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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY
ISSN : 23389427     EISSN : 23389486     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy (ISSN-e: 2338-9486, ISSN-p: 2338-9427), formerly Majalah Farmasi Indonesia (ISSN: 0126-1037). The journal had been established in 1972, and online publication was begun in 2008. Since 2012, the journal has been published in English by Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta Indonesia in collaboration with IAI (Ikatan Apoteker Indonesia or Indonesian Pharmacist Association) and only receives manuscripts in English. Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy is Accredited by Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE) DIKTI No. 58/DIKTI/Kep/2013.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 19 No 3, 2008" : 7 Documents clear
PGV-1 is a potent antimitotic agent Widaryanti, Barinta; Meiyanto, Edy; Kawaichi, Masashi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 19 No 3, 2008
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.103 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp145-150

Abstract

Carcinogenesis can be involved in the malfunctioning of programmed cell death Most of the anticancer drug in current use induce apoptosis in susceptible cells. The fact that disparate agent interacting with different targets seem to induce cell death through some common mechanism suggest that anticancer activity is determined by the ability of inhibiting cell growth.Pentagamavunon-1 (PGV-1) is one of the curcumin analogue which showed to have potency in inhibiting proliferation of human breast carcinoma cell T47D. The effect on T47D growth is associated with cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase at the concentration of 2.5 mM, followed by hyperploidy. Our data on polymerization assay, indicate PGV-1 interact with tubulin in different manner from taxol. PGV-1 inhibit tubulin polymerization on cell culture while taxol stabilized tubulin polymerization. Immunostainning data on cell treated with PGV-1 showed slightly tubulin condensation, while cell treated with taxol showed tubulin condensation distinctly at 12 minutes after releasing from depolymerization agent.In conclusion, PGV-1 represent a new microtubule inhibitor and has the potential to be developed for anticancer drugKey words: Pentagamavunon-1, T47D, tubulin, antimitotik
Chemical composition and antibacterial properties of the essential oil of Pogostemon cablin Aisyah, Yuliani; Hastuti, Pudji; Sastrohamidjojo, Hardjono; Hidayat, Chusnul
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 19 No 3, 2008
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.325 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp151-156

Abstract

The aim of this research were to evaluate the chemical compositions and antibacterial activities of patchouli. The identification of patchouli oil was carried out by using gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometer, fractionation of patchouli oil was done by vacuum fractionational distillation method. The gas chromatography mass spectra showed that the patchouli oil consisted of 15 components. It was found that the five major components were patchouli alcohol, Δ-guaiene, α-guaiene, seychellene and α-patchoulene. Patchouli oil and high boiling point fraction exhibited antibacterial activity, while the low boiling point fractions did not show the antibacterial properties. The antibacterial properties found to be more effective for the Gram-positive bacteria than that the Gram-negative bacteria.Key words : patchouli oil, patchouli alcohol, fractinational distillation, antibacterial
Labelling of human serum albumin (HSA)-nanospheres with technetium-99m radionuclide Oekar, Nanny Kartini; Widyasari, Eva Maria
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 19 No 3, 2008
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.018 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp117-127

Abstract

Labelling of HSA-nanospheres with technetium-99m was carried out by direct and indirect method using sodium pyrophosphate as co-ligand agent. The labelling efficiency was determined by several chromatography system for separation of 99mTc-HSA-nanospheres labelled compound from its radiochemical impurities. Several parameters influencing the labelling process were studied such as pH, kinds and quantity of reductor agent, labelling method, quantity of HSA-nanospheres and temperature and the duration of incubation. The result show that the optimum direct labelling condition was found by using 0.5 mL HSA-nanospheres solution (which had absorbance of 0.6 at l= 202 nm), 100-150 μg of SnCl2.2H2O as reductor, pH mixture was 2 and the first incubation was done at room temperature for 25 minutes. The labelling process was continued by adding technetium-99m of certain activity, and finally pH was adjusted to 5.5-6.0. The second incubation was carried out at room temperature for 15 minutes. This direct method resulted more than 90% of labelling efficiency, with free 99mTc-pertechnetate as radiochemical impurity. The indirect labelling process by using 0.5 mL of HSA-nanospheres solution, 100 μg of SnCl2.2H2O was prior reacted with 1.0 mg of sodium pyrophosphate (1 : 5 mol/mol), the pH was adjusted to 7.4 and incubation was done in the incubator at 37oC for 15 minutes. After adding 99mTc-pertechnetate solution, the second incubation was done at room temperature for 15 minutes. This indirect labelling resulted 93.4 ± 1.2 % of labelling efficiency with remain of 99mTc-pertechnetat and 99mTc-pyrophosphate as radiochemical impurities.Key words: lymphoscintigraphy, nanocolloid, technetium-99m, radiochemical impurities.
Hypocholesterolemic and hypoglicemic effects of butyrylated arrowroot starch on Sprague Dawley rats ., Damat; Marsono, Y.; ., Haryadi; Cahyanto, M. N.
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 19 No 3, 2008
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.77 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp109-116

