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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY
ISSN : 23389427     EISSN : 23389486     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy (ISSN-e: 2338-9486, ISSN-p: 2338-9427), formerly Majalah Farmasi Indonesia (ISSN: 0126-1037). The journal had been established in 1972, and online publication was begun in 2008. Since 2012, the journal has been published in English by Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta Indonesia in collaboration with IAI (Ikatan Apoteker Indonesia or Indonesian Pharmacist Association) and only receives manuscripts in English. Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy is Accredited by Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE) DIKTI No. 58/DIKTI/Kep/2013.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 29 No 3, 2018" : 7 Documents clear
Pharmaceutical applications of Aloe vera Heng, Huay Chin; Zulfakar, Mohd Hanif; Ng, Pei Yuen
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 3, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1368.263 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss3pp101

Abstract

Aloe vera has been used as folk medicine for a host of therapeutic indications of which the inner gel is the component extensively used and studied. Proponents of the use of this plant suggest that it is easily available, economical, and have fewer side effects compared to commercial drug compounds. However, the active constituents and their exact mechanisms have yet to be fully elucidated. This review focuses on the identification of the active constituents and their functional mechanism in the areas of anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, and antibacterial. Preliminary evidence was found to support the antidiabetic effect which extended to the early stages of the disease with no adverse effects at the dosages used. Although topical application for its anti-inflammatory effect may be delayed and minute, oral administration has shown a significant response. However, too high a dose has been linked with an initial inflammatory reaction. Favorable response to the gel has also been demonstrated to support the use of A. vera in wound-healing and as an antibacterial agent, although limited to simple, uncomplicated wounds. Different active constituents such as acemannan and aloin have been suggested for the effects of the plant and this may be interpreted as synergism among different compounds rather than the action of a single compound. Until robust evidence is available, the plant should only be used as an adjunct to other well-established evidence-based treatment modalities.
Physical and Chemical Properties of Native and Fully Pregelatinized Cassava Starch (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Dewantara Putra, I Gusti Ngurah Agung; Murwanti, Retno; Rohman, Abdul; Sulaiman, T.N Saifullah
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 3, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1325.919 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss3pp145

Abstract

Starch is widely used as an excipient in pharmaceutical formulations because it is inert and it can be mixed with drugs without any chemical reactions. This study was aimed to develop and to characterize the physical and chemical properties of cassava starch fully pregelatinized (CSFP) and native cassava starch (Manihot esculenta Crantz) (NCS). Organoleptic properties, pH, ash content, shrink drying, macroscopic and microscopic analyses, amylose and amylopectin content, bulk and tapped density, the angle of repose and flow rate were physically evaluated for both type of cassava starch. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to characterize and evaluate the chemical properties of the CSFP and NCS. The results of this study indicate that CSFP exhibited different values of those determined parameters compared to that of NCS organoleptic properties i.e, pH, viscosity, ash content, shrink drying, macroscopic and microscopic analyses, amylose and amylopectin content, bulk and tapped density, angle of repose and flow rate. The measurement results with DSC obtained Tg at NCS of 68.18oC while in CSFP there is no Tg because cassava starch (CS) is fully gelatinized. In conclusion, CSFP as a good profile starch contained a higher amount of amylose with larger particle size and good particle density and viscosity than the natural starch and improve its flow properties and compactibility. CSFP had a noticeable effect on fragility, hardness, disintegration time and percentage of drug release from the tablets produced, that can be developed as a pharmaceutical excipient in development of solid dosage forms  (sustain release). 
Formulation of Insulin Self Nanoemulsifying Drug Delivery System and Its In Vitro-In Vivo Study Winarti, Lina; Suwaldi, Suwaldi; Martien, Ronny; Hakim, Lukman
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 3, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1129.358 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss3pp157

Abstract

Particulate delivery system can be used for improving the efficacy of protein and peptide drug. In addition to a polymer-based particulate delivery system, self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS), a lipid-based delivery system, is currently developed for either less water-soluble or soluble drugs. This study aims to design SNEDDS for oral insulin administration and its in vitro-in vivo study. The SNEDDS template was designed using D-optimal mixture design and was analyzed using software Design Expert 7.1.5. The obtained optimum template was loaded with insulin and evaluated for its transmittance percentage, emulsification time, particle size, zeta potential, stability, the amount of insulin in vitro diffused across rat intestine, and insulin serum concentration after oral administration. The study results revealed that the optimum template of SNEDDS formula consisted of 10% (w/w) Miglyol 812N, 65% (w/w) Tween 80, and 25% (w/w) propylene glycol. These optimum template then was loaded with insulin and characterized. SNEDDS insulin has particle size of 12.0±1.7 nm, zeta potential of +0.16mV, transmittance of >90%, and emulsification time of < 60 seconds. The stability study showed that SNEDDS insulin was stable from both precipitation and phase separation. The amount of insulin transported from SNEDDS formula in vitro was 32.45±2.03% and non-SNEDDS formula was 10.44±5.04%. In vivo study of SNEDDS insulin produced a significantly increased Cmax, AUC, and F value than insulin non SNEDDS (p < 0.05). In brief, SNEDDS formulation in this study is a promising approach to increase the effectiveness of oral insulin. Insulin is better given orally in SNEDDS formulation than in non SNEDDS formulation.
The Effect of Ethanol Extract of Piper nigrum L. Fruit on Reproductive System in Adult Male Wistar Rats: A Study of FSH, LH, Testosterone Level and Spermatogenic Cells Ekaputri, Tia Wida; Sari, Ika Puspita; Rizal, Dicky Moch.
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 3, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1195.178 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss3pp136

