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THE DUTCH’S ‘FLOATING LIFE’ ON DESHIMA ISLAND: A GLOOMY SIDE OF DUTCH-JAPAN RELATIONSHIP DURING THE TOKUGAWA PERIODE, 1715-1790

Wahid, Abdul

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

In order to extend its trading network and engagement in the ‘intra-Asian trading network’, the VOC sought to gain contact with Japan, which was known for its luxurious products as copper and silk. At that time, Tokugawa Ieyasu just emerged as the new Japanese ruler, whose regime introduced a controversial policy known as Sakoku to cut Japan completely off from the international relations to strengthen internal politics. As a result, Japan lost its diplomatic and economic relationship with other nations. The Dutch (represented by the VOC) – together with China and Korea - were the only exception as the Tokugawa regime granted them trading license and used them as window to see ‘the outer world’s’ development. The VOC’s offiers had to pay costly this privilege, however, since they should follow Tokugawa’s strict rules and control. They were allowed to settle and live only on a virtual island called Deshima, which was located on the bay of Nagasaki. Tokugawa regime provided all their needs, but restricted their movements and activities especially in accessing land and making contact with local inhabitants. Perusing the available printed historical sources to be combined with the recent literature, this paper describes the daily life of those VOC’s Dutch offiers living on the island, and seeks to analyze the importance of this ‘odd relations’ for political and economic relations of the two nations.Keywords: the VOC, Dutch, Tokugawa Japan, Deshima

INDONESIAN MIGRATION INDUSTRY IN TAIWAN: SOME SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS AND IMPROVEMENT CHALLENGES

Yuniarto, Paulus Rudolf

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

Institutional placement mechanisms are inevitable in migrant services industries. However, some business components in the recruitment process are unbalanced, whereby the migrant workers are entirely responsible for their departure costs and fees. Individual and institutional actors—banks, insurance companies, brokers, and private or even state recruitment institutions—are involved in the migrant workers sales market, and these conditions are faced by Indonesian migrant workers in general. As a result, debt bondage and slavery are typically characteristic of Indonesian migrant workers. Using existing literature and a qualitative approach through case studies of Indonesian migrant workers in Taiwan, this article demonstrates the role of brokers (agencies) in managing and controlling migrant labor abroad. Even some of the placement and fiancial policies designed to help migrants with their debt bondage and agency exploitation are also prone to manipulation. Therefore, this article also explores what circumstances and conditions might lead Indonesian migrant workers in Taiwan to debt bondage and suggests improvements for migrant empowerment. Keywords: debt, slavery, migration industry, brokers (agency)

PERAN IDENTITAS AGAMA DALAM KONFLIK DI RAKHINE MYANMAR TAHUN 2012–2013

Raharjo, Sandy Nur Ikfal

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

In 2012–2013, a communal conflct took place in Rakhine, Myanmar. Religion identities between Muslim minoritiy and Budhist majority have been made use to raise violence among parties. This paper tries to analyse whether the differences in religion identity played as structural/root factor of the Rakhine conflct. Through literature review, the result of study shows that religion identity issue was intentionally played by securitizing actors to mobilise people and to accelerate conflct, in order to pursue their own real interest of power domination, land ownership and business chance. Besides, this research also identifis several prolonged discriminative policies and low economic levels as the structural factor of the communal conflct. This paper suggests that stakeholders should empower moderate monk in promoting interfaith dialogue, involve imparsial third party as mediator, and remove all discriminative policies as the ways to optimize the ongoing conflct resolution process.Keywords: Myanmar, religion identity, communal conflct.

PERKEMBANGAN MUSIK ROCK DI KOTA MALANG TAHUN 1970–2000-AN: KAJIAN GLOBALISASI DAN EKSISTENSI SOSIAL-BUDAYA

Ardivitiyanto, Yovi

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

This article aims to describe the development of rock music in Malang in 1970s –2000s. On the other hand, this article aims to look at the effect of the existence of rock music as a popular culture for socio-cultural life of youth in Malang in 1970s–2000s. Writing this article is done by using the historical method, in which besides using secondary sources, primary sources are also used, such as contemporary newspaper, contemporary magazines, and oral sources. Rock music is a part of popular culture products that began developing in the 1970s. Young people become consumers of the existence of rock music continuing to be entrenched in the late 1970s. Rock music was neither present nor taken for granted, but through a journey of existence from time to time. The existence of rock music can be seen through the stages and the recording industry. Of the existence of rock music appeared a form of lifestyle inflences, which in turn was followed by its fans. On the other hand, the role of the mass media was highly effiient for the spread of a form of popular culture. Eventually the genre is able to spread widely throughout the world, including in Indonesia.Keywords: history of development, rock music, existence, popular culture

