? ve orphanages in Denpasar.The 48 school age children were assigned using a systematic random sampling. Data of hemoglobin level were coollected using Cyanmethaemoglobin; nutrient intake and iron inhibitors using a SQFFQand questionnaire. Data wereanalyzed descriptivelyand presented in tablesand narrative.Fromexamination of 48 samples, results of anemia proportion in school age children at ?veorphanagesamounted to 29.16%. Most sampeles (> 80%) already got su? cientrecommendedRDA,except for vitamin Athatstill far below recommended RDA. From 48 of 28 samples (58,33%)havea habitof consuming milk and as many as 38 samples (79,16) consume tea.Theconclusion of this study is that school age children are vulnerable to iron de?ciency,anemia, andhavethe habitof consuming iron inhibitors.
KECUKUPAN ASUPAN GIZI REMAJA VEGETARIAN DAN NONVEGETARIAN DI YAYASAN SRI SATHYA SAI BALI TAHUN 2011 Meliyani, Hildagardis; Adhi, Kadek Tresna; Sutiari, Ketut
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
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Vegetarian diet tends to have nutrient de? ciencies in meat sources nutrient. The aim of this studywas to analyze the di? erences in the level of nutrient consumption among teens vegetarian andnon-vegetarian. This study was a cross sectional study.The sampling technique uses a consecutive sampling and consisting of 45 vegetarian and 51 nonvegetarianaged between11-19 years.Food consumption data warecollected by interview usingfoodrecall form.Theresults showedthat the levelof nutrient consumption (energy,protein, calcium, iron, zinc,andvitamin C) in the majority of vegetarianand non-vegetarianare categorised into the low category. There was no signi? cant di? erence in consumption levels of energy, protein, iron, zinc,and vitamin C among vegetarian and nonvegetarian (p>0,05). In addition, there was no signi? cantdi? erence in the level of calcium intake in vegetarians and non-vegetarian (p<0,05).
SISTEM PEMELIHARAAN ANJING SEBAGAI SALAH SATU HEWAN PENULAR RABIES PADA PENDERITA RABIES DI PROVINSI BALI TAHUN 2011 kardiwinata, pasek; Sutarga, Made; subrata, made; Suariyani, Putu
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
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The number of cases of dog bites in the province of Bali has been a rise high enough. 2009, thenumber of dog bites 21 806 bite, the amount of gain VAR as many as 18 825 people, as many as27 people died. October 16, 2010 the number of bites as much as 44 629 bites, which get the VARas many as 38 982 people, as many as 62 people died. According Disnak (2010) maintance systemof dog conducted by the Balinese tend to be untied so the dogs are freely to enter and out of thehouse. An objective to be achieved in this study was to determine the system of dog maintancewhich is one of the animals transmi! ing rabies (HPR) in patients with rabies in Bali.The study design used was descriptive cross-sectional. The population in this study were all patients who die from the bite of HPR in Bali in 2010-2011, the sample was part of the patientpopulation rabies recorded in Bali Provincial Health O?  ce in 2010-2011 with a porpusivesampling techniquePeople with rabies who had HPR were 35.4%, HPR which were not given VAR about 63.6%, andmostly were detachable cages. The reason of  had dogs were to guard the house and hobbyists.Dogs that bite the sample were not known who were the owner / wild, so a$ er the bite were notknown its existence, it is di?  cult to observe, there were also death but were killed only a smallpart due to illnessIt showed that the mantaince system of dog were not good. The results of this study can be usedas a reference to  the stakeholders in order to prevent disease, especially rabies in dogs and themaintenance system. Future studies on rabies vaccination coverage in dogs and the preventionmodel in order to reduce the incidence of rabies in the Bali.
FAKTOR PENGARUH TERHADAP KETERSEDIAAN SEPTICTANKDAN SAMBUNGAN SEWERAGE SYSTEM PERMUKIMAN PINGGIRAN KALI, KEL. DANGIN PURI, DENPASAR swastika, dewa gede; Dwipayanti, Utami
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
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At dangin puri, sub distric of denpasar timur, most of communities that live at streamside donot have basic sanitation facilities such as septic tank or sewerage system connection, thus thewastewater is directly ? owed into the stream. This study was aimed to identify the risk factors thatin? uence septic tank ownership and sewerage facilities utilization by streamside communitiesin dangin puri. Some risk factors included in this study were knowledge, education, income,occupant density, house ownership, house position towards the stream, distance of toilet tostream and backyard size. The study was a cross-sectional study where the samples were familiesthat live at the streamside in dangin puri. Data were analyzed using logistic regression in order toidentify the most in? uencing factor of septic tank ownership and sewerage facilities utilization.        The results illustrate that only one factor that proves the correlation that is distance of toiletto stream (or=8,733; p=0.006; ?=0.05), whereas other factors do not role as risk factors. Thecommunities with short distance of toilet to stream have a potential of 8.733 times to not have septictank and sewerage system connection compare to others. The data analysis also demonstratesthat there are other factors other than that included in this study with more in? uencing roles. Theregulation and the participation of all stakeholders such as communities and private sectors willimprove the coverage of basic sanitation in order to achieve the target of MDGs.
TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP REMAJA PUTRI TENTANG KEHAMILAN USIA DINI DI KOTA DENPASAR krisna dewi, dewa ayu dian; Lubis, Dinar
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
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Adolescence pregnancy is a pregnancy among teenage aged between 15-19 years, whichcommonly occur due to increase of sexsual behaviour before marriage among teenage whichmay cause unwanted and unintended preganacy. Adolescence pregnancy have a serious impacton health and psychosocial of the adolescents herself and the o? spring.The aim of this study is to know the level of knowledge, a! itude and behavior of Adolescentgirls in Denpasar towards adolescence pregnancy. The information is important to understandthe risk behavior of teenage girls towards adolescence pregnancy. This study was a descriptivestudy, using cross sectional method, with samples of 284 teenage girls grade 3 in one privateintermediate school in Denpasar. Data was collected by self administered questioner. The results showed that the majority of respondents have high knowledge level (98.6%; n = 280) and moderate knowledge level (1.4%; n = 4) towards adolescent pregnancy. Proportion of gooda! itude was 77.8% (n = 221), moderate a! itude is 21.5% (n = 61) and poor was 0.7% (n 2). Theresult indicate there is a gap beween percentage of students who has a good knowledge (98.6%)with students who has good a! itude level with 98,6% compared to 77,8%. This study showed that the knowledge as predisposing factor of a! itute was not always signi? cantlyrelated with a! itude. Therefore, it is suggested that the school needs to provide counselingprogram, peer education program and IEC (Information, Education and Communication) toincrease skill of the Adolescent girls to prevent adolescent pregnancy.