Abstract

The aim of research is to investigate the hypocholesterolemic and hypoglicemic effects of butyrylated arrowroot starch in rat. The study was carried out using 30 Sprague Dawley rats which were divided into 5 groups of six rats. Each group was fed with different diets, i.e. diet containing butyrylated arrowroot starch with different degrees of substitution (DS of 0; 0.053; 0.120 and 0.187) and standard diet (AIN93). After 34 days feeding, the rats were killed and the blood was taken and analyzed for total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and glucose concentrations. The result showed that rats fed with diet containing butyrylated arrowroot starch had lower concentration of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, glucose, and triglyceride, but the HDL cholesterol concentration was higher than those fed with arrowroot starch and standard diet AIN93. The higher the degree of substitution of the starch in the diet gave improved on those parameters. Butyrylated arrowroot starch has hypocholesterolemic and hypoglycemic effect.Key word: Butyrylated arrowroot starch, hypocholesterolemic, hypoglicemic
Pivotal role reelin signaling pathway in the development of tolerance to morphine-induced antinociception Zulkarnanin, Bambang Subakti; Khotib, Junaidi
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 19 No 3, 2008
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.119 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp157-164

Abstract

The huge endogenous macromolecule protein responsible for controlling migration and dendritic growth of developing neurons, reelin, has recently been proposed that its signaling pathway modulates synaptic plasticity in the adult rodent brain. This study was carried out to investigate the pivotal role of the reelin signaling pathway in the development of tolerance to morphine induced antinociception. There was evidence that repeated intracerebroventricular administration of reelin’s monoclonal antibody, the competitive inhibitor to reelin – apolipoprotein receptor E2 recombinant, and disabled1 (Dab1) protein inhibitor – MG132, resulted in the inhibition to the development of antinociception tolerance to morphine administration. Furthermore, chronic in vivo administration with morphine caused significance increase of the immunoreactivity (IR) for phosphorylated-Dab1 in the thalamus. These data suggested that persistent activation of reelin signaling pathway due to chronic administration of morphine may be responsible for the development of tolerance to morphine-induced antinociception.Key words: Morphine tolerance, Neuronal plasticity, Opioid receptor, Reelin signalling pathway
Isolation and structure identification of new alkaloids from the sponge Rhabdastrella rowi Hertiani, Triana; Edrada, RuAngelie; Van Soest, Rob W.M.; ., Sudarsono; Proksch, Peter
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 19 No 3, 2008
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.253 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp128-136

Abstract

Chemical investigation on marine sponge Rhabdastrella rowi collected from Bali, Indonesia has been performed. This study was aimed to isolate and to identify structures of the sponge secondary metabolites as well as to test their cytotoxicity activity on mouse lymphoma cell line L5178Y.Isolation procedure was performed by using different chromatography techniques. NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry methods were used to identify the compounds chemical structures. Cytotoxicity of the isolates was tested on mouse lymphoma cell line L5178Y by using the microculture tetrazolium (MTT) assay.This study yielded two new alkaloids, quinolin-4-ol (1) and quninazolin-4-amine (2) which were found as minor constituents of Rhabdastrella rowi. Both compounds were observed as inactive against mouse lymphoma cell line L5178Y.Key words: Rhabdastrella rowi, sponge, alkaloids
Molecular identification and anticancer activity of alkylphenol from cashew nut shell oil (Anacardium occidentale) grown In Timor Island Ola, Antonius R B; Ikawati, Zullies; ., Sismindari; Meye, Ermelinda D; Tawo, Bibiana Dho
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 19 No 3, 2008
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1717.444 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp137-144

Abstract

Isolation of anacardic acid and cardanol from cashew nut shell liquid and their cytotoxic activity to on ward HeLa cancer cell line has been done. The objective of this research is to isolate and identify anacardic acid and cardanol from CNSL along with their cytototoxic activity towards HeLa cancer cell lines. Anacardic acid was isolated as calcium anacardate. Hydrolisis of this acid with acid chloride yields anacardic acid . Liquor ammonia was added to the acid-free CNSL and extracted with hexane/ethyl acetate (98:2) to isolate cardanol and with ethyl acetate/hexane (80:20) to separate cardol. Cardanol was obtained as the main chemical component of CNSL derived from Kupang district. Anacardic acid and cardanol was analyzed using IR and GC-MS. Anticancer activity of chemical components of CNSL against HeLa cancer cell lines were studied using MTT. Cytotoxic activity test showed that CNSL, anacardic acid and cardanol can be developed as anticancer agent.Key words : CNSL, anacardic acid, cardanol, anticancer.

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