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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY
ISSN : 23389427     EISSN : 23389486     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy (ISSN-e: 2338-9486, ISSN-p: 2338-9427), formerly Majalah Farmasi Indonesia (ISSN: 0126-1037). The journal had been established in 1972, and online publication was begun in 2008. Since 2012, the journal has been published in English by Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta Indonesia in collaboration with IAI (Ikatan Apoteker Indonesia or Indonesian Pharmacist Association) and only receives manuscripts in English. Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy is Accredited by Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE) DIKTI No. 58/DIKTI/Kep/2013.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 28 No 1, 2017" : 7 Documents clear
FORMULA OPTIMIZATION OF ORALLY DISINTEGRATING TABLET CONTAINING MELOXICAM NANOPARTICLES Winarti, Lina; Ameliana, Lidya; Nurahmanto, Dwi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 28 No 1, 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (960.501 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm28iss1pp53

Abstract

Meloxicam is one of oxicams anti-inflamatory drugs that are effective to relieve toothaches, arthritis, dysmenorrhea, and fever. Meloxicam in this study was milled with High Energy Milling (HEM) method to obtain its nano size and then direct compression method was used to produce Orally Disintegrating Tablet (ODT). ODT is designed to be rapidly dissolved on the tongue within a minute. It can be administered without water or chewing and may improve the bioavailability and effectiveness of the drug, and increase the patient’s adherence. The present study aimed to understand the effects of Ac-Di-Sol and Kollidon CL as superdisintegrants, that were used separately or in combination, on the characteristics of nanoparticles meloxicam ODT. It was also to obtain the best proportion of combination between Ac-Di-Sol and Kollidon CL that can produce the optimum formula of meloxicam ODT. The effects of single or combined superdisintegrants were evaluated using Simplex Lattice Design (SLD). Ac-Di-Sol (X1) and Kollidon CL (X2) were the independent variables, while the dependent variables were friability (Y1), disintegrating time (Y2), wetting time (Y3), and percent meloxicam release after 60 seconds (Y4). Optimization of five nanoparticle meloxicam ODT formulas was conducted using Design Expert 7.1.5. The combination of Ac-Di-Sol 4.05mg (X1) and Kollidon CL 10.95mg (X2) in 150mg nanoparticles meloxicam ODT can produce optimal ODT characteristics. After verification there was no difference between predicted value and observed value with p value > 0.05.
Hepatoprotective Activity of Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Senggugu’s Root Bark (Clerodendrum serratum L.Moon) on Rats Induced by CCl4 Nasrudin, Nasrudin; Wahyono, Wahyono; Mustofa, Mustofa; Asmah, Ratna
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 28 No 1, 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (748.622 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm28iss1pp10

Abstract

Senggugu is a plant that has long been used to treat syphilis, typhoid, cancer, jaundice, and hypertension. The pharmacological activity of senggugu in Indonesia that have been reported include antifertility activity in leaves, mucolytic activity, anti-inflammatory and tracheospasmolytic, also antioxidant in its root bark. This study aims to determine the hepatoprotective effect of ethyl acetate extract fraction of senggugu’s root bark in rats induced by CCl4. The powder of senggugu’s root bark was extracted by terraced maceration method starts from n-hexane, ethyl acetate, to methanol, thus obtained ethyl acetate extract fraction of senggugu’s root bark (FEAKAS). The ethyl acetate extract fractions were then tested for hepatoproctective activity using doses of 25, 50, and 100 mg/Kg.BW on rats induced by CCl4. FEAKAS hepatoprotective activity was determined from the analysis of blood biochemical and oxidative stress parameters. The blood biochemical parameters included SGOT (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase), SGPT (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase), ALP (alkaline phosphatase), bilirubin, and total protein were measured with test kit. The oxidative stress parameters were measured from homogenates of liver tissue that were prepared by adding 500 mL of 50 nM Tris buffer (pH 7.4) containing 1 mM EDTA and 10 µg/mL leupeptin. The homogenates were centrifuged to obtain supernatants for measurement of oxidative stress parameters using spectrophotometer method, including MDA (malondialdehyde), GPx (glutathione peroxidase) and CAT (catalase). The results showed that the effect of FEAKAS against CCl4 induction for preventing lipid peroxidation, from both blood chemical and oxidative stress parameters, are shown at a dose of 100 mg/Kg.BW that significantly different compared to CCl4 control (ρ <0.05) on all blood chemical and oxidative stress parameters.
NOVEL CHRONOTHERAPEUTIC MULTIPARTICULATE DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM OF FELODIPINE: AN EFFECTIVE TREATMENT FOR CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA Banerjee, Sabyasachi; Shankar, K Ravi; Rajendra, Y Prasad
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 28 No 1, 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (894.884 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm28iss1pp42