DINAMIKA RESPONS NGO TERHADAP UPAYA PENGEMBANGAN ENERGI TERBARUKAN DI REPUBLIK CEKO

Novianti, Kurnia

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

This study focuses on the dynamic responses of some of environmental NGOs in Prague, the Republic of Czech related to the development of renewable energy. Their responses are varied. Some of them support the government policy on renewable energy development, but some others express their disagreement to its policy by demonstration or protest in some media. These responses show that NGOs have their own interpretations and interests about dynamic condition of renewable energy development. They are not always having the same perception with the government policy. They argue that the government’s policies somehow contradict with the effort to develop renewable energy in the Republic of Czech. This study itself borrows a resistance’s perspective to analyze the data and information that were collected through a fild research in Prague. It concludes that the environmental NGOs responses to the effort of renewable energy development are varied based on their methods and strategies inflenced by their ideologies. Keywords: responses, environmental NGO, resistance, renewable energy, the Republic of Czech

MOBILITAS MAHASISWA INDONESIA DI BELANDA INDONESIAN STUDENTS MOBILITY IN THE NETHERLANDS

Syahid, Choerunisa Noor

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

Today the student mobility becomes an important issue in the global dynamics. As a student, they have good qualifiation with their high level of education, and at the same time their access to the international labor market also open wider. However, on the other hand, based on the resources and networks that they have, they also have many opportunities to engage in the public activities, which related to social and political issues, both in their own fatherland or as a part of the world. Based on those both domain, by using historical and sociological approach, this study will observe the personal and structural aspects of the Indonesian students mobility in the Netherlands.Keywords: mobility, Indonesian students, higher education, the Netherlands

TINJAUAN BUKU KRITIK TERHADAP MODERNITAS DIALECTIC OF ENLIGHTENMENT Theodor W. Adorno dan Max Horkheimer: California: Stanford University Press, 2002

Reksa, Abdul Fikri Angga

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

Soft Diplomacy SBY dalam Konflik Indonesia-Malaysia: Studi Kebijakan SBY terhadap Pelanggaran Kedaulatan oleh Malaysia di Perairan Bintan Tahun 2010

Rosyidin, Mohamad

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

This paper seeks to interpret and evaluate President Yudhoyono’s diplomatic approach towards Malaysia regarding the captured of three Indonesian officials in 2010 by Malaysian Maritime Police. It is interesting since violation of state sovereignty had triggered mass protest in Indonesia, the executive ignored the public demand. Rather than using coercive approach, the Indonesian elite employed soft diplomacy to engage Malaysia towards win-win solutions. This paper argues that Yudhoyono’s foreign policy towards Malaysia in this context is counterproductive to increase nation’s self-esteem. Yudhoyono’s soft diplomacy only matters for short term interest but not for long term one. This paper argues that the strategy chosen by President Yudhoyono is rooted from his misconception of soft power. This paper also suggest that soft power alone is insufficient to serve national interest; it need to be combine with hard power. As such, the effective diplomacy is smart power; the combination of soft and hard power which is compatible to the Second Principle of Pancasila.Keywords: soft diplomacy, soft power, SBY’s foreign policy, smart power

Bukan Sekadar “Kekuatan Normatif”: Uni Eropa, Good Governance, dan Diskursus Pembangunan Indonesia Pasca-Orde Baru

Umar, Ahmad Rizky Mardhatillah

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

Indonesia and the European Union (EU) have been starting to cooperate in many sectors since 1990. However, there have been shifts the area of cooperation after the New Order. EU, through Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (firstly signed in 2003), has been agreed to take part in strengthening Indonesia’s civil society organisations. EU offers some funded program to be conducted by Indonesia’s civil society organisations in broad range of area, mainly in human rights, democratic participation, and development agenda, and good governance. This cooperation agreement made EU as one of main partner for Indonesia’s civil society organisations to strengthen their capacities in community empowerment and policy advocacy. However, EU’s involvement in assisting civil society in post-Suharto Indonesia has also become an instrument for promoting EU’s norms in Indonesia. This paper will raise two questions in relations to EU’s involvement: (1) What is EU’s main motive in assisting Indonesia’s development through civil society? (2) To what extent do the projects affect social and political practices in Indonesia? By using Foucault’s concept of ‘governmentality’, this paper have analysed that EU’s involvement in assisting civil society in Indonesia through its funded projects reflects EU’s attempts to discipline the third world, particularly Indonesia and thus control the subjectivity through civil society engagement. This paper suggests that studies on EU power should address the changing discourse in international politics and how EU interacts with other global entity, particularly the third world, in a more critical perspective.Keywords: European Union, Civil Society, Development, Human Rights, Democracy, Normative Power Global Governmentality

Kabar dari Koloni: Pandangan dan Pemberitaan Surat Kabar Belanda tentang turisme di Hindia Belanda (1909-1940)

Sunjayadi, Achmad

Jurnal Kajian Wilayah Vol 5, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kajian Wilayah
Publisher : Research Center for Regional Resources

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Abstract

This paper discusses the views regarding tourism, especially the role of Vereeniging Toeristenverkeer (VTV)-Association of tourism- in the Netherlands Indies from the newspapers published in the Netherlands. The newspapers are Het Vaderland (HV), Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (NRC), Algemeen Handelsblad (AH) during the period of 1909 to 1940. From the three newspapers, the articles about promotion of tourism in the Netherlands Indies, are found to be dominant. They provide also an overview of criticism and suggestion about tourism in the Netherlands Indies, which can be understood because the three newspapers were the liberal newspapers.Keywords: the views of the Netherlands newspapers, colonial tourism, the Dutch East Indies