Abstract

Exploration to find out new natural contraceptive agent for male is still being developed. Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and its main alkaloid piperine have potential antifertility because of sitotoxic and hormonal effects. The aim of this study is to find out the effect of ethanolic extract of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) fruit of on reproductive hormone serum level, sperm quality, and spermatogenic cell populations in adult male Wistar rat. Twenty five male rats were divided into five groups consisting of two control group, i.e. K(-) (Na-CMC 0.5%), K(+) (finasteride 0.45mg/kg BW), and three groups received different doses of black pepper fruit ethanolic extract, i.e. D(1) (3.33mg/kg BW), D(2) (6.66mg/kg BW) and D(3) (13.32mg/kg BW) respectively. The treatment were given to each group for 55 days. Reproductive parameters were measured, including serum level of reproductive hormones (FSH, LH, dan testosteron), quality of cauda epididymal sperm (spermatozoa concentration, motility and morphological abnormality), spermatogenic cell populations (primary spermato-cyte and spermatid count) and seminiferous tubules diameter. Ethanol extract of black pepper fruit at doses of 3.33mg/kg BW, 6.66mg/kg BW, and 13.32mg/kg BW increased serum FSH level. Extract at dose of 13.32mg/kg BW decreased serum LH level, while extract at doses of 6.66mg/kg BW and 13.32mg/kg BW decreased serum testosterone level. The number of primary spermatocytes, spermatozoa concentration, and spermatozoa motility were decreased by administration of ethanol extract of black pepper fruit with dose of 6.66mg/kg BW and 13.32mg/kg BW. Ethanol extract of black pepper fruit at dose of 6.66mg/kg BW and 13.32mg/kg BW had a negative impact on the male reproductive system and showing potential antifertility in male rat.
Determination of Sitagliptin Levels in Rats Serum by HPLC and its Pharmacokinetic Investigation in Existence of Sucralose Dayyih, Wael Abu; Hamad, Mohammed
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 3, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1188.16 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss3pp117

Abstract

It is an interest of the current work to develop a simple, valid and rapid chromatographic method for the quantification of sitagliptin in rats serum. Accordingly, the pharmacokinetic parameters of sitagliptin was investigated for any possible interaction between sitagliptin and sucralose. The developed HPLC method was validated for sitagliptin determination in rat’s serum. Results indicated an accomplished overall intra-day precision and accuracy values of 0.139-4.028 (CV%) and 99.48-107.12% respectively. On the other hand, inter-day precision and accuracy results recorded values of 0.150-2.810 (CV%) and 99.90-116.00% respectively. Moreover, the coefficient of correlation was determined at a value of 0.99950 with reasonable sensitivity and selectivity. Effect of sucralose showed strong significant correlation on sitagliptin serum profile. The precise, accurate, linear, sensitive and selective HPLC method will be elaborated in the context of the current work with emphasis on sucralose negative effect on sitagliptin level in rat’s serum. Such finding is a guidance for physicians to reconsider the use of such sweeteners for diabetic patients
Free radical scavenging potential of Drosera indica L in presence of Dalton Ascites lymphoma (DAL) tumor bearing mice Asirvatam, Raju; Christina, AJM
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 3, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1256.292 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss3pp127

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antioxidant role of Drosera indica L. in Dalton Ascites lymphoma (DAL) bearing Swiss albino mice. The effect of ethanol and aqueous extracts of D.indica (EEDI and AEDI) were administered at a 250 and 500mg/kg once a day for 14 days, 24h after the inoculation of tumor cell line. After the treatment period, blood was collected from the animals and subsequently the animal were sacrificed for isolation of liver, brain, kidney and lungs for the observation of antioxidant status level. The parameters analyzed were catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), peroxidase (P), total protein (TP) and protein carbonyl content (PCC). Treatment with EEDI and AEDI significantly reduced the levels of MDA and increased the levels of GSH, SOD, CAT, P and TP in cancer induced animal and are similar as that of normal mice. The results suggest that the ethanol and aqueous extract of Drosera indica L. possess significant antioxidant effects in DAL bearing mice
Derivatives of 3-(alkylthio)-5-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-amines as increasing efficiency substances Safonov, Andrey
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy Vol 29 No 3, 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (961.404 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm29iss3pp167

Abstract

In todays society, especially in eastern countries such as China, Japan etc., the problem of fatigue and even death at work is acute. One of the solution to this problem is complex therapy with increasing efficiency drugs. Derivatives of 1,2,4-triazole have already proven themselves as potential compounds for pharmacological correction of fatigue. Compounds were synthesized at the Department of toxicological and inorganic chemistry ZSMU. Using method of forced swimming on a group of white nonlinear rats activity of anti-fatigue of the compounds were analyzed. Having analyzed the data of pharmacological correction of fatigue for 3-(alkylthio)-5-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-amines, it should be noted that this series of compound do not show anti-fatigue effect. Introduction in molecule 3- (nonylthio)-5-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-4H- 1, 2, 4-triazol-4-amine 4-fluorbenzylidene, 4-(dimethylamino) benzylidene, 4- methoxybenzylidene, 2-chloro-6-fluorobenzylidene radicals lead to increase actoprotective effect. The most active compound is N-(2-chloro-6-fluorobenzylidene)-3-(nonylthio)-5-(thiophen- 2- ylmethyl)- 4H- 1, 2, 4- triazol- 4-amine which exceeds the standard (riboxin).

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