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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY
ISSN : 23389427     EISSN : 23389486     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy (ISSN-e: 2338-9486, ISSN-p: 2338-9427), formerly Majalah Farmasi Indonesia (ISSN: 0126-1037). The journal had been established in 1972, and online publication was begun in 2008. Since 2012, the journal has been published in English by Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta Indonesia in collaboration with IAI (Ikatan Apoteker Indonesia or Indonesian Pharmacist Association) and only receives manuscripts in English. Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy is Accredited by Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE) DIKTI No. 58/DIKTI/Kep/2013.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 27 No 2, 2016" : 8 Documents clear
PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND HYPOGLYCEMIC EFFECT OF GYMNEMIC ACID EXTRACTS FROM BIG AND SMALL LEAF VARIETIES OF Gymnema Sylvestre R.Br Krishnamurthy, Ramar; Animasaun, D. A.; Patel, R. T.; Ingalhalli, R. S.
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 2, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (658.964 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss2pp59

Abstract

Phytochemical and hypoglycemic effects of two varieties of Gymnema sylvestre were studied. The leaves of Big-leaf (MCL) and the small-leaf (ZMGL) varieties were grown in Uka Tarsadia University, Bardoli, India. Water, ethanol, methanol, petroleum ether, haxane and chloroform were used for phytochemical extraction from the dried leaves. Gymnemic acid was extracted and purified from the two varieties by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC). Four groups of matured whisker rats (six per group) were induced with high-glucose level. Three groups were treated with standard drug Glibenclamide (5mg/kg), gymnemic acid extracts from MCL and ZMDL respectively while the fourth group served as experimental control. Hypoglycemic activities of extracts were evaluated using animals’ blood sample. Result showed water and methanol are best solvents for phytochemical extraction from the plant and the yield is higher in ZMGL than MCL. Also, gymnemic acid yield varied. From the results, hypoglycemic activities from the animals’ blood revealed that treatments from both MCL and ZMGL are not significantly different from standard drug Glibenclamide. The study concluded that water or methanol is appropriate solvent for phytochemical extraction from G. sylvestre leaves and extract from both lines of the plant could be utilized to reduce blood glucose levelKeywords: phytochemical extraction, extraction solvents, gymnemic acid, hypoglycemic effects
AN LC- MS/MS METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF OMEPRAZOLE ON PROTON PUMP INHIBITOR IN HUMAN PLASMA Sudha, T.; Reddy, Kalan Kumar; Hemalatha, P. V.; Ravikumar, V. R.
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 2, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (775.117 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss2pp80

Abstract

A sensitive and selective liquid chromatographic method coupled with tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) was developed for the quantification of omeprazole in human plasma. Lansoprazole was used as internal standard with plasma samples, extracted using 10mM ammonium acetate. A centrifuged upper layer was then evaporated and reconstituted with Acetonitrile: mobile phase buffer 70:30%v/v. The reconstructed samples were injected into a C18 column purospher star 5µ. The mobile phase was composed of ACN: mobile phase buffer (5mm ammonium bicarbonate buffer) in the ratio of 70:30%v/v with flow rate 1.0mL/min. The mass spectrometer was operated using positive ion mode and turbo electro spray ionisation. Nitrogen was used as the nebulizer, curtain, collision and auxiliary gases. Using MS/MS with multiple reactions monitoring (MRM) mode, omeprazole was detected without severe interferences from plasma matrix. Detection of omeprazole in human plasma was accurate and precision. This method has been successfully applied to the study of omeprazole in human specimensKeywords: Proton pump inhibitor, omeprazole, lansoprazole, LC-MS/MS, liquid liquid  extraction
SYNTHESIS AND SCREENING OF SOME AZOMETHINES BEARING METHYL SALICYLATE MOIETY FOR ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES Baluja, Shipra; Chanda, Sumitra
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 2, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (731.123 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss2pp92

Abstract

In this study, the series of novel azomethines were synthesized from methyl salicylate and their structural determination was done by IR, NMR and mass spectral data. The screening of these synthesized compounds were done against some Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria in DMF and DMSO solvents by agar disc method. It is observed that solvent and compound structure both affect the inhibition. DMF is found to be good solvent in the present study. Amongst all studied compounds, JB-4 showed maximum zone of inhibition against most of the studied bacterial strains while compound JB-2 is least effective. Thus, substitution affects inhibition and methyl salicylate moiety with cinnamaldehyde side chain is most effective. Further, virtual screening of these compounds was done to evaluate molecular properties and bioactive scores of these compounds.Keywords: azomethines, methyl salicylate, antibacterial activity, agar disc method, DMF, DMSO
SYNTHESIS AND ANALGETIC ACTIVITY EVALUATION OF 4-[N-(4-HYDROXYPHENYL)CARBOXYMIDOYL]-2-METHOXYPHENOL Pudjono, Pudjono; Anindita, Jessica; Hakim, Arief Rahman; Purnomo, Hari
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 2, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (627.434 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss2pp99