Abstract

Arrhythmia follows chronobiology, thus necessitating development of time-dependent formulation for its treatment. The aim of the current work was to develop a solubility-enhanced chronotherapeutic system of felodipine, a widely prescribed anti-arrhythmic. Systematically optimized hot-melt extrusion process was employed to formulate solubility-enhanced extrudates. Film-casting method was adopted for the selection of polymers. Drug released at 5, 15, 30min was taken as response variables in 32 face-centered cube design. Nearly 10-fold increase was observed in the solubility of the optimized extrudates in comparison to pure drug. Physical characterization of the extrudates depicted complete amorphization of drug. Sequential coating was performed on to the extrudates to enable a time-dependent release. In-vitro studies clearly demonstrated that 25% of drug was available rapidly within 10 min of administration. The remaining 75% of drug was available over a period of 4, 8 and 12h. Stability studies performed for 6 months at accelerated conditions depicted no significant change in the physicochemical characteristics of the optimized formulation. In-vivo pharmacokinetic studies conducted in beagle dogs ratified the results of in-vitro studies where a sequential time dependent absorption of felodipine was observed over a period of 12h. Concisely, the studies demonstrated successful development of solubility-enhanced chronotherapeutic system of felodipine.
SECONDARY BIOACTIVE METABOLITE GENE CLUSTERS IDENTIFICATION OF ANTICANDIDA-PRODUCING Streptomyces Sp. GMR22 ISOLATED FROM WANAGAMA FOREST AS REVEALED BY GENOME MINING APPROACH Herdini, Camelia; Mubarika, Sofia; Hariwiyanto, Bambang; Wijayanti, Nastiti; Hosoyama, Akira; Yamazoe, Atsushi; Nojiri, Hideaki; Widada, Jaka
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 28 No 1, 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1110.637 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm28iss1pp26

Abstract

Streptomyces are a group of Gram-positive bacteria belonging to the Actinobacteria class, which are among the most important bacteria for producing secondary bioactive metabolites such as antibiotics, chemotherapeutics, insecticides and other high-value chemicals. Genome mining of gene clusters that encode the biosynthetic pathways for these metabolites has become a key methodology for novel compound discovery. Recently, we have isolated the Streptomyces sp. GMR22 from Cajuput rhizospheric soil at Wanagama Forest, Indonesia. GMR22 produced secondary metabolite that inhibited Candida albicans with IC50 of 62,5 μg/mL. The objective of this work was to reveal the novel secondary metabolites from GMR22 by genome mining approach. The antiSMASH 3.0 was used to predict gene clusters that encode the biosynthetic pathways of secondary metabolites in the genome of GMR22, and their core chemical structures. The pylogenomic analysis showed that GMR22 was closely related to Streptomyces bingchenggensis BCW1, as well as to the large genome size (9.5-12.7Mbp) groups of Streptomyces. AntiSMASH 3.0 analysis revealed that the genome of Streptomyces sp. GMR22 harbored at least 63 gene clusters that encode the biosynthetic pathways of secondary metabolites. It was the highest number of gene clusters had been observed among the members of Streptomyces groups, with PKS was predicted as the major groups of the identified gene cluster products. The results suggested that GMR22 could be a strong potential candidate of secondary bioactive metabolites source.
THE IN VITRO ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES OF 2-ALKOXYPHENYLCARBAMIC ACID DERIVATIVES CONTAINING A 4´-(SUBSTITUTED PHENYL)PIPERAZIN-1´-YL MOIETY DETERMINED BY THE 2,2´-AZINOBIS(3-ETHYLBENZOTHIAZOLINE-6-SULFONIC ACID) DERIVED RADICAL CATION (ABTS•+) AND FERRIC RE Malík, Ivan; Stanzel, Lukáš; Csöllei, Jozef; Čurillová, Jana
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 28 No 1, 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (715.698 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm28iss1pp1