Abstract

Paracetamol is an analgesic-antipyretic compound derived from p-aminophenol. Though paracetamol has good efficacy and safety on consumption, parasetamol has hepatotoxic effect as its     adverse drug reaction. 4-[N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)carboxymidoyl]-2-methoxyphenol is one of p-aminophenol derivative that was already been determined in silico using molecular docking PLANTS method, and it was known that 4-[N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) carboxymidoyl]-2-methoxyphenol has analgesic effects more potent and has hepatotoxic adverse effect lower than paracetamol. 4-[N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)carboxymidoyl]-2-methoxy-phenol can be synthesized through reaction of p-aminophenol with vanillin under acid condition. The synthesized products were recrytalized, dried, and the purity was determined with melting point determination and Thin Layer Chromatography. The structure of pure crystals were elucidated using IR, 1H-NMR, C-NMR, and Mass Spectroscopy. The analgesic evaluation was carried in vivo using writhing test method. The synthesized compound were divided into three dosage variations, 0,5; 1; and 2 mol equivalent to 100 mg/kgBB of paracetamol (reference drug). 4-[N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)carboxymidoyl]-2-methoxyphenol with 1 mol dosage has analgesic activity better than paracetamol but the difference was not significant.Keywords: 4-[N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)carboxymidoyl]-2-methoxyphenol, p-aminophenol, analgesic, writhing test
BIOACTIVE TERPENOID FROM THE BALINESE NUDIBRANCH Hypselodoris infucata Mudianta, I Wayan; Martiningsih, Ni Wayan; Prasetia, I Nyoman Dodik; Nursid, Muhammad
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 2, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (806.52 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss2pp104

Abstract

Marine organisms, in particular nudibranchs (Mollusca: nudibranchia), are known as a rich source of chemically diverse secondary metabolites exhibiting potential as antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and anticancer activity. We presented the chemical investigation of an extract of nudibranch Hypselodoris infucata collected from Bali, an unexplored water but rich in nudibranch diversity. The extract contained the known (–)-furodysinin (1), a furanosesquiterpene that for the first time isolated from this species. Metabolite 1 was purified by chromatography and the structure was characterised by comparison of 1H NMR data with that of the reported data. The absolute configuration was determined by comparing the optical rotation values with the known enantiomer. In vitro cytotoxic activity of compound 1 against HeLa cell line displayed an IC50 at 102.7µg/mL. We also report for the first time the development of a method to assay nudibranch extracts for their feeding deterrence activity against local shrimps Penaeus vannamei. The extract show food rejection with highly significant difference in respect to the control (P = 0.0061) at natural concentration of 3.0mg/mL.Keywords: nudibranch, natural product, feeding deterrence, Hypselodoris
ANTIUROLITHIATIC ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF TAXILLUS TOMENTOSUS PLANT ON ETHYLENE GLYCOL AND AMMONIUM CHLORIDE INDUCED UROLITHIASIS IN WISTAR RATS Venkateswarlu, Kambham; Preethi, Jami Komala; Chandrasekhar, K. B.
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 2, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (704.042 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss2pp66

Abstract

The present study investigates the potential of anti-urolithiatic activity of ethanolic extract of Taxillus tomentosus plant (EETT). Urolithiasis was induced by feeding the 0.75% of Ethylene glycol (EG) and 2% of Ammonium chloride (AC) in drinking water along with the normal feed in male wistar rats and then the anti-urolithiatic activity of EETT was evaluated. Acute toxicity study was conducted by LD50 cutoff dose of 2000mg/kg body weight (BW), indicates that the drug to be much safer and 1/10th (200mg/kg BW) and 1/5th (400mg/kg BW) of LD50 doses were selected for study. Serum and urine samples were analyzed for knowing the concentration of creatinine, calcium, urea, uric acid, oxalates and during the entire study, urolithiatic animals showed significantly high concentrations than normal animals. The EETT (200mg/kg BW and 400mg/kg BW) was showed good response to antiurolithiatic activity when compared to the standard drug cystone (CST).Keywords: anti-urolithiatic activity, taxillus tomentosus, ethylene glyco, ammonium chloride, cystone.       
CYTOTOXIC AND ANTI-VIRAL ACTIVITY OF Acacia catechu ON HUMAN PERIPHERAL BLOOD MONONUCLEAR CELLS Gupta, Amit; Chaphalkar, Sushama R.
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 2, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (630.67 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss2pp111

Abstract

As per the literature, medicinal plants showed enormous candidates who is responsible or showing anti-microbial, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory agents etc. Most of the research group focused only on those primary and secondary metabolites extracted from different medicinal plants and showed its antimicrobial (anti-viral) activity against dreadful pathogens. The objective of our current study is to evaluate the cytotoxic and anti-viral effect of aqueous leaves extract of Acacia catechu against new castle disease Virus (NDV) on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). For these studies, variable doses of aqueous leaves extract of Acacia catechu (0.5–30mg/mL, 50µL; dissolved in phosphate buffered saline, PBS) and examined its proliferation assay containing NDV and also determined CD14 monocyte surface marker in presence or absence of NDV using flow cytometry. The results showed that aqueous leaves extract of Acacia catechu inhibited NDV proliferation and also decline in CD14 monocyte surface marker with or without NDV at higher doses. Overall, aqueous extract of Acacia catechu at higher doses showed cytotoxic as well as antiviral effect and might be used for this purpose.
ANTI-OXIDANT AND ANTI-DIABETIC ACTIVITIES OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF Primula denticulata FLOWERS Bhatt, Hemlata; Saklani, Sarla; Upadhayay, Kumud
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 27 No 2, 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (636.724 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm27iss2pp74

Abstract

The present investigation was carried out to focus on the anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic effect of ethanolic extract of flowers of  Primula denticulata by DPPH, ferrous chelating, reducing power assay and streptozotocin induced diabetes respectively. Dose selection was made on the basis of acute oral toxicity study (100mg/kg, 200mg/kg, 400mg/kg bodyweight) as per OECD guidelines 423.  The blood glucose levels were measured by using blood glucose measuring strips based on glucose-oxidase method. The extract showed significant anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activity when compared with standard drug.Keywords:  Primula denticulata, anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activity. 

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