Abstract

In an effort to comprehensively characterize an antioxidant profile of 2-alkoxyphenylcarbamic acid-based compounds containing a 4´-(substituted phenyl)piperazin-1´-yl fragment, they were in vitro screened in the 2,2´-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) derived radical cation (ABTS•+) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay using the UV/VIS spectrophotometry. The ABTS•+ scavenging (reducing) potential of 1-[3-(2-methoxyphenylcarbamoyl)oxy-2-hydroxypropyl]-4-(4-fluorophenyl)piperazin-1-ium chloride was found to be the most promising and it was comparable to the efficiency of the carvedilol reference drug. Moreover, that 4´-fluoro group-containing compound was regarded as more active than the atenolol standard. When testing the molecules´ power to reduce the ferric 2,4,6-tris (2-pyridyl)-s-triazine complex [Fe(III)(TPTZ)2]3+, the most prospective was 1-[3-(2-ethoxyphenylcarbamoyl)oxy-2-hydroxypropyl]-4-(4-fluorophenyl)piperazin-1-ium chloride. On the other hand, its Fe3+ reducing power was lower compared to both standards carvedilol and atenolol. The study discussed structure–antioxidant properties relationships considering electronic, steric and lipophilic features.
INHIBITORY ACTIVITY OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI ISOLATED FROM SUKABUMI TURMERIC PLANT (Curcuma longa L.) AGAINST MCF-7 CELL LINE Ningrum, Ratih Asmana; Bustanussalam, Bustanussalam; Wisnuwardhani, Popi Hadi; Herawati, Neng; Santoso, Adi; Simanjuntak, Partomuan
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 28 No 1, 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (813.781 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm28iss1pp19

Abstract

Kunyit or turmeric plant (Curcuma longa L.) is a native Southeast Asia plant that has been widely used as herbal medicine. In our previous research we isolated and screened 44 of endophytic fungi of turmeric plant from Sukabumi and Cibinong to determine their antioxidant activity. There were 4 samples isolated from Sukabumi with antioxidant activity for more than 70% at concentration of 100ppm, K.Cl.Sb.R9 (93%), K.Cl.Sb.A11 (81%), K.Cl.Sb.B1 (79%) and K.Cl.Sb.R11 (71%). This research aimed to determine inhibitory activity of the endophytic fungi against estrogen positive MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. To obtain the filtrate, the broth cultures were filtered and the extracellular fraction was extracted with ethyl acetate. The inhibitory activity was determined by using MTT assay. The result showed that the ability of endophytic fungi to inhibit MCF-7 growth was dose dependently. IC50 of endophytic fungi K.Cl.Sb.R9 was 579±38 ppm, K.Cl.Sb.R11 was 542±21ppm, K.Cl.Sb.B1 was 446±15ppm and K.Cl.Sb.A11 was 520±28ppm. Fluorescent double staining based method using calcein AM and ethidium bromide was performed to confirm the inhibitory activity. At 500ppm of filtrate concentration with 24h of cell treatment, treated cell lines showed fewer viable cells compared to untreated cell lines. The four isolates of endophytic fungi were able to inhibit proliferation of human breast cancer MCF-7 cell line.
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CO-CRYSTALS OF DIACEREIN Thenge, Raju Rameshrao; Patond, V B; Ajmire, P V; Barde, L N; Mahajan, N M; Tekade, N P
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 28 No 1, 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1005.573 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm28iss1pp34

Abstract

Diacerein, anti-inflammatory drug used in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Being a BCS class II drug, it has poor solubility, dissolution rate and other physicochemical properties. Thus the aim of present study was to prepare co-crystals of diacerein to improve solubility, dissolution rate. The diacerein co-crystals were prepared using urea and tartaric acid as conformer by Solvent drop grinding method. The diacerein co-crystals were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), FT-IR spectroscopy (FT-IR), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD). The co-crystals were evaluated for solubility, dissolution rate and other physicochemical properties and compared with commercial diacern sample. The co-crystals exhibit the difference in the size and shape of crystals. The FT-IR spectra of diacerein co-crystals showed slightly different in the characteristic peaks compared to commercial diacerein sample. DSC data indicate the decrease in the melting endotherm of co-crystals compare to diacerein. The co-crystals with urea showed increase and intense peak and co-crystals with tartaric acid showed decreased number of peaks compared to commercial diacerein. The co-crystals of diacerein formulated in to the Tablet and evaluated for tablet properties. The tablet formulation showed improved tablet characteristics as well as dissolution rate compared to commercial diacerein